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Encyclopedia > Leiden University Library
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University Library Leiden in 1610 from Woudanus in Stedeboeck der Nederlanden, Amsterdam: Willem Blaeu, 1649.

Leiden University in the city of Leiden, is the oldest still existing and most famous university in the Netherlands. It is a member of the Coimbra Group, the Europaeum and the League of European Research Universities.The university was founded in 1575 by Prince William of Orange, leader of the... Leiden University Alternative meanings: Library (computer science), Library (biology) Modern-style library In its traditional sense, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. It can refer to an individuals private collection, but more often, it is a large collection that is funded and maintained by a city or institution... Library is more than 400 years old. Its significance for European culture can hardly be overestimated: it is a part of a small number of cultural centres that gave direction to the development and spread of knowledge during the The Age of Enlightenment (or The Enlightenment for short) was an intellectual movement in 18th-century Europe. The goal of the Enlightenment was to establish an authoritative ethics, aesthetics, and knowledge based on an enlightened rationality. The movements leaders viewed themselves as a courageous, elite body of intellectuals who... Enlightenment. The importance of these centres lies in the simultaneous presence of a unique collection of exceptional sources and scholars. Leiden University has both at its disposal.

Contents

History

Leiden University Library is a library born from the The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt from 1568 to 1648 was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country. During the war, the Dutch Republic became a world power for a short time (mainly through its naval strength) and experienced a period of unprecedented... Dutch Revolt. The library's first book was the Polyglot Bible, printed by Categories: People stubs | Printers ... Christoffel Plantijn, a gift of William I (William the Silent) William I, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584) was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648... William of Orange to the library in 1575. The library became operational in the vault of the current academic building at Rapenburg on 31 October 1587.


According to Nicholas A. Basbanes, Leiden University Library represents "an essential benchmark [...] not only for the teeming collection of extraordinary materials it has scrupulously gathered and maintained over a sustained period of time, but most of all for being the world's first scholarly library in a truly modern sense. The litany of 'firsts' recorded at Leiden is dazzling - the first printed catalogue to be prepared by an institution of its holdings, the first attempt to identify and maintain what today are known as 'special collections,' the first systematic attempt to develop a corps of influential friends, patrons, and benefactors throughout the world, the first 'universal' library, the list goes on and on - and underpinning it all is a humanistic approach to education and discovery that has figured prominently throughout its history, along with an unbending belief in the limitless potential of human inquiry."


Special Collections

  • Areas of concentration: Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes... archaeology, Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). It is holistic in two senses: it is concerned with all humans at all times, and with all dimensions of humanity. Central to anthropology is the concept... anthropology, The Mona Lisa Although today the word art usually refers to the visual arts, the concept of what art is has continuously changed over centuries. Perhaps the most concise definition is its broadest—art refers to all creative human endeavors, excluding actions directly related to survival and reproduction. From... art, Astronomy, which etymologically means law of the stars, (from Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος) is a science involving the observation and explanation of events occurring outside Earth and its atmosphere. It studies the... astronomy, Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. Maps have traditionally been made using pen and paper, but the advent and spread of computers has revolutionized cartography. Most commercial quality maps are now made with map making software... cartography, Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the CLASSICS article If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not be visible due to a delay in updating the database. Please wait and check again... classics, Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good judgement and wisdom. Education has as one of its fundamental goals the imparting of culture from generation to generation (see socialization). Overview The education of an individual human begins at... education, History is a term for information about the past. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. The term history comes from the Greek ιστορία historia, an account of... history, Law (a loanword from Danish- Norwegian lov), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments for those who do not follow... law, Literature is literally an acquaintance with letters as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary (from the Latin littera meaning an individual written character (letter)). The term has, however, generally come to identify a collection of texts. The word literature, as a common noun, can refer to... literature, See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. This article is about medical practice. Medicine is a branch of health science concerned with restoring and maintaining health. Broadly, it is the practical science of preventing and curing diseases. However, medicine often refers more specifically to... medicine, Orientalism is the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, by Westerners. Initially it carried no negative freight. Like the term Orient itself it employs a Latin term Oriens referring simply to the rising of the sun, to imply the East in the most general sense. Unless one... Orientalism, Papyrology is the study of ancient literature as preserved in manuscripts written on papyrus, the most common form of paper in the Egyptian, Greek and Roman worlds. Papyrology entails both the translation and interpretation of ancient documents in a variety of languages, as well as the care and preservation of... papyrology, Philosophy (from the Greek words philos and sophia meaning love of wisdom) is understood in different ways historically and by different philosophers. It, therefore, requires a meta-philosophy to adjudicate. Although it can be conceded that philosophy aims at some kind of understanding, knowledge or wisdom about fundamental matters such... philosophy, Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. Although it is generally applied to governments, politics is also observed in all human group interactions including corporate, academic, and religious. Political science is the study of political behavior and examines the acquisition and application of... politics, Publishing is the activity of putting information in the public arena. Although this can mean something as simple as making an announcement in a pub or market square, for some centuries it has usually referred to the business of producing books, magazines, newspapers and other printed material. Physical publishing A... publishing, Religion, sometimes used interchangeably with faith, is commonly defined as belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the practices and institutions associated with such belief. In its broadest sense some have defined it as the sum total of answers given to explain humankinds relationship with the universe. Religion... religion, For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). Science is both a process of gaining knowledge, and the organized body of knowledge gained by this process. The scientific process is the systematic acquisition of new knowledge about a system. This systematic acquisition is generally the scientific method, and the... science.
  • Some individual collections: D. Bierens de Haan, T. Bodel Nijenhuis, G.J.P.J Bolland, J. Golius, A.P.H. Hotz, Johan Huizinga (December 7, 1872 - February 1, 1945), a Dutch historian, one of the founders of modern cultural history. His three most famous works are The Autumn of the Middle Ages (1919), Erasmus (1924) and Homo Ludens (1938). Categories: People stubs | 1872 births | 1945 deaths | Dutch historians ... J. Huizinga, Constantijn Huygens (September 4, 1596 - March 28, 1687) was a Dutch poet and composer and the father of Christiaan Huygens. He is often considered part of what is known as the Muiderkring, a group of leading intellectuals around Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft that regularly met at the castle of Muiden near... Constantijn and Christiaan Huygens Christiaan Huygens (approximate pronunciation: HOW-khens; SAMPA /h9yGEns/ or /[email protected]@ns/) (April 14, 1629–July 8, 1695), was a Dutch mathematician and physicist; born in The Hague as the son of Constantijn Huygens. Historians commonly associate Huygens with the scientific revolution. Christiaan generally receives minor credit... Christiaen Huygens, Justus Lipsius, Joost Lips or Josse Lips (October 18, 1547 — March 23, 1606), was a Flemish philologian and humanist. Born in Overijse, Brabant, he was sent early to the Jesuit college in Cologne, but was removed at the age of sixteen to the university of Louvain by his parents... Justus Lipsius, P. Marchand, E.M. Meijers, K.H. Miskotte, Jan Hendrik Oort (April 28, 1900 – November 5, 1992) was an internationally famous Dutch astronomer. He profoundly stimulated radio astronomy. The well-known Oort cloud bears his name. Oort was born in Franeker in Friesland and studied in Groningen with Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn. His Ph.D thesis was titled... J. Oort, V. Perelešin, M. Rijke, Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) was the tenth child and third son of Julius Caesar Scaliger and Andiette de Roques Lobejac. Born at Agen in 1540, he was sent when twelve years of age, with two younger brothers, to the college of Guienne at Bordeaux, then under the direction of... J.J. Scaliger, C. Snouck Hourgronje, C.P. Tiele, H.N. van der Tuuk, I. Vossius, L. Warner, N. van Wijk.
  • Some institutional collections: Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde, Bohn Publishers, Sijthoff Publishers, Bibliothèque Wallone, NHK (Dutch Reformed Church), Seminarium Remonstrantum, photographs Indonesia, ISIM (Islam), Zaken Overzee (Netherlands Ministry of Overseas Affairs).

External link

  • Leiden University Library website (http://ub.leidenuniv.nl/)

References

  • Christiane Berkvens-Stevelinck. Magna commoditas : geschiedenis van de Leidse universiteitsbibliotheek 1575-2000. Leiden : Primavera Pers, 2001.
  • Christiane Berkvens-Stevelinck. Magna commoditas : a history of Leiden University Library, 1575-2005. Leiden : Primavera Pers, 2004.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Library (3633 words)
Libraries were filled with parchment scrolls as at Pergamum and on papyrus scrolls as at Alexandria: export of prepared writing materials was a staple of commerce.
Research libraries are most often academic libraries or national libraries, but many large special libraries have research libraries within their special field and a very few of the largest public libraries also serve as research libraries.
Libraries have materials arranged in a specified order according to a library classification system, so that items may be located quickly and collections may be browsed efficiently.
Informat.io on Leiden (1860 words)
Leiden is also known as one of the places where some of the Pilgrims (as well as some of the first settlers of New Amsterdam) [1] [2] lived for a time in the early 17th century before their departure to the New World [3].
The population of Leiden which, it is estimated, reached 100,000 in 1640, had sunk to 30,000 between 1796 and 1811, and in 1904 was 56,044.
The University of Leiden is famous for its many developments including the famous Leyden jar, a capacitor made from a glass jar, invented in Leiden by Pieter van Musschenbroek in 1746.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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