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Encyclopedia > Legnica
Legnica
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag of Legnica
Flag of Legnica
Legnica
Country: Poland
Voivodship: Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Population: 106,122 (2005)
Area: 56,29 km²
Density: 1899/km²
Lattitude and Longtitude : 51°21′N 16°16′E
Founded: 7th century
City rights: 1264
Area code: +48 76
Car plates: DL
Municipal Website

Legnica ([lɛgˈniʦa] , formerly Lignica; German: Liegnitz) is a town in Silesia in southwestern Poland. As of the 2005 census estimate, it has a total population of 106,122. Situated in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship (since 1999) on the Kaczawa river, it is the capital of Legnica County. Previously capital of Legnica Voivodeship (1975-1998). Image File history File links Flaga_Legnica_poziom. ... CoA of Legnica (from the Polish wiki). ... Image File history File links Legnica_Mapa. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: voievodat, Polish: województwo, Serbian: vojvodstvo or vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per volume. ... GPS satellite in orbit, image courtesy NASA The Global Positioning System, usually called GPS, is the only fully-functional satellite navigation system. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Image File history File links Legnica. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlonsk / Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... The Kaczawa (-Polish, German: Katzbach) is a small river in the Lower Silesian Voivodship in Poland. ... Legnica County (in Polish powiat legnicki) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lower Silesian Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 1999 as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... Legnica Voivodeship Legnica Voivodeship (Polish: województwo legnickie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ...

Contents

History

The area of Legnica was inhabited for hundreds of years by East Germanic tribes, until about 500 AD, when they wandered to Southern Europe and were replaced by Slavic tribes from Eastern Europe. The Germanic tribes referred to as East Germanic constitute a wave of migrants who moved from Scandinavia into the area between the Oder and Vistula rivers between 600 - 300 BC. Groups Groups identified as East Germanic tribes include: Bastarnae Burgundians Goths Lombards Rugians Vandals Gepids Heruli Language See: East Germanic... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ...


The town was first mentioned in chronicles from 1004, although settlement dates to the 7th century. Legnica was originally known as Lignica. The town became the residence of the dukes of Lower Silesia in 1163 and was the seat of a principality ruled by a branch of the Piast dynasty from 1248 to 1675. Generally a chronicle (Latin chronica) is historical account of facts and events in chronological order. ... Coat of arms of Lower Silesia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Legnica became famous for the Battle of Legnica (or Battle of Wahlstatt) that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe. The Christian army of Duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia, supported by the feudal nobility, included Poles, Germans, the Teutonic Knights, the Hospitallers, and the Knights Templar, but was decisively defeated by the Mongols. Although the Mongols killed Henry and destroyed his forces, their advance into Europe was halted when they turned back to attend to the election of a new Khagan (Grand Khan) following the death in the same year of Ögedei Khan. Minor celebrations are held annually in Legnica to commemorate the battle. Combatants Mongols Poland Teutonic Knights Knights Templars Commanders Kaidu Henry II the Pious Strength 20,000 28,000 Casualties Unknown 10,000-40,000 The Battle of Legnica (also Battle of Liegnitz) took place in 1241 in Legnickie Pole (Wahlstatt) near the city of Legnica/Liegnitz between the invading Mongols... Legnickie Pole (German Wahlstatt) is a small village near Legnica in Lower Silesia, Poland. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Mongol soldier The Mongol invasions of Europe were centered in their destruction of the Ruthenian states, especially Kiev, under the leadership of Subutai. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Greater Poland | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Gniezno | Dukes of Kalisz | Dukes of Wroclaw | 1241 deaths ... The Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, Order of the Teutonic House of Mary in Jerusalem) is a German Roman Catholic religious order formed at the end of the 12th century in Acre in Palestine. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... Mongols (Mongolian: Монгол Mongol) are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China or more specifically on the Central Asian plateau north of the Gobi desert and south of Siberia. ... Khagan or Great Khan, alternatively spelled Chagan, Qaqan, Khakhan, Khaghan, Kagan, Khaqan etc. ... Ögedei Khan Ögedei, (also Ögädäi, Ögedäi, Ogotai, Ogtai, Oktay, Chinese language 窝阔台) (1186-1241), was the third son of Genghis Khan and second Great Khan of the Mongol Empire by succeeding his father. ...


Legnica, along with other Silesian duchies, became a vassal of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the 14th century and was included within the Holy Roman Empire. After the death of King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia at Mohács in 1526, Legnica was inherited by the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. In 1676, Legnica passed to direct Habsburg rule after the death of the last Piast duke, Georg Wilhelm. The town became increasingly Germanized and known internationally by its German name Liegnitz. Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. ... // Combatants Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Hungary Commanders Suleiman I Louis II of Hungary † Pál Tomori † György Zápolya Strength ~ 45,000 supported by 10,000 to 20,000 irregulars 160 to 300 cannons ~ 25,000 to 28,000 53 cannons (85 initial) John Zápolyas 8,000... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


The Protestant Reformation was introduced in the duchy as early as 1522 and the population became Lutheran. In 1742 most of Silesia, including Liegnitz, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia after King Frederick the Great's defeat of Austria in the War of the Austrian Succession. In 1760 during the Seven Years' War, Liegnitz was the site of the Battle of Liegnitz when Frederick's army defeated an Austrian army led by Laudon. In 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars, the Prussians, under Field Marshal Blücher, defeated the French forces of MacDonald in the Battle of Katzbach nearby. The Protestant Reformation, also referred to as the Protestant Revolution or Protestant Revolt, was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Lutheranism is a movement within Christianity that began with the theological insights of Martin Luther in the 16th century> Luthers writings launched the Protestant Reformation of the Western church. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Frederick II of Prussia (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) of Hohenzollern dynasty, ruled the Kingdom of Prussia from 1740 to 1786. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... Combatants Prussia Great Britain Hanover Ireland Portugal Brunswick Hesse-Kassel Austria France Russia Sweden Spain Saxony The Seven Years War (1754 and 1756–1763), some of the theatres of which are called the Pomeranian War and the French and Indian War (see below), was a war in the mid-18th... The Battle of Leignitz was fought in the early hours of August 15, 1760. ... Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon (or Loudon) (February 2, 1717 in Tootzen, Livonia, now Tootsi, Estonia – July 14, 1790 in Nový Jičín, now Czech Republic) was Austrian field marshal. ... Combatants Allies: • Great Britain (until 1801)/United Kingdom(from 1801) • Prussia • Austria • Sweden • Russia • Portugal • Spain • and others • France • Denmark-Norway • Poland Casualties Full list The Napoleonic Wars comprised a series of global conflicts fought during Napoleon Bonapartes rule over France (1799 - 1815). ... Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (December 16, 1742 in Rostock (Mecklenburg) - September 12, 1819 in Krieblowitz (Silesia) (now Krobielowice in Poland)), Graf (Count), later elevated to Fürst von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian general who led his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of... Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald (November 17, 1765 - September 7, 1840), duke of Taranto and marshal of France, was born at Sedan, France. ... The Battle of Katzbach on 26 August 1813, was an accidental engagement of the Napoleonic Wars which took place in a heavy thunderstorm between the forces of the First French Empire under Marshal MacDonald and a Russo-Prussian army of the Sixth Coalition under Prussian Marshal Graf (Count) von Bl...


After the administrative reorganization of the Prussian state following the Congress of Vienna, Liegnitz and the surrounding territory (Landkreis Liegnitz) were incorporated into the Regierungsbezirk (administrative district) Liegnitz, within the Province of Silesia on 1 May 1816. Along with the rest of Prussia, the town became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the unification of Germany. On 1 January 1874 Liegnitz became the third city in Lower Silesia (after Breslau and Görlitz to be raised to an urban district, although the district administrator of the surrounding Landkreis Liegnitz continued to have his seat in the city. The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Please be advised that the factual accuracy of Wikipedia articles dealing with topics related to the Oder-Neisse Line is often disputed. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I   Capital Berlin Language(s) German (official) Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871-1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... The German Empire of 1871. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... WrocÅ‚aw, (Polish pronunciation: (?), Czech: , German: ( (help· info)), Latin: Wratislavia or Vratislavia) is the capital of Lower Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). ... Görlitz ( pronunciation, Lusatian: Zhorjelc, Czech ZhoÅ™elec) is a town in Germany on the river Neiße, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite the Polish town of Zgorzelec, with which it was united until 1945. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ...

Train station in Liegnitz (Legnica) in 1915.
Train station in Liegnitz (Legnica) in 1915.

The census of 1910 gave Liegnitz's population as 95.86 % German, 0.15 % German and Polish, 1.27 % Polish, 2.26 % Wendish, and 0.19 % Czechs. On 1 April 1937 parts of the Landkreis Liegnitz communities of Alt Beckern, Groß Beckern, Hummel, Liegnitzer Vorwerke, Pfaffendorf und Prinkendorf were incorporated into the city of Liegnitz. After the Treaty of Versailles following World War I, Liegnitz was part of the newly created Province of Lower Silesia from 1919 to 1938, then of the Province of Silesia from 1938 to 1941, and again of the Province of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945. Download high resolution version (836x545, 70 KB)Train station in Legnica (from the Polish wiki). ... Download high resolution version (836x545, 70 KB)Train station in Legnica (from the Polish wiki). ... Wends (German: Wenden, Latin: Venedi) is the English name for some Slavic people from north-central Europe particularly the Sorbs living in modern-day Germany. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Treaty of Versailless (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and the German Empire. ... Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien in German) was a province of the Free State of Prussia from 1919 to 1945. ... Please be advised that the factual accuracy of Wikipedia articles dealing with topics related to the Oder-Neisse Line is often disputed. ...


After the defeat of Nazi Germany during World War II, Liegnitz and all of Silesia east of the Neisse river was transferred to Polish administration following the Potsdam Conference in 1945. The German population was expelled from between 1945 and1947 and replaced with Poles and, as the medieval Polish name Lignica was considered archaic, the town was renamed Legnica. The transfer to Poland decided at Potsdam in 1945 was officially recognized by East Germany in 1950 and West Germany under Chancellor Willy Brandt in the Treaty of Warsaw signed in 1970, and by a united Germany by the Two Plus Four Agreement in 1990. By 1990 only a handful of Polonized Germans, pre-war citizens of Liegnitz, had remained of the pre-1945 German population. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Nysa (Polish Nysa, German Neiße, Czech Nisa) is a name of a few rivers and a town in Silesia. ... Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... Germans expelled from the Sudetenland // The flight and expulsion of Germans after World War II refers to the escape and mass deportation of people considered Germans (both Reichsdeutsche and Volksdeutsche) from Soviet-occupied areas of Europe during 1945 and in the first three years after World War II 1946-48. ... Adjective archaic (more archaic, most archaic) From an earlier period and no longer in common use; of or characterized by antiquity or archaism, antiquated. ... Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Treaty of Zgorzelec or the Treaty between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic concerning the demarcation of the established and existing Polish-German state border was signed in Zgorzelec, Lower Silesia, Poland on July 6, 1950 by the prime ministers Józef Cyrankiewicz of Poland and... GDR redirects here. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (December 18, 1913 - October 8, 1992) was a German politician, Chancellor of West Germany 1969 – 1974, and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964 – 1987. ... The Treaty of Warsaw is a treaty between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... The Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany is the final peace treaty negotiated between the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, and the Four Powers which occupied Germany at the end of World War II in Europe: France, the United Kingdom, the United States and... This article is about the year. ... Polonization (Polish: ) is the assumption (complete or partial), of the Polish language or another real or supposed Polish attribute. ...


From 1945 to 1990, during the Cold War, the headquarters of the Soviet forces in Poland, the so-called Northern Group of Forces, was located in the city. This fact had a strong influence on the life of the city. For much of the period, the city was divided into Polish and Soviet areas, with the latter closed to the public. These were first established in July 1945, when the Soviets forcibly ejected newly arrived Polish inhabitants from the parts of the city they wanted for their own use. The ejection was perceived by some as a particularly brutal action, and rumours circulated exaggerating its severity, though no evidence of anyone being killed in the course of it has come to light. In April 1946 city officials estimated that they were 16,700 Poles, 12,800 Germans, and 60,000 Russians in Legnica.[1] The last Russian units left the city in 1993. For other uses, please see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ...


In the 1950s and 1960s the local copper and nickel industries became a major factor in the economic development of the area. General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ...


Until the winter of 2003, the longest osobowy (standard railway train stopping at every station, in contrast to fast and express trains) train service in Poland ran from Katowice to Legnica (via Kędzierzyn Koźle, Nysa, and Jaworzyna Śląska). Express trains (also sometimes referred to as fast trains) are a form of rail service. ... Panorama of Katowice at night Katowice (pronunciation: [] (Czech: Katovice, German: Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the KÅ‚odnica and Rawa rivers. ... Nysa (German Neisse or Neiße) is a town in south-western Poland on the Nysa Kłodzka river, with 52,000 inhabitants (2004), situated in the Opole Voivodship. ...


Economy

  • Industry: copper mining and processing, KGHM Polska Miedź owns a large steel mill on the western outskirts of town.

KGHM Polska Miedź is one of the largest producers of copper and silver in the world. ... A steel mill at the turn of the century in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania A steel mill (British English and Australian English steelworks) is an industrial plant for the manufacture of steel. ...

Education

  • state-run colleges and universities
    • Witelon University of Applied Sciences (Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa im. Witelona) [2]
    • Wrocław University of Technology [3]
    • Foreign Language Teacher Training College [4]
  • other
    • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania / The Polish Open University [5]
    • Wyższa Szkoła Menedżerska [6]
    • Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne [7]

The official logo of the University. ...

Twin towns

As of 2005, Legnica is twinned with four other European towns. European redirects here. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Blansko is city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Drohobych (Ukrainian: Дрогобич; Polish: , German: ; Russian: ; Yiddish: דראָביטש) is a city in western Ukraine within the Lviv Oblast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Orenburg (Russian: ) is a city on the Ural River and the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast in the Volga Federal District of Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

Sports

  • Miedź Legnica - men's football team (Polish Cup winner 1992; 3rd league in seasons 2003/2004 and 2004/2005)

Miedź Legnica is a Polish football club based in Legnica, Poland. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Polish Cup The Polish Cup in football (official Polish title: Puchar Polski) is an annually held elimination tournament for Polish football clubs and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the 1st league (or Ekstraklasa) title. ...

Politics

Municipal politics

Legnica tends to be a left-of-center town with a considerable influence of workers' unions. The Municipal Council of Legnica (Rada miejska miasta Legnica) is the legislative branch of the local government and is composed of 25 members elected in local elections every five years. The mayor or town president (Prezydent miasta) is the executive branch of the local government and is directly elected in the same municipal elections. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ...


Legnica - Jelenia Góra constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Legnica-Jelenia Gora constituency: The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... Jelenia Góra (German Hirschberg) is a town in south-western Poland. ...

  • Ryszard Bonda, Samoobrona
  • Bronisława Kowalska, SLD-UP
  • Adam Lipiński, PiS
  • Tadeusz Maćkała, PO
  • Ryszard Maraszek, SLD-UP
  • Olgierd Poniźnik, SLD-UP
  • Władysław Rak, SLD-UP
  • Tadeusz Samborski, PSL
  • Jerzy Szmajdziński, SLD-UP
  • Halina Szustak, LPR
  • Michał Turkiewicz, SLD-UP
  • Ryszard Zbrzyzny, SLD-UP .

Self-Defense of the Polish Republic ( Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Komitet Wyborczy Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej - Unia Pracy (Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union) is the electoral comitee and a coalition of two Polish political parties: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej and Unia Pracy. ... Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish central-right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) is a Polish conservative- liberal political party, modelled after the two main American parties. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) is a right-wing and populist opposition party in the Polish Parliament. ...

Famous residents

  • Hans von Schweinichen (1552-1616), court steward of Liegnitz
  • Hans Aßmann Freiherr von Abschatz (1646-1699), lyricist and translator
  • Christian Josef Willenberg (1676-1731), military engineer
  • Georg Rudolf Böhmer (1723-1803), pharmacist and botanist
  • Benjamin Bilse (1816-1902), conductor and composer
  • Wilhelm Haberling (1871-1940), doctor and historian of medicine
  • Paul Löbe (1875-1967), SPD politician
  • Horst Lange (1904-1971), author
  • Günther Reich (1921-1989), opera singer.
  • Peter Marzinkowski (born 1939), first Bishop of Alindao

Paul Löbe (born December 14, 1875 in Liegnitz (Schlesien), died August 3, 1967 in Bonn) was a German politician (SPD). ... SPD redirects here. ... Alindao is a town located in the Central African Republic prefecture of Basse-Kotto. ...

Reference

This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding German Wikipedia article as of July 27, 2006. July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Legnica - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1186 words)
The town became the residence of the dukes of Lower Silesia in 1163 and was the seat of a principality ruled by a branch of the Piast dynasty from 1248 to 1675.
Legnica became famous for the Battle of Legnica (or Battle of Wahlstatt) that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe.
Legnica tends to be a left-of-center town with a considerable influence of workers' unions.
Legnica: Welcome to Legnica (390 words)
Legnica is inhabited by 106.895 citizens with the total area of 56,3 km
It is third in size town in Lower Silesia, an administrative, economical, cultural and education centre of the region.
Thanks to its citizens Legnica is a significant cultural centre both on regional and national scale.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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