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Encyclopedia > Legislature
Legislature

This series is part of
the Politics series Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ...

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A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. This is a list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate. ... The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Parliamentary group and parliamentary party are terms used to refer to the representation of a political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or in a city council. ... The leader or chairperson of a parliamentary group holds an influential political post in a parliamentary system with strong party discipline. ... Look up Congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ... For unicameral alphabets, see the article letter case. For The unicameral, see Nebraska Legislature. ... This article is about bicameralism in government. ... Tricameralism is the practice of having three legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... Many parliaments or other legislatures consist of two chambers: an elected lower house, and an upper house or Senate which may be appointed or elected by a different mechanism from the lower house. ... For the demesne in The Keys to the Kingdom series, see The House An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ... A deliberative assembly is an organization, comprised of members, that uses a parliamentary procedure for making decisions. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ...


Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress, although these terms also have more specific meanings. The main job of the legislature is to make and amend laws. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential systems of government, the legislature is considered a power branch which is equal to, and independent of, the executive. In addition to enacting laws, legislatures usually have exclusive authority to raise taxes and adopt the budget and other money bills. The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... Look up Congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... An appointment is a time reserved for something such as a doctor visit, much like a reservation. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separately from the legislature, to which it is not accountable and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. ... An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ... Taxes redirects here. ... For the rental car company, see Budget Rent a Car. ... A money bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending, as opposed to changes in public law. ...


The primary components of a legislature are one or more chambers or houses: assemblies that debate and vote upon bills. A legislature with only one house is called unicameral. A bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an upper house and a lower house, which often differ in duties, powers, and the methods used for the selection of members. Much rarer have been tricameral legislatures; the most recent existed in the waning years of white-minority rule in South Africa. discussion redirects here. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinion—usually as a final step following discussions or debates. ... A bill is a proposed new law introduced within a legislature that has not been ratified, adopted, or received assent. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... Tricameralism is the practice of having three legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Tricameral Parliament was the name given to the South African parliament and its structure from 1984 to 1994. ...


In most parliamentary systems, the lower house is the more powerful house while the upper house is merely a chamber of advice or review. States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ...


However, in presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal. In federations it is typical for the upper house to represent the component states; the same applies to the supranational legislature of the European Union. For this purpose the upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments, as is the case in the European Union and in Germany and was the case in the United States before 1913, or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the modern United States. A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... This article is about federal states. ...

Contents

Lists of titles of legislatures

     Nations with bicameral legislatures.     Nations with unicameral legislatures.     No legislature.
     Nations with bicameral legislatures.     Nations with unicameral legislatures.     No legislature.

Download high resolution version (1262x628, 26 KB)Map of unicameral and bicameral parliaments around the world. ... Download high resolution version (1262x628, 26 KB)Map of unicameral and bicameral parliaments around the world. ... This article is about bicameralism in government. ... For unicameral alphabets, see the article letter case. For The unicameral, see Nebraska Legislature. ...

National

São Bento Palace, home of the Portuguese Parliament. ... The Assembly of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë), also known as the Peoples Assembly (Kuvendi Popullor) is the parliament of Albania. ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226) Social Democratic Party of Germany (222) Free Democratic Party (61) The Left. ... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is partially obscured by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Look up Congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... The Eduskunta in Finnish, or the Riksdag in Swedish, is the parliament of Finland. ... The Federal Assembly may be: Federal Assembly of Austria Federal Assembly of Germany Federal Assembly of Russia Federal Assembly of Switzerland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Folketing [], or Folketinget, is the national parliament of Denmark. ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ... The Majles Al-Ummah (Council of the Ummah) is the Legislative part of government in the Islamic country of Kuwait. ... The parliament building from outside. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... This article is about the country in Europe. ... The States-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Netherlands (disambiguation). ... The Storting main building The Storting, or Stortinget, (the Great Assembly), is the parliament of Norway, and is located in Oslo. ... The Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State is the legislative body of Vatican City. ... The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... The Riigikogu (from riigi-, of the state, and kogu, assembly) is the parliament of Estonia. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... The Saeima Plenary Chamber The Saeima is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. ...

Sub-National

Legislatures of the 50 States The current party composition of the 50 state legislatures is: 20 Republican Legislatures 20 Democratic Legislatures 9 Divided Legislatures 1 Non-Partisan Legislature Notes: The Party Strengths column indicates the number of seats belonging to the two largest parties, Democratic Party and the Republican Party. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... A Landtag (Diet) is a representative assembly or parliament in German speaking countries with some legislative authority. ... This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canadas provinces and territories. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Nova Scotia House of Assembly is the legislative branch of the provincial government of Nova Scotia, located in Halifax. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... The Queensland Legislative Council was the upper house of the parliament in the Australian state of Queensland, until its abolition in 1922. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... The logo of the Northern Ireland Assembly, a six flowered linen or flax plant. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Established 1999 by the Government of Wales Act 1998 Presiding Officer Lord Elis-Thomas AM (Plaid) Since May 12, 1999 Deputy Presiding Officer Rosemary Butler AM (Lab) Leader of the House Carwyn Jones AM (Lab) Chief Executive and Clerk to the Assembly Claire Clancy Political parties 6 Welsh Labour (26... This article is about the country. ...

Regional

The Legislative Council (abbreviated as LegCo; Chinese: 立法會, Pinyin: LìfÇŽ Huì; formerly 立法局, LìfÇŽ Jú) is the unicameral legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Legislative Assembly of the Macao Special Administrative Region (Traditional Chinese: [ ; ] ; Portuguese: Assembleia Legislativa da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau [ ]) is the organ of the legislative branch of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Administrative law in the United States often relates to, or arises from, so-called independent agencies- such as the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Here is FTCs headquarters in Washington D.C. Administrative law (or regulatory law) is the body of law that arises from the activities of administrative agencies... The term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential for unique and often severe impositions as punishment for failure to comply. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... This article is about legal torts. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This law-related article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Court of Chancery, London, early 19th century This article is about the concept of equity in the jurisprudence of common law countries. ... International law deals with the relationships between states, or between persons or entities in different states. ... Conflict of laws, or private international law, or international private law is that branch of international law and interstate law that regulates all lawsuits involving a foreign law element, where a difference in result will occur depending on which laws are applied as the lex causae. ... Supranational law is a form of international law, based on the limitation of the rights of sovereign nations between one another. ... Image File history File links Scale_of_justice_2. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Labour law (American English: labor) or employment law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which addresses the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. ... Human rights law is a system of laws, both domestic and international which is intended to promote human rights. ... Legal procedure is the body of law and rules used in the administration of justice in the court system, including such areas as civil procedure, criminal procedure, appellate procedure, administrative procedure, labour procedure, and probate. ... The law of evidence governs the use of testimony (e. ... Immigration law refers to national government policies which control the phenomenon of immigration to their country. ... Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... In the common law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over his property or family after death. ... Commercial law (sometimes known as business law) is the body of law which governs business and commerce. ... Corporate law (also corporations law or company law) refers to the law establishing separate legal entities known as the company or corporation and governs the most prevalent legal models for firms, for instance limited companies (Ltd or Pty Ltd), publicly limited companies (plc) or incorporated businesses (Inc. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration—see text) in the United Kingdom. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... The following analysis is based on English law. ... Restitution is the name given to a form of legal relief in which the plaintiff recovers something from the defendant that belongs, or should belong, to the plaintiff. ... Tax law is the codified system of laws that describes government levies on economic transactions, commonly called taxes. ... Bank regulations are a form of government regulation which subject banks to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, aiming to uphold the soundness and integrity of the financial system. ... Antitrust redirects here. ... Consumer protection is a form of government regulation which protects the interests of consumers. ... Environmental law is a body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking statutes, common law, treaties, conventions, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or endangered by human activities. ... International law deals with the relationships between states, or between persons or entities in different states. ... Admiralty law (also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... Military law is a distinct legal system to which members of armed forces are subject. ... Products liability is the area of law in which manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, retailers, and others who make products available to the public are held responsible for the injuries those products cause. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Aviation law is the branch of law that concerns flight, air travel, and associated legal and business concerns. ... World distribution of major legal traditions The three major legal systems of the world today consist of civil law, common law and religious law. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... For other uses of civil law, see civil law. ... In the religious sense, law can be thought of as the ordering principle of reality; knowledge as revealed by God defining and governing all human affairs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Socialist Legality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the body of Islamic religious law. ... This article is about law in society. ... Legal history is a term that has at least two meanings. ... For the jurisprudence of courts, see Case law. ... Law and economics, or economic analysis of law is an approach to legal theory that applies methods of economics to law. ... Sociology of law refers to both a sub-discipline of sociology and an approach within the field of legal studies. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... This article is about the sociological concept. ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Civil society is composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning society as opposed to the force-backed structures of a state (regardless of that states political system) and commercial institutions. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Legislature - Encyclopedia Article (457 words)
Legislatures are known by many names including parliament, senate, or congress.
In presidential systems of government, the legislature is considered a branch of government which is equal to the executive.
Examples of bicameral legislatures include the British Parliament (divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons) and the United States Congress (divided into the Senate and the House of Representatives).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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