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Encyclopedia > Legionary
Roman legionaries, 1st century.
Roman legionary, end of 3rd century.
Roman legionary, end of 3rd century.

Called miles ("soldier") or legionarius in Latin, the Roman legionary was (usually) a Roman citizen under 45 years of age. The soldier enlisted in a legion for twenty-five years of service, a change from the early practice of enlisting only for the duration of a campaign. The last five years were on veteran lighter duties. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1400 KB)[edit] Summary Legio III Cyrenaica of New England (United States) in a 1st century A.D. portrayal of a legion. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1400 KB)[edit] Summary Legio III Cyrenaica of New England (United States) in a 1st century A.D. portrayal of a legion. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3456, 1552 KB) Roman soldier end of third Century from a northern province. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3456, 1552 KB) Roman soldier end of third Century from a northern province. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The toga was the characteristic garment of the Roman citizen. ... Modern soldiers. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In the military sciences, a military campaign encompass related military operations, usually conducted by a defense or fighting force, directed at gaining a particular desired state of affairs, usually within geographical and temporal limitations. ... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ...


On the march in unfriendly terrain, the legionary would be loaded down with armour (lorica segmentata), shield (scutum), helmet (galae), two javelins (one heavy pilum and one light), a short sword (gladius), a dagger (pugio), a pair of heavy sandals (Caligae), a Sarcina (marching pack), about fourteen days worth of food, a waterskin (bladder for water), cooking equipment, two stakes (Sudes murale) for the construction of palisades, and a shovel or wicker basket. Armour is protective clothing intended to defend its wearer from intentional harm in combat and military engagements, typically associated with soldiers. ... A reenactor dressed as a Roman soldier in lorica segmentata The lōrīca segmentāta was a type of armour primarily used in the Roman Empire, but the Latin name was first used in the 16th century (the ancient form is unknown). ... A shield is a protective device, meant to intercept attacks. ... Scutum is the Latin word for shield, although it has in modern times come to be associated with the standard semi-cylindrical type carried by Roman legionaries. ... For other meanings, see Helmet (disambiguation). ... Centurions helmet end of 2nd century A.D. Galae was the name of the Roman legionarys helmet. ... Look up Javelin on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Javelin can refer to several things: For the spear-like object,used as a thrown weapon in ancient times see Javelin Ancient For the modern athletic discipline see Javelin throw. ... Reconstruction of a post-Marian pilum A Roman coin showing Antoninianus of Carinus holding pilum and globe. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article is about the sword. ... Bold text This article is about the weapon. ... Pugio reconstruction: a Roman soldier from AD 70 Pugio reconstruction: a Roman soldier AD 175 from a northern province A pugio is a small dagger used by Roman soldiers. ... Sandal (or Sandals) may refer to: Sandal (footwear) are an open type of footwear. ... Caligae (Latin; singular Caliga) are heavy military sandals as worn in ancient Rome. ... Sarcina as illustrated on Trajans Column. ... Sudes used as a simple picket fence. ... Palisade and Moat A palisade is a Medieval wooden fence or wall of variable height, used as a defensive structure. ... Shovel with wide blade - especially appropriate for lifting snow or coal A shovel is a tool for lifting and moving loose material such as coal, gravel, snow, soil, or sand. ... A wickerwork scratching post A wicker balloon basket capable of holding 16 passengers. ... Four styles of household basket. ...


The Roman soldier underwent especially rigorous training; discipline was the base of the army's success and the soldiers were relentlessly and constantly trained with weapons and especially with drill — forced marches with full load and in tight formation were frequent. Discipline was important and infractions were heavily punished by the centurions. Discipline is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral, physical, or mental development in a particular direction. ... It has been suggested that Drill (military) be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Immunes

Included in the ranks, aside from the basic heavy infantrymen, were the immunes, specialist soldiers with secondary roles such as engineer, carpenter and medic. These men were still fully trained legionaries however and would fight in the ranks if called upon. They were excused from some of the more laborious tasks such as drill and fatigues and received better pay than their comrades. For the Technical Symposium of NITK Surathkal Engineer , see Engineer (Technical Fest). ... Carpenter at work in Tennessee, June 1942. ... This article is about the title or occupation. ...


Pay

From the time of Gaius Marius onwards, Legionaries received 225 denarii a year; this basic rate remained unchanged until Domitian, who increased it to 300 denarii. In spite of the steady inflation during the 2nd century, there was no further rise until the time of Septimius Severus, who increased it to 500 denarii a year. This salary would be supplemented by the booty taken in a campaign. Gaius Marius Gaius Marius (Latin: C·MARIVS·C·F·C·N)[1] (157 BC–January 13, 86 BC) was a Roman general and politician elected Consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. ... First row : c. ... Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman Emperor of the gens Flavia. ... The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Lucius Septimius Severus (b. ...


All legionary soldiers would also receive a sizeable sum of money on the completion of their term of service: 3000 denarii from the time of Augustus and/or a plot of good farmland (good land was in much demand). Later, under Caracalla, the praemia increased to 5000 denarii. For other uses, see Augustus (disambiguation). ... Caracalla (April 4, 186 – April 8, 217) was Roman Emperor from 211 – 217. ...


Other legionaries

Legionary is also a term used for members of other legions, like French Foreign Legion, Spanish Foreign Legion or Polish Legions. Members of these modern legions are often called lĂ©gionnaires, the French term for legionary. The term was also used by the Romanian far right paramilitary group known in English as the Iron Guard. Legionnaire (film) The French Foreign Legion (French: Légion étrangère) is a unique elite unit within the French Army established in 1831. ... The Spanish Foreign Legion was founded by General Milian Astry in February 1920 as the Spanish equivelent to the French Foreign Legion. ... Polish Legions (Polish Legiony Polskie) was the name of Polish armed forces created in August of 1914 in Galicia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


See also

See: Structural history of the Roman military The branches of the Roman military at the highest level were the Roman army and the Roman navy. ... A foreign legion is a military force originally established by a monarch, consisting of foreigners who are not normally subjects of the king. ... Basic ideal plan of a Roman castrum. ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and the city-state of Carthage. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of Roman legions. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Legionary Equipment (1199 words)
The equipment to the legionaries was remarkably uniform throughout the empire and it is possible that there were large centres in Gaul and North Italy for the mass manufacture of helmets, armour and weapons as well as the kettles and mess tins, etc.
The legionary sword, the gladius, was a double-bladed weapon two feet long and two inches wide, often with a corrugated bone grip.
Unlike the legionary he carried his sword in the orthodox position on the left swinging from a baldric From his left shoulder a cloak, made of fine material, hung in elegant folds.
Legionary Charity (1481 words)
The Legionary is advised to suppress self for the sake of becoming the adequate instrument in the apostolate of spreading the Kingdom of God on earth.
But a Legionary should beware of concentrating so exclusively on the practice of Charity in reaching out to every soul as to lose sight of the equally important practice of Charity towards his fellow-members in the praesidium or in the council.
Legionary Charity must extend beyond the Spiritual Directors of Praesidia and beyond those Pastors who have given permission for the Legion to exist in their parishes.
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