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Encyclopedia > Legion of Honor
Medal for the officer class, decorated with a rosette
Medal for the officer class, decorated with a rosette
Napoleon wearing the Grand Cross
Napoleon wearing the Grand Cross
The President of France is the Grand Master of the Legion. Above: President Charles de Gaulle wearing the Grand Cross. Note that he does not wear the Collar of the Legion's Grand Master; instead, he wears the collar of another order, the Ordre de la Libération
The President of France is the Grand Master of the Legion. Above: President Charles de Gaulle wearing the Grand Cross. Note that he does not wear the Collar of the Legion's Grand Master; instead, he wears the collar of another order, the Ordre de la Libération
President Georges Pompidou wearing the Grand Cross and the Grand Master's Collar
President Georges Pompidou wearing the Grand Cross and the Grand Master's Collar

The Légion d'honneur (English: Legion of Honour or Legion of Honor, see spelling differences) is an Order of Chivalry first established by Napoléon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, on May 19, 1802. It is the most senior Order in France, and appointment to the Legion is a great honor. Image File history File links Offizierskreuz. ... Image File history File links Offizierskreuz. ... Rosettes can refer for: A small, circular, device that can be awarded with medals (see: Rosette (decoration)). A type of plant with their leaves at an upset stem in a typical form. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2722, 629 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Legion of Honor ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2722, 629 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Legion of Honor ... Image File history File links Charles_de_Gaulle. ... Image File history File links Charles_de_Gaulle. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( ) (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Sir Thomas More wearing the Collar of Esses as Lord Chancellor, by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527). ... The Ordre de la Libération (Order of the Liberation) is a French Order (decoration) awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during the Second World War. ... Pompidou This work is copyrighted. ... Pompidou This work is copyrighted. ... Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou (July 5, 1911 – April 2, 1974) was President of France from 1969 until his death in 1974. ... Sir Thomas More wearing the Collar of Esses as Lord Chancellor, by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The differences in the spellings of British English and American English are as follows: Spelling differences between U.S. usage on one side and British and Commonwealth usage on the other are generally more conspicuous than spelling differences within the Commonwealth. ... An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... Napoleon I of France, by Jacques-Louis David. ... A title used by Napoleon Bonaparte following his seizure of power in France. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... --69. ...


The Order has five classes:

  • Grand-Croix (Grand Cross), formerly grande décoration, grand aigle or grand cordon
  • Grand Officier (Grand Officer)
  • Commandeur (Commander), formerly commandant
  • Officier (Officer)
  • Chevalier (Knight), formerly légionnaire

The Order's motto is Honneur et patrie.

Contents


History

The Order replaced the old Orders of Saint Michael, The Holy Spirit, Saint Louis, Saint Lazarus and Mount Carmel. The Order of Saint Michael (French: LOrdre de Saint-Michel) was the first French chivalric order, founded by Louis XI of France in 1469, in competitive response to the Burgundian Order of the Golden Fleece founded by Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, Louis chief competitor for the allegiance... The Order of the Holy Spirit, also known as the Order of the Knights of the Holy Spirit, (French: LOrdre du Saint Espirt; LOrdre des Chevaliers du Saint Esprit) was an Order of Chivalry under the French Monarchy. ... Image:Medaille-Saint Louis. ... Cross of the Order of Saint Lazarus The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


The order is conferred upon men and women, either French citizens or foreigners, for outstanding achievements in military or civil life. In practice, in current usage, the order is conferred, in addition to military recipients, to many entrepreneurs, high-level civil servants, sport champions as well as other people with high connections in the executive. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The French Civil Service (fonction publique) is the set of civil servants (fonctionnaires) working for the French government. ... A champion (identical to the French, from the late Latin campio) is one who has repeatedly come out first among contestants in challenges (especially the winner of a tournament or other competition) or other test, one who is outstandingly skilled in their field. ...


According to some sources, Napoleon declared: On appelle ça des hochets, je sais, on l'a dit déjà. Et bien, j'ai répondu que c'est avec des hochets que l'on mène les hommes. — "We call these children's toys, I know, it's been said already. Well, I replied that it's with such toys that one leads men." (The French word hochet means a child's rattle). This has been often quoted as "It is with such baubles that men are led." For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


Composition

Grand Officer's badge
Grand Officer's badge

The President of France is the Grand Master of the Order and appoints all other members of the Order—by convention, on the advice of the Government. Following Continental practice (unlike the British orders), the Legion of Honor has no Sovereign. Its principal officers are the Chancellor and Secretary-General. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ...


The Order has a maximum quota of 75 Grand Cross, 250 Grand Officers, 1,250 Commanders, 10,000 Officers and 113,425 (ordinary) Knights. As of 2000 the actual membership was 61 Grand Cross, 321 Grand Officers, 3,626 Commanders, 22,401 Officers and 87,371 Knights. Appointments of veterans of World War II, French military personnel involved in the North African Campaign and other foreign French military operations, as well as wounded soldiers, are made independently of the quota. Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


Frenchmen are received in the order to the class of knight. To be promoted to a higher class, one must prove new services to France. The only exception is the President of the Republic, who is made a grand cross de jure upon his accession to the presidency. Foreigners are not received in the order; instead they are decorated with the insignia of the légion. A foreigner can be decorated directly with the insignia of a higher class.


In 1998, all surviving veterans of World War I from any country who had fought on French soil were made Knights of the Legion if they were not so already, as part of the commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the war's end. In December 2004, on the occasion of his 110th birthday, France's oldest surviving veteran of the war, Franklin Flocquet, was promoted to Officer. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110 years or more, something achieved by only one in a thousand centenarians (0. ...


Members convicted of a severe crime (plain crime in French) are dismissed de jure from the order. Members convicted of a lesser felony (délit in French) can be dismissed too. Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of in principle and in practice, respectively, when one is describing political situations. ...


Wearing the decoration of the Legion of Honor without having the right to do so is an offense.


Collective appointments can also be made to cities, companies or military units. In the case of a military unit, its flag is decorated with the insignia of a knight, which is a different award than the fourragère. The Fourragère is a French military award, distinguishing military units as a whole. ...


Insignia

  • The badge of the Legion is a five-armed 'Maltese Asterisk' (for want of a better description — see Maltese Cross) in gilt (in silver for chevalier) enameled white, with an enameled laurel and oak wreath between the arms. The obverse central disc is in gilt, featuring the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République Française on a blue enamel ring. The reverse central disc is also in gilt, with a set of crossed tricolore, surrounded by the Legion's motto Honneur et patrie (Honor and Fatherland) and its foundation date on a blue enamel ring. The badge is suspended by an enameled laurel and oak wreath.
  • The star (or "plaque") is worn by Grand Cross (in gilt on the left chest) and Grand Officer (in silver on the right chest) respectively; it is similar to the badge, but without enamel, and with the wreath replaced by a cluster of rays in between each arm. The central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République Française and the motto "Honneur et patrie".
  • The ribbon for the badge is plain red.

In summary, An asterisk in eurostyle font An asterisk (*) is a typographical symbol or glyph. ... The Maltese Cross (✠) has been the symbol of the Christian warrior since the First Crusade. ... A gilt is any of the following: A thin covering of gold. ... Binomial name Laurus nobilis L. The Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae), also known as True Laurel, Sweet Bay, Grecian Laurel, or just Laurel, is an evergreen tree or large shrub reaching 10–18 m tall, native to the Mediterranean region. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... A gilt is any of the following: A thin covering of gold. ... Marianne busts with features of Brigitte Bardot - Catherine Deneuve - Mireille Mathieu Marianne, a national emblem of France, is a personification of Liberty and Reason. ... A gilt is any of the following: A thin covering of gold. ... The term tricolore can refer to: the Flag of France (in French, le drapeau tricolore or, rarely, le tricolore) the Flag of Italy (in Italian: il tricolore) the Flag of Romania (in Romanian: tricolorul) the Flag of Russia (in Russian: триколор) a tricolour banner or flag which has three colours, usually... A gilt is any of the following: A thin covering of gold. ... Marianne busts with features of Brigitte Bardot - Catherine Deneuve - Mireille Mathieu Marianne, a national emblem of France, is a personification of Liberty and Reason. ... A ribbon is a thin band of flexible material, typically cloth but also plastic or sometimes metal, used primarily for binding and tying. ...

  • Grand Cross - wears the badge on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left chest;
  • Grand Officer - wears the badge on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest, plus the star on the right chest;
  • Commander - wears the badge on a necklet;
  • Officer - wears the badge on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest;
  • Knight - wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.

The badge or star is not worn usually, except at the time of the decoration ceremony or on a dress uniform. Instead, one normally wears the ribbon or rosette on one's suit. Rosettes are small, circular devices that are presented with a medal. ... Rosettes are small, circular devices that are presented with a medal. ... A uniform is a set of standard clothing worn by members of an organisation whilst participating in that organisations activity. ... Rosettes are small, circular devices that are presented with a medal. ...

Palace and Museum of the Legion of Honor

Second handling of a Légion d'Honneur on the 16 August 1804 at the camp of Boulogne
Enlarge
Second handling of a Légion d'Honneur on the 16 August 1804 at the camp of Boulogne

The National Museum of the Legion of Honor (Musée national de la Legion d'Honneur) is housed in the "Hôtel de Salm" on the Left Bank of the River Seine in Paris, otherwise known as the Palais de la Légion d'honneur. It was built between 1782 and 1787 by the architect Pierre Rousseau for the German Prince Frederick III of Salm-Kyrbourg. The revolutionary government nationalised the building, and from 13 May 1804 it became the seat of the newly created Légion d'honneur. It was destroyed by fire under the Paris Commune in 1871, but was reconstructed with the support of funds raised among recipients of the Légion d'honneur and of the military medals which it also commemmorates. An imitation of this building was constructed in San Francisco (the California Palace of the Legion of Honor), and also serves as a museum. ImageMetadata File history File links Premiere-legion-dhonneur. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Premiere-legion-dhonneur. ... This article is about the river in France; it should not be confused with the Senne, a much smaller river that flows through Brussels. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Le Père Duchesne face to the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Here! savage rascal, we will put you down just as your crook of a nephew!… The... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, California. ...


The address of the Palace is:

2, rue de la Légion d'honneur
F-75007 Paris
Open daily (except on Mondays) 2–5 pm
RER: Musée d'Orsay (opposite the main entrance of the Musée d'Orsay)

The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA /εr ə εr/, Regional Express Network) is an urban rail network in Paris and the surrounding Île-de-France region of France. ... The Musee d Orsay is a museum in Paris. ...

Officers of the Order

  • Grand Master: Jacques Chirac
  • Grand Chancellor: Jean-Pierre Kelche
  • Secretary-General: Jacques Carrère

Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932), French politician, is President of the French Republic. ...

See also

Commons logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Légion d'Honneur

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Ordre de la Libération (Order of the Liberation) is a French Order (decoration) awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during the Second World War. ... The Ordre National du Mérite (in English: The National Order of Merit) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... State decorations are orders, medals and other decorations granted by a state. ... A list of famous prizes, medals and awards including cups, trophies, bowls, badges, state decorations etc. ... The Garter is the most recognizable insignia of the Order of the Garter. ...

External links

  • Chancery of the Legion of Honor (in French)
  • Canadian Embassy article about the Legion (English)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Philippine Legion of Honor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (542 words)
The Philippine Legion of Honor was patterned after the Legion of Merit of the United States of America, and was meant to honor both civilians and members of the military, Filipino or foreign.
Today, the Philippine Legion of Honor is conferred upon a Filipino or foreign citizen in recognition of valuable and meritorious service in relation to the military affairs of the Republic of the Philippines.
The Philippine Legion of Honor may be awarded by the Secretary of National Defense in the name and by authority of the President of the Philippines.
Legion of Honor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1175 words)
The Légion d'honneur (English: Legion of Honour or Legion of Honor, see spelling differences) is an Order of Chivalry first established by Napoléon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, on May 19, 1802.
The National Museum of the Legion of Honour (Musée national de la Legion d'Honneur) is housed in the "Hôtel de Salm" on the Left Bank of the River Seine in Paris, otherwise known as the Palais de la Légion d'honneur.
An imitation of this building was constructed in San Francisco (the California Palace of the Legion of Honor), and also serves as a museum.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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