FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Legal entity
Legal status of Persons
Concepts

Citizenship
Nationality
Naturalization
Leave to Remain
Immigration
Illegal immigration In law legal status refers to the concept of individuals having a particular place in society, relative to the law, as it determines the laws which affect them. ... A person is defined by philosophers as a being who is in possession of a range of psychological capacities that are regarded as both necessary and sufficient to fulfill the requirements of personhood. ... Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city but now usually a country) and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Naturalization is the act whereby a person voluntarily and actively acquires a nationality which is not his or her nationality at birth. ... The Leave to Remain is the legal status of a person issued by a government office of internal affairs to one who is not yet a citizen. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Legal designations

Citizen
Native-born citizen
Naturalized citizen
Dual-citizen
Alien
Migrant worker
Refugee
Illegal immigrant
Criminal
Prisoner
Slave
Political prisoner
(Enemy alien
Enemy combatant
Administrative detainee)
Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city but now usually a country) and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ... A native-born citizen or natural-born citizen of a country is a person who is legally recognized as that countrys citizen as of the moment of birth, rather than by acquiring citizenship afterwards through naturalization. ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ... Multiple citizenship is simultaneous citizenship in two or more countries (whether it is recognized by all countries or not). ... In law, an alien is a person who is not a native or naturalized citizen of the land where they are found. ... Migrant farm worker, New York A migrant worker is a person who works in more than one physical location, often working at seasonal jobs and then moving on to new seasonal jobs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A political prisoner is someone held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because their ideas or image are deemed by a government to either challenge or threaten the authority of the state. ... In law during wartime, an enemy alien is a person who is a citizen of a country which is a state of war with the land where he or she is found. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Unlawful combatant. ... Administrative detention is a military term used in Israel to refer to political prisoners —people held as criminals while not actually being charged. ...

Social politics

Immigration law
Nationality law
Nationalism
Nativism (politics)
Immigration debate
"Second-class citizen"
Nationality law is the branch of a countrys legal system wherein legislation, custom and court precendent combine to define the ways in which that countrys nationality and citizenship are transmitted, acquired or lost. ... Nationality law is that branch of a countrys legal system wherein legislation, custom and court precendent combine to define the ways in which that countrys nationality and citizenship are transmitted, acquired or lost. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolizing French nationalism during the July Revolution. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Illegal immigration refers to a mass-immigration of people across national borders —in direct violation of the immigration laws of the country of destination. ... Second class citizen is an informal term used to describe a person who is discriminated against or generally treated unequally within a state or other political jurisdiction. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

A legal entity is a legal construct through which the law allows a group of natural persons to act as if it were a single composite individual for certain purposes. The most common purposes are lawsuits, property ownership, and contracts. Sometimes referred to as corporate personhood or legal personality, this concept allows for easy conduct of business by having ownership, lawsuits, and agreements under the name of the legal entity instead of the several names of the people making up the entity. This article is about law in society. ... In jurisprudence, a natural person is a human being perceptible through the senses and subject to physical laws, as opposed to an artificial person, i. ... A person is defined by philosophers as a being who is in possession of a range of psychological capacities that are regarded as both necessary and sufficient to fulfill the requirements of personhood. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy. ... // Use of the term In common usage, property means ones own thing and refers to the relationship between individuals and the objects which they see as being their own to dispense with as they see fit. ... A contract is a promise or an agreement made of a set of promises. ... Corporate personhood is a term used to describe the legal fiction used within United States law that a corporation has a limited number or subset of the same constitutional rights as a human being. ...


A legal entity is not necessarily distinct from the natural persons of which it is composed. Most legal entities are simply amalgamations of the persons that make it up for convenience's sake. A legal entity that does have a separate existence from its members is called a company or corporation. This distinction gives the corporation its unique perpetual succession privilege and is usually also the source of the limited liability of corporate members. Some other legal entities also enjoy limited liability of members, but not on account of separate existence.[1] A company is, in general, any group of persons, which are known as its members, united to pursue a common interest. ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... Succession is the act or process of pooing or of following in order or sequence. ... Limited liability (LL) is liability that is limited to a partner or investors investment. ...


Some examples of legal entities include:

Some of these examples may overlap in some countries. For example, in many jurisdictions, banks are not separate entities, but merely companies or partnerships which hold the requisite banking license. Similarly, trade unions and political parties are often legally unincorporated associations. Collective can also refer to the collective pitch flight control in helicopters A collective is a group of people who share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together on a specific project(s) to achieve a common objective. ... A company is, in general, any group of persons, which are known as its members, united to pursue a common interest. ... Co-op redirects here. ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... A corporation sole in English law is a legal entity consisting of a single person (sole). This allows the corporation to pass vertically from one holder of a position to the next, giving the position legal continuity. ... Estate is a term used in the common law. ... A European Economic Interest Grouping (EEIG) is a type of legal entity created on 25th July 1985 under EU Council Regulation 2137/85. ... A flow-through entity (FTE) is a corporate legal entity where income flows through to investors (unitholders) in the form of regular cash distributions. ... A limited liability company (denoted by L.L.C. or LLC in the US, and LTD in the UK) is a legal form of business company in the United States offering limited liability to its owners. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... In jurisprudence, a natural person is a human being perceptible through the senses and subject to physical laws, as opposed to an artificial person, i. ... A partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which all have invested. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... In the United States, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the groups special interests. ... Look up Sovereign in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an ancient Greek Doric temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A voluntary association (also sometimes called an unincorporated association, or just an association) is a group of individuals who voluntarily enter into an agreement to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose. ... Italian ship-rigged vessel Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large, sea-going watercraft. ...


Limitations

There are limitations to the legal recognition of artificial persons. Legal entities cannot marry, they cannot vote or hold public office, and in most jurisdictions there are certain positions which they cannot occupy.[3] The extent to which a legal entity can commit a crime varies from country to country. Certain countries prohibit a legal entity from holding human rights; other countries permit artificial persons to enjoy certain protections from the state that are traditionally described as human rights.[4] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinion—usually as a final step following discussions or debates. ... Public administration is, broadly speaking, the implementation of policy within a state framework. ... In criminology, corporate crime refers to crimes either committed by a corporation, i. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


See also

A company is, in general, any group of persons, which are known as its members, united to pursue a common interest. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ For example, Limited Liability Partnerships
  2. ^ Williams v The Shipping Corporation of India (US District Court, Eastern District Virginia), 10 March 1980, 63 ILR 363
  3. ^ These restrictions vary from country to country. Some countries do not permit a corporate entity to be a director or a liquidator while others do.
  4. ^ Most commonly in the area of taxation and in relation to search warrants.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Legal entity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (392 words)
A legal entity is a legal construct through which the law allows a group of natural persons to act as if it were a single composite individual for certain purposes.
A legal entity that does have a separate existence from its members is called a company or corporation.
Legal entities cannot marry, they cannot vote or hold public office, and in most jurisdictions there are certain positions which they cannot occupy.
Jehovah's Witnesses: Appeal for cassation (5742 words)
Legal entities of private law (entrepreneurial or non-entrepreneurial) have the right to engage in any activity that is not prohibited by law, regardless of whether such is stipulated by its charter.
Legal entities of public law are legally empowered to carry out activity that corresponds to the goals determined by the law or its founding documents.
Legal entities whose goal is not entrepreneurial activity, may exist in the form of unions (associations) and foundations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m