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Encyclopedia > Lega Nord
Lega Nord
Lega Nord

Regional Party of Northern Italy
Leader Umberto Bossi
Founded February 15, 1991
Headquarters Via Bellerio, 41
20161 Milan
Coalition House of Freedoms
Political ideology Regionalism, Federalism, Populism
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
European Parliament Group Union for Europe of the Nations
Membership 131,423 (2003, [1])
Official newspaper La Padania
Website http://www.leganord.org
See also Politics of Italy

Political parties in Italy
Elections in Italy Logo of the Lega Nord, an Italian political party. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ... Regionalism could be Regionalism (politics) Regionalism (literature) Regionalism (art) Regionalism (linguistics) Category: ... For theological federalism, see Covenant Theology. ... UEN logo The Union for Europe of the Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... The Politics of Italy takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Italy is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Political parties in Italy are organized into two dominant political coalitions. ... Elections in Italy gives information on election and election results in Italy. ...

The Lega Nord (Northern League, LN), whose complete name is Lega Nord for the Independence of Padania, is an Italian political party founded in 1991 as a federation of several regional parties in northern Italy, most of which had arisen, and all of which had expanded their share of the electorate in the 1980s. Political parties in Italy are organized into two dominant political coalitions. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Its political program advocates greater regional autonomy, especially for the Northern Italian regions, which they call Padania; at times it has advocated secession. Prior to the party's adoption of the term, Padania was a relatively obscure geographers' designation for the Po River basin. An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Northern Leagues proposed Padanian flag, the Alps star, an ancient Celtic symbol Padania is an alternative name for Northern Italy, which was sparingly used until the beginning of the 1990s, when the Northern League political party (in Italian, Lega Nord) proposed it as the... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ...


The League is led by Umberto Bossi. Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ...

Contents

History

Precursors and foundation

One of its principal precursors (and, later, sections), the Lega Lombarda (Lombard League), attained national significance in 1987 when its leader, Bossi, was elected to the Senate. Since then he has commonly been referred to as the Senatur, the word for "senator" in a number of northern minority local languages—a nickname maintained even when he was no longer a senator. The Lega Lombarda (Lombard League, LL) is a political party active in Lombardy, Italy. ... Palazzo Madama house of the Senate of the Republic. ... Map of languages and dialects of Italy Italy currently has one national language: Standard Italian. ...


In 1983, the Liga Veneta, based in Veneto, elected one MP, Achille Tramarin, and a Senator, Graziano Girardi. Liga Veneta is a regionalist and autonomist party, founded in 1979 in Veneto, Italy, combinig Venetism and fiscal federalism. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... Founding member of the Liga Veneta in 1979 and party national secretary from 1979 to 1984, he was elected at the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1983, so he was the first member of Parliament for any of the autonomist parties merged in the Northern League in 1991. ... Member of the Liga Veneta, Graziano Girardi was elected senator in 1983. ...


The party was formed in 1991 as a merger of the various regional movements (often named lega), including the Lega Lombarda and the Liga Veneta. These regional parties continue to exist as "national sections" of the federal party, which presents itself in regional and local contests as Lega Lombarda-Lega Nord, Liga Veneta-Lega Nord and so on. Support for the party skyrocketed in the early 1990s because of the huge political corruption scandal known as Tangentopoli and the Mani pulite investigations. Bettino Craxi, viewed by many as the symbol of Tangentopoli, leader of the Italian Socialist Party, is greeted by a salvo of coins as a sign of loathing by protesters contesting him. ... Mani pulite (Italian for clean hands) was a nationwide Italian police investigation into political corruption held in the 1990s, following the scandal of Banco Ambrosiano in 1982, which implicated mafia, Vatican Bank and P2. ...


Playing a role in the national stage

In 1994 the Lega Nord, along with the national-conservative National Alliance, joined Forza Italia to form a coalition under Silvio Berlusconi. This government (in which the League controlled 5 ministries, Interior with Roberto Maroni, Budget with Giancarlo Pagliarini, Industry with Vito Gnutti, European Affairs with Domenico Comino and Institutional Reforms with Francesco Speroni) was short-lived and the League was instrumental in its demise which occurred before the end of the year. National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism, while not being nationalism or a far-right approach. ... National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale, AN) is a national-conservative Italian political party. ... Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ...


At the beginning of 1995, the League gave a vote of confidence to the new formed cabinet of Lamberto Dini, alongside with the Italian People's Party and the Democratic Party of the Left. Between 1995 and 1998 the party entered in alliance with these and other parties of the centre-left in many local contexts, from Padua to Udine Lamberto Dini (right) with William Cohen Lamberto Dini (born in Florence, March 1, 1931), is a former Italian Prime Minister (1995-1996) and Foreign Minister (1996-2001). ... The Italian Peoples Party (PPI) was that party that succeded in January 1994 to the Christian Democracy. ... The Democratic Party of the Left (Italian: Partito democratico della Sinistra, or PdS) was the evolution in a social-democratic direction of the Italian Communist Party, or PCI. It was founded by Achille Occhetto, last secretary of the PCI and first of the PdS. The logo of the PdS consisted... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... Udine (Friulian Udin, Slovene Videm) is a city in northeastern Italy, capital of the historical region of Friuli, in the middle of Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche), less than 40 km from the Slovenian border. ...


The independentist years

After the success at the elections in 1996, the movement announced that its aim was the independence of Northern Italy under the name Padania, a name previously referring to the Po River valley, but which the Lega Nord gave a geographically broader usage that has been steadily gaining currency, at least among its followers. The capital of Padania would be Mantua, and elections were organized by the party for a "northern parliament" (with no international recognition). The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova, in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo language Mantua) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ...


Return in the centre-right and participation to the national government

In 2000 the party re-joined forces with Berlusconi's coalition, previous disagreements notwithstanding, leading the centre-right to the huge victory in that year regional elections and to the triumph in the 2001 general election. A national general election was held in Italy on May 13, 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. ...


In that period they held 30 of 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 17 of the 325 Senate seats, and three ministers: Roberto Maroni at Labour and Social Affairs, Roberto Castelli at Justice and Umberto Bossi himself at Institutional Reforms and Devolution (replaced by Roberto Calderoli in June 2004, who in turn had to resign after the "Calderoli crisis" in mid-February 2006). Back side of Palazzo Montecitorio designed by architect Ernesto Basile. ... Palazzo Madama house of the Senate of the Republic. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ...


In later years the League have deemphasised demands for independence, and focused rather on devolution, while remaining within the framework of Italy, as it was its original goal: not to secede from Italy but to transform the whole country in a federal State. This is the big difference between the League and the other European autonomist parties, which demand special rights only for their regions (see the Basque Nationalist Party, the Republican Left of Catalonia, the Plaid Cymru, the Scottish National Party, or the Vlaams Belang). Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ... Logo of the Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) party. ... Plaid Cymru (IPA:; English: ; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. ... The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... Vlaams Belang (English: Flemish Interest) is a political party in Belgium that supports Flemish independence and strict limits on non-European and non-Christian immigration, whereby immigrants need to adopt to the Western culture. ...


Allegations of "selling out" to Berlusconi

The League was the most loyal party to Berlusconi's government 2001–2006, except of course Berlusconi's own Forza Italia party. The League became so loyal to Berlusconi, in fact, that it was alleged that Berlusconi had "bought them out": in 2007, elements from investigations into illegal wiretapping practices in Telecom Italia seemed to indicate the possibility that 70 billion lire (about € 35 million) were paid by Berlusconi before the 2001 elections to buy the League's "total fealty" [1]. Berlusconi's lawyer Niccolò Ghedini, Umberto Bossi[2] himself and Roberto Castelli immediately denied that this had happened. Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Telephone tapping or Wire tapping/ Wiretapping (in US) describes the monitoring of telephone conversations by a third party, often by covert means. ... Telecom Italia is formerly a partially state-owned Italian telco. ... ISO 4217 Code ITL User(s) Italy, San Marino, Vatican City, but not Campione dItalia Inflation 2. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ...

Logo of the joint list Lega Nord-MPA

Image File history File links Logo_LegaNord-MPA_2006. ... Image File history File links Logo_LegaNord-MPA_2006. ...

2006 general election and constitutional referendum

In February 2006, the Lega Nord announced that it had reached an agreement with the Movement for Autonomy, a brand-new centrist party of Southern Italy led by MEP and President of the Province of Catania Raffaele Lombardo. Thus, the two parties formed the Pact for the Autonomies (to which also the Sardinian Action Party took part) and presented a joint list for the Italian general election, 2006 in the whole country. Together, they elected 26 deputies and 13 senators[3], a decrease of four in each house from the previous legislature. The Movement for Autonomy (Italian: Movimento per lAutonomia or MPA) is a minor Italian political party, founded on April 30, 2005 by a number of Southern Italian, especially Sicilian, centre-of-right autonomist dissidents, notably from Democrats Centre Union and National Alliance. ... Raffaele Lombardo Raffaele Lombardo (born on 29 October 1950 in Catania) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for Islands with the Cristiani Democratici Uniti, part of the European Peoples Party and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. ... The Pact for the Autonomies (Patto per le Autonomie) was an alliance formed by the Northern League, the Movement for Autonomy and the Sardinian Action Party for the 2006 general election. ... The Sardinian Action Party (Italian Partito Sardo dAzione) is a progressive regionalist political party in Italy, Sardinia. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ...


In an interview that sparked considerable controversy, Umberto Bossi said he feared that, if the 2006 constitutional referendum did not succeed (as, indeed it did not), maybe someone would pursue non-democratic means to obtain autonomy for the North. Although Bossi never said that his own party would pursue non-democratic means, because of the ambiguity of his words, criticism was unanimous from the opposition Union coalition, but also by the more moderate components of the House of Freedoms coalition, to which the League belongs. Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ...


Party's new strategy

Some months later, Bossi delivered a speech at a meeting of the independentist faction of the League, led by Mario Borghezio, saying that the movement will pursue its goals only through legal and institutional means. Two days later Roberto Castelli, Senate floor leader of the League, remarked that "secession is dead", referring to any possibility of secession at that time, though independence for Padania remains the final and long-term goal of the party. Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ...


Although the relationship between Umberto Bossi and Silvio Berlusconi remains strong and the North is upset by the moves of the government led by Romano Prodi (whose campaigning against constitutional reform is not to be forgotten in regions as Veneto and Lombardy in the short time), there are crescent rumors about the possibility of an alliance between the League and the centre-left.   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...   (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ...


Anyway, Umberto Bossi might lead the party into a federation of centre-right parties, composed of Forza Italia, National Alliance and some other minor formations, as Berlusconi wants in order to enforce the House of Freedoms coalition. Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ... National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale, AN) is a national-conservative Italian political party. ... Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ...


Ideology

The party's ideology is a combination of political federalism, fiscal federalism and regionalism. In Veneto it supports Venetism, in Lombardy the defense of Lombard culture and language, in Piedmont the defense of Piedmontese culture and language and so on. We can say that the League is based on a collection of different regionalisms, put together in the name of federalism. Sometimes it seemed possible that the League should unite also with similar leagues of the Centre-South, but this did not succeed, notwithstanding the presence of the Lega Libertà Lazio, the Lega Sud Ausonia, the Federalist Alliance and the newly formed Lega Abruzzo Marsica. Anyway the party continues to dialogue with regionalist parties throughout Italy, including the Valdotanian Union, the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party, the Movement for Autonomy and the Sardinian Action Party. For theological federalism, see Covenant Theology. ... Fiscal federalism is the system of transfer payments or grants by which a federal government shares its revenues with lower levels of government. ... Regionalism could be Regionalism (politics) Regionalism (literature) Regionalism (art) Regionalism (linguistics) Category: ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... Venetism is a term used to define an autonomist movement demanding more autonomy for Veneto from Rome, if not the independence, refusing the validity of the result of the referendum with which Veneto was united with Italy in 1866 and wanting to re-discover the Republic of Venices traditions... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Lega Sud Ausonia (Southern League Ausonia) is a minor independentist political party in Italy. ... The Valdotanian Union (French: Union Valdôtaine) is a liberal regionalist political party in the Aosta Valley, Italy. ... The Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese, PATT) is a regionalist christian-democratic Italian political party based in Trentino. ... The Movement for Autonomy (Italian: Movimento per lAutonomia or MPA) is a minor Italian political party, founded on April 30, 2005 by a number of Southern Italian, especially Sicilian, centre-of-right autonomist dissidents, notably from Democrats Centre Union and National Alliance. ... The Sardinian Action Party (Italian Partito Sardo dAzione) is a progressive regionalist political party in Italy, Sardinia. ...


The League's culture is a mix of pride in the heritage of northern Italy (particularly with historical references to the anti-imperial Lega Lombarda, the warrior figure on the party emblems belong to Alberto da Giussano, a mythical figure of wars against Barbarossa, from which they inherited anti-monopolism and anti-centralism), distrust of southern Italians and especially of Roman authorities, sometimes bordering on some kind of xenophobia, including some support for free market economics, and independentism, hate for Italy and especially its flag, and claims of a Celtic heritage. This article is about the medieval empire. ... The Lega Lombarda (Lombard League, LL) is a political party active in Lombardy, Italy. ... Statue of Alberto da Giussano in Legnano, Lombardy Alberto da Giussano (born in Giussano, Lombardy) was a Guelph warrior during the wars of the Lombard League against Frederick Barbarossa in 12th century. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I (German: Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen)(1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ... Centralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location and/or group. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Look up xenophobia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In economics and politics, a free market is a controversial concept of an idealised economic system and political environment wherein exchanges are free of coercive measures such as tariffs, excess taxation, regulations, and restrictions —particularly in regard to rectifying differences in labour laws. ... Political separatism is a movement to obtain sovereignty and split a territory or group of people (usually a people with a distinctive national consciousness) from one another (or one nation from another; a colony from the metropolis). ... For other uses, see Hate (disambiguation). ... The flag of Italy (often referred to in Italian as Il Tricolore) is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical bands of green, white and red, with the green at the hoist side. ... This article is about the European people. ... Cultural heritage (national heritage or just heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. ...


Despite having its reason of life in federalism, so that the party's constitution says that the party will end its political activity when federalism is obtained, the League is no longer a single-issue party. It is anyway difficult to define it in the left-right spectrum because it is conservative, centrist and leftish in relation to different issues. It has been said that the League is populist in the European sense (i.e. demagogic, xenophobic...), but this assumption does not fit well. It would be probably more accurate to define the party as populist in the U.S. sense, referring to the experience of the United States Populist Party, a short-lived third party grown in the final years of the 19th Century. Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... The Populist Party (also known as the Peoples Party) was a short-lived political party in the United States in the late 19th century. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The League is populist in the sense that it is an anti-monopolist and anti-elitist popular and participative party (it is one of the few Italian political parties to not permit free-masons to join), which "fights against the big powers". This is the reason why the party is strong in the North, despite being obscured and badly-presented by national media, television and newspapers. The party is also libertarian-populist for its promoting of small-ownership, small and medium-sized industries and, in general, small government against governmental bureaucracy, public money's waste, pork barrel spending and corruption. In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ... Elitism is the belief or attitude that the people who are considered to be the elite — a selected group of persons with outstanding personal abilities, wealth, specialised training or experience, or other distinctive attributes — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken the most seriously, or... The Masonic Square and Compasses. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... The terms limited government and small government are two terms which cover two related meanings. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about the sociological concept. ... A pork barrel, literally, is a barrel in which pork is kept. ...


Policies

The party takes a social-conservative stance on social issues, as abortion, euthanasia, medical embryonic stem-cell research, artificial insemination, gay rights (even if there is an association called "Padanian Gays" linked to the party) and drug use (even if it once supported the legalization of marijuana), despite some notable exceptions: Giancarlo Pagliarini, Rossana Boldi and, at some extent, Roberto Castelli represent the social-liberal wing within party ranks. Social conservatism generally refers to a political ideology or personal belief system that advocates the conservation or resurrection of what one, or ones community, considers to be traditional morality and social structure. ... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Social liberalism is either a synonym for new liberalism or a label used by progressive liberal parties in order to differentiate themselves from the more conservative liberal parties, especially when there are two or more liberal parties in a country. ...


The League supports the case for lower taxes, especially for families and small enterprises, and an end to public money to help big businesses facing crisis, as it has happened for FIAT and for Alitalia. Fiat S.p. ... Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (ISE: IT0003331888) is the national airline of Italy. ...


The party has also a stronger commitment to the environment than all the other parties of the House of Freedoms have and, when in power at the local level, it supports strongly public green areas, the constitution of natural parks, the recycling of waste and the stop (or a regulation) of the construction of sheds in country areas. The League supports also the protection of traditional foods and, in general, represents many farmers who are upset about the Common Agricultural Policy. It is not to forget that the first affiliation of the League's MEPs during IV parliamentary term was to the Rainbow Group formed basically by the European Greens, while from the beginning of the V term in 1994 to 1997 they were affiliated to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party group. Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ... The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes. ... European Greens is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, mainly active in the European Union, composed of 49 national liberal and centrist parties from across Europe. ...


The League has a tough, and often harsh, stance on crime, illegal immigration, especially those from Muslim countries, and terrorism. In particular the Leghista support the encouragement of immigration from non-Muslim countries in order to protect the "Christian identity" of Italy and Europe (which they want to be based on the so-called "Judeo-Christian heritage"). // For the general identity of an individual with certain core essential religious doctrines, see Christianity. ...


In foreign policy the League criticizes often the European Union (it was the only party, alongside with the Communist Refoundation Party in Italian Parliament to vote against the European Constitution) and opposes what it calls the idea of an "European Super-State", while it favors a "Europe of Regions", as the Christian Social Union and the European Free Alliance. The party has never had a particularly pro-U.S. stance, although it admires the American federal political system, and indeed its MPs opposed both the Gulf War in 1991 and the NATO intervention in Kosovo in 1999 in the name of pacifism, and Umberto Bossi supported and personally met Slobodan Milosević during that war[4][5]. However, after September 11, 2001 attacks and the emergence of Islamist terrorism, the League became a supporter of the American efforts in War on terror, while putting several reservations about its policy over Iraq[citation needed]. The League also supported Jörg Haider[6], with whose movement they formed a single parliamentary group in the European Parliament in 1999[7]. The Communist Refoundation Party (Partito della Rifondazione Comunista, PRC) is an Italian reformed communist party. ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative Germany. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... This article is about the military alliance. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes or gaining advantage. ... MiloÅ¡ević redirects here. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. ... Jörg Haider Jörg Haider (born 26 January 1950) is an Austrian politician. ... This article is about the year. ...

Publicity Car of the Italian Lega Nord Party for the regional Elections in the Tuscany on 3. April 2005 on the "Piazza della Repubblica" in Florence
Publicity Car of the Italian Lega Nord Party for the regional Elections in the Tuscany on 3. April 2005 on the "Piazza della Repubblica" in Florence

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2437x1801, 1229 KB) Photographer: Richard Heidler Time, Place: march 2005, Florence, Piazza della Republica Camera: Canon Powershot A95 Description: Publicity Car of the Italian Lega-Nord Party for the regional Elections in the Tuscany on 3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2437x1801, 1229 KB) Photographer: Richard Heidler Time, Place: march 2005, Florence, Piazza della Republica Camera: Canon Powershot A95 Description: Publicity Car of the Italian Lega-Nord Party for the regional Elections in the Tuscany on 3. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ...

Reasons for the initial success

Especially in the early years, the League exploited resentment against Rome (famous the slogan Roma ladrona, Italian for "Rome big thief") and the Italian government, common in northern Italy, because some Northern Italians felt that the governments in Rome wasted resources collected mostly from northern Italians' taxes. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... “Taxes” redirects here. ...


Discrimination against southern Italians, often dubbed terroni, and resentment against illegal immigrants were also exploited. The Lega Nord's successes began roughly at a time when public disillusionment with old political parties become high. The scandals of Tangentopoli were unveiled from 1992 on. However, the League's secretary himself, Umberto Bossi, was convicted for receiving a 200-million lire illegal contribution. The following is a list of ethnic slurs that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or in some cases, nationality, region, or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ... Bettino Craxi, viewed by many as the symbol of Tangentopoli, leader of the Italian Socialist Party, is greeted by a salvo of coins as a sign of loathing by protesters contesting him. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code ITL User(s) Italy, San Marino, Vatican City, but not Campione dItalia Inflation 2. ...


Federalism or secession

The exact program of Lega Nord was not clear in the early years: some opponents claimed it wanted secession in Yugoslav style, other times it appeared they simply requested more autonomy for northern regions. The League eventually settled on federalism, which became rapidly a buzzword and a popular issue in most Italian political parties, with the exception of fascists and communists. The former opposed it for breaking up the fatherland, the latter for undermining cross-regional solidarity, especially important in Italy because of the wide economic divide between the rich north and the poorer south. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For theological federalism, see Covenant Theology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Fatherland is the nation of ones fathers or forefathers. ... Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ...

 Flag Ratio: 1:2Padania's flag, the Sun of the Alps, proposed by the Lega Nord
Flag Ratio: 1:2
Padania's flag, the Sun of the Alps, proposed by the Lega Nord

The party later moved on, in 1995, to open secessionism, declaring the splitting of Italy in three entities, named by Lega Nord ideologist and famous political scientist Gianfranco Miglio: Padania, Etruria and the South. The South was only later given the name Ausonia. As a symbolic act of birth of the new nation, Bossi took a bottle of water from the springs of River Po (which in Latin is Padus, hence Padania), which was poured in the sea of Venice by a little girl a few days later. Image File history File links Flag_of_Padania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Padania. ... Image File history File links FIAV_100000. ... Gianfranco Miglio (January 11, 1918 - August 10, 2001) was an Italian jurist, political scientist and politician. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Northern Leagues proposed Padanian flag, the Alps star, an ancient Celtic symbol Padania is an alternative name for Northern Italy, which was sparingly used until the beginning of the 1990s, when the Northern League political party (in Italian, Lega Nord) proposed it as the... The area covered by the Etruscan civilzation. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Ausonia is a Greek and Virgilian poetical name for Italy (Aeneid vii. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


A voluntary group of militants, the green shirts (green being the colour of Padania), was also established. Opponents saw in this an echo of the black shirts of the fascist movement, but the green shirts have declared themselves non-violent, and have not been found to possess any weapons. For other uses, see Green (disambiguation). ... The Blackshirts (Italian: camicie nere) were Fascist paramilitary groups in Italy during the period immediately following World War I and until the end of World War II. Inspired by Garibaldis Redshirts, the Blackshirts were organized by Benito Mussolini due to his disgust with the corruption and apathy of the... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on, but not limited to, ethnic, cultural, or racial attributes. ...


The renewed alliance with Berlusconi in 2001 forced the party to tone down, and Padania became the name of a proposed "macro-region", for which the League asks some degree of autonomy. The new buzzword devolution (often used in English) was also introduced, but with less success than federalism. Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The choice to tone down and settle just for devolution instead of secession caused criticism by part of his party's base, which led to the formation of some minor breakaway factions.


Controversies

A political poster of the League for regional elections in Piedmont, 2005. It reads "Guess who is last?", and pictures (from right) Chinese, Gypsies, Blacks, and Arabs coming before Piedmonteses in social service lines.
A political poster of the League for regional elections in Piedmont, 2005. It reads "Guess who is last?", and pictures (from right) Chinese, Gypsies, Blacks, and Arabs coming before Piedmonteses in social service lines.

While the League leadership dismiss charges of racism and declares itself nonviolent, there have been instances of speeches, interviews and banners pointing to that. Umberto Bossi himself said that African immigrants, whom he called Bingo-bongos, should not receive popular housing paid for with Lombard money[8]. Erminio Boso proposed to segregate immigrants in different train cars from native Italians[9]. Umberto Bossi, in an interview, suggested opening fire on the boats of immigrants who would disembark in Italy[10], but after widespread criticism he declared he meant the empty boats. The former mayor of Treviso, Giancarlo Gentilini, talking about those he called immigrant slackers, said that "We should dress them up like hares and bang-bang-bang"[11]. In June 2005, at a festival organised by the League, a banner was displayed saying "Rape Pecoraro", (referring to Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio, the openly bisexual secretary of the Federation of the Greens); the banner caused outcry in national politics (there had recently been a wave of rapes reported in the media), and was condemned by the League's leadership[12], that also denied the banner was theirs[13]. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (551 × 787 pixel, file size: 124 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Political poster for the Lega Nord. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (551 × 787 pixel, file size: 124 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Political poster for the Lega Nord. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Though most indigenous Africans possess relatively dark skin, they exhibit much variation in physical appearance. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterised by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home[1]. Segregation... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Treviso is a town in the Veneto region of Italy. ... Giancarlo Gentilini (August 3, 1929), is the mayor of the city of Treviso, Italy. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio (Salerno, March 13, 1959), is an Italian politician. ... “Bisexual” redirects here. ... The Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi, or just Verdi) is the Italian Green Party. ...


In 2005, Mario Borghezio, MP for the League at the European Parliament, was found guilty of arson, for having set on fire the belongings of some immigrants sleeping under a bridge in Turin in 2000[14]. Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ...


Through the Associazione Umanitaria Padana Onlus ("Onlus" Padanian Humanitarian Association), the Lega Nord participates in social and economic humanitarian projects which are intended to respect local cultures, traditions, and identities. The campaigns are carried out in underdeveloped nations or in those that have suffered from war or from natural catastrophes. Locations of recent missions have included Darfur, Iraq, and Afghanistan[15]. For other uses, see Darfur (disambiguation). ...


Factions

Lega Nord wants to unite all those Northern Italians who support autonomy and federalism for their land. For this reason it tends to be a de-ideologized party. Although there are no organized factions, it is possible to different tendencies or wings:

  • a social, progressive and populist left-wing, composed of such people as Umberto Bossi himself (ex-Communist), Roberto Maroni (ex-DP and ex-Green), Francesco Speroni, Gian Paolo Gobbo, Gianpaolo Dozzo, Andrea Gibelli, Stefano Stefani, Matteo Salvini, Francesca Martini and Rosi Mauro, leader of the Padanian Trade Union (Sin. Pa., Sindacato Padano);
  • a liberal-centrist faction, which is sometimes difficult to distinguish from the first group and is composed of such people as Roberto Castelli, Giancarlo Giorgetti, Fiorello Provera, Manuela Dal Lago (ex-Liberal), Luca Zaia, Luciano Gasperini and Angelo Alessandri;
  • a libertarian-liberal faction, composed of such people as Roberto Cota and Daniele Molgora (ex-Liberal); also Giancarlo Pagliarini, Gilberto Oneto and Marco Pottino belong to that tendency, but recently all three enterd in collision with the leadership of the party, although continuing to support most policies of it;
  • a Christian-democratic faction, composed of such people as Giuseppe Leoni, Massimo Polledri and Flavio Rodeghiero;
  • a conservative right-wing, composed of such people as Roberto Calderoli, Mario Borghezio (ex-PNM), Piergiorgio Stiffoni (ex-MSI), Federico Bricolo, Flavio Tosi and Erminio Boso who tend to be strongly social-conservative and supportive of the Catholic Church;
  • an independentist faction, crossing all the other factions and composed of such people as Francesco Speroni, Mario Borghezio, Giancarlo Pagliarini, Erminio Boso and Gilberto Oneto.

Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... The Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) or Italian Communist Party emerged as Partito Comunista dItalia or Communist Party of Italy from a secession by the Leninist comunisti puri tendency from the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) during that bodys congress on 21 January 1921 at Livorno. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Proletarian Democracy (Democrazia Proletaria, DP) was a political party in Italy. ... The Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi, or just Verdi) is the Italian Green Party. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Gian Paolo Gobbo (Treviso, April 1, 1949) is an Italian venetist politician. ... Gianapaolo Dozzo is a leading member of the Liga Veneta-Northern League. ... Senator of the Northern League in 1994 and member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1996, Stefano Stefani succeded as federal president of the party to Franco Rocchetta in 1995. ... Matteo Salvini Matteo Salvini (born on 9 March 1973 in Milano) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Culture and Education. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Giancarlo Giorgetti was national secretary of the Lombard League from 2002. ... Manuela Dal Lago, a former member of the Italian Liberal Party, is President of the Province of Vicenza, Veneto, from 1997. ... The Italian Liberal Party (Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI) was an Italian liberal party. ... Luca Zaia, young president of the Proivince of Treviso from 1997 to 2005 (elected two times with the only support of the Northern League in 1997 and 2002), is definitely the rising-star of Umberto Bossis Northern League in Veneto and thgough the very leader of the Liga Veneta. ... Senator for the Liga Veneta-Northern League from Veneto in 1996-2001, Luciano Gasperini was chairman of the partys group from 1999 to 2000 and in 1999 he was the partys candidate for the post of President of the Italian Republic. ... The Italian Liberal Party (Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI) was an Italian liberal party. ... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and... The Italian Monarchist Party (Partito Nazionale Monarchico) was a political party founded in 1946, uniting conservatives, liberal-conservatives, conservative liberals and nationalists. ... The Italian Social Movement (Movimento sociale italiano ) (MSI) was a neo-Fascist party formed 1946 in the post-World War II period by supporters of the executed dictator Benito Mussolini under the lead of Giorgio Almirante. ... Flavio Tosi, member of the Liga Veneta-Northern League from Verona, is regional minister of Health for the Veneto Region. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ...

1997 Padanian elections

In 1997 Lega Nord organized what it called "the first elections to the Padanian Parliament". In that occasion roughly 4 million of Northern Italians (the party indeed spoke of 6 millions) went to the "polls" and they were able to chose between a lot of Padanian parties [2]:

  • Matteo Salvini was candidate for the Padanian Communist Party (5 seats out of 210);
  • Roberto Maroni, Marco Formentini, Giovanni Meo Zilio (an ex-Socialist partisan during Italian Resistance), Franco Colleoni and Mariella Mazzetto launched the social-democratic European Democrats-Padanian Labour (52 seats);
  • a group of Venetian Leghisti formed the Venetist Padanian Lions (14 seats);
  • Giuseppe Leoni and Roberto Ronchi founded the Christian-democratic Padanian Catholics (20 seats);
  • Giancarlo Pagliarini, Vito Gnutti, Roberto Cota and Massimo Zanello led the liberal-conservative Forza Italia-styled Liberal Democrats-Forza Padania (50 seats), which supported an alliance with Silvio Berlusconi's party.
  • Marco Pottino launched Liberatarian and Liberal Padania (12 seats);
  • Erminio Boso led the agrarian-conservative Padanian Union-Agriculture, Environment, Hunting, Fishing (5 seats);
  • Enzo Flego and Walter Gherardini formed the national-conservtive Padanian Right (27 seats);
  • also the non-leghista and Radical politician Benedetto Della Vedova was elected at the head of an anti-prohibitionist and free-market libertarian list, while Green MP Nando Dalla Chiesa was an unsuccessful candidate in Milan.

Matteo Salvini Matteo Salvini (born on 9 March 1973 in Milano) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Culture and Education. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Marco Formentini (b. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Venetism is a term used to define an autonomist movement demanding more autonomy for Veneto from Rome, if not the independence, refusing the validity of the result of the referendum with which Veneto was united with Italy in 1866 and wanting to re-discover the Republic of Venices traditions... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ... Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... Do not confuse the Italian Radicals with the Transnational Radical Party. ... Benedetto Della Vedova is the leader of Liberal Reformers, a minor liberal and libertarian party, member of the House of Freedoms coalition. ... The Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi, or just Verdi) is the Italian Green Party. ...

Alliances

It has been said that in the Lega Nord, there have always been different perspectives about the national alliances to forge. In 1994, some days before the announcement of the Bossi-Berlusconi pact which led to the formation of the Polo delle Libertà, Roberto Maroni, a moderate, signed a pact with Mario Segni's Pact for Italy, which was later canceled. When Bossi decided to stop supporting the first Berlusconi's government at the end of the same year, Maroni, who was minister of Interior, and many others members of the League distanced from their leader. Many were expelled (40 deputies out of 117 and 17 senators out of 60) and some switched to Forza Italia (between them Lucio Malan), while Maroni, after some months of cold in his relationship with Bossi, returned to be an active member of the League. Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Mario Segni (Sassari, May 16, 1939) is an Italian politician. ... Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ... Lucio Malan (Luserna San Giovanni, Turin, July 30, 1960) is an Italian politician. ...


After the 1996 general election, in which the League went to the polls out of the big two coalitions, those who supported an alliance with Berlusconi (as Vito Gnutti, Domenico Comino and Fabrizio Comencini) and those who preferred to enter into Romano Prodi's lot did not disappear. Some of them (15 deputies out of 59 and 9 senators out of 27) and left the party to switch both to the centre-right and to the centre-left (as Irene Pivetti). The group of Gnutti and Comino was expelled in 1999, after that they made alliances at the local level with the centre-right, while Comencini had left the party the year before to form the Liga Veneta Repubblica with the mid-term objective of entering in coalition with Forza Italia in Veneto. An early national general election was held in Italy on April 21, 1996 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. ... A former member of the nationalist and centralist Italian Social Movement (for which he was elected member of the Veneto Regional Council in 1985 and 1990), he then switched to the Liga Veneta-Northern League. ...   (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician. ... Liga Fronte Veneto (Veneto Front League, LFV) is a strongly autonomist and Venetist splinter party of the Liga Veneta-Lega Nord which claims independence from Italy for Veneto. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ...


Anyway, after the decline of the League in the 1999 European Parliament election, senior members of it understood that it was not possible to reach the party's goals if the party continued to go all alone. Some as Maroni, whose heart, despite his defense of Berlusconi in 1994, has always been left-leaning, preferred an alliance with the centre-left. Again he forged an alliance with a coalition, this time the centre-left, only to be refuted by Bossi, who had previously invited him to pursue direct talks with Massimo D'Alema, as in 1994 with Segni. These talks were successful, so that in Lombardy the centre-left candidate in 2000 regional elections would have been Maroni himself, but Bossi decided to go back in alliance with Berlusconi, who was the front-runner for 2001 general election. Indeed the League, within with the other House of Freedoms parties, won both 2005 regional elections and 2001 general election, after which it returned in government. Massimo DAlema (born on April 20, 1949 in Rome, Italy) is an Italian journalist and politician, a former prime minister and a former national secretary of the PDS, Partito Democratico della Sinistra. ... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... A national general election was held in Italy on May 13, 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. ... Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ...


During the years passed in government in Rome (2001-06), the party saw the emergence of two different political lines about alliances: some, led by Roberto Calderoli and Roberto Castelli (with the backing of an ill Umberto Bossi), supported vigorously the participation to the centre-right, while others, represented by Roberto Maroni and Giancarlo Giorgetti, were less warm about it. Some of them spoke even of thinking about joining the centre-left some time after the 2006 general election, which they were sure to lose. This idea was explained by the evidence that, without any support from the left, it seemed even more difficult to win in the constitutional referendum, which would have turned Italy in a federal country. Indeed the centre-left did not change its position and the referendum was lost for the League and for the centre-right, making the North angry with the new Prodi's government and the Leghisti less keen to make an alliance with those who opposed constitutional reform. Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Giancarlo Giorgetti was national secretary of the Lombard League from 2002. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ...


Popular support

Support for the Lega Nord is diverse even inside Padania. The party has its strongest electoral base in Veneto and Lombardy. Indeed, the League originated in Lombardy, in Bossi's native Varese province, while in Veneto emerged the Liga Veneta, and its original name was Lega Lombarda, echoing a 12th-century alliance of Northern Italian city-states that rose against the Germanic Holy Roman Emperor and defeated him). The party has considerably less popular outside these regions. Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... Varese (It. ... Liga Veneta is a regionalist and autonomist party, founded in 1979 in Veneto, Italy, combinig Venetism and fiscal federalism. ... The Lega Lombarda (Lombard League, LL) is a political party active in Lombardy, Italy. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ...


Support for the Lega Nord has varied over the time, reaching a maximum of 10.1% in 1996 (when with about 20% it was the most voted single party north of and including left-leaning Emilia-Romagna). In that magic election year for the League, it scored 29.3 in Veneto, 25.5% in Lombardy, 23.2% in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 18.2% in Piedmont, 13.2 in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, 10.2% in Liguria, 7.2% in Emilia-Romagna, 1.8% in Tuscany, 1.5% in the Marche and 1.0% in Umbria. The Leghisti, out of the two national coalitions and so damaged by going alone in 3/4 first-past-the-post electoral system, were able to elect 59 deputies and 27 senators, helping the centre-left to win, due to its successes in some northern three-contested districts. The League won barely all the seats in the so-called pedemontane Provinces, those at the foot of the Alps, from Udine to Cuneo, passing through Friuli, Veneto, Trentino, Lombardy and Piedmont. Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[1] (Italian: Trentino-Alto Adige; German: Trentino-Südtirol; Ladin: Trentin-Adesc Aut, also Trentin-Sudtirol [2][3]) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... // The Marche (plural, originally le marche de Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of Central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north, Tuscany to the north-west, Umbria to west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Udine (It. ... Cuneo is a province in the Piedmont region of Italy. ...


However the Leghisti still control 5 of over 100 Italian provinces, namely Sondrio, Varese and Como in Lombardy and Treviso and Vicenza in Veneto, and they are the first party also in the Province of Bergamo, one of the most popolous in Italy, reason why Forza Italia, the dominant party of the right, wants to maintain its hold on that administration. Sondrio (It. ... Varese (It. ... Como (It. ... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... Treviso (It. ... Vicenza (It. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... Bergamo (It. ... Forza Italia (Forward Italy, FI) [1] is an Italian political party. ...


In the 2005 regional elections they scored 10% of total popular votes in Northern Italy (15.8% in Lombardy, 14.7% in Veneto, 8.5% in Piedmont, 4.8% in Emilia-Romagna, 4.7% in Liguria), 1.3% in Tuscany and 0.9% in the Marche. The League remains particularly strong in pedemontane and mountain zones. Northern Italy comprises of two areas belonging to NUTS level 1: North-West (Nord-Ovest): Aosta Valley, Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria North-East (Nord-Est): Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Emilia-Romagna Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Aosta Valley are regions with a...


In the 9-10 April 2006 general election the party was part of the defeated House of Freedoms and won together with the Movement for Autonomy 4.6% of the votes, electing 14 out of 315 senators and 26 out of 630 deputies. Since then the two parties loosened their alliance and they take part to different parliamentary groups. That of the Lega Nord is formed by 23 members in the Chamber and 13 in the Senate. A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ... Casa delle Libertà (CDL; literally translated from Italian to English as House of the Liberties but most often translated as House of Freedoms), is a major Italian center-right political alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ... The Movement for Autonomy (Italian: Movimento per lAutonomia or MPA) is a minor Italian political party, founded on April 30, 2005 by a number of Southern Italian, especially Sicilian, centre-of-right autonomist dissidents, notably from Democrats Centre Union and National Alliance. ... The Italian Senate (Italian: Senato della Repubblica, Senate of the Republic) is the upper house of the Parliament of Italy. ... Back side of Palazzo Montecitorio designed by architect Ernesto Basile. ...


Electoral results

1990 regional 1992 general 1994 general 1995 regional 1996 general 1999 European 2000 regional 2001 general 2004 European 2005 regional 2006 general
Liguria 6.1 14.3 11.4 6.6 10.2 3.7 4.3 3.9 4.1 4.7 3.7
Piedmont 5.1 16.3 15.7 9.9 18.2 7.8 7.6 5.9 8.2 8.5 6.3
Lombardy 18.9 23.0 22.1 17.7 25.5 13.1 15.5 12.1 13.8 15.8 11.7
Veneto 7.8 17.3 21.6 16.7 29.5 10.7 12.0 10.2 14.1 14.7 11.1
Trentino-AA - 8.9 7.6 9.6 (1993) 13.2 2.4 4.7 (1998) 3.7 3.5 3.2 (2003) 4.5
Friuli-VG - 15.3 16.9 26.7 (1993) 23.2 10.1 17.3 (1998) 8.2 8.5 9.3 (2003) 7.2
Emilia-Romagna 2.9 9.6 6.4 3.4 7.2 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.4 4.8 3.9
Tuscany 0.8 3.1 2.2 0.7 1.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.1
Marche 0.2 1.3 - 0.5 1.5 0.4 - 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.0
ITALY - 8.7 8.4 - 10.1 4.5 - 3.9 5.0 - 4.6

Leadership

Federal level

Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Founding member of the Liga Veneta in 1979 and of the Northern League in 1991, Franco Rocchetta was federal president of Umberto Bossis party from 1991 to 1995, when he left. ... Senator of the Northern League in 1994 and member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1996, Stefano Stefani succeded as federal president of the party to Franco Rocchetta in 1995. ... Senator for the Liga Veneta-Northern League from Veneto in 1996-2001, Luciano Gasperini was chairman of the partys group from 1999 to 2000 and in 1999 he was the partys candidate for the post of President of the Italian Republic. ... Back side of Palazzo Montecitorio designed by architect Ernesto Basile. ... Marco Formentini (b. ... Giancarlo Pagliarini (Milan, April 23, 1942) is an Italian politician. ... Roberto Maroni (born March 15, 1955 in Varese) is the Italian Minister of Welfare and a member of the Northern League. ... Palazzo Madama house of the Senate of the Republic. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Senator for the Liga Veneta-Northern League from Veneto in 1996-2001, Luciano Gasperini was chairman of the partys group from 1999 to 2000 and in 1999 he was the partys candidate for the post of President of the Italian Republic. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and...

National level

Liga Veneta

Liga Veneta is a regionalist and autonomist party, founded in 1979 in Veneto, Italy, combinig Venetism and fiscal federalism. ... Founding member of the Liga Veneta in 1979 and party national secretary from 1979 to 1984, he was elected at the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1983, so he was the first member of Parliament for any of the autonomist parties merged in the Northern League in 1991. ... Wife of Franco Rocchetta, Marilena Marin was a founding member of the Liga Veneta in 1979 and party national secretary from 1984 to 1995. ... A former member of the nationalist and centralist Italian Social Movement (for which he was elected member of the Veneto Regional Council in 1985 and 1990), he then switched to the Liga Veneta-Northern League. ... Gian Paolo Gobbo (Treviso, April 1, 1949) is an Italian venetist politician. ... Founding member of the Liga Veneta in 1979 and of the Northern League in 1991, Franco Rocchetta was federal president of Umberto Bossis party from 1991 to 1995, when he left. ... Gian Paolo Gobbo (Treviso, April 1, 1949) is an Italian venetist politician. ... Gianapaolo Dozzo is a leading member of the Liga Veneta-Northern League. ... Manuela Dal Lago, a former member of the Italian Liberal Party, is President of the Province of Vicenza, Veneto, from 1997. ...

Lega Lombarda

The Lega Lombarda (Lombard League, LL) is a political party active in Lombardy, Italy. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Giancarlo Giorgetti was national secretary of the Lombard League from 2002. ... Francesco Enrico Speroni Francesco Enrico Speroni (born on 4 October 1946 in Busto Arsizio) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Legal Affairs. ... Roberto Calderoli is an Italian politician, currently the Reforms Minister, member of the Lega Nord. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ...

Union Piemòntèisa / Piemònt Autonomista / Lega Nord Piemònt

  • National Secretary: Roberto Gremmo (1983–1989), Giuseppe Farassino (1989–1996), Domenico Comino (1996–1998), Bernardino Bosio (1998–2001), Roberto Cota (2001–...)
  • National President: Bernardino Bosio (1991–1998), Matteo Brigandì (1998–2001), Oreste Rossi (2001–2004), Mario Borghezio (2004–...)

Mario Borghezio Mario Borghezio (born on 3 December 1947 in Torino) is a Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for North-West with the Lega Nord, Member of the Bureau of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and...

Lega Nord Friuli / Lega Nord Friuli-Venezia Giulia

  • National Secretary: Roberto Visentin (1991–1997), Eduard Ballaman (1997–1999), Giuseppe Zoppolato (1999–2003), Ugo Follegot (2003–2005), Marco Pottino (2007–...), Ugo Follegot (2007–...)
  • National President: Pietro Fontanini (1991–2001), Rinaldo Bosco (2001–2005), Alessandra Guerra (2005–...)

Lega Emiliano-Romagnola / Lega Nord Emilia

  • National Secretary: Fabio Dosi (1989–1995), Pierluigi Copercini (1995–1996), Maurizio Parma (1996–2002), Angelo Alessandri (2002–...)
  • National President: unknown (1991–2002), Maurizio Parma (2002–...)

Union Ligure / Lega Nord Liguria

  • National Secretary: Bruno Ravera (1987–1996), Francesco Bruzzone (1996–...)
  • National President: unknown (1987–1996), Bruno Ravera (1996–1998), Andrea Corrado (1998–...)

Movimento per la Toscana / Alleanza Toscana / Lega Nord Toscana

  • National Secretary: Carlo Forconi (1987–1988), Tommaso Fragassi (1988–1996), Vincenzo Soldati (1996–...)
  • National President: Tommaso Fragassi (1987–1988), Guido Niccolini (1988–1996), Walter Gherardini (1996–2001), Moreno Menconi (2001–...)

Tuscanian Alliance (in Italian: Alleanza Toscana) was a regionalist and autonomist political party in Tuscany, Northern Italy. ...

Lega Nord Trentino

  • National Secretary: Erminio Boso (1991–1996), Rolando Fontan (1996–2001), Denis Bertolini (2001–2003), Sergio Divina (2003–2005), Maurizio Fugatti (2005–...)
  • National President: unknown (1991–1996), Marco Tomasi (1996–2001), Sergio Divina (2001–...)

Lega Nord Alto Adige

  • Current National Secretary: Kurt Pancheri

Lega Nord Val d'Aosta

  • Current National Secretary: Nicolao Negroni

Lega Nord Romagna

  • Current National Secretary: Gianluca Pini

Lega Nord Marche

  • Current National Secretary: Luca Paolini

Lega Nord Umbria

  • Current National Secretary: Francesco Miroballo

See also

This is a list of currently active autonomist and secessionist movements around the world. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Telecom's illegal wiretapping: new arrests, accusations for Bossi and Berlusconi in a note, article from La Repubblica, March 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Umberto Bossi denies the charges about Telecom case
  3. ^ Italian general election, 2006 cites this to Interior Ministry of Italy: Seats; link not accessible 3 September 2006.
  4. ^ Extreme right in Europe, from Corriere della Sera (Italian).
  5. ^ The deep Europe that hates America, by Paolo Rumiz, La Repubblica
  6. ^ Bossi: the EU intervention is a grave error, from La Repubblica, February 3, 2000. (Italian)
  7. ^ Mitteleuropean group with League and Haider, from La Padania, official newspaper of the Lega Nord.
  8. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/2003/j/sezioni/politica/immigrazione3/casemilano/casemilano.html Milano, Bossi contro il prefetto "Niente case ai bingo bongo"]. La Repubblica, 4 December 2003, accessed 15 Aug 2005. (Italian)
  9. ^ Paolo Rumiz, Sul "treno degli africani" Vagoni separati? No, grazie. La Repubblica, 19 January 2003, accessed 15 Aug 2005. (Italian)
  10. ^ Giovanna Pajetta, Bossi prende il cannone, accessed 15 Aug 2005 on a Geocities site that says it is reprinted from Il Manifesto, 17 June 2003. (Italian)
  11. ^ Emilio Marrese Ramadan, sindaco nega lo spazio Benetton concede il palazzetto. La Repubblica, 3 December 2002, accessed 15 Aug 2005.
  12. ^ Invitation to 'rape' Pecoraro on a banner at a League festival, article by La Repubblica. (Italian)
  13. ^ Article in La Padania, official newspaper of the Lega Nord.
  14. ^ Borghezio, the fire was willful, article by Il Gazzettino, September 6, 2005. (Italian)
  15. ^ Umanitaria Padana: in Darfur missione compiuta ("Umanitaria Padana: in Darfur, mission completed"), article in La Padania, October 6, 2005. (Italian)

La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ... Corriere della Sera (Evening Mail) is the most important Italian daily newspapers (first in sales [1]), printed in Milan. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... Il Manifesto (Italian for The Manifesto) is an Italian communist newspaper. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northern League (Italy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1256 words)
The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy they call Padania (see the article for usage of the name).
The movement was founded in 1989, and became part of a governing coalition for the first time in Silvio Berlusconi's government in 1994; the League was instrumental to its demise by the end of the year.
The exact program of Lega Nord was not clear in the early years: some opponents claimed it wanted secession in Yugoslav style, other times it appeared they simply requested more autonomy for northern regions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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