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Encyclopedia > Leesburg, Virginia

Leesburg is a historic town and is the county seat of Loudoun County, Virginia, United States of America. Located approximately 40 miles west-northwest of Washington, D.C., at the northwestern terminus of the Dulles Greenway (a private toll road which connects to the Dulles Toll Road at Washington Dulles International Airport), it is largely a bedroom community for commuters to the national capital. A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Loudoun County (pronounced LOUD-un; IPA: ) is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States, and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,774 sq mi (110,785 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... Virginia Route 267 is composed of two sections, the Dulles Toll Road and the Dulles Greenway. ... State Route 267 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. ... FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (32 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County, Virginia, United States. ...

A typical Victorian "mansion" in Leesburg's historic district.
A typical Victorian "mansion" in Leesburg's historic district.

Current growth of the town and its immediate area (Ashburn, Virginia) concentrates along the Dulles Greenway, and along the Leesburg Pike (State Route 7), which roughly parallels the Potomac River between Winchester to the west and Alexandria to the east. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ashburn, Virginia is an unincorporated area located in Loudoun County, Virginia, 30 miles west of Washington, D.C., and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Virginia State Highway 7 (also known simply as Route 7) is a major surface highway and busy commuter route in Northern Virginia. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1802 Mayor Elizabeth Minor Area    - City 24. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor William D. Euille Area  - City  15. ...

Contents

History

Established in 1758, Leesburg is the seat of government for Loudoun County. The town’s rich history spans three centuries. Originally a settlement called George Town in honor of the reigning monarch of Great Britain, Leesburg was renamed to honor the influential Lee family of Virginia.[1], and while Robert E. Lee was a member of this family, contrary to popular belief, the town is not named specifically in his honor. Loudoun County, Virginia is part of the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,774 sq mi (110,785 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ...


During the War of 1812, Leesburg served as a temporary haven for Dolley Madison when she left Washington, D.C., fleeing the British Army with important documents (including the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution) and portraits of early American leaders. Local tradition has it that Leesburg briefly became the capital of the United States. Combatants United States British Empire Canada Newfoundland Bermuda Eastern Woodland Indians Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •United States Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6... Madison in 1818 The only surviving photograph of Dolley Madison Dorothea Dandrige Payne or Dolley Payne, was born (May 20, 1768 – July 12, 1849) was the wife of President James Madison, who served from 1809 until 1817. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme...


Early in the American Civil War Leesburg was the site of the Battle of Balls Bluff, a Confederate victory. The battlefield is marked by one of America's smallest national cemeteries. The town frequently changed hands over the course of the war as both armies traversed the area during the Antietam and Gettysburg campaigns. The Battle of Mile Hill was fought just north of the town prior to its occupation by Robert E. Lee in September of 1862. Leesburg also served as a base of operations for Col. John Mosby and his partisan Raiders, for whom the Loudoun County High School mascot is named (the Raiders). The local courthouse was built in 1894 and thus is not, as thought by many, one of the few courthouses in Virginia that were not burned during the war. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Battle of Balls Bluff, also known as the Battle of Harrison’s Landing or the Battle of Leesburg, took place on October 21, 1861, in Loudoun County, Virginia, as part of Major General George B. McClellans operations in northern Virginia during the American Civil War. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders George B. McClellan Robert E. Lee Strength 87,000 45,000 Casualties 12,401 (2,108 killed, 9,540 wounded, 753 captured/missing) 10,316 (1,546 killed, 7,752 wounded, 1,018 captured/missing) The Battle of Antietam (also... Meade and Lee of Gettysburg Gettysburg Campaign (through July 3); cavalry movements shown with dashed lines. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Henry A. Cole Samuel Means Thomas T. Munford Strength 180 163 Casualties 55 7 The Battle of Mile Hill was an American Civil War cavalry skirmish that took place just north of Leesburg, Virginia, on September 2, 1862. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ... Colonel John Singleton Mosby (December 6, 1833 - May 30, 1916), also known as the Gray Ghost, was a Confederate guerilla fighter in the American Civil War. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In the 20th century, Leesburg was the home of World War II General George C. Marshall, architect of the famous Marshall Plan that re-built Europe after the war, and radio personality Arthur Godfrey, who donated land for the town's first airport. George C. Marshall George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880–October 16, 1959), an American military leader and statesman, was born into a middle-class family in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. ... Map of Cold-War era Europe and the Near East showing countries that received Marshall Plan aid. ... Arthur Morton Godfrey (August 31, 1903 – March 16, 1983) was an American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer. ...


Today Leesburg continues to serve as the center of government and commerce for Loudoun County. The Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and cited as one of the best preserved and most picturesque downtowns in Virginia.


Geography

Leesburg is located at 39°6′33″N, 77°33′28″W (39.109219, -77.557868)GR1. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias VA county maps by Seth Ilys. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.0 km² (11.6 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 28,311 people, 10,325 households, and 7,258 families residing in the town. The population density was 942.3/km² (2,440.1/mi²). There were 10,671 housing units at an average density of 355.2/km² (919.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.29% White, 9.20% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.53% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.89% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Of all households 41.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 22.9% are made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.20. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 38.9% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.


The median income of the households in the town is $68,861, and the median income of the families is $78,111. Males had a median income of $51,267 versus $35,717 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,116. About 2.4% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education and public services

Leesburg has two high schools, Loudoun County High School which serves the western portion, and Heritage High School, which serves the eastern portion. Both schools are part of the Loudoun County Public School system. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Heritage High School is a public secondary school located in Leesburg, Virginia, and is part of Loudoun County Public Schools. ... Location Ashburn, VA Phone Number (571) 252-1000 Superintendent Edgar B. Hatrick School Board Chairman Robert F. DuPree, Jr. ...


Fire protection services are provided by the Leesburg Volunteer Fire Company. Rescue and EMS services are provided by the Loudoun County Volunteer Rescue Squad. Both the fire company and rescue squad are volunteer organizations supplemented with partial staffing from the Loudoun County Fire and Rescue Department. The fire company can trace its roots back to 1863; the rescue squad was formed in 1952.


Leesburg is also served by a town police department.


Business and industry

Leesburg operates the Leesburg Executive Airport, which serves Loudoun County with private and corporate aircraft operations. A designated reliever airport for Dulles International, the airport accounts for nearly $45 million per year in economic impact to the region (Virginia Department of Aviation). It is home (as of 2005) to over 240 aircraft, and hosts 20–30 jet operations per day.The airport was built in 1963 to replace the original Leesburg airport, which Arthur Godfrey owned and referred to affectionately as "The Old Cow Pasture" on his radio show. Godfrey, who, by the early 1950s, had purchased the Beacon Hill Estate west of Leesburg, used a DC-3 to commute from his farm to studios in New York City every Sunday night during the 1950s and 1960s. His DC-3 was so powerful and noisy Godfrey built a new airport, funding it through the sale of the old field. Originally named Godfrey Field, it is now known as Leesburg Executive Airport at Godfrey Field. Leesburg Executive Airport (KJYO/JYO), an FAA-designated General Aviation reliever airport for Dulles International, is located 3 miles south of the town of Leesburg, Virginia. ... Arthur Morton Godfrey (August 31, 1903 – March 16, 1983) was an American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer. ... Leesburg Executive Airport (KJYO/JYO), an FAA-designated General Aviation reliever airport for Dulles International, is located 3 miles south of the town of Leesburg, Virginia. ...


Also located near Leesburg is the The National Conference Center, built by the Xerox Corporation in the 1970s and used by government entities and private business for meetings and conferences. This maze of underground buildings is connected through three main focal points, and is currently the main headquarters of Civilian Police International, a government sub-contract company. Xerox Corporation (NYSE: XRX) (name pronounced ) is a global document management company, which manufactures and sells a range of color and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, photo copiers, digital production printing presses, and related consulting services and supplies. ... Civilian Police International is a government sub-contract company specializing in International Police government contracts that call for American police officers to serve in international locations under the direction of the US State Department. ...


Recreation

Ida Lee Park, occupying the former Morven estate north of town, has walking trails, soccer fields, a swimming pool, tennis courts, meeting rooms, and is co-located with a county-run library. When Mrs. Morven donated the property to the Town of Leesburg, she stipulated that the town could never build a road 'through' it. She was very concerned about the planned 'Catoctin Circle' bringing too many cars through her beloved horse farm. So, the parking lots for the library and recreation center have a dividing sidewalk that prevents traffic from crossing over.

Leesburg's historic district.

Other recreational opportunities available to Leesburg residents include parks run by Loudoun County, including and the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail, a former railroad right-of-way converted to a hiking/biking/jogging path by the Northern Virginia Regional Parks Authority. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park or the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail (sometimes abbreviated W&OD Trail or W&OD and often referred to simply as the WOD (pronounced wad)) is a highly popular and unusually-shaped regional park in Northern Virginia. ...


The Rust Manor House and Nature Sanctuary is the home of the Audubon Naturalist Society.


Events

Leesburg Flower and Garden Festival held annually in April in the Historic District. Includes garden displays, vendors and entertainment. Fourth of July celebrations includes a morning parade, festival at Ida Lee Park, and evening fireworks. Court and Market Days held in October in the Historic District. The focus of this event is to recognize Leesburg’s cultural heritage. The Halloween Parade is said to be the longest running Halloween parade east of the Mississippi. Includes marching bands, floats, etc. Most parade participants distribute candy to parade-goers.


Historic sites

The Leesburg area boasts of 21 entries on the National Register of Historic Places, including: A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

For other persons named George Marshall, see George Marshall (disambiguation). ... Morven Park is an estate in Leesburg, Virginia, USA, that includes an historic mansion, a museum devoted to hounds and hunting, and a carriage collection. ... Westmoreland Morley Davis (August 21, 1859-September 7, 1942) a lawyer, farmer, and Governor of Virginia from February 1, 1918 to February 1, 1922. ... Oatlands Plantation (261 acres) is a historic estate located at 20850 Oatlands Plantation Lane, Leesburg, Virginia, and now a National Trust for Historic Preservation site and National Historic Landmark. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... A car ferry that crosses the Potomac north of Leesburg, Loudoun County, VA ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Leesburg, Virginia (1656 words)
Leesburg is at the northwestern terminus of the Dulles Greenway, a toll road which connects with the Dulles Toll Road (both parts of Virginia State Highway 267) at Dulles International Airport near Sterling, Virginia.
During the War of 1812 Leesburg served as a temporary haven for Dolley Madison as she left Washington, D.C. with various important documents and portraits of early American leaders.
Leesburg is located in Loudoun County, of which it is the county seat, 21 miles NW of Arlington along Highway 15 near the Potomac River and the Chesapeake and Ohio National Historic Park in the Eastern Region of the state.
Encyclopedia topic: Leesburg, Virginia (569 words)
Leesburg is a town located in Loudoun County, Virginia (additional info and facts about Loudoun County, Virginia).
As with most cities of Northern Virginia (A state in the eastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War) and of Maryland (A Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies), Leesburg is largely a bedroom community for the national capital.
Leesburg is located at 39°6'33" North, 77°33'28" West (39.109219, -77.557868).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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