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Encyclopedia > Leek (vegetable)
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Leek

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. ampeloprasum
Allium ampeloprasum
(Linnaeus) J. Gay

The Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.) J. Gay) is a vegetable belonging, with onion and garlic, to the Alliaceae, the onion family. Also in this species are two very different vegetables: The elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum) grown for its bulbs, and kurrat which is grown for its leaves in Egypt and elsewhere in the Middle East. The leek is also sometimes classified as Allium porrum (L.) Leek plants This picture was taken in Aug 2004 from the culinary garden in Kendall-Jackson Winery in Sonoma County, California. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders Base Monocots: Acorus Alismatales Asparagales Dioscoreales Liliales Pandanales Family Petrosaviaceae Commelinids: Arecales Commelinales Poales Zingiberales Family Dasypogonaceae Monocotyledons or monocots are a group of flowering plants usually ranked as a class and once called the Monocotyledoneae. ... Families according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Agapanthus Agavaceae Alliaceae Amaryllidaceae Aphyllanthaceae Asparagaceae Asphodelaceae Asteliaceae Blandfordiaceae Boryaceae Doryanthaceae Hemerocallidaceae Hyacinthaceae Hypoxidaceae Iridaceae Ixioliriaceae Lanariaceae Laxmanniaceae Orchidaceae Ruscaceae Tecophilaeaceae Themidaceae Xanthorrhoea Xeronema Asparagales is an order of monocots which includes a number of families of non-woody plants. ... Genera Allium Ancrumia Caloscordum Erinna Garaventia Gethyum Gilliesia Ipheion Leucocoryne Miersia Milula Muilla Nectaroscordum Nothoscordum Solaria (genus) Speea Trichlora Tristagma Tulbhagia Zoelnerallium Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial plants. ... Species See List of Allium species Allium is the onion genus with about 1250 species, mostly classified in its own family Alliaceae. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as ▶ (help· info), and in English usually under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), the name with which his publications were signed, was a Swedish botanist and physician who laid the foundations for the modern scheme... John Gay John Gay (30 June 1685 - 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist. ... Vegetables in a market Vegie garden Venn diagram representing the relationship between fruits and vegetables For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Allium cepa L. Onion in the general sense can be used for any plant in the Genus Allium but used without qualifiers usually means Allium cepa L., also called the garden onion. ... Binomial name Allium sativum L. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a perennial plant in the family Alliaceae and genus Allium, closely related to the onion, shallot, and leek. ... Genera Allium Ancrumia Caloscordum Erinna Garaventia Gethyum Gilliesia Ipheion Leucocoryne Miersia Milula Muilla Nectaroscordum Nothoscordum Solaria (genus) Speea Trichlora Tristagma Tulbhagia Zoelnerallium Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial plants. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Species Allium ampeloprasum Elephant Garlic or Russian garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ... Kurrat or Egyptian Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Rather than forming a tight bulb such as the onion, the leek produces a long cylinder of bundled leaf sheaths which are generally blanched by pushing soil around them (trenching). They are often sold as small seedlings in flats which are started early in greenhouses, to be set out as weather permits. Once established in the garden, leeks are hardy; many varieties can be left in the ground during the winter to be harvested as needed. A greenhouse in Saint Paul, Minnesota. ...


Leek cultivars can be subdivided in several ways, but the chiefest is "summer leeks", intended for harvest in the season when planted, and overwintering leeks, meant to be harvested in the spring of the year following planting. Summer leek types are generally smaller than overwintering types; overwintering types are generally more strongly flavored.

Contents


Cuisine

Leeks available for purchase.
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Leeks available for purchase.

Leeks are generally considered to have a finer flavor than the common onion. They are an essential ingredient of cock-a-leekie soup and of vichyssoise. They can also be used raw in salads, doing especially well when they are the prime ingredient. Leeks for sale at Kroger. ... Leeks for sale at Kroger. ... Cock-A-Leekie Soup Yield: 1 Servings 1 lg Onion, chopped 2 lg Stalks celery, chopped 6 Carrots, chopped 1 lg Roasting chicken 3/4 c Pearl barley 6 Peppercorns 4 Cloves 6 lg Leeks Salt & pepper to taste 1/2 c Fresh parsley, chopped 3 qt Water (approx. ... Vichyssoise is a French-style soup made of pureed leeks, onions, potatoes, cream, and chicken stock and is usually served cold. ...


Because of their symbolism in Wales (see below) they have come to be used extensively in that country's cuisine.
For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ...


History

Leeks were prized by the Ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, who distributed the vegetable across Europe. Map of Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization along the Lower Nile, reaching from the Nile Delta in the north as far south Jebel Barkal at the time of its greatest extension (15th century BC). ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The leek is one of the national emblems of Wales, whose citizens wear it on St. David's Day. According to legend, Saint David ordered his Welsh soldiers to identify themselves by wearing the vegetable on their helmets in an ancient battle against the Saxons that took place in a leek field. This story may have been made up by the English poet Michael Drayton but it is known that the leek has been a symbol of Wales for a long time; Shakespeare for example refers to the custom of wearing a leek as an "ancient tradition" in Henry V. In the play, Henry tells Fluellen he is wearing a leek "for I am Welsh, you know, good countryman". A national emblem symbolically represents a nation. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Saint Davids Day (Welsh: Dydd Gŵyl Dewi Sant - Day of the Festival of Saint David) is the day that the patron saint of Wales, Saint David, is celebrated. ... Welsh mythology, the remnants of the mythology of the pre-Christian Britons, has come down to us in much altered form in medieval Welsh manuscripts such as the Red Book of Hergest, the White Book of Rhydderch, the Book of Aneirin and the Book of Taliesin. ... The Flag of Saint David. ... This article is about the Saxons, a Germanic people. ... Michael Drayton (1563- December 23, 1631) was an English poet who came to prominence in the Elizabethan era. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... Henry V is a play by William Shakespeare based on the life of King Henry V of England. ... Henry V, (August 9 or September 16, 1387 – August 31, 1422), King of England (1413-1422), son of Henry IV by Mary de Bohun, was born at Monmouth, Wales, in August or September 1386 or 1387. ...


See also

Vegetables // Western Brassicas Broccoli (Brassica oleracea Italica group) Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea Gemmifera group) Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea Botrytis group) Cabbage (Brassica oleracea Capitata group) Kale (Brassica oleracea Acephala group)) Rapini (Brasica rapa)) Oriental Brassicas Chinese broccoli (Brassica rapa var. ... Daffodils. ...

External links

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Allium ampeloprasum porrum
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Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject:
Leek

  Results from FactBites:
 
Leek (vegetable) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (437 words)
Leek cultivars can be subdivided in several ways, but the chiefest is "summer leeks", intended for harvest in the season when planted, and overwintering leeks, meant to be harvested in the spring of the year following planting.
Leeks were prized by the Ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, who distributed the vegetable across Europe.
The leek is one of the national emblems of Wales, whose citizens wear it on St.
leek pie recipe | vegetable recipes (273 words)
Leeks should be thoroughly washed to remove grit and sand which accumulates under the outer layers of the leaves.
If desired, split the leek in half lengthwise to aid in the removal of grit.
In a frying pan, heat the oil over a medium burner and saute the leeks in it for 5-6 minutes or until they are slightly tender.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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