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Encyclopedia > Lee P. Brown
Lee Brown

Image pending
Order 59th Mayor of Houston
Term of Office 19982004
Predecessor Bob Lanier
Successor Bill White
Date of Birth October 4, 1937
Place of Birth Wewoka, Oklahoma
Wife Frances Young
Profession Criminologist, Educator, Security Consultant
Political Party Democrat (Note: all elected offices in Houston are non-partisan)

Lee P. Brown (born October 4, 1937) had a successful career in law enforcement for almost four decades before being elected as the first African-American mayor of Houston, Texas on December 6, 1997. He served the maximum of three terms from 1998 to 2004 and was succeeded by Bill White. Brown is married to Frances Young (his second wife), a teacher in the Houston Independent School District. Image File history File links Seal_of_Houston,_Texas. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bob Lanier (born March 10, 1925) is a businessman in the real estate industry (Landar) who became mayor of the city of Houston, Texas from 1992 to 1998. ... Bill White William Bill Howard White (born June 16, 1954) is the current mayor of the city of Houston, Texas (January 2, 2004 - present). ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wewoka is a city located in Seminole County, Oklahoma. ... A criminologist is defined as someone who studies aetiology of crime, criminal behavior, types of crime, and social reaction to crime. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up Career in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the band, see The Police. ... This article is about the political process. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837  - Mayor Bill White Area    - City  601. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The word term refers to either a word unit or a time unit with specified boundaries or limits. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bill White William Bill Howard White (born June 16, 1954) is the current mayor of the city of Houston, Texas (January 2, 2004 - present). ... A teacher writes on a blackboard in an American college. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

Background, education and career

His parents Andrew and Zelma Brown were share croppers. A high school athlete, Brown became a police officer in San Jose, California in 1960, graduating that same year from Fresno State University with a B.S. in criminology. He went on to earn a master's degree in sociology from San José State University in 1964, becoming assistant professor there in 1968. At the University of California, Berkeley, he earned a second master's in criminology in 1968, becoming chairman and professor of the Department of Administration of Justice at Portland State University in the same year. He earned and a Ph.D. in criminology from Berkeley in 1970. In 1972, he was appointed associate director of the Institute of Urban Affairs and Research and professor of Public Administration and director of Criminal Justice programs at Howard University. In 1974, Brown was named Sheriff of Multnomah County, Oregon and in 1976 became director of the Department of Justice Services. As public safety commissioner of Atlanta, Georgia from 1978 to 1982, Brown and his staff solved the Atlanta Child Murders case. Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... The campus on a sunny day The campus on a foggy morning California State University, Fresno, commonly referred to as Fresno State, is one of the campuses of California State University, located at the northeast edge of Fresno, California, at the foot of the majestic Sierra Nevada mountain range. ... A Bachelor of Science (B.S., B.Sc. ... Template:Criminologies Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... San José State University, commonly shortened to San José State and SJSU, is the founding campus of what became the California State University system. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Doctor of Philosophy (from Greek , meaning Teacher of Philosophy), typically abbreviated Ph. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Multnomah County (IPA: ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon, the smallest in area but the largest in population due to Portland, the county seat and largest city in Oregon. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL, A-Town Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City  132. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atlanta child murders, known locally simply as the missing and murdered children case, were a series of murders committed in Atlanta, Georgia, beginning in 1979. ...


Lee Brown also served on the national scene as the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (or "Drug Czar") for the Clinton administration. He was confirmed by the Senate with a unanimous vote and was sworn-in to the cabinet-level post on June 21, 1993. The Director of the National Drug Control Policy (ubiquitously nicknamed the Drug czar) is the head of the United States Office of National Drug Control Policy. ... President Clintons Cabinet, circa 1993 Headed by President of the United States Bill Clinton, the Clinton Administation was the executive branch of the federal government of the United States from 1993 to 2001. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Prior to his Confirmation as ONDCP Director, Dr. Brown was a Professor at Texas Southern University and Director of the university's Black Male Initiative Program. A professor giving a lecture The meaning of the word professor (Latin: one who claims publicly to be an expert) varies. ... Texas Southern University is a historically black university in Houston, Texas, USA. The university was established on March 3, 1947 by the Texas Legislature and it was initially named Texas State University for Negroes. ...


Brown, to most Houstonians, was the first African American who was appointed as the Police Chief to the City of Houston under Kathy Whitmire's administration, and the first African American mayor in the City of Houston. He was the second African-American to campaign for mayor; Texas State Representative Sylvester Turner campaigned in 1991 until the runoff election - he lost to Bob Lanier in the midst of an investigative report by KTRK-TV (ABC13).


Brown is past President of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and is involved in a number of professional and community organizations. For other uses of the acronym IACP, please see the IACP disambiguation page. ...


Brown pioneered the concept of Community Policing while serving as Police Chief in Houston. He took the concept to New York City where he implemented it City wide and after one year, crime went down in every category. That was the start of the most drastic reduction of crime in the history of that City.


Brown is known through the law engforcement community as the Father of Community Policing.


Brown presided over what many say were the most prosperous six year period in the history of the City. Under his leadership,the city started its first light rail system, obtained voter approval for its extension, along with increases in bus service, part and ride, and HOVlanes;opened three new state-of-the-art sports facilities; revitalized the downtown area;constructed the City's first convention center hotel and doubled the size of the convention center; constructed the Hobby Center of the Performing Arts; built and renovated new libraries,police and fire stations; undertookima $2.9 billion development program at the City's airport system that cobsisted of new terminals and runways; a consolidated car rental facility; in addition to renovating other terinals and runways; built a new water treatment plant; advanced the City's affirmative action program; istalled programs in all City libraries so everyone couls have access to the Internet;build the state-of-the-art Houston Emergency Communications Center which contains all of the City's emergency communications systems; implemented e-government and opened new parks.


Brown led trade missions for the business community to other countries and promoted international trade. He incresed the number of foreign consulates.


Brown is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established for African Americans. Alpha Phi Alpha (ΑΦΑ) is the first intercollegiate fraternity established by African Americans. ... The Greek alphabet is an alphabet that has been used to write the Greek language since about the 9th century BC. It was the first alphabet in the narrow sense, that is, a writing system using a separate symbol for each vowel and consonant alike. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Delta Sigma Phi, Rotary International, Optimist International, Ordo Templi Orientis or the Shriners. ...


Brown is a co-founder of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE). Currently, Brown is chairman and CEO of Brown Group International, which develops solutions to complex problems in public safety, home land security, crisis management, government relations, international trade, and other concerns. The National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE) is a membership group for black law enforcement CEOs and command level officials in local, state, county, and federal government. ...


2001 Campaign

Brown undertook a massive program to reconstructive the downtown street system and replacment the aging underground utility sytem. The heavy roadway reconstruction in Houston's downtown area and accompanying traffic problems was made a cmpaige issue by his opponent. In 2001 Brown narrowly survived a reelection challenge and runoff against city councilman Orlando Sanchez, who campaigned against Brown's handling of Houston roadways. Sanchez' supporters made issue of poor street conditions, campaigning that the "P stands for Pothole," referencing Brown's middle initial. Sanchez himself used a Hummer adorned with the banner "With Brown in Town it's the only way to get around" as his campaign vehicle. 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hummer is a brand of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) sold by General Motors, also known as GM. They are based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or Humvee. ...


Sanchez used the media publicity where a Houston firefighter's death in the line of duty resulted in endorsements from the fire/emergency medical services sector.


The Brown-Sanchez election produced heated rhetoric and involvement from several national political figures. Brown received the endorsement of former president Bill Clinton while Sanchez was endorsed by president George W. Bush. The contest also produced racial undertones as Sanchez, a Cuban American vying to become the first Hispanic mayor of Houston, challenged Brown, the city's first African American mayor. Brown drafted family members of murder victim James Byrd Jr. for taped political ads accusing Sanchez of racial insensitivity towards Blacks for failing to support a hate crimes law. Sanchez, in turn, accused Brown of playing the race card against Hispanic voters. This latter allegation prompted another Hispanic city councilman, John Castillo, to defect from the Brown camp and endorse Sanchez late in the campaign. William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... A Cuban-American is an immigrant to the United States from Cuba. ... James Byrd, Jr. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ... Playing the race card is an idiomatic phrase, referring to an allegation often raised against a person who the accuser feels has unnecessarily brought the issue of race or racism into a debate so as to obfuscate a matter of debate. ...


Voting split heavily on racial lines with a majority of Hispanic and Anglo voters supporting Sanchez and a majority of African Americans and Asians supporting Brown. Brown narrowly won reelection by a margin of a threepercentage point following heavy voter turnout in predominantly Black precincts, compared to relatively light turnout in Hispanic precincts.


Brown's 2001 reelection was one of the last major political campaigns supported by the Houston-based Enron Corporation, which collapsed in a financial scandal only days after Brown's reelection. Just weeks prior, Enron executives including Ken Lay had hosted reelection fundraisers for Brown and published their endorsements of his candidacy in print advertisements. Enron Corporation was an American energy company based in Houston, Texas. ... Kenneth Lee Lay (born April 15, 1942) is an American businessman and former CEO of Enron Corporation. ...


Career timeline

1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Portland State University Portland State University (or PSU) is a public state urban university located in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851  - Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City  145. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Federal District District of Columbia  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack Evans... Academic organizations typically have a rather rigid set of ranks. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Public administration can be broadly described as the study and implementation of policy. ... Criminal justice system flowchart Criminal justice refers to the system used by government to maintain social control, prevent crime, enforce laws, and administer justice. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Multnomah County is a county located in the state of Oregon, the smallest in area but the largest in population due to Portland, the county seat and largest city in Oregon. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL, A-Town Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City  132. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chief of Police in United States usage is the title typically given to the head of a police department. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837  - Mayor Bill White Area    - City  601. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... North façade of the White House, seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. ... The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), a component of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, was established in 1988 by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837  - Mayor Bill White Area    - City  601. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Awards

  • 1993 - Gallup Hall of Fame by Gallup, Inc.
  • 1992 - Cartier Pasha Award from Cartier International
  • 1991 - Father of the Year by the National Father's Day Committee

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ...

Education

Template:Criminologies Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... Template:Criminologies Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... San José State University, commonly shortened to San José State and SJSU, is the founding campus of what became the California State University system. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... This page is about unmarried men; for the television show, see The Bachelor. ... Template:Criminologies Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... The campus on a sunny day California State University, Fresno, commonly referred to as Fresno State, is one of the campuses of California State University, located at the northeast edge of Fresno, California, USA. The campus sits at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the San Joaquin... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...

Publications

Police Appointments
Preceded by
Richard J. Condon
NYPD Commissioner
1990-1992
Succeeded by
Raymond W. Kelly
Government Offices
Preceded by
Bob Martinez
Director of the National Drug Control Policy
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Barry McCaffrey
Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Lanier
Mayor of Houston, Texas
1998–2004
Succeeded by
Bill White

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lee P. Brown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1221 words)
Lee Brown also served on the national scene as the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (or "Drug Czar") for the Clinton administration.
Brown is past President of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and is involved in a number of professional and community organizations.
Brown's 2001 reelection was one of the last major political campaigns supported by the Houston-based Enron Corporation, which collapsed in a financial scandal only days after Brown's reelection.
The HistoryMakers (404 words)
Brown became chairman and professor of the Department of Administration of Justice at Portland State University in 1968.
As Houston, Texas' chief of police, from 1982 to 1990, Brown developed Neighborhood Oriented Policing, widely recognized as a community policing, which ahs been adopted by 70% of the police departments in the U.S.A. From 1990 to 1992, he was police commissioner of New York City.
Today, Brown is chairman and CEO of Brown Group International, which uses the extensive expertise of its founder to develop solutions to complex problems in public safety, home land security, crisis management, government relations, international trade, and other concerns.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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