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Encyclopedia > Lee "Scratch" Perry
Lee "Scratch" Perry
Lee "Scratch" Perry

Lee "Scratch" Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal, Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist, who has been highly influential in the development and acceptance of reggae and dub music in Jamaica and overseas. He is sometimes known as "Pipecock Jackson" or "The Upsetter." Image File history File links Cover of the Lee Scratch Perry collection album Ultimate Collection. ... Image File history File links Cover of the Lee Scratch Perry collection album Ultimate Collection. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ...

Contents

Career

Perry's musical career began in the late 1950s as a record seller for Clement Coxsone Dodd's ska oriented sound system. As his sometimes turbulent relationship with Dodd developed, he found himself performing a variety of important tasks at Dodd's Studio One hit factory, going on to record nearly 30 songs for the label. Disagreements between the pair due to personality and financial conflicts, a recurring theme throughout Perry's career, led him to leave the studio and seek new musical outlets. He soon found a new home at Joe Gibbs's Wirl records. Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Sound system has multiple meanings: A sound reinforcement system is a system for amplifying, reproducing, and sometimes recording audio. ... Studio One is one of Reggaes most renowned record labels, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia article. ...

Working with Joe Gibbs, Perry continued his recording career, but once again, financial problems caused conflict. Perry broke ranks with Gibbs and formed his own label, Upsetter, in 1968. His first single "People Funny Boy", which was an insult directed at Gibbs, sold very well. It is notable for its innovative use of a sample (a crying baby) as well as a fast, chugging beat that would soon become identifiable as "reggae" (the new sound did not really have a name at this time). From 1968 until 1972 he worked with his studio band The Upsetters. During the 1970s, Perry released numerous recordings on a variety of record labels that he controlled, and many of his songs were popular in both Jamaica and the UK. He soon became known for his innovative production techniques as well as his eccentric character. Image File history File links Lee_perry_resized. ... Image File history File links Lee_perry_resized. ... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia article. ... Upsetter Records was set up by Lee Scratch Perry in 1968. ... See also: 1967 in music, other events of 1968, 1969 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Sample can refer to any of the following. ... The Upsetters were a young Jamaican quartet, originating in the 1960s The band included guitarist Alva Lewis, organist Glen Adams and brothers Aston Family Man Barrett and Carlton Barrett, on bass and drums respectively. ...


In the early 1970s, Perry was one of the producers whose mixing board experiments resulted in the creation of dub. In 1973, Perry built a studio in his back yard, The Black Ark, to have more control over his productions and continued to produce notable musicians such as Bob Marley & the Wailers, Junior Byles, The Heptones, and Max Romeo. With his own studio at his disposal, Perry's productions became more lavish, as the energetic producer was able to spend as much time as he wanted on the music he produced. It is important to note that virtually everything Perry recorded in The Black Ark was done using rather basic recording equipment; through sonic sleight-of-hand, Perry made it sound completely unique. Perry remained behind the mixing desk for many years, producing songs and albums that stand out as a high point in reggae history. Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ... The Black Ark was the recording studio of legendary reggae/dub producer Lee Scratch Perry, located in the yard of his familys home in the Washington Gardens neighboorhood of Kingston, Jamaica. ... Bob Marley Robert Nesta Marley (February 6, 1945 - May 11, 1981), better known as Bob Marley, was a singer, guitarist, songwriter and Rastafarian from the ghettos of Jamaica. ... Keith Byles (known as Junior Byles or Chubby ) is a reggae singer born 1948 in Kingston Jamaica. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


By 1978, stress and unwanted outside influences began to take their toll: both Perry and The Black Ark quickly fell into a state of disrepair. Eventually, the studio burned to the ground. Perry has constantly insisted that he burned the Black Ark himself in a fit of rage, but it was most likely an accident due to faulty wiring. After the demise of the Black Ark in the early 1980s, Perry spent time in England and the United States, performing live and making erratic records with a variety of collaborators. It was not until the late 1980s, when he began working with British producers Adrian Sherwood and Neil Fraser (who is better known as Mad Professor), that Perry's career began to get back on solid ground again. Perry also has attributed the recent resurgence of his creative muse to his deciding to quit drinking alcohol[citation needed] and smoking cannabis[citation needed]. Perry stated in an interview that he wanted to see if "it was the smoke making the music or Lee Perry making the music. I found out it was me and that I don't need to smoke."[1] Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Adrian Sherwood Adrian Sherwood (born 1958) is a British record producer best known for his work with dub music as well as for remixing a number of popular acts such as Coldcut, Depeche Mode, Primal Scream, Pop Will Eat Itself, and Sinéad OConnor. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cannabis sativa Look up marijuana in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Perry now lives in Switzerland with his wife Mireille and two children. Although he celebrated his 70th birthday in 2006, he continues recording and performing to enthusiastic audiences in Europe and North America. His modern music is a far cry from his reggae days in Jamaica; many now see Perry as more of a performance artist in several respects. In 2003, Perry won a Grammy for Best Reggae Album with the album Jamaican E.T.. In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Perry #100 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[2]More recently, he teamed up with a group of Swiss musicians and performed under the name Lee Perry and the White Belly Rats, and made a brief visit to the United States using the New York City based group Dub Is A Weapon as his backing band. Currently there are two feature length movies made about his life and work: Volker SchanerĀ“s "Vision Of Paradise" and "The Upsetter" by filmmakers Ethan Higbee and Adam Bhala Lough. Image File history File links Small_axe_resized. ... Image File history File links Small_axe_resized. ... Performance art is art where the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time, constitute the work. ... The 45th Grammy Awards were held on February 23, 2003. ... This article is about the music magazine. ...


Discography

Albums

Early career

The Upsetter is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1969. ... Return of Django is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1969. ... Clint Eastwood is an reggae album by The Upsetters. ... Many Moods of the Upsetters is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1970. ... Scratch the Upsetter Again is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1970. ... Eastwood Rides Again is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1970. ... Africas Blood is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1972. ... Cloak and Dagger is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1973. ... Rhythm Shower is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1973. ... Upsetters 14 Dub Blackboard Jungle, often called Blackboard Jungle Dub, is an album by The Upsetters. ...

Black Ark era

Double Seven is an album by The Upsetters. ... DIP Presents the Upsetter is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1975. ... Return of Wax is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1975. ... Return of Wax is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1975. ... Kung Fu Meets the Dragon is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1975. ... Revolution Dub is an album by The Upsetters, released in 1975. ... Super Ape is a dub album produced by Lee Scratch Perry, credited to The Upsetters. ... Return of the Super Ape is a reggae album produced by Lee Scratch Perry, credited to The Upsetters. ... Roast Fish Collie Weed & Corn Bread is an album by Lee Perry, released in 1978. ...

Other albums

  • The Return of Pipecock Jackxon (1980)
  • Mystic Miracle Star (1982)
  • History, Mystery & Prophecy (1984)
  • Battle Of Armagideon (Millionaire Liquidator) (1986)
  • Time Boom X - De Devil Dead (with Dub Syndicate) (1987)
  • On the Wire (1988)
  • Satan Kicked the Bucket (with Bullwackie) (1988)
  • Chicken Scratch (1989)
  • Mystic Warrior (1989)
  • Mystic Warrior Dub (with Mad Professor) (1989)
  • From The Secret Laboratory (with Dub Syndicate) (1990)
  • Message From Yard (with Bullwackie) (1990)
  • Satan's Dub (with Bullwackie) (1990)
  • Lord God Muzik (1991)
  • Sounds From The Hotline (1991)
  • The Upsetter and The Beat (1992)
  • Excaliburman (1992)
  • Spiritual Healing (1994)
  • Black Ark Experryments (with Mad Professor) (1995)
  • Experryments at the Grass Roots of Dub (with Mad Professor) (1995)
  • Super Ape Inna Jungle (with Mad Professor) (1995)
  • Who Put The Voodoo Pon Reggae (with Mad Professor) (1996)
  • Dub Take The Voodoo Out Of Reggae (Mad Professor with Lee Perry) (1996)
  • Dub Fire (with Mad Professor) (1998)
  • The Original Super Ape (1998)
  • Son of Thunder (2000)
  • Jamaican ET (2002)
  • Earthman Skanking (2003)
  • Encore (2003)
  • Alien Starman (2003)
  • Panic in Babylon (2004)
  • Appears on two tracks on "Whaa!" by Zuco 103 (2005)
  • Alive, more than ever (2006)

Dub Syndicate is a dub band, formed by Style Scott, former drummer with the Roots Radics and Creation Rebel. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dub Syndicate is a dub band, formed by Style Scott, former drummer with the Roots Radics and Creation Rebel. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Return of the Super Ape is a reggae album produced by Lee Scratch Perry, credited to The Upsetters. ...

Compilations

  • Chicken Scratch (produced by Coxsone Dodd) (1963-1966)
  • Reggae Greats: Lee "Scratch" Perry (1984)
  • Open The Gate (1989)
  • Upsetter Collection (1994)
  • Upsetters A Go Go (1995)
  • Introducing Lee Perry (1996)
  • Words Of My Mouth Vol.1 (The Producer Series) (1996)
  • Voodooism (Pressure Sounds) (1996)
  • Arkology (1997)
  • The Upsetter Shop Vol.1: Upsetter In Dub (1997)
  • Dry Acid (1998)
  • Lee Perry Arkive (1998)
  • Produced and Directed By The Upsetter (Pressure Sounds) (1998)
  • Lost Treasures of The Ark (1999)
  • Upsetter Shop Vol.2 1969-1973 (1999)
  • Words Of My Mouth Vol.2 (The Producer Series) (1999)
  • Words Of My Mouth Vol.3 (Live As One/The Producer Series) (2000)
  • Scratch Walking (2001)
  • Black Ark In Dub (2002)
  • Divine Madness ... Definitely (Pressure Sounds) (2002)
  • Dub Triptych (2000)
  • Trojan Upsetter Box Set (2002)
  • This is Ska and Reggae Roots (2005)

Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ...

Cameos and other appearances

  • The Only Alternative on the compilation Roots Of Innovation - 15 And X Years On-U Sound (1994) by Dub Syndicate on On-U Sound label
  • Dr. Lee, PhD on the album Hello Nasty (1998) by Beastie Boys

Dub Syndicate is a dub band, formed by Style Scott, former drummer with the Roots Radics and Creation Rebel. ... On-U Sound Records is an English record label best known for releasing its own unique flavour of dub music since the 1980s. ... The Beastie Boys are a hip hop group from the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ...

References

Other References

  • Katz, David (2000). People Funny Boy: The Genius of Lee Scratch Perry. Payback Press, UK. ISBN 0-86241-854-2. 
  • David Katz & Jeremy Collingwood, Give Me Power: A Complete Discography, Trax On Wax
  • Gary Simons, Super Scratch: The Almost Complete Lee Perry Discography, 1999, Secret History Books

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... David Katz is an American music journalist, photographer and reggae historian raised in San Francisco. ... David Katz is an American music journalist, photographer and reggae historian raised in San Francisco. ...

Video

  • Lee Scratch Perry: The Unlimited Destruction, 2002, USA
  • Lee Scratch Perry: In Concert - The Ultimate Alien, 2003, USA
  • Lee Scratch Perry With Mad Professor, 2004, USA
  • Roots Rock Reggae - Inside the Jamaican Music Scene 1977

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of Reggae musicians. ...

External links


 
 

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