Ledger lines above the staff, using eighth notes. The lines on the right would usually be considered too far off the staff and would be written with 8va notation.
A ledger line or leger line is a tool of musical notation to express notes that do not fall on the regular lines or spaces of the musical staff. A short line (slightly longer than the note) is drawn parallel to the lines on the staff (above or below as appropriate), corresponding to where the staff line would be if the note were in range (see Figure 1). Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Figure 1. ... For the numerical computation software, see GNU Octave. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and time. ...
Notes on more than three or four ledger lines above or below the staff are usually considered too hard to read, and if there are several measures of them, it is usually preferable to switch clef or use 8va notation. Some transposing instruments (such as the piccolo, the double bass), the guitar, and the tenor voice transpose at the octave in order to avoid ledger lines. A clef indicates the name of the notes on one line of the staff, in relation to which the notes of the other lines and spaces may be determined. ... For the numerical computation software, see GNU Octave. ... A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is written at a pitch different from concert pitch. ... The piccolo is a small flute. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ...
Players of certain instruments, however, prefer ledger lines to clef changes or 8va notation. Clarinetists, for example, would rather read ledger lines in the chalumeau register than read bass clef notes, and flute players would rather read ledger lines for notes in the third octave than read 8va notation because higher flute notes require different fingerings. For the numerical computation software, see GNU Octave. ...
Category: Musical notation This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and rhythm. ... In musical notation, a bar or measure is a segment of time defined as a given number of beats of a given duration. ... A clef indicates the name of the notes on one line of the staff, in relation to which the notes of the other lines and spaces may be determined. ... This key signature â A major or F# minor â consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A rehearsal letter is a boldface letter of the alphabet in an orchestral score, and its corresponding parts, that provides a convenient spot from which to resume rehearsal after a break. ... Image File history File links An example of syncopation. ... An accidental is a musical notation symbol used to raise or lower the pitch of a note from that indicated by the key signature. ... In music, a dotted note is a note that is 1 1/2 times the main note of the same kind. ... Parts of a note In music notation, a note value indicates the relative duration of a note, using the color or shape of the note head, the presence or absence of a stem, and the presence or absence of flags. ... A rest is an interval of silence in a piece of music, marked by a sign indicating the length of the pause. ... A slur is a symbol in Western musical notation indicating that the notes it embraces are to be played without separation. ... In music, a tie is when multiple notes of the same pitch are to be played as one note with a duration equal to the sum of the individual notes durations. ... In music an articulation is a sign, direction, or performance technique which indicates or affects the transition or continuity between notes or sounds. ... In music, dynamics refers to the volume or loudness of the sound or note, in particular to the range from soft (quiet) to loud. ... In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double its frequency. ... In music, ornaments are musical flourishes that are not necessary to the overall melodic (or harmonic) line, but serve to decorate or ornament that line. ... The first two measures of Mozarts Sonata XI, which indicates the tempo as Andante grazioso and the metronome marking as = 120. (Metronome markings were not used in Mozarts day. ...
bass drum on the 1st line, snare drum on the 3rd line, hi-hat on the 5th line is a common assignment.
The two dots of the F clef surround the line that represents the note F. The most common use of the F clef is the bass clef, which places F on the 2nd line from the top of the staff; the name "F clef" is frequently used to mean the bass clef.
The C clef on the bottom line means soprano clef which works for violin and the clarinet in A. The 1st line C clef used also to be commonly employed until about 100 years ago for the soprano voice when vocal polyphony was displayed with each voice on its own staff.
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