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Encyclopedia > Lebedev Physical Institute

The Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a Russian research institute specializing in physics. It can also be referred to as the Lebedev Institute of Physics or just the Lebedev Institute. Russian Academy of Sciences: main building Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ... When stuff moves. ...


It is named after Petr Nikolaevich Lebedev. In Russian it is often referred to by the acronym FIAN (ФИАН): the FI stands for Fizicheskii Institut (Physical institute) and the AN stands for Akademiya Nauk (Academy of Sciences). Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev (Russian Пётр Николаевич Лебедев), February 24, 1866 - January 1, 1912 (new style). ...


In addition to very broad scientific developments, the institute is known for perfecting a technique of crystallizing cubic zirconia (which was called Fianit in Russia, named after FIAN). In recent years the institute has emerged as a leading center of research in physical economics. A round brilliant-cut cubic zirconia Cubic Zirconia (or CZ) is zirconium oxide (ZrO2), a mineral that is extremely rare in nature but is widely synthesized for use as a diamond simulant. ... Physical economics is a school of thought and area of research in economics that aims to study the economy along the lines of natural sciences (in particular, physics) with the use of mathematical modeling. ...


Directors of the Institute

  1. Sergey Vavilov (1934–1951)
  2. Dmitri Skobeltsyn (1951–1972)
  3. Nikolay Basov (1973–1988)
  4. Leonid Keldysh (1988–1994)
  5. Oleg Krokhin (1994–2004)
  6. Gennadii Mesyats (2004–)

Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov (March 12, 1891–January 25, 1951) was a Soviet physicist, the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences from July 1945 until his death, and the brother of Nikolai Vavilov. ... Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov (Russian:Николай Геннадиевич Басов) (December 14, 1922 – July 1, 2001) was a Soviet/Russian physicist and educator. ...

External link

FIAN web site (in Russian)


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