FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Leather subculture
The Leather Pride flag, which has become a symbol of the BDSM and fetish subculture.
The Leather Pride flag, which has become a symbol of the BDSM and fetish subculture.
Start of the Leather Contingent at the 2004 San Francisco Gay Pride Parade
Start of the Leather Contingent at the 2004 San Francisco Gay Pride Parade

The leather culture typically includes both a style of dress and an affiliation with BDSM (Bondage/Discipline, Dominance/Submission, Sado/Masochism, also called "SM") practice. Both the style of dress and the kinds of BDSM activities characteristic of a community may differ between gay, lesbian, and straight communities, and between "Old Guard" and newer generations of players. While most people who engage in the leather culture style of dress are also affiliated with BDSM practice, not all BDSM practitioners wear leather culture apparel. Image File history File links Leather,_Latex,_and_BDSM_pride. ... Image File history File links Leather,_Latex,_and_BDSM_pride. ... Leather Pride flag The Leather Pride Flag is a symbol for the BDSM subculture. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1195 KB)Start of the Leather Contingent at the 2004 San Francisco Gay Pride Parade. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1195 KB)Start of the Leather Contingent at the 2004 San Francisco Gay Pride Parade. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Gay pride or LGBT pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ... A collar is a common symbol in BDSM. Female bottom in bondage with leather monoglove BDSM is any of a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. ...

Contents

History

Gay male BDSM leather culture grew out of post-WWII biker culture. Some men returning from World War II with no desire to return to their hometowns received surplus motor cycles, leather jackets, and other military gear before setting out to re-establish their lives. For many gay men, the military had provided camaraderie and a closeness to other men that they sought to continue once they returned. The 1953 film The Wild One starring Marlon Brando wearing jeans and a T-shirt with a leather jacket and cap riding a motorcycle created an iconic image that was adopted by the first gay leather people. The masculinity associated with military uniforms, both Nazi and the Allied forces, also influenced the aesthetic. The first gay motorcycle clubs evolved from such groups of men that bonded together. The first gay leather bars were the club houses of these early biker clubs that opened later to the public. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A collar is a common symbol in BDSM. Female bottom in bondage with leather monoglove BDSM is any of a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Biker culture is culture related to motorcycles, originating in post-WWII era. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wild One is a 1953 outlaw biker film. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... National Socialism redirects here. ...


The early gay male leather subculture is epitomized by the Leatherman's Handbook by Larry Townsend, published in 1972, which essentially defined one specific order of the Old Guard leather culture. This code emphasized strict formality and fixed roles (i.e. no switching). There is another order of the Old Guard that emphasizes discipline, honor, brotherhood, and respect and promotes an even stricter lifestyle promoting education, knowledge, and privilege based on successive ranks or levels. Leather submissives start as novice trainees and systematically earn their leather while progressing through the levels of third class, second class, first class, and senior trainee. Once a submissive completes his training and earns the Senior title, he is ready to go into part time or full time service as a houseboy in an Old Guard Master's household. When gay leathermen cruised in the early 1970s, they began using the bandana code to indicate what kind of sex they were interested in having (some still use the code today). Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the field of sexuality, a switch is someone who can change from one sexual role to another. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The handkerchief code, also known as the hanky code, bandana code or flagging is a way of indicating, usually among gay male casual sex seekers or BDSM practitioners in leather subculture in the US, Canada & Europe, whether they are a top or bottom, and what kind of sex they are...


A source of graphical illustrations of leathermen can be found in the books and work of Tom of Finland, and the pornographic films of one of his models Peter Berlin, such as his 1973 classic Nights in Black Leather. Very few lesbian women or heterosexuals were visible during the early emergence of gay male leather subculture. Pat Califia was inspired by the gay male leather culture and is credited for defining the emergence of lesbian leather culture. In 1978, Califia co-founded one of the first lesbian S/M support groups, Samois, and is best known for prolific contributions to the body of lesbian BDSM erotica and sex-guides. A typical Tom of Finland hunk Tom of Finland (May 8, 1920 – November 7, 1991) (born Touko Laaksonen in Kaarina, Finland) was a fetish artist notable for his stylized homoerotic art and his influence on late twentieth century gay culture. ... Peter Berlin is a renowed photographer, artist, filmmaker, model, and gay sex symbol. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Patrick Califia (born 1954 near Corpus Christi, Texas) is a writer about womens sexuality and of erotic fiction. ... SAMOIS was a lesbian-feminist BDSM organization based in San Francisco and founded in 1978, taking its name from the estate of Anne-Marie, a lesbian dominatrix in Story of O who pierces and brands O. Samois-sur-Seine is a village found south of Paris, near Fontainebleau. ...


Leather culture is also inspired by the chains and leather or denim and leather look espoused by heavy metal bands. (Although it is arguably more likely that these groups were more influenced by the gay and straight biker clubs themselves.) The first practitioner of this look in a heavy metal context was Rob Halford, the lead singer of the influential NWOBHM band Judas Priest, who wore a leather suit on stage as early as 1978. Halford, a gay man, picked up the image from leather-culture bars on tour. The rest of the band quickly joined in, and so did subsequent metal bands. “Heavy metal” redirects here. ... Robert John Arthur Halford (born August 25, 1951) is an English singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist for the heavy metal band Judas Priest. ... The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (NWOBHM) emerged in the late 70s, in part a reaction to the contemporary decline of traditional heavy metal bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath, all three of which had been submerged by a mixture of personal problems, tiredness and... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ...


In 1970 the murder mystery novel “Cruising” by Jay Green was published it was followed in 1980 by the movie ”Cruising”. This the fictional account of a series of gruesome killings in 1970's New York. A serial killer brutally slays and dismembers several gay men in New York's leather district. A young police officer named Steve Burns is sent undercover onto the streets as decoy for the murderer. Working almost completely isolated from his department, he has to learn and practice the complex rules and signals of the Leather sub culture. Cruising tells the story of his adventures and misadventures as he searches for the killer. The movie stars Al Pacino as the cop, Paul Sorvino, and Karen Allen, Cruising is a novel written by New York Times reporter Gerald Walker and published in 1970. ... Cruising is the name of a film released in 1980, directed by William Friedkin and starring Al Pacino. ...


Rumor has it that William Friedkin's original cut ran 140 minutes. There is an increasing demand for a home video release of this version, if it exists. Apparently, Friedkin delivered this cut to the studio and this cut was condemned by the MPAA for ultra-provocative content. In an effort to make the scenes of gay "leather bars" as real as possible, actual gay bars were used in the film that existed in New York City at that time. These locations are still in the meat packing district of New York. Movie extras in full black leather and chaps, including other provocative sexual attire were actual gay patrons of the bar recruited for the scenes a few days before filming began. And, extras were instructed to act as they would normally act in gay bars but to tone down sexually-oriented activities because of the likelihood these acts would give the film an "X" rating. William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American movie and television director, producer and screenwriter best known for directing The Exorcist and The French Connection in the early 1970s. ...


New Guard leather culture appeared in the 1990s, as a reaction to the restrictions of Old Guard style. New Guard, or new leather, embraced switching and often combined spirituality with their play. An increasing number of pansexual clubs evolved as well. In north America, with the possible exception of Quebec, leather continues to be associated with men above the age of 40. In Europe younger men have combined the aesthetic and exploration of sexual power with the skin head movement and social-fraternal organizations like BLUF. In this younger community the model is less biker, and more about sensuality and power, a more blurred line exists, where leather fetish can be combined with latex fetish, skin head or athletic gear. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The adjective pansexual refers to equal acceptance of all of the major human sexual orientations and identities, including heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, as well as transgender, transsexual and intersex people. ... BLUF logo showing men wearing leather uniforms including breeches. ...


The leather community has been considered a subset of BDSM culture rather than a direct descendant of gay culture as a whole, despite the fact that in years past much of the organized SM community was in fact homosexual. Today, while some may still use the term strictly in the old fashioned sense (confusing it with old guard, the "leather community" or "leather culture" includes all BDSM practitioners, gay, lesbian, straight, bisexual, or pansexual whether high or low protocol). In Politics, Old Guard refers to the Old Right group of libertarian, free-market anti-interventionists. ... This list of BDSM terms defines terms commonly used in the BDSM community. ...


Controversy

There is small controversy among the BDSM community about the popularity of wearing leather. There are those who believe the wearing of leather and other popular BDSM apparel has come to represent something of a uniform for those practicing BDSM, discouraging personal creativity and variety in dress. Others note how expensive both leather clothing and leather BDSM equipment is. In the year 2005, a new pair of leather pants costs up to $400. The cost of participating in leather culture prevents many low-income people from participating in the ways that might be expected of BDSM practitioners, due to the popularity of leather apparel and equipment. Finally, there are those who are concerned for animal rights. Many animal rights activists within the BDSM community point to vinyl and latex as alternatives for the leather look.


Museums and exhibitions

The 10,000 square foot, two-storey Leather Archives and Museum, based in Chicago, has much information and details on the beginning of the BDSM community. A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot long. ... The Leather Archives and Museum, based in Chicago, has much information and details on the beginning of the Leather subculture and BDSM community. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... A collar is a common symbol in BDSM. Female bottom in bondage with leather monoglove BDSM is any of a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. ... A community is a social group of organisms sharing an environment, normally with shared interests. ...


In addition to activities in Chicago, the LA&M serves the leather world by preserving material from all leather communities, sending “traveling” exhibits around the country, and providing email and In 2005, Viola Johnson started traveling with her collection and telling stories from her 35 years of personal involvement in the leather subculture. (Vi Johnson does not represent the Leather Archives & Museum). Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... V.M. Johnson aka Viola Johnson is a leatherwoman, vampire and author who has been active in the leather BDSM scene since the early 1970s. ...


See also

A collar is a common symbol in BDSM. Female bottom in bondage with leather monoglove BDSM is any of a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. ... Daedalus Publishing is located in Los Angeles, California and is dedicated to the publication of books on the subject of leathersex and other alternative sexual practices, such as BDSM. It was originally started in San Francisco, California in 1992 by Race Bannon (who now runs the free Kink Aware Professionals... The Folsom Street Fair marks the end of Leather Pride Week in San Francisco, California Bondage demonstration at the 2003 Folsom Street Fair The annual Folsom Street Fair happens on the last Sunday in September and is now the final event in San Franciscos Leather Pride Week. ... International Mister Leather (IML) is an international conference and contest of leathermen and leatherwomen held annually since 1979 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Southeast Leatherfest (SELF) was started in 1995 by Jack Stice, International Master 1995. ... Leather fetishism is the name popularly used to describe a fetishistic attraction to people wearing leather, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Leather Pride flag The Leather Pride Flag is a symbol for the BDSM subculture. ...

Further Readings

  • Gayle Rubin: Leather Times, Samois 2004, 21:3-7. Online unter leatherarchives.org
  • Samois. What Color is Your Handkerchief: A Lesbian S/M Sexuality Reader. SAMOIS; Berkeley 1979.
  • Samois: Coming to Power. Writings and Graphics on Lesbian S/M. Alyson Publications, Boston, 3. Auflage Oktober 1987, ISBN 0932870287
  • Pat Califia: "A Personal View of the History of the Lesbian S/M Community and Movement in San Francisco". in: Coming to Power: Writings and Graphics on Lesbian S/M
  • Pat Califia (Hrsg.), Robin Sweeney (Hrsg.): The Second Coming: A Leatherdyke Reader. Alyson Pubns, 1996, ISBN 1555832814 (enthält u.a. eine Schilderung Gayle Rubins über die Geschichte der Outcasts.)
  • Pat Califia: Sapphistry: The book of lesbian sexuality, Naiad Press, 1988, ISBN 0-941483-24-X
  • Pat Califia: Speaking Sex to Power: The Politics of Queer Sex (Essays), Cleis Press, 2001, ISBN 1-57344-132-5
  • Gayle Rubin: Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality. In: Henry Abelove u.a. (Ed.): The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, New York (Routledge). 1993. (1st Ed. 1984.)
  • Gayle Rubin: Samois, in Marc Stein (Hrsg.), Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History in America, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003. PDF download
  • Gayle Rubin: The Valley of the Kings: Leathermen in San Francisco, 1960-1990., 1994, Dissertation Abstracts International, 56 (01A), 0249. (UMI No. 9513472).
  • Gayle Rubin: Sites, Settlements, and Urban Sex: Archaeology And The Study of Gay Leathermen in San Francisco 1955-1995, in Robert Schmidt and Barbara Voss (Ed.): Archaeologies of Sexuality, London, Routledge, 2000, ISBN 0415223652
  • Gayle Rubin: The Miracle Mile: South of Market and Gay Male Leather in San Francisco 1962- 1996, in James Brook, Chris Carlsson, and Nancy Peters (Hrsg.): Reclaiming San Francisco: History, Politics, Culture, San Francisco, City Lights Books, 1998, ISBN 0872863352
  • Gayle Rubin: From the Past: The Outcastsfrom the newsletter of the Leather Archives & Museum No. 4, April 1998

Patrick Califia (born 1954 near Corpus Christi, Texas) is a writer about womens sexuality and of erotic fiction. ... Gayle Rubin is best known as an activist and influential theorist of sex and gender politics. ...

External links

  • International Mr. Leather
  • Leather Archives & Museum
    • Leather History Timeline from LA&M
  • The Sydney Leather Pride Association (Australia)
  • Breeches and Leather Uniform Fanclub

  Results from FactBites:
 
Leather fetishism - Wipipedia (204 words)
Leather fetishism is the name popularly used to describe a fetishistic attraction to people wearing leather, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves.
Leather can also be polished to be shiny and can also be produced in bright colours, causing further visual stimuli to add to the physical sensations produced by the material.
The feel of tight leather garments may also be viewed as a kind of sexual bondage, and much SM equipment is made out of leather.
Leather subculture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1050 words)
The Leather Pride flag, which has become a symbol of the BDSM and fetish subculture.
Leather culture is also inspired by the chains and leather or denim and leather look espoused by heavy metal bands.
The leather community has been considered a subset of BDSM culture rather than a direct descendant of gay culture as a whole, despite the fact that in years past much of the organized SM community was in fact homosexual.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m