FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Least Developed Countries
Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations

Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. A country is classified as a Least Developed Country if it meets three criteria [1] based on: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x625, 28 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Least Developed Countries Everything But Arms ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x625, 28 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Least Developed Countries Everything But Arms ... The term 4th World was coined by Manuel Castells to refer to black holes of social exclusion. ... This article describes a type of political entity. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Socioeconomics is the study of the social and economic impacts of any product or service offering, market intervention or other activity on an economy as a whole and on the companies, organization and individuals who are its main economic actors. ... This article is about International Development. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ...

  • low-income (three-year average GNI per capita of less than US $750, which must exceed $900 to leave the list)
  • human resource weakness (based on indicators of nutrition, health, education and adult literacy) and
  • economic vulnerability (based on instability of agricultural production, instability of exports of goods and services, economic importance of non-traditional activities, merchandise export concentration, and handicap of economic smallness, and the percentage of population displaced by natural disasters)

Countries may "graduate" out of the LDC classification when indicators exceed these criteria. The United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States coordinates UN support and provides advocacy services for Least Developed Countries. Previously known as Gross National Product, Gross National Income comprises the total value of goods and services produced within a country (i. ... The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption. ... World literacy rates by country The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. ...


The classification currently applies to around 49 countries (as of June 14, 2007). In 2007 the United Nations graduated Cape Verde from the category of Least Developed Countries, only the second time this has happened to a country.[1] The first country to graduate from LDC status was Botswana in 1994.

Contents

Usage and abbreviations

Least developed countries can be distinguished from developing countries, "less developed countries", "lesser developed countries", or other terms for countries in the so-called "Third World". Although many contemporary scholars argue that "Third World" is outdated, irrelevant or inaccurate, others may use the term "Fourth World" in reference to least developed countries. It has been suggested that Underdevelopment be merged into this article or section. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


However, in order to avoid confusion between "least developed country" and "less developed country", which may both be abbreviated as LDC, and to avoid confusion with landlocked developing country, which can be abbreviated as LLDC, "developing country" is generally used in preference to "less developed country". Current LLDCs Africa (15 countries) Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Central African Republic Chad Ethiopia Lesotho Malawi Mali Niger Rwanda Swaziland Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Asia (12 countries) Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bhutan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Mongolia Nepal Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Europe (2 countries) Republic of Moldova Republic of...


Characteristics

Least developed countries generally suffer conditions of extreme poverty, ongoing and widespread conflict (including civil war or ethnic clashes), extensive political corruption, and lack political and social stability. The form of government in such countries is often authoritarian in nature, and may comprise a dictatorship, warlordism, or a kleptocracy. The majority of LDCs are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty is the most severe state of poverty, where people cannot meet basic needs for survival, such as food, water, clothing, shelter, sanitation, education and health care. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... An ethnic war is a war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism. ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. Blue colors indicate little corruption, red colors indicate much corruption In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A form of government is a term that refers to the set of political institutions by which a state is organized in order to exert its powers over a political community. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article applies to political and organizational ideologies. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ... A warlord is a person with power who has de facto military control of a subnational area due to armed forces loyal to the warlord and not to a central authority. ... Kleptocracy (sometimes Cleptocracy) (root: Klepto+cracy = rule by thieves) is a pejorative, informal term for a government that is primarily designed to sustain the personal wealth and political power of government officials and their cronies (collectively, kleptocrats). ... A political map showing national divisions in relation to deonte Shepard Club Of America Free burgers for new members the ecological break (Sub-Saharan Africa in green) A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to...


During the last United Nations review in 2003, the UN defined LDCs as countries meeting three criteria, one of which was a three-year average estimate of gross national income (GNI) per capita of less than US $750. Countries with populations over 75 million are excluded.[2]


Trade and LDCs

Issues surrounding global trade regulations and LDCs have gained a lot of media and policy attention thanks to the recently collapsed Doha Round of WTO negotiations being termed a development round. During the WTO's Hong Kong Ministerial, it was agreed that LDCs could see 100 percent duty-free, quota-free access to U.S. markets if the round were completed. But analysis of the deal by NGOs found that the text of the proposed LDC deal had substantial loopholes that might make the offer less than the full 100 percent access, and could even erase some current duty-free access of LDCs to rich country markets.[3][4], Dissatisfaction with these loopholes led some economists to call for a reworking of the Hong Kong deal.[5] The Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations aims to lower trade barriers around the world, permitting free trade between countries of varying prosperity. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...


Current LDCs

Africa (33 Countries)

A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_The_Gambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lesotho. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malawi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sierra_Leone. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uganda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ...

Eurasia (10 Countries)

Eurasia Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is an immense landmass covering about 54,000,000 km² (or about 10. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... Motto ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ Peace, Independence, Democracy, Unity and Prosperity Anthem Pheng Xat Lao Capital (and largest city) Vientiane Official languages Lao Government Socialist Republic  -  President Lt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... Motto Honra, Pátria e Povo(Portuguese) Honour, Homeland and People Anthem Pátria Capital (and largest city) Dili Official languages Portuguese, Tetum1 Government Republic  -  President Xanana Gusmão  -  Prime Minister José Ramos Horta Independence from Portugal2   -  Declared November 28, 1975   -  Recognized May 20, 2002  Area  -  Total 14,609 km... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ...

North America (1 Country)

North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ...

Oceania (5 Countries)

World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ...

Graduated LDC's

Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ...

See also

Sustainable development Portal

Image File history File links Sustainable_development. ... Countries in green are considered NICs. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ... It has been suggested that Underdevelopment be merged into this article or section. ... Development geography is the study of the Earths geography and its relationship with economic development. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Economic development is a sustainable increase in living standards that implies increased per capita income, better education and health as well as environmental protection. ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ... A map of countries often considered to have made up the Second World from the 1950s through the 1980s. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Fourth World may mean: Fourth World, a term most commonly used to collectively describe notably marginalised or oppressed groups, in particular indigenous peoples, living in Third or First World countries. ... The 38 states recognized as the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC). ...

Notes

  1. ^ "UN advocate salutes Cape Verde’s graduation from category of poorest States", UN News Centre, 14 June 2007.

External links

  • Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, United Nations
  • United Nations List of LDC's

  Results from FactBites:
 
Least Developed Countries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (448 words)
Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.
Least developed countries generally suffer conditions of extreme poverty, ongoing and widespread conflict (including civil war or ethnic clashes), extensive political corruption, and lack political and social stability.
The socioeconomic and political status of least developed countries is typically a result of the lasting legacies of colonialism.
Developing country - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1150 words)
The application of the term 'developing country' to all of the world's least developed countries could be considered inappropriate: a number of poor countries are not improving their economic situation (as the term implies), but have experienced prolonged periods of economic decline.
Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have a low standard of living.
That is, LLDCs are the poorest subset of LDCs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m