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Encyclopedia > Learjet
Learjet
Fate incorporated into Bombardier.
Successor Bombardier Aerospace
Founded 1960
Defunct 1986
Location Wichita, Kansas

Learjet is a manufacturer of business jets for civilian and military use. It was founded in the late 1950s by William Powell Lear Jr. as Swiss American Aviation Corporation. Learjet is now a subsidiary of Bombardier and marketed as the "Bombardier Learjet Family". Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the Bombardier group. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Kansas County Government  - Mayor Carl Brewer (D) Area  - City 359. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Business jet, private jet or, in slang, bizjet is a term describing a jet aircraft, usually of modest size, designed for transporting small groups of business people for commercial reasons at a time convenient to their business needs. ... William (Bill) Powell Lear (June 26, 1902 – May 14, 1978) was an American inventor and businessman. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

The starting point for what became the very symbol of the "biz jet" started life as an abortive attempt by a Swiss aircraft company to build a new ground-attack fighter aircraft, the FFA P-16. Development started in 1952 and prototypes were ordered the next year. The first prototype flew in 1955 and construction and testing continued until 1958 when an order for 100 was placed. This was reversed soon after due to a crash of the third prototype. Two additional prototypes were finished, the last in 1960, but the project was ended at this point. An A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fly in formation during an air show at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... The FFA P-16 was a prototype jet fighter designed in the 1950s to replace the piston-engined types then in service with the Swiss Air Force. ...


The basic structure of this aircraft was seen by Bill Lear and his team as a good starting point to the development of a business jet, which was originally intended to be called the SAAC-23. The wing with its distinctive tip fuel tanks and landing gear of the first Learjets were little changed from those used by the fighter prototypes. The tooling for building the aircraft was purchased and moved to Wichita, Kansas in 1962. On February 7, assembly of the first Learjet began. The next year, the company was renamed the Lear Jet Corporation. Nickname: Location in the state of Kansas County Government  - Mayor Carl Brewer (D) Area  - City 359. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ...


The original Learjet 23 was a six to eight seater and first flew on October 7, 1963, with the first production model being delivered in October 1964. Just over a month later, Lear Jet became a publicly-owned corporation. Several derived models followed, with the Model 24 first flying on February 24 1966 and the Model 25 first flying on August 12, 1966. On September 19 of the same year, the company was renamed Lear Jet Industries Inc. The Learjet 23 is an American six to eight seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1963: Events January January 7 - Aeroflot commences direct services between Moscow and Havana February February 14 - the Indian Air Force receives its first batch of Soviet fighters, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21s March March 18 - the Dassault Balzac makes its first transitions... The Learjet 24 is a six to eight seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1966: Events Puerto Rican International Airlines begin services. ... The Learjet 25 is a ten seat (two crew and eight passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 10,1967, all of Bill Lear's assets – he held approximately 60% of the company (US$27,000,000) – were acquired by the Gates Rubber Company of Denver, Colorado, United States. However, Lear remained on the board until April 2, 1969. Later, in 1969, the company was merged with Gates Aviation and the company name was changed to Gates Learjet Corporation. is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from Canadian Golden Centennaires aerobatic team is formed and performs all year to celebrate the Canadian centennial year. ... Charles Cassius Gates, Jr. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


In 1971, the first Model 25 powered by a Garrett TFE731-2 turbofan engine was flown. This aircraft later became the successful Learjet 35. That year, the company was awarded the President's "E" Award for promoting export sales. Honeywell TFE731-60 on a NASA test stand. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... The Presidents E Award is an award presented by the United States Department of Commerce to to persons, firms, and organizations engaged in the marketing of products who make significant contributions to the expansion of the export trade of the United States. It was established by Executive Order 10978...


In 1974, the worldwide Learjet fleet had exceeded the one million flight hours mark and in 1975 the company produced its 500th jet. In both instances they were the first manufacturer to do so. By late 1976, the company had increased the number of aircraft being produced each month to 10.


On April 19, 1979, the prototype for the Model 54/55/56 series had its first flight, and on July 7, 1983 a standard production Model 55 set six new time-to-climb records for its weight class. is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1979: // January 12 - Pilatus Aircraft acquires Britten-Norman February 26 - Production of the A-4 Skyhawk ends after 26 years, with the delivery of the 2,690th and final aircraft to the United States Marine Corps. ... The Learjet 55 Longhorn is a private jet manufactured by Gates Learjet. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1983: Events January January 31 - the Ayres Turbo Thrush NEEDS cropduster plane officially joins the United States war on drugs. February February 1 - Boeing announces it will stop producing Boeing 727 airliners. ...


In 1984, the Gates Learjet Corporation announced the start of their Aerospace Division, a high technology endeavor. However, by the end of the year the company had ceased production of its commercial jets in an effort to reduce inventories. This lasted until February 1986, when the company headquarters were transferred to Tucson, Arizona, United States, and production was restarted both in Wichita and Tucson. Nickname: The Old Pueblo Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Pima Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area    - City 505. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ...


On September 10, 1985, the Aerospace Division was awarded a contract to produce parts for the Space Shuttle's main engines. This article is about the space vehicle. ...


In 1987, the Gates Learjet Corporation was acquired by Integrated Acquisition and the next year the name was changed to Learjet Corporation. By January 1989 all production had been moved from the Tucson facility back to Wichita. The next year, 1990, Bombardier Aerospace purchased the Learjet Corporation. The aircraft were then marketed as the "Bombardier Learjet Family". Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the Bombardier group. ...


On October 10, 1990, the Learjet 60 mid-sized aircraft flew its first flight, followed on October 7, 1995 by the Learjet 45. is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1990: Events Pan American World Airways and Trans World Airlines, both in financial difficulty, transfer their coveted landing rights at London Heathrow Airport to American Airlines and United Airlines. ... The Learjet 60 is a private jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1995: Events A Concorde sets a new speed record for a round-the-world flight. ... The Learjet 45 aircraft is a mid-sized business jet produced by Bombardier Aerospace. ...


Aircraft

Learjet 45 of Gama Aviation

The ICAO designators as used in flight plans are for the various models are as follows. The ICAO listing of the company name is in parenthesis: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 588 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Learjet 45 of Gama Aviation (Registration G-GMAA) at Farnborough, England in July 2006 Photograph by Self I, the creator of this work... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 588 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Learjet 45 of Gama Aviation (Registration G-GMAA) at Farnborough, England in July 2006 Photograph by Self I, the creator of this work... Gama Aviation Ltd is an executive airline based in the United Kingdom. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... For the movie, see Flightplan. ...

The Learjet 23 is an American six to eight seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... The Learjet 24 is a six to eight seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... The Learjet 25 is a ten seat (two crew and eight passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... The Learjet 28 is an eight to ten seat (two crew and six to eight passengers), twin-engined, high speed business jet, intended to be the successor to the Learjet 25. ... The Learjet 28 is an eight to ten seat (two crew and six to eight passengers), twin-engined, high speed business jet, intended to be the successor to the Learjet 25. ... The Learjet 31 is an American ten seat (two crew and eight passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... The Learjet 40XR was unveiled last year as a higher-performance variant of Bombardier’s newest, smallest and least-expensive Learjet. ... The Learjet 45 aircraft is a mid-sized business jet produced by Bombardier Aerospace. ... The Learjet 55 Longhorn is a private jet manufactured by Gates Learjet. ... The Learjet 60 is a private jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace. ...

Incidents and accidents

On October 25, 1999, a Learjet 35 carrying Payne Stewart and several others passengers experienced a loss of cabin pressure for undetermined reasons, which incapacitated the flight crew. The jet continued to fly over several states on autopilot until all fuel was exhausted and the plane crashed near Aberdeen, South Dakota. (See 1999 South Dakota Learjet crash) is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... Payne Stewart on the cover of the 2001 paperback edition of the authorised biography by Tracey Stewart with Ken Abraham. ... Aberdeen, a city and the county seat of Brown County, South Dakota, USA, about 125 mi (200 km) N.E. of Pierre. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The 1999 South Dakota Learjet crash involved a chartered Learjet 35 flying between Orlando to Dallas, Texas. ...


On May 2, 2000, F1 race driver David Coulthard survived a Learjet 35 crash. His chartered aircraft was travelling from Farnborough Airfield to Côte d'Azur International Airport when it developed engine trouble, and crashed while making an emergency landing at Saint-Exupéry International Airport near Lyon, France. While Coulthard received only minor injuries, the front of the aircraft disintegrated upon impact, killing both pilots. May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... David Marshall Coulthard, often called DC, (born March 27, 1971 in Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire {Dumfries and Galloway since 1975}), is a Scottish Formula One racing driver. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... Farnborough Airport or TAG London Farnborough Airport (IATA: FAB, ICAO: EGLF) (previously called RAE Farnborough) is an airport situated in Farnborough, Hampshire in England. ... Côte dAzur International Airport (French: ) (IATA: NCE, ICAO: LFMN) is an airport in Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. ... Saint-Exupéry International Airport (French: ) (IATA: LYS, ICAO: LFLL), formerly known as Lyon Satolas Airport, is an airport located near Lyon, France. ... This article is about the French city. ...


On June 2, 2006 a Learjet 35 registered to Christian televangelist Pat Robertson crashed a half-mile short of the runway at Groton-New London Airport in Groton, Connecticut. Both pilots were killed, however the three passengers aboard escaped without injury. Robertson was not aboard the plane. is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transports (designated by the U.S. Air Force as C-21A). ... In the USA, a televangelist (television evangelist) is a religious minister (often a Christian priest or minister) who devotes a large portion of his (or her) ministry to TV broadcasts to a regular viewing and listening audience. ... Marion Gordon Pat Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is a televangelist from the United States. ... Groton-New London Airport (IATA Airport Code GNL) is a state-owned airport offering military and general service located in Groton, Connecticut. ... Waterfront of Groton, Connecticut looking upriver Groton is a town located on the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. ...


On November 4, 2007, a Learjet 35A crashed in São Paulo, Brazil, after a failed take off attempt. It destroyed a house in a residential area near the Campo de Marte Airport, killing the pilot, co-pilot and 6 people of the same family who were in the house.[1] is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the city. ... Campo de Marte Airport (see Campus Martius) was São Paulos first airport, opened in 1919. ...


See also

Short Brothers plc is a British aerospace company, abbreviated Shorts and is now based in Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK. Founded in 1908, Shorts was the first true aviation company in the world, and was a manufacturer of flying boats during the 1920s and 1930s and throughout the Second World War. ... Canadair Sabre (Golden Hawks aerobatic team) display at the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, Mount Hope, Ontario Canadair was a civil and military aircraft manufacturer in Canada. ... The de Havilland Canada company was an innovative aircraft manufacturer with facilities based in what is now the Downsview area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the Bombardier group. ...

References

  1. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/americas/11/04/brazil.crash.ap/
  • Learjet timeline from Wings over Kansas

External links

  • Bombardier Learjet website
  • Learjet website on Objectbook

  Results from FactBites:
 
AeroWorldNet(tm) - NBAA: Bombardier Learjet 40 Prototype, First Production Model Complete First Flights [September 10, ... (746 words)
Like the Bombardier Learjet 45 from which it is derived, the Bombardier Learjet 40's fuselage is built at Bombardier's Belfast facility in Northern Ireland.
Capable of operating at cruise speeds up to Mach 0.81 (534 mph; 859 km/hr), the Bombardier Learjet 40 has a maximum range of 1,803 nautical miles (3,339 km) with four passengers, two crew and IFR reserves and will be certified for operations at altitudes of up to 51,000 feet (15,545 m).
The Bombardier Learjet 40 provides a 17 feet, eight inches (5.39 m) long cabin, with a width of 5.12 ft (1.56 m) and a height of 4.92 ft (1.50 m).
Susan C. Anderson, Learjet 60, 45 & Challenger 604 Contract Pilot (Learjet 45) (84 words)
Susan C. Anderson, Learjet 60, 45 and Challenger 604 Contract Pilot (Learjet 45)
Advanced Cardiac Life Support andamp; AED Certified
Source: www.corporatepilot.com

Air Charter Charter Flight jet charter private jet charter air charter
Aircraft Experience: The Learjet 45 business jet incorporates advanced aircraft design and time-saving performance.
With the longest cabin in its class, generous stretching-out room and excellent
Source: www.hopajetworldwide.com

Scheme Designers - Custom designed aircraft paint schemes for all
Scheme Designers creates custom exterior aircraft paint schemes for all types of aircraft for Learjet 45.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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