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Encyclopedia > League of the South

The League of the South is a Southern nationalist organization whose ultimate goal is "a free and independent Southern republic."[1] The group defines the Southern United States as the states that made up the former Confederacy, plus Oklahoma, Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland.[2] While political independence ranks highly among the group's goals, it is also a religious and social movement, advocating a return to a more traditional, conservative Christian-oriented Southern culture. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The name Southern has applied to a number of things over the years, and may refer to: Southern Company, a US electricity corporation. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... The Christian Right, is a broad label applied to a number of political and religious movements with particularly conservative and right wing views. ...

Contents

History

Formed in 1994, the League of the South was originally known as the Southern League, a reference to both the Northern League, an Italian political party which advocates autonomy for Northern Italy, and the League of United Southerners, a group organized in 1858 to shape Southern public opinion. The name was changed in 1997 after it was discovered that the rights to the name were held by another, older Southern League, a minor league baseball organization based out of Atlanta.[3] The League was founded in 1994 by Dr. Michael Hill and a group of about forty others. Most of them were academics and intellectuals, including Clyde Wilson, Thomas Fleming, and "Celtic history" specialist Grady McWhiney (all three professors).[citation needed] The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy called Padania. It is a personality-driven party led by Umberto Bossi. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... The Southern League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the Southern United States. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Clyde N. Wilson is a professor of history at the University of South Carolina, a conservative political commentator, and an occasional contributor to the National Review. ... Thomas Fleming is an American writer, president of the Rockford Institute, and editor of Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture, a leading paleoconservative political commentary periodical. ... “Celts” redirects here. ... áGrady McWhiney (July 15, 1928 – April 18, 2006) was a historian of the American south and the Civil War. ...


Views

As noted, the League promotes the "independence of the Southern people" from the "American empire"[4] and this on a variety of levels: culturally, economically, socially, and politically. For other uses, see American Empire (disambiguation). ...


Culture

The League defines Southern culture "in opposition to the corrupt mainstream American culture."[4] It sees Southern culture as profoundly Christian, and pro-life.[5] Furthermore, the League believes that Southern culture places a greater emphasis on immediate relationships than on abstract ideas (the nation, the global community, etc.) and that Southern geography "defines character and worldview."[4] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This article is about the social movement. ...


Social

According to the League, Southern society differs greatly from what it sees as the Marxist and egalitarian society lacking "any grace or charm" that its "alien [American] occupier" seeks to "impress upon it."[4] Southern culture, for the League, is hierarchical, based on the Bible and decidedly anti-feminism.[6] While the League's Core Beliefs Statement does not mention gay rights, it notes that Southern culture "stigmatizes perversity".[4] It also values politeness — "Southern Hospitality". Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal or level) is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals from birth. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Antifeminism refers to disbelief regarding the economic, political, and or social equality of females as a sex. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... Politeness is best expressed as the practical application of good manners or etiquette. ...


Economics

The League of the South's economic views are best characterized as free market. It is opposed to fiat currency, personal income taxation, central banking, property taxes and most state regulation of business. The League supports sales taxes and user fees.[4] However, some League members, such as John Cobin, support the use of voluntary taxes like user fees and lotteries to finance government (see Cobin (2006), Christian Theology of Public Policy: Highlighting the American Experience, Alertness Books). A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... Look up fiat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ...


Politics

Seeking support in the American Declaration of Independence, the League believes the "Southern people" have the right to secede from the United States, and that they "must throw off the yoke of imperial [American] oppression".[4] The League promotes a Southern Confederation of sovereign, independent States that "work together... to conduct foreign affairs". It believes that the South's foreign policy should favor neutrality and trade with all states.[7] Furthermore, the League favors strictly limited immigration, opposes standing armies and any regulation whatsoever of firearms.[4] Though the ultimate goal of the League is to create an independent Southern nation, it sees this aim as the final step in an ongoing process: U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is a document in which the Thirteen Colonies declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Once we have planted the seeds of cultural, economic, and social renewal, then (and only then), should we begin to look to the South's political renewal. Political independence will come only when we have convinced the Southern people that they are indeed a nation in the historical, organic, and Biblical sense of the word, namely, that they are a distinct people with language, mores, and folkways that separate them from the rest of the world.[8]

The League's current official activities focus on recruiting and encouraging "cultural secession" and "withholding our support from all institutions and objects of popular culture that are antithetical to our beliefs and heritage."[9] In November 2006 its representatives attended the First North American Secessionist Convention which brought together secessionists from a broad political spectrum. In October 2007 it is hosting the Second North American Secessionist Convention in Chattanooga, Tennessee.[10]


Controversy

The League of the South promotes the Confederate flag and sees opposition to it as "cultural genocide". See Flags of the Confederate States of America
The League of the South promotes the Confederate flag and sees opposition to it as "cultural genocide".[11] See Flags of the Confederate States of America

The issue of race has become a source of controversy and dispute within the LoS, and in groups like Second Vermont Republic which has members loosely affiliated with it. LoS President Michael Hill has argued for the centrality of Christian white men in the movement: "But let us never deny (for the sake of pleasing the implacable Cultural Marxists) that we, the descendants of white, European Christians, are central to a movement to preserve and advance a particular civilization, cultural inheritance, and physical place."[12] Hill has also advocated the ideology of kinism, and would outlaw racial intermarriage and non-white immigration, expel all “aliens” (including Jews and Arabs), and limit the right to vote to landowning males over the age of twenty-one.[13] Image File history File links Confederate_National_Flag_since_Mar_4_1865. ... Image File history File links Confederate_National_Flag_since_Mar_4_1865. ... The following are the flags used by the short-lived Confederate States of America. ... The Confederate States of America used several flags during its existence from 1861 to 1865. ... Second Vermont Republic is a small secessionist movement within the U.S. state of Vermont to return the state to the independent status it enjoyed as the Vermont Republic from 1777-1791. ...


The League of the South Board of Directors in 2005 issued a "Statement on 'Racism'" stating in part: “We believe that Christianity and social order require that all people, regardless of race, must be equal before the law. We do not believe that the law should be used to persecute, oppress, or favour any race or class. We believe that the only harmony possible between the races, as between all natural differences among human beings, begins in submitting to Jesus Christ's commandment to 'love our neighbours as ourselves.' That is the world we envision and work for."


During the 2006 First North American Secessionist Convention when the issue of the League of the South and racism was raised, Don Kennedy, identified as ”a leader of the League of the South,” stated: "How can you believe in liberty and discriminate against your neighbor? Equality before the law is something we want, and we're on the record for that."[14]


Members

The League's Board of Directors is composed of Michael Hill, Jack Kershaw, Ray McBerry, Franklin Sanders, Rev. Eugene Cas, Mark Thomey, Mike Tuggle.[15] Other members include H. K. Edgerton, Charley Reese, Constitution Party presidential candidate Anthony Peroutka and Robert Stacey McCain.[citation needed] H. K. Edgerton, is an aging, black disabled veteran of the United States armed forces. ... Charley Reese (born January 29, 1937) is a syndicated columnist known for his plainspoken manner and paleoconservative views. ... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ...


Academics who are supporters include Don Livingston (Emory University), Clyde Wilson (South Carolina), and Marshall DeRose (Florida Atlantic University).[citation needed] Other academics include John Cobin, Thomas DiLorenzo, Steven Yates, Richard LeBouef, and Walter Williams, among many others.[citation needed]


Bibliography

  1. What Is the League of the South?, "Introductory Essays and Remarks: What Is the League of the South?" by Michael Hill.
  2. The League of the South FAQ
  3. Internal League Dissention "White Nationalism" from the Southern Poverty Law Center's "Intelligence Report", summer 2002, issue #106.
  4. Official website (To reach the Core Beliefs Statement, follow the links for "Daily Archives" to "February 2005" and "Announcements: Core Beliefs Statement.")
  5. Grand Strategy "The League's Grand Strategy."
  6. A League of Their Own "A League of Their Own" from the Southern Poverty Law Center's Intelligence Report, summer 2000, issue #99, 1.
  7. League of the South Statement on Racism by the League of the South Board of Directors, June 21, 2005.
  8. Board of Directors "Meet the Board of Directors of the League of the South."

See also

Often, the flags listed below have two meanings. ... The Military Order of the Stars and Bars is a patriotic fraternal organization for descendants of men who served as commissioned officers in the armed forces of the Confederate States of America. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... “Separatists” redirects here. ... Sons of Confederate Veterans logo Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) is an organization of male descendants of soldiers who served the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ... Southern literature (sometimes called the literature of the American South) is defined as American literature about the Southern United States or by writers from this region. ... The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) is an American non-profit legal organization, whose stated purpose is to combat racism and promote civil rights through research, education and litigation. ...

External links

Official websites

Scholarly and special interest

  • [http://www.lsinstitute.org For scholarly papers articles and programs.
  • Confederate Reconstructionist Movements
  • Christianity and Confederate Nationalism, "The US Civil War as a Theological War: Confederate Christian Nationalism and the League of the South", by Edward H. Sebesta and Euan Hague. Published in the Canadian Review of American Studies, 2002.

Edward Henri Sebesta is an anti-neo-Confederate activist and researcher from Dallas, Texas. ...

References

  1. ^ League of the South website
  2. ^ "The US Civil War as a Theological War: Confederate Christian Nationalism and the League of the South"
  3. ^ League of the South homepage
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h League Core Beliefs Statement
  5. ^ "Southerners have respect for human life, in all its stages, as a gift from God." This language is often used by groups opposed to legal abortion and euthanasia.
  6. ^ ibid – "Husbands are the heads of their families", "Perpetuates the chivalric ideal of manhood"
  7. ^ ibid – "commerce and friendship with all, entangling alliances with none"
  8. ^ The Grand Strtegy
  9. ^ League of the South FAQ
  10. ^ Gary Shapiro, “Modern-Day Secessionists Will Hold a Conference on Leaving the Union,” The New York Sun, September 27, 2006, 6; Kirkpatrick Sale, The First North American Secessionist Convention, Breaking Away, CounterPunch.org, October 5, 2006; Paul Nussbaum, “Coming together to ponder pulling apart, Latter-day secessionists of all stripes convene in Vermont, Philadelphia Inquirer, November 6, 2006.
  11. ^ http://leagueofthesouth.net/static/homepage/intro_articles/csa-flags.html League webpage on Confederate flags
  12. ^ J. Michael Hill, “Southern Unity,” http://www.dixienet.org/dn-gazette/southern-unity.htm (March 2005)
  13. ^ J. Michael Hill, “Our Survival as a People.” CD recording of speech given 25 September 2004 at the Virginia League of the South state meeting.
  14. ^ Paul Nussbaum Philadelphia Inquirer' article November 6, 2006.
  15. ^ The League's website

  Results from FactBites:
 
League of the South - definition of League of the South in Encyclopedia (430 words)
The League of the South is a nationalist, secessionist, movement in the Southern United States.
It sees the South as a separate culture from the larger sum of American culture, which it derides as decadent, and appeals to the South's heritage of conservative Christianity.
Charges of historical revisionism stem from statements by League members that seemed to justify slavery as having been beneficial for the enslaved as well as the slaveowners.
American Association of Independent Professional Baseball (960 words)
Wolff served as the commissioner of the Northeast League from 2003-2004 and the Central League from 2002-2005.
Moushon began his professional baseball career for a South Atlantic League franchise in Charleston, S.C., in 1988, moved to the Springfield (Ill.) Cardinals of the Midwest League in 1989 and got his first general manager post with the Watertown (N.Y.) Indians of the New York-Penn League in 1992.
From 1998-2002 he was president of the Northern League and was also president of the Northeast League in 2003-2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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