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Encyclopedia > League Tables of British Universities

League Tables of British Universities, which rank the performances of universities in the United Kingdom on a number of criteria, have been published every year by The Times newspaper since the early 1990s. The factors used to assess universities include quality of teaching and research (which are assessed by external inspectors), entry standards and dropout rates. These league tables have become increasingly popular over the last few years and other papers such as The Guardian now publish their own tables annually. These tables are often used by students when deciding to which universities to apply. Some league tables are more specific, ranking universities on their strength in individual subjects, and not just overall teaching and research across a range of subjects. The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


Although the various tables differ slightly in how they assess universities, the same names tend to dominate the top positions. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge have typically headed the lists. Cambridge has generally fared better, claiming first place in most of the newspapers' tables, with Oxford normally in second position. Oxford has recently been top of some lists though. However, The Sunday Times, which compiles its own tables using slightly modified criteria has placed Cambridge top for nine years running up to 2006. The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ...


Third place is consistently taken by either Imperial or the LSE. It is difficult to form a list of other high-achieving universities without irritating students at institutions that have been left off the list. However, a list of universities that have been in the overall Top 10 in all three big rankings (The Times, The Sunday Times and The Guardian) for the last two years includes: Imperial College London (also known as Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a British university institution and a constituent college of the University of London. ... Mascot Beaver Affiliations University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Golden Triangle Website http://www. ...

Contents

The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Imperial College London (also known as Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a British university institution and a constituent college of the University of London. ... The London School of Economics and Political Science, often called the London School of Economics or the LSE, is one of the worlds major specialist universities in economics and social sciences. ... Affiliations University of London Russell Group LERU EUA ACU Golden Triangle G5 Website http://www. ... The University of Warwick is a British campus university located on the outskirts of Coventry, West Midlands, England. ...

Sutton Trust

The Sutton Trust, an educational charity has produced a list of 13 universities identified as those with the highest average rankings in surveys published by The Times, Daily Telegraph, Sunday Times andFinancial Times in 2000.[1] The Sutton Trust believe that these top universities should do more to widen access and increases their state school intake. The Sutton Trust is an educational charity in the United Kingdom which aims to provide educational opportunities to academically able students from non-privileged backgrounds. ...

  • Birmingham
  • Bristol
  • Cambridge
  • Durham
  • Edinburgh
  • Imperial
  • London School of Economics
  • Nottingham
  • Oxford
  • St Andrews
  • University College London
  • Warwick
  • York
  • Southampton

[2]



On top of this, the THES - QS World University Rankings list of the 'World's top 200 Universities' in 2006, placed Glasgow, Manchester and King's College, London, among, and in some cases higher, than the names mentioned above[3][4]. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with The Times Higher Education Supplement. ... Master of Theology (MTh) Dentistry Nursing Affiliations Russell Group, Universitas 21 Website http://www. ... The University of Manchester is a university located in Manchester, England. ... Kings College can refer to: // University of Kings College in Halifax, Nova Scotia Kings University College (Edmonton) in Edmonton, Alberta Kings University College (University of Western Ontario), a campus of the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario Kings College London, the largest constituent college...


It should be noted that inclusion in the overall top ten does not indicate excellence in any particular field, and some universities with a very good reputation for specific subjects (especially vocational subjects) never enter the overall top ten.


Traditionally the post-1992 universities have done less well in these rankings. However, in recent years some of the new universities have steadily moved up the league tables and can now be found in the top half of all universities. For example, in The Guardian 2004 tables, Middlesex was ranked 19th overall, and Oxford Brookes was ranked 26th. The Open University is ranked fifth of all UK universities for teaching quality in the Sunday Times University Guide 2004; a ranking higher than those for Oxford and University College London. However the Open University is often excluded from league tables due to information about drop out rates and student progression not being available. In the UK, the Post-1992 universities or Modern Universities are the former polytechnics or colleges of higher education that were given the status of universities by John Majors government in 1992 or colleges that have been granted university status since then: Post-1992 or Modern Universities Abertay University... Middlesex University is a university in north London, England, located in the historic county boundaries of Middlesex (from which it takes its name). ... Oxford Brookes University is a public university in Oxford, England. ... Affiliations Alliance of Non-Aligned Universities, Association of Commonwealth Universities, European Association of Distance Teaching Universities, Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Website http://www. ...


The Times' methodology (2007)

The Times’ University rankings take into account eight factors.[5] Student satisfaction and a universities research output were weighted by 1.5 and each factor score was multiplied by 10 in order to give each university a score out of 1000 for each university.

  • Student Satisfaction – Measured by the National Student Survey 2005, This is a measure of student’s opinions of their university and so does not necessarily measure the quality of an institution.
  • Research – Data was taken from the 2001 Research Assessment Exercise which measured British universities' research output.
  • Entry Standards- The universities average UCAS tariff score. Data was taken from the Higher Education Statistics Agency
  • The student-staff ratio- Data was taken from the Higher Education Statistics Agency
  • Library and Computing spending- Average expenditure per student Data was taken from the Higher Education Statistics Agency
  • Facilities spending- Average expenditure per student on sports, careers servics, health and councelling
  • Good Honours – The percentage of students graduating with a good degree.'Good' being defined as a first or 2.1
  • Graduate prospects – The percentage of UK graduates in graduate employment of further study
  • Completion – The percentage of students who manage to complte their degree

The National Student Survey is a survey, launched in 2005,[1] of all final year degree students at institutions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... The Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) is an exercise undertaken every 5 years on behalf of the four UK higher education funding councils (HEFCE, SHEFC, HEFCW, DELNI) to evaluate the quality of research undertaken by British higher education institutions. ... UCAS logo as of 2006 UCAS (Universities & Colleges Admissions Service, pronounced YOU-kass, IPA: ) is a clearing house for applications to almost all full-time undergraduate degree programmes at British universities and colleges. ... The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) was established in 1993 by the UK higher education institutions as the central source for the collection and publication of higher education statistics in the United Kingdom. ... The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) was established in 1993 by the UK higher education institutions as the central source for the collection and publication of higher education statistics in the United Kingdom. ...

The Guardian's methodology (2008)

The Guardian’s league tables use six different criteria. The Guardian does not provide the raw data for any of these criteria but instead assigns a mark out of 10. The weighting given to each criteria is given in brackets. The Guardian gives no weight to the research output of a university.[6] Á á É é Í í Ó ó Ú ú À à È è ÃŒ ì Ã’ ò Ù ù  â Ê ê ÃŽ î Ô ô Û û Ä ä Ë ë Ï ï Ö ö Ãœ ü ß Ã ã Ñ ñ Õ õ Ç ç Ä¢ Ä£ Ķ Ä· Ä» ļ Å… ņ Å– Å— Åž ÅŸ Å¢ Å£ Ć ć Ĺ ĺ Ń Å„ Å” Å• Åš Å› Ý ý Ź ź Đ Ä‘ Å® ů ÄŒ č ÄŽ ď Ľ ľ Ň ň Ř Å™ Å  Å¡ Ť Å¥ Ž ž Ǎ ÇŽ Äš Ä› Ǐ ǐ Ç‘ Ç’ Ç“ Ç” Ä€ ā Ä’ Ä“ Ī Ä« ÅŒ ō Ū Å« Ç– ǘ Çš Çœ Ĉ ĉ Äœ ĝ Ĥ Ä¥ Ä´ ĵ Åœ ŝ Å´ ŵ Ŷ Å· Ä‚ ă Äž ÄŸ Ŭ Å­ ÄŠ Ä‹ Ä– Ä— Ä  Ä¡ Ä° ı Å» ż Ä„ Ä… Ę Ä™ Ä® į Ų ų Ł Å‚ Ő Å‘ Å° ű Ä¿ Å€ Ħ ħ Ð ð Þ þ Å’ Å“ Æ æ Ø ø Ã… Ã¥ Ə É™ – — … [] [[]] {{}} ~ | ° → ± − × ¹ ² ³ ‘ “ ’ ” € ...

  • Teaching quality - as rated by graduates of the course (10%) – This data was taken from the National Student Survey.
  • Feedback - as rated by graduates of the course (5%)
  • Spending per student (17%)
  • Staff/student ratio (17%)
  • Job prospects (17%)
  • Value added - comparing students' degree results with their entry qualifications (17%)
  • Entry score (17%)

The National Student Survey is a survey, launched in 2005,[1] of all final year degree students at institutions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. ...

Good University Guide

The Good University Guide is another series of rankings. It is published on line only at www.thegooduniversityguide.org.uk and allows users to adjust the main ranking to meet their individual requirements. This is achieved by varying the weightings attached to the criteria used to create the main table. It also publishes the top ten universities in each of 61 subject areas, as well as a wealth of information on bursaries and scholarships, crime rates and so on. The Guide is produced by Mayfield University Consultants, who until this year compiled the rankings for The Times. It rated Cambridge above Oxford in its first tables, published on July 30, 2007. The Good University Guide is a guide to British Universities published annually. ...


International League tables

Shanghai Jiao Tong University has published league tables of universities on an international scale. Oxford, Cambridge, LSE, UCL, Edinburgh, Manchester, Sheffield, King's College London, Bristol, SOAS, Glasgow, Birmingam, Nottingham and Queen Mary all appear within the top 100.[7]. This league table is based only the university's research record with factors such as number of Nobel prize winners and highly cited authors. It was originally intended as a measure between Chinese and "world class" universities. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Daily Telegraph 'table of tables'

The Daily Telegraph created a 'table of tables' bringing together the results 6 different league tables.[8] The league tables it used were from The Daily Telegraph itself, The Financial Times, The Guardian, The Times, The Sunday Times and an employability score taken the opinions of more than 200 firms that regularly recruit graduates. However, even this, has its flaws. Some tables place York as high as second place, such as the Guardian, although employers rank it as low as twenty-ninth. Therefore, finding an aggregate to judge all tables by is difficult. [9]


Daily Mail sex-ratio tables

The Daily Mail has published statistical data on the ratio of female to male undergraduates.[10] The statistics show that the Royal Veterinary College has the highest ratio of females to males and Imperial College London has the highest ratio of males to females (64:36). The Daily Mail is a British newspaper and the oldest tabloid, first published in 1896. ...


Criticism

University league tables have been subject to varying degrees of criticism. There has been criticism of attempts to combine different rankings on for example research quality, quality of teaching, drop out rates and student satisfaction. Sir Alan Wilson, Vice Chancellor of Leeds University argues that the final average has little significance and is like trying to ‘combine apples and oranges.’[11] Other criticisms he made included the varying weights given to different factors, the need for universities to 'chase' the rankings, the often fluctuating nature of a universities ranking, and the catch-22 that the governments desire to increase access can have negative effects of league table ranking.[12] University Tower, University of Leeds The University of Leeds (United Kingdom) is amongst the largest of British universities and the most popular by applicants, with 52,444 applicants in 2003 for 7,228 places (UCAS). ...


The Guardian suggests that league tables may affect the nature of undergraduate admissions in an attempt to improve a universities league table postiion.[13] The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


Roger Brown, Vice Chancellor of Southampton Solent University argues the limitations of comparative data when comparing Universities.[14] Southampton Solent University (formerly: Southampton Dimstitute of Higher Education) is a university of 17,000 students based in Southampton, United Kingdom. ...


The Guardian league table has a peculiar feature of ranking quite highly courses given by departments that have recently closed down. For example mathematics at Bangor[15] which closed in 2006 was rated fifth in the UK in the "2008" league table, Hull also did reasonably well considering it too no longer had a mathematics department or degree. The Guardian later published a correction[16]. These errors inevitably lead to questions over the accuracy of the data used to compile such tables and the methodology[17]. The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


Use of data from the National Student Survey has been another area of controversy as the survey was been boycotted by some universities. The National Student Survey is a survey, launched in 2005,[1] of all final year degree students at institutions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. ...


Professor Geoffrey Alderman writing in the Guardian makes the point that by including the percentage of 'good honours' this can encourage grade inflation so that league table position can be maintained.[18] Grade inflation is an issue in U.S. education and in GCSEs in England and Wales. ...


See also

In higher education, college and university rankings are listings of universities and liberal arts colleges in an order determined by any combination of factors. ... The Good University Guide is a guide to British Universities published annually. ...

References

  1. ^ www.suttontrust.com/reports/entryToLeadingUnis.pdf
  2. ^ www.suttontrust.com/reports/entryToLeadingUnis.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.thes.co.uk/worldrankings/
  4. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/worlduniversityrankings/
  5. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/education/good_university_guide/article671847.ece
  6. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/universityguide2008/story/0,,2068805,00.html
  7. ^ http://www.paked.net/higher_education/rankings/times_rankings.htm
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/graphics/2003/06/27/unibigpic.jpg;jsessionid=TGNWKTF3UJNBNQFIQMGCFFOAVCBQUIV0
  9. ^ Nick Higgins and Cliff Pettifor From Learning to Earning 2004, Trotman 2003, ISBN 0856608491
  10. ^ http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=314026&in_page_id=1770
  11. ^ http://reporter.leeds.ac.uk/485/s7.htm
  12. ^ http://reporter.leeds.ac.uk/485/s7.htm
  13. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/news/story/0,,2061015,00.html
  14. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/comment/story/0,,2053187,00.html
  15. ^ http://www.informatics.bangor.ac.uk/public/mathematics/news/manews.html
  16. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/universityguide2008/story/0,,2093444,00.html (accessed 11/7/2007)
  17. ^ For example Vice-Chancellor of Middlesex University Michael Driscoll's comments on a discussion site [1] (accessed 11/7/2007)
  18. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/comment/story/0,,2063699,00.html

Middlesex University is a university in north London, England, located in the historic county boundaries of Middlesex (from which it takes its name). ... Professor Michael Driscoll is an economist, Chair of the Coalition of Modern Universities in the UK, member of the board of Universities UK, and Vice-Chancellor of Middlesex University in London. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reporter 485 | 28 October 2002 | University league tables (977 words)
While a university’s standards can be maintained from year to year, its place in the league tables can shift wildly.
Both insisted that league tables were likely to stay, and were intended as an aide to students and their parents.
What’s needed are league tables run on better-thought out criteria, ideally, using the methods of cost-benefit analysis to put a value on different elements of higher education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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