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Encyclopedia > Lead Belly
Huddie William "Lead Belly" Ledbetter

Born January 23, 1888(1888-01-23)
Mooringsport, Louisiana, U.S.A.
Died December 6, 1949 (aged 61)
New York City, New York, U.S.A.
Genre(s) Blues, Folk
Years active 1936 - 1949
Official site http://www.leadbelly.org/

Huddie William Ledbetter (January 23, 1888December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician, notable for his clear and forceful singing, his virtuosity on the twelve string guitar, and the rich songbook of folk standards he introduced. He is best known as Leadbelly or Lead Belly (see below). Image File history File links Leadbelly. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Mooringsport is a township located in Caddo Parish, Louisiana. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... NY redirects here. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... Folk can refer to a number of different things: It can be short for folk music, or, for folksong, or, for folklore; it may be a word for a specific people, tribe, or nation, especially one of the Germanic peoples; it might even be a calque on the related German... Wide move poster for Leadbelly. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... “Folk song” redirects here. ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... The twelve string guitar is an acoustic or electric guitar with twelve strings, which produces a richer, more ringing tone than a standard six string guitar. ...


Although he most commonly played the twelve string, he could also play the piano, mandolin, harmonica, violin, concertina, and accordion. In some of his recordings, such as in one of his versions of the folk ballad "John Hardy", he performs on the accordion instead of the guitar. In other recordings he just sings while clapping his hands or stomping his foot. A short grand piano, with the top up. ... A mandolin is a small, stringed musical instrument which is plucked, strummed or a combination of both. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ... English concertina made by Wheatstone around 1920 A concertina, like the various accordions, is a member of the free-reed family of instruments. ... This article is about the instrument as a whole. ... John Hardy is the name of a traditional American folk song performed by Lead Belly, the Carter Family, Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Jerry Reed, Tony Rice and others. ...


The topics of Lead Belly's music covered a wide range of subjects, including gospel songs, blues songs about women, liquor, racism, folk songs about cowboys, prison, work, sailors, cattle herding, dancing, and songs concerning the newsmakers of the day, such as President Franklin Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, the Scottsboro Boys, and multi-millionaire Howard Hughes. FDR redirects here. ... Hitler redirects here. ... The case of the Scottsboro Boys arose in Scottsboro, Alabama during the 1930s, when nine black youths, ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen, were accused of raping two white women, one of whom would later recant. ... For the Welsh murderer, see Howard Hughes (murderer). ...

Contents

Biography

Lead Belly's Birthday

Lead Belly playing his twelve string guitar.
Lead Belly playing his twelve string guitar.

Lead Belly was born January 23, 1888, although his gravestone gives his year of birth as 1889. Lead Belly's date of birth was once a matter of debate. The earliest year had been given at 1885, although other sources stated either 1888 or 1889. This debate no longer exists. According to the 1900 census, Hudy (the spelling given in the census) is one of two listed children (the other is his step-sister, Australia Carr), of Wes and Sallie (Brown) Ledbetter of Justice Precinct 2, Harrison County, Texas. Wesley and Sallie were legally wed on February 26, 1888, shortly after Lead Belly's birth, even though they had lived together as husband and wife for years. The 1900 census, differing from the usual census in that it lists the month and year of birth, rather than just the age, states the birth year of 'Hudy' Ledbetter to be 1888 and the month listed as January; Huddie's age is listed as twelve. The census of 1910 and the census of 1930 (Huddie was an inmate at the time of this census) confirm 1888 as the year of birth. It is also debated on what day he was born. The most common date given is January 20, but other sources suggest he was born on January 21 or 29. None of these 'sources', in turn, document their sources. The only document we have that Huddie Ledbetter, himself, helped fill out is his World War II draft registration from 1942. He gives his birthdate as January 23, 1889. It is a common occurrence for people to grow up not knowing or remembering their birth-year; it is also common to miscalculate one's birthyear. Time in prison and periods of time on the road without celebrations would have likely been additional cause for confusion for Lead Belly in remembering his age. People seldom forget their birthday, however. There does not appear to have been any reason for Lead Belly to have written January 23 on such an important document if he did not believe it to be accurate. Thus, according to the best genealogical evidence, he was born January 23, 1888. Image File history File links Leadbelly_sitting. ... Image File history File links Leadbelly_sitting. ... The twelve string guitar is an acoustic or electric guitar with twelve strings, which produces a richer, more ringing tone than a standard six string guitar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Early Life

Lead Belly was born to Wesley and Sallie Ledbetter as Huddie William Ledbetter in a plantation near Mooringsport, Louisiana, but the family moved to Leigh, Texas, when he was five. By 1903, Lead Belly was already a 'musicianer', a singer and guitarist of some note. He performed for nearby Shreveport, Louisiana audiences in St. Paul's Bottom, a notorious redlight district in the city. Lead Belly began to develop his own style of music after exposure to a variety of musical influences on Shreveport's Fannin Street, a row of saloons, brothels, and dance halls in the Bottom. // This article is about crop plantations. ... Mooringsport is a township located in Caddo Parish, Louisiana. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Shreveport, Louisiana is the third largest metropolitan city in the state of Louisiana, USA. It is located in Caddo Parish, and as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 200,145. ...


At the time of the 1910 census, Lead Belly, still officially listed as 'Hudy', was living next door to his parents with his first wife, Aletha "Lethe" Henderson, who at the time of the census was seventeen years old, and was, therefore, fifteen at the time of their marriage in 1908. It was also there that he received his first instrument, an accordion, from his uncle, and by his early 20s, after fathering at least two children, he left home to find his living as a guitarist (and occasionally, as a laborer). Lead Belly would later claim that as a youth he would "make it" with 8 to 10 women a night. This article is about the instrument as a whole. ...


Prison years

Lead Belly's boastful spirit and penchant for the occasional skirmish sometimes led him into trouble with the law, and in January 1918 he was thrown into a Dallas, Texas prison for the second time, this time after killing one of his relatives, Will Stafford, in a fight. It is said that he was released two years into his 35 year sentence after writing a song appealing to Governor Pat Morris Neff for his freedom. Lead Belly had swayed Governor Neff by appealing to his strong religious values. That, in combination with good behavior (including entertaining by playing for the guards and fellow prisoners), was Ledbetter's ticket out of jail. Nickname: Motto: Live Large. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Patrick Morris Neff (1871–1952) was governor of Texas from 1921 to 1925. ...


In 1930, Lead Belly was back in prison, this time in Louisiana for attempted homicide. It was there, three years later, that he was "discovered" by musicologists John and Alan Lomax, who were enchanted by his talent, passion and singularity as a performer, and recorded hundreds of his songs on portable recording equipment for the Library of Congress. The following year Lead Belly was once again pardoned, this time after a petition for his early release was taken to Louisiana Governor O.K. Allen by the Lomaxes. The petition was on the other side of a recording of one of his most popular songs, "Goodnight Irene". But records show he was released due to good behavior, and mention nothing of the song. Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ... Musicology is reasoned discourse concerning music (Greek: μουσικη = music and λογος = word or reason). In other words: the whole body of systematized knowledge about music which results from the application of a scientific method of investigation or research, or of philosophical speculation and rational systematization to the facts, the processes and the... John Avery Lomax (September 23, 1867 - January 26, 1948) was a pioneering musicologist and folklorist. ... Lomax playing guitar on stage at the Mountain Music Festival, Asheville, North Carolina, sometime between 1939 and 1950. ... The Library of Congress is the de facto national library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress. ... Gov. ... Goodnight Irene, or Irene, is an American folk standard. ...


Ledbetter first acquired his famous nickname while he was in prison; his fellow inmates dubbed him "Lead Belly" as a play on his last name and a testament to his physical toughness. For instance, when one of the inmates tried to stab him in the neck (which left him with a scar), during his second prison term, he took the knife away and in turn almost killed his attacker with it. He then used the nickname as a pseudonym when he was recording, and the name stuck ever since.


Life after prison

Huddie Ledbetter (Leadbelly) and Martha Promise Ledbetter, Wilton, Conn.
Huddie Ledbetter (Leadbelly) and Martha Promise Ledbetter, Wilton, Conn.

Indebted to the Lomaxes, Lead Belly allowed Alan to take him under his wing, and in late 1934 migrated to New York City with him, where he attained fame, though not fortune. In 1935 he married Martha Promise and began recording with the American Record Corporation (ARC), but achieved little commercial success with these records. Part of the reason for the poor record sales may have been because ARC insisted he record blues songs rather than the folk for which he was better known, in any case, Lead Belly continued to struggle financially. In 1939 he was back in jail for assault. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The American Record Company, often known as ARC Records or simply ARC, was a United States based record company. ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ...


Upon his release in 1940, Lead Belly returned to a surging New York folk scene, and befriended the likes of Woody Guthrie and a young Pete Seeger. During the first half of the decade he recorded for RCA, the Library of Congress, and for Moe Asch (future founder of Folkways Records), and in 1944 headed to California, where he recorded strong sessions for Capitol Records. In 1949 he began his first European tour, but fell ill before its completion, and was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease. Lead Belly died later that year in New York City, and was buried in the Shiloh Baptist Church cemetery in Mooringsport, 8 miles west of Blanchard, Louisiana, in Caddo Parish. Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American folk musician. ... Peter Seeger (born May 3, 1919), almost universally known as Pete Seeger, is a folk singer, political activist, and author. ... RCA, formerly an initialism for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by RCA Trademark Management S.A. [1], owned by Thomson SA. The trademark is used by two companies for products descended from that common ancestor: Thomson SA, which manufactures consumer electronics like RCA-branded televisions... Moses (Moe) Asch was the founder of Folkways Records and a key figure in bringing folk music into the American mainstream. ... Folkways Records is a record label founded by Moses Asch. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, sometimes called Lou Gehrigs disease, Maladie de Charcot or motor neurone disease) is a progressive, fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by the degeneration of motor neurons. ... Henry Louis (Lou) Gehrig (June 19, 1903 – June 2, 1941), born Ludwig Heinrich Gehrig, was an American baseball player in the first half of the twentieth century. ... Blanchard is a town located in Caddo Parish, Louisiana. ... Caddo Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...

Lead Belly playing an accordion.
Lead Belly playing an accordion.

Image File history File links Leadbelly_with_Accordeon. ... Image File history File links Leadbelly_with_Accordeon. ... This article is about the instrument as a whole. ...

Musical legacy

Lead Belly's vast songbook, much of which he adapted from previous sources, has provided material for numerous folk, country, pop and rock acts since his time, including:

ABBA was a Swedish pop music group active from 1972 until 1982. ... The Weavers were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. ... The US edition of The Animals self-titled debut album. ... The House of the Rising Sun is a folk song from the United States. ... Ram Jam is the name of a 1970s rock band. ... Black Betty is a 20th century African-American work song often credited to Huddie Lead Belly Ledbetter as the author, though the earliest recordings are not by him. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Midnight Special is a traditional folk song. ... Cotton Fields is a song written by Huddie Ledbetter, more commonly known as Leadbelly. It has been covered by Harry Belafonte (1958), The Highwaymen (1961), Johnny Cash (1962), Buck Owens (1963), Unit 4+2 (1965), The Robert De Cormier Singers (1966), The Beach Boys (1969), Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969), The... Nirvana was an American rock band that formed in Aberdeen, Washington. ... Where Did You Sleep Last Night, also known as In The Pines and Black Girl, is a traditional American folk song which dates back to at least the 1870s, and is believed to be Southern Appalachian in origin. ... MTV Unplugged is a series showcasing popular musical artists playing acoustic instruments. ... With the Lights Out is a box set, containing 3 CDs and 1 DVD, from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Mark Lanegan (born November 25, 1964 in Ellensburg, Washington) is a singer and songwriter. ... Where Did You Sleep Last Night, also known as In The Pines and Black Girl, is a traditional American folk song which dates back to at least the 1870s, and is believed to be Southern Appalachian in origin. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... Davey Graham (originally Davy Graham, b. ... “Rolling Stones” redirects here. ... The Bourgeois Blues is a blues song by Huddie Ledbetter, better known as Lead Belly. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a singer-songwriter from Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Lonnie Donegan Lonnie Donegan MBE (29 April 1931 – 3 November 2002) was a skiffle musician, possibly the most famous of them all, with more than 20 UK Top 30 hits to his name. ... Astral Weeks is the title of a folk-rock and R & B album by (Northern Irish) musician Van Morrison released in November 1968 on the Warner Brothers Records label. ... It has been suggested that Otis Ferry be merged into this article or section. ... Ryland Ry Peter Cooder (born 15 March 1947, in Los Angeles, California) is an American guitarist, singer and composer, known for his slide guitar work, his interest in the American roots music and, more recently, for his collaborations with traditional musicians from many countries. ... Lonnie Donegan Lonnie Donegan MBE (29 April 1931 – 3 November 2002) was a skiffle musician, possibly the most famous of them all, with more than 20 UK Top 30 hits to his name. ... The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco, California. ... Johnny Cash (born J. R. Cash, February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American, multi Grammy Award-winning influential American country and rock and roll singer and songwriter. ... Gene Autry. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Led Zeppelin were an English rock band who formed in 1968. ... Billy Childish (real name Steven John Hamper) or William Charlie Hamper (born December 1, 1959) is an English artist, author, poet, photographer, film maker, singer and guitarist. ... Mungo Jerry is the name of a pop group whose greatest success was in the early 1970s, though they have continued throughout the years with an ever-changing line-up, always fronted by Ray Dorset. ... There are several people named Paul King. ... Michelle Shocked (born Karen Michelle Johnston, 24 February 1962, in Dallas, Texas) is a U.S. singer-songwriter whose music and performances are influenced by her Texas roots, her political activism, and a self-assured style that her first major label producer likened to troubadours such as Joni Mitchell, Spider... Thomas Alan Waits (born December 7, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, composer, and actor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Roderick David Stewart, CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a Scottish / English singer born and raised in London. ... Ernest Dale Tubb (February 9, 1914 - September 6, 1984), nicknamed the Texas Troubadour, was an American singer and songwriter and one of the pioneers of country music. ... Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds. ... The White Stripes are a Grammy Award-winning American rock music duo from Detroit, Michigan consisting of Jack White (principal songwriter, vocals, guitar, piano) and Meg White (drums, percussion, vocals). ... The Fall are an English post-punk band, formed in Manchester in 1976. ... This page is about the Rock band. ... Smog, at one point briefly renamed (Smog), is the musical alias of Bill Callahan, born in Silver Spring, Maryland. ... The Armenian name Raffi can refer to: Raffi (musician) (born 1948), childrens musician and entertainer Raffi (poet), the pen name for Hakob Melik-Hakobian (1835–1885), Armenian author and poet Raffi Armenian (born 1942), Canadian conductor, pianist, composer, and teacher Raffi Lavie (born 1937), Israeli artist Raffi Torres (born... Peter Seeger (born May 3, 1919), almost universally known as Pete Seeger, is a folk singer, political activist, and author. ... Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, musician, and poet who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a singer-songwriter from Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Pearl Jam is an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1990. ... , self-titled album Old Crow Medicine Show is a folk/country group from Nashville, Tennessee. ... The Dead Milkmen was a satirical punk rock/pop band that formed in 1983 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Image cover of Nóttin Langa Bubbi Morthens (born 6 June 1956 in Reykjavik) is one of the most popular singers and songwriters in Iceland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nigel Blackwell, singer, guitarist and songwriter Half Man Half Biscuit, often abbreviated to HMHB, are a UK rock band from Birkenhead, active sporadically since the mid-1980s, known for their satirical, sardonic and sometimes surreal songs. ... Led Zeppelin were an English rock band who formed in 1968. ... Led Zeppelin III, the third album by English rock band Led Zeppelin, was released October 5, 1970 by Atlantic Records. ... Weddings Parties Anything is an Australian rock/folk band formed by Mick Thomas in 1985 and continuing until 1998. ... Rory Gallagher (2 March 1948 – 14 June 1995) was an Irish blues/rock guitarist, born in Ballyshannon, County Donegal, grew up in Cork City in the south of Ireland. ... Look up X, x in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... X on the cover of their 1997 collection Beyond and Back: The X Anthology, with Exene in the center foreground Exene Cervenka (born Christine Cervenka February 1, 1956) is an American musician and actress. ...

The meaning behind the exclamation "Haah!"

In some of the recordings where Lead Belly accompanied himself, he would make an unusual type of grunt between his verses. He would do this grunt, "Haah!", through many of his songs, such as, Looky Looky Yonder, Take this Hammer, Linin' Track and Julie Ann Johnson. It gave a somewhat catchy sound to the songs. In a video of Lead Belly singing Take this Hammer[1], he explains that, "Every time the men say 'haah', the hammer falls. The hammer rings, and we swing, and we sing", an apparent reference to prisoners' work songs . The grunt represents the tired deep breaths the men would take while working, singing and pausing in cadence with the work.


"Lead Belly" versus "Leadbelly"

Though many releases list him as "Leadbelly," the correct spelling is actually "Lead Belly." This is the way he wrote his nickname, and it is also the way that his nickname is listed on his tombstone [2][3], as well as the Lead Belly Foundation and various LP/CD releases (most notably his recordings for Folkways, for example Lead Belly's Last Sessions and Where Did You Sleep Last Night). Folkways Records is a record label founded by Moses Asch. ...


Songs

See: List of Lead Belly songs. The following is a list of songs by Huddie Ledbetter: Image:LeadBelly Shreveport. ...


Selected discography

The Library of Congress recordings

Lead Belly's complete Library of Congress recordings, done by John and Alan Lomax from 1934 to 1943, were released in a six volume series by Rounder Records in the early-to-mid 1990s: The Library of Congress is the de facto national library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress. ... John Avery Lomax (September 23, 1867 - January 26, 1948) was a pioneering musicologist and folklorist. ... Lomax playing guitar on stage at the Mountain Music Festival, Asheville, North Carolina, sometime between 1939 and 1950. ... Rounder Records, originally of Cambridge, Massachusetts but now based in Burlington, is an independent record label founded in 1970 by Ken Irwin, Bill Nowlin and Marian Leighton-Levy, while all three were still university students. ...

  • Midnight Special (1991, Rounder Records)
  • Gwine Dig a Hole to Put the Devil In (1991, Rounder Records)
  • Let It Shine on Me (1991, Rounder Records)
  • The Titanic (1994, Rounder Records)
  • Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen (1994, Rounder Records)
  • Go Down Old Hannah (1995, Rounder Records)

Rounder Records, originally of Cambridge, Massachusetts but now based in Burlington, is an independent record label founded in 1970 by Ken Irwin, Bill Nowlin and Marian Leighton-Levy, while all three were still university students. ...

Other compilations

Lead Belly during his last recording session in 1948.
  • Huddie Ledbetter's Best (1989, BGO Records) - contains Lead Belly's recordings made for Capitol Records in 1944 in California.
  • King of the 12-String Guitar (1991, Sony/ Legacy Records) - a collection of blues songs and prison ballads recorded in 1935 in New York City for the American Record Company, including previously unreleased alternate takes.
  • Lead Belly's Last Sessions (1994, Smithsonian Folkways) - a four disc box set containing Lead Belly's final sessions, recorded in late 1948 in New York City. These were his only commercial recordings done on magnetic tape.
  • Lead Belly Sings for Children (1999, Smithsonian Folkways) - includes the 1960 Folkways album Negro Folk Songs for Young People in its entirety, and five of the six tracks from the 1941 album Play Parties in Song and Dance as Sung by Lead Belly, recorded for Moe Asch, as well as other songs recorded for Asch from 1941 to 1948, and one previously unreleased track, a radio broadcast of "Take this Hammer."
  • Private Party November 21, 1948 (2000, Document Records) - contains Lead Belly's intimate performance at a private party in late 1948 in Minneapolis.
  • Take This Hammer (2003, Smithsonian Folkways) - collects all 26 songs Lead Belly recorded for RCA in 1940, half of which feature the Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet.

Image File history File links Leadbelly_with_his_Guitar. ... Image File history File links Leadbelly_with_his_Guitar. ... BGO is also the IATA code for Flesland Airport in Bergen, Norway BGO (Beat Goes On) is a record label specializing in classic rock, blues, jazz and folk music. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Sony Records is a record label courtesy of Columbia, Epic and American Recordings. ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The American Record Company was a United States record label, in business from about 1904 to 1908. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Folkways Records is a record label founded by Moses Asch. ... A box set (sometimes referred to as a boxed set) is one or more musical recordings, films, television programs, or other collection of related things that are contained in a box. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Compact audio cassette Magnetic tape is a non-volatile storage medium consisting of a magnetic coating on a thin plastic strip. ... Moses (Moe) Asch was the founder of Folkways Records and a key figure in bringing folk music into the American mainstream. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... RCA, formerly an initialism for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by RCA Trademark Management S.A. [1], owned by Thomson SA. The trademark is used by two companies for products descended from that common ancestor: Thomson SA, which manufactures consumer electronics like RCA-branded televisions... The Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet, also known as the Golden Gate Quartet, was formed in 1931 in Berkeley, Virginia . ...

Samples

The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • White, Gary; Stuart, David; Aviva, Elyn. "Music in Our World". 2001. ISBN 0-07-027212-3. (p. 196)

External links

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British blues - Chicago blues - Detroit blues - Kansas City blues - Louisiana blues - Memphis blues - Piedmont blues - St. Louis blues - Swamp blues - Texas blues - West Coast blues
Musicians

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... Blues can be categorized into a number of genres. ... A jug band is a band employing a jug player and a mix of traditional and home-made instruments. ... The Classic female blues spanned from 1920 to 1929 with its peak from 1923 to 1925. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Delta blues are named for the Mississippi Delta. ... The electric blues is a type of blues music distinguished by the amplification of the guitar, the bass guitar , and/or the harmonica. ... Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. ... Piano blues refers to a variety of blues styles, sharing only the characteristic that they use the piano as the primary musical instrument. ... Fife and Drum blues is a rural derivation of traditional country blues. ... Jazz blues is a musical style that combines jazz and blues. ... Blues Rock or Blues-rock is a fusion genre of music which combines elements of the blues with rock and roll. ... Soul blues is a style of blues music developed in the early late 1960s and 1970s and combining eliments of soul music and urban contemporary music. ... Punk blues is a Post-punk interpretation of Blues and Swamp rock. ... The British blues is a type of blues music that originated in the late 1950s. ... The Chicago blues is a form of blues music that developed in Chicago, Illinois by adding electrically amplified guitar, drums, piano, bass guitar and sometimes saxophone to the basic guitar/harmonica Delta blues. ... Detroit blues is blues music played by musicians resident in Detroit, Michigan, particularly that played in the 1940s and 50s. ... The Kansas City blues music is mostly famed for the Kansas Blues & Jazz festival and has its own society named the Kansas Blues Society. ... The Louisiana blues is a type of blues music that is characterized by plodding rhythms that make the sound dark and tense. ... The Memphis blues is a style of blues music that was created in 1920s and 1930s by Memphis-area musicians like Frank Stokes, Sleepy John Estes, Furry Lewis and Memphis Minnie. ... The Piedmont blues is a type of blues music characterized by a unique fingerpicking method on the guitar in which a regular, alternating-thumb bass pattern supports a melody using treble strings. ... The St. ... The swamp blues is a form of blues music that is highly evolved and specialized. ... Texas Blues is a subgenre of the blues. ... Little Willie Littlefield, a West Coast blues performer and pianist. ... Performers in the blues style range from primitive, one-chord Delta players to big bands to country music to rock and roll to classical music. ...


 
 

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