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Encyclopedia > Le Père Lachaise Cemetery

The Cimetière du Père Lachaise is the largest cemetery in Paris, and one of the most famous cemeteries in the world. Located in the 20th arrondissement, Pere-Lachaise Cemetery is reputed to be the most visited cemetery in the world, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors a year to the graves of the those who have enhanced French life over the past 200 years. It is also the location of five Great War memorials. Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place (usually an enclosed area of land) in which dead bodies are buried. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... This is a list of famous cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, world-wide. ...

Looking down the hill at the Père Lachaise cemetery

The name has its origins in Père François de la Chaise (1624 - 1709). He was the confessor of Louis XIV, and lived in the Jesuit house rebuilt in 1682 on the site of the chapel. The property, situated on the side of a hill from which the king, during the Fronde, watched skirmishing between the Condé and Turenne, was bought by the city in 1804 and laid out by Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, and later extended. Looking down the hill at tombstones at the Cimetière du Père Lachaise in Paris, France This photo was taken by Craig Patik in April of 2000. ... Looking down the hill at tombstones at the Cimetière du Père Lachaise in Paris, France This photo was taken by Craig Patik in April of 2000. ... Events The Netherlands establish a trading colony at Kaohsiung on Taiwan. ... Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... For the French feminist newspaper, see La Fronde The Fronde (1648–1653) was a civil war in France, followed by the Franco-Spanish War with Spain (1653–1659). ... Condé is the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Condé, in the Indre département Condé-sur-lEscaut, in the Nord département Condé-sur-Ifs, in the Calvados département Condé-sur-Marne, in the Ardennes département Condé-sur-Noireau, in the Calvados département Condé-sur... Henri de la Tour dAuvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, often referred to as Turenne (September 11, 1611 - July 27, 1675) was Marshal of France. ... Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart (February 15, 1739 – June 6, 1813) was a prominent French architect. ...


The cemetery was established by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804, whereas cemeteries had been banned inside Paris in 1786 after the shutting down of the Cimetière des Innocents, on the fringe of Les Halles food market, on the grounds that it presented a health hazard. Several new cemeteries replaced all the Parisian ones, outside the precincts of the capital, in the early 19th century, Cimetière de Montmartre in the north, Le Père Lachaise in the east and Cimetière du Montparnasse in the south. At the heart of the city, and today, sitting in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower, is Cimetière de Passy. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Les Halles is an area of Paris, France, located in the 1er arrondissement. ... Cimetière de Montmartre is a famous cemetery located at 37 Avenue Samson, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, France. ... The Cimetière du Montparnasse is a famous cemetery in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, France. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: la Tour Eiffel) is a metallic tower built on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, and is nowadays the most famous landmark and symbol of Paris. ... The Cimetière de Passy is a famous cemetery located in 2, rue du Commandant Schœlsing, in the quarter of Passy in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, France. ...


At the time the cemetery opened, it was seen as too far from the city and attracted very few interments. As such, the administrators devised a marketing strategy and with great fanfare, organized the transfer of the remains of La Fontaine and Molière, in 1804. Then, in another great spectacle in 1817, the purported remains of Pierre Abélard and Héloïse were also transferred to the cemetery with their monument's canopy made from fragments of the abbey of Nogent-sur-Seine. All this marketing strategy resulted in a great many people clamoring to be buried with such famous citizens. Records show that within a few years, the cemetery went from a few dozen permanent residents to more than 33,000. Nowadays there are over 300,000 bodies buried in the cemetery, and many more in the Columbarium and ones that have been cremated. Jean de La Fontaine (c. ... Molière, engraved frontispiece to his Works Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, better known as Molière (January 15, 1622 – February 17, 1673), was a French theatre writer, director and actor, one of the masters of comic satire. ... Pierre Abélard (in English, Peter Abelard) or Abailard ( 1079 – April 21, 1142) was a French scholastic philosopher. ... Heloise is a girls name, carried by at least two notable women: Heloise the student of Abelard, born 1101 Heloise the columnist, born 1951 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In the grounds there is also the Communards' Wall (French Mur des Fédérés) against which 147 communards, the leaders of the Paris Commune were shot on May 28, 1871 after the fall of the commune. Communards Wall at the Père Lachaise cemetery The Communards’ Wall (F.: Mur des Fédérés) at the Père Lachaise cemetery is where, on May 28, 1871, one-hundred forty-seven fédérés, combatants of the Paris Commune, were shot and thrown in an open trench at the foot of the wall. ... The term Paris Commune originally referred to the government of Paris during the French Revolution. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Bill Richardson wrote a book called Waiting for Gertrude which is set in the cemetery. The characters in the book are cats, reincarnated from those buried within. Bill Richardson is a Canadian radio broadcaster and author. ...


Many famous people are buried in the Pere Lachaise Cemetery. Some of them are:

The grave of
The grave of Hubertine Auclert
The grave of Frédéric Chopin
Enlarge
The grave of Jim Morrison
The grave of Édith Piaf
The grave of
The grave of Oscar Wilde

Main entrance: boulevard de Ménilmontant. Nearest Metro: Père Lachaise (lines 2 and 3) gravestone. ... gravestone. ... Hubertine Auclert, April 10, 1848 - died August 4, 1914, was a leading French feminist and a campaigner for womens suffrage. ... Guillaume Apollinaire (August 26, 1880 - November 9, 1918) was a poet, writer, and art critic. ... Hubertine Auclert, April 10, 1848 - died August 4, 1914, was a leading French feminist and a campaigner for womens suffrage. ... Jean-Pierre Aumont (January 5, 1911 - January 29, 2001) was a French actor. ... Avril by Toulouse-Lautrec Jane Avril, (1868-1943), was a French can-can dancer made famous through paintings by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. ... Honoré de Balzac Honoré de Balzac (pronounced ball-sack) ( May 20, 1799 – August 18, 1850), was a French novelist. ... Henri Barbusse (May 17, 1873 - August 30, 1935) was a French novelist and journalist. ... Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras (June 30, 1755 - 1829) was a French revolutionary and the main executive leader of the Directory regime of 1795 - 1799. ... Beaumarchais Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (January 24, 1732 - May 18, 1799) was, among other accomplishments, a writer and librettist. ... Gilbert Bécaud (October 24, 1927 _ December 18, 2001) was a French singer, composer and actor, known as Monsieur 100,000 Volts for his energetic performances. ... Vincenzo Bellini Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (November 3, 1801 – September 23, 1835) was an Italian opera composer. ... Judah P. Benjamin Judah Philip Benjamin (August 6, 1811 - May 6, 1884) was a British-American politician and lawyer, who served as a representative in the Louisiana State Legislature, as U.S. Senator for Louisiana, in three successive cabinet posts in the government of the Confederate States of America, and... Claude Bernard Claude Bernard (July 12, 1813 - February 10, 1878) was a French physiologist. ... Jacques-Henri Bernardin Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (1737-1814) was a French writer and botanist. ... Sarah Bernhardt (portrait by Nadar) Sarah Bernhardt (October 22, 1844 – March 26, 1923) was a French stage actress. ... Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875), was a French composer of the romantic era best known for his opera Carmen. ... Louis Auguste Blanqui (February 8, 1805 _ January 1, 1881) was a French political activist. ... Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart (February 15, 1739 – June 6, 1813) was a prominent French architect. ... Categories: Stub | 1863 births | 1944 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... Self portrait Gustave Caillebotte (August 19, 1848 - February 21, 1894), was a French painter and supporter of the Impressionist movement in art. ... The Greek soprano Maria Callas (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was the most famous opera singer of the postwar period. ... Jean-François Champollion For the Champollion comet rendezvous spacecraft, see Champollion (spacecraft). ... Frédéric-François Chopin ( March 1, 1810 – October 17, 1849) is widely seen as the greatest of Polish composers and among the very greatest of composers for the piano, the instrument for which he wrote almost exclusively. ... Warsaw ( Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (portrait by Nadar) Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (July 26, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape painter. ... Download high resolution version (500x679, 88 KB)The grave of Chopin in Père Lachaise Cemetery. ... Download high resolution version (500x679, 88 KB)The grave of Chopin in Père Lachaise Cemetery. ... Frédéric-François Chopin ( March 1, 1810 – October 17, 1849) is widely seen as the greatest of Polish composers and among the very greatest of composers for the piano, the instrument for which he wrote almost exclusively. ... Thomas Couture (December 21, 1815 - March 30, 1879) was an influential French history painter and teacher. ... French politician Édouard Daladier Édouard Daladier (June 18, 1884 - October 10, 1970) was a French politician, and Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War. ... Alexandre Darracq, born November 10, 1855 _ died 1931, was a French automobile manufacturer. ... Self portrait Jacques-Louis David (August 30, 1748 - December 29, 1825), most usually known as David (pronounced Dah-veed rather than Day-vid), was a French painter. ... Jean-Gaspard Deburau, born as Jan Kaspar Dvorak 31 July 1796, in Kolín, Bohemia (Czech Republic now), died 17 June 1846, Paris, France, was the French actor and mime who adapted the conventions of Italian commedia dellarte to Parisian tastes. ... Eugène Delacroix (portrait by Nadar) Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix ( April 26, 1798 - August 13, 1863) was an important painter from the French romantic period. ... Jacob Wrestling with the Angel (1855) Paul Gustave Doré (January 6, 1832 – January 23, 1883) was a French artist, engraver, and illustrator. ... Michel Drach (October 18, 1930 - February 15, 1990) was a French film director, writer, producer and actor. ... Marie Dubas, born September 3, 1894 – died February 21, 1972, was a music-hall singer and comedienne. ... Paul Dukas (October 1, 1865 – May 17, 1935) was a French composer of classical music. ... Isadora Duncan (May 26, 1878 - September 14, 1927) was an American dancer. ... Paul Éluard was the nom de plume of Eugène Grindel (December 14, 1895 - November 18, 1952), a French poet. ... George Enescu George Enescu (known in France as Georges Enesco) (August 19, 1881, Liveni – May 4, 1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violonist, pianist, conductor and teacher, preeminent musician of the 20th century, one of the greatest interprets of his time. ... Max Ernst (April 2, 1891 - April 1, 1976) was a German painter. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Falguières Victor of the Cockfight, book engraving c. ... Jean de La Fontaine (c. ... Loie Fuller (Marie Louise Fuller) (January 15, 1862 to January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. ... Antonio de La Gandara (December 16, 1861 - June 30, 1917) was a painter, pastellist and draughtsman. ... Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac (December 6, 1778–May 10, 1850) was a French chemist and physicist. ... Théodore Géricaults Insane Théodore Géricault (September 26, 1791 in Rouen, Normandy - January 26, 1824) was a famous French painter, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. ... Stephane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 - December 1, 1997) was a pioneer jazz violinist who founded the quintet of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with Django Reinhardt. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... Yvette Guilbert, born January 20, 1867 in Paris, France – died February 4, 1944 in Aix-en-Provence, was a music-hall singer and actress. ... Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann, M.D. (10th April 1755 - 2nd July 1843), born in Meissen, Saxony [now Germany]. He was best known as Samuel Hahnemann, a Saxon physician who, beginning with an article he published in a German medical journal in 1796, founded homoeopathic medicine. ... Jeanne Hébuterne (April 6, 1898 – January 26, 1920) was a French artist, best known as the frequent subject and common-law wife of the artist Amedeo Modigliani. ... Jim Morrison Père Lachaise grave File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jim Morrison Père Lachaise grave File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jim Morrison (December 8, 1943 - July 3, 1971) was a singer, songwriter and poet. ... Sadegh Hedayat (In Persian: صادق هدایت) (February 17, 1903 - April 9, 1951) is Irans foremost writer of prose fiction and short-story. ... Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (August 29, 1780 - January 14, 1867) was a French painter. ... Jean-Baptiste Isabey (April 11, 1767 - 1853), French painter, was born at Nancy. ... Allan Kardec was a pseudonym of Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail (October 3, 1804 - March 31, 1869), founder of a doctrine/religion known as Spiritism. ... Rodolphe Kreutzer (November 16, 1766 - January 6, 1831) was a French violinist, teacher, composer and conductor. ... Illuminated automobile hood ornament in the form of a rooster by René Jules Lalique René Jules Lalique was born in Ay, Marne, France on April 6, 1860, and died May 5, 1945. ... Jean-François Lyotard ( August 10, 1924- April 21, 1998) was a French philosopher and literary theorist. ... Nestor Makhno in 1909 Nestor Ivanovich Makhno (October 27, 1889–July 25, 1934) was an anarchist Ukrainian revolutionary who refused to align with the Bolsheviks after the October Revolution. ... Advertising bill for the wine Mariani, lithograph of Jules Cheret, 1894 Angelo Mariani or Ange-François Mariani was a French chemist born at Pero-Casevecchie in Corsica in 1832. ... Advertising bill for the wine Mariani, lithograph of Jules Cheret, 1894 Vin Mariani (french meaning Marianis wine) is a tonic created around 1863 by Angelo Mariani. ... Judah P. Benjamin Judah Philip Benjamin (August 6, 1811 - May 6, 1884) was a British-American politician and lawyer, who served as a representative in the Louisiana State Legislature, as U.S. Senator for Louisiana, in three successive cabinet posts in the government of the Confederate States of America, and... Georges Méliès (December 8, 1861 – January 21, 1938), full name Maries-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest cinema. ... Maurice Merleau-Ponty (March 14, 1908 - May 4, 1961) was a French phenomenologist philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl, and often somewhat mistakenly classified as an existentialist thinker because of his close association with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, and his distinctly Heideggerian conception of Being. ... Download high resolution version (600x819, 105 KB)The grave of Edith Piaf (1915-1963) in Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. ... Download high resolution version (600x819, 105 KB)The grave of Edith Piaf (1915-1963) in Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. ... Édith Piaf Édith Piaf (December 19, 1915 - October 11, 1963) was one of Frances most beloved singers and a national icon. ... Cléo de Mérode, born May 5, 1874 - died September 22, 1966, was a French dancer of the Belle Époque. ... Jules Michelet (August 21, 1798 - February 9, 1874) was a French historian. ... Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (July 12, 1884 _ January 24, 1920) was an Italian painter and sculptor. ... Molière, engraved frontispiece to his Works Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, better known as Molière (January 15, 1622 – February 17, 1673), was a French theatre writer, director and actor, one of the masters of comic satire. ... Gaspard Monge. ... Yves Montand (October 13, 1921 - November 9, 1991) was a French/Italian actor, born Ivo Livi in Monsummano Alto, Italy. ... Jim Morrison (December 8, 1943 - July 3, 1971) was a singer, songwriter and poet. ... Alfred Louis Charles de Musset, (December 11, 1810 - May 2, 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. ... Nadar (self-portrait) Nadar (Gaspard-Félix Tournachon) - Self-portrait Nadar was the pseudonym of Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (1820-1910), a photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist and balloonist. ... Gérard de Nerval (May 22, 1808 – January 26, 1855) was the nom-de-plume of the French poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie, the most essentially Romantic among French poets. ... Anne de Noailles, born November 1, 1876 (other sources say November 15) – died April 30, 1933, was a member of the exiled Romanian royalty and an accomplished writer. ... Charles Nodier (April 29, 1780 - January 27, 1844), was a French author. ... Legend has it that rubbing certain parts of this life-size statue atop Victor Noirs grave ensures a blissful sex life. ... Pascale Ogier, born October 26, 1958 - died October 25, 1984, was a French actress. ... Max Ophüls (May 6, 1902 – March 25, 1957) was a German-born film director. ... Patti as Marguerite in Faust, 1875. ... Michel Petrucciani (December 28, 1962, Orange, France - January 6, 1999, Manhattan) overcame the effects of osteogenesis imperfecta (a bone disease that greatly stunted his growth and weakened his bones) to become a powerful jazz pianist. ... Édith Piaf Édith Piaf (December 19, 1915 - October 11, 1963) was one of Frances most beloved singers and a national icon. ... Christian Pineau, French resistance leader and statesman Christian Pineau (October 14, 1904 _ April 5, 1995) was a noted French Resistance fighter. ... The garden at Pontoise, painted 1877. ... Ignaz Pleyel (June 18, 1757–November 14, 1831) was an Austrian composer of the Classical music era. ... monument by jacob epstein on grave of oscar wilde in pere lachaise cemetery, cropped from photo by jack oppenheim File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... monument by jacob epstein on grave of oscar wilde in pere lachaise cemetery, cropped from photo by jack oppenheim File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Oscar Wilde Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ... Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (January 7, 1899 - January 30, 1963) was a French composer. ... Le Groupe des Six, 1922, by Jacques-Emile Blanche. ... Valentin-Louis-Georges-Eugène-Marcel Proust (July 10, 1871–November 18, 1922) was a French intellectual, novelist, essayist and critic, best known as the author of In Search of Lost Time (in French À la recherche du temps perdu, also translated previously as Remembrance of Things Past). ... Portrait of Mlle Rachel by William Etty, 1840s Rachel (18 February 1821 - 4 January 1858) was a French Jewish actress who was considered the greatest of her time. ... Robert Norbert Rillieux (March 18, 1806-October 8, 1894), an African-American inventor and engineer, was born the son of a wealthy, white New Orleans, Louisiana plantation owner and a former slave. ... Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 — November 13, 1868) was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ... Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon (October 17, 1760 - May 19, 1825), the founder of French socialism, was born in Paris. ... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... Post-impressionism is a term applied to a painting style of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Simone Signoret (March 25, 1921 - September 30, 1985), was the pseudonym (after her mothers last name) of Simone Kaminker, a French actress. ... This article is about Sidney Smith, the English naval officer. ... The notorious French embezzler that fueled antisemitism among the conservative-right in France in the earlier to mid 1930s. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 - July 27, 1946) was an American writer, poet, feminist, playwright, and catalyst in the development of modern art and literature, who spent most of her life in France. ... Alice B. Toklas, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949 Alice Babette Toklas (April 30, 1877 _ March 7, 1967) was the lover of writer Gertrude Stein. ... Maurice Tourneur, born February 2, 1873 – died August 4, 1961, was an important international film director and screenwriter. ... Marie Trintignant (January 21, 1962 - August 1, 2003) was a French actress. ... General Rafael L. Trujillo General Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (October 24, 1891 – May 30, 1961) was the ruler of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until 1961, ruling as president (1930-1938, 1942-1952) and as essentially an unelected dictator. ... Dictator was the title of a magistrate in ancient Rome appointed by the Senate to rule the state in times of emergency. ... Marie, Countess Walewski (or Walewska) born Laczinska (1789 - 1817) wife of Count Athenasius Walewski, mistress of Napoleon I Bonaparte and mother of Alexandre Joseph Colonna, Count Walewski. ... Alexandre Florian Joseph Colonna, Comte Walewski (May 4, 1810 - October 27, 1868), French politician and diplomat, was born at Walewice near Warsaw, the son of Napoleon I and his mistress Marie, Countess Walewski. ... Richard Wallace (1818 - 1890) was an English art collector. ... Oscar Wilde Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ... Richard Wright, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 - November 28, 1960) was an African-American author of novels and short stories. ... Achille Zavatta ( May 6, 1915 - November 16, 1993) was a French clown, artist and circus operator. ... Félix Ziem (February 26, 1821 – November 10, 1911) was a French painter in the style of the Barbizon School. ... Pierre Abélard (in English, Peter Abelard) or Abailard (1079 - April 21, 1142) was a French scholastic philosopher. ... Heloise is a girls name, carried by at least two notable women: Heloise the student of Abelard, born 1101 Heloise the columnist, born 1951 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pierre Abélard founded the Benedictine Oratory of the Paraclete near Troyes, France, after he left the Abbey of St. ... This page refers to urban rail mass transit systems. ...


See also

This is a list of famous cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, world-wide. ...

External links

  • Cimetière du Père-Lachaise (http://www.insecula.com/musee/M0119.html/)

 
 

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