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Encyclopedia > Le Monde diplomatique
Le Monde diplomatique
Image:Le Monde diplomatique.jpg
Type Monthly Magazine
Format Berliner

Owner
Editor Ignacio Ramonet
Founded
Political allegiance Left
Language French
Headquarters France

Website: http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/

Le Monde diplomatique (nicknamed "Le Diplo" by its French readers) is a monthly publication offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs. Its articles are long, thoughtful, scholarly, and opinionated. First created mainly for a diplomatic audience, as its name implies, it has in recent years taken a critical view on the effects of supposed economic neoliberalism on the world and its population. Le Monde is also the name of a song by the Thievery Corporation. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Le_Monde_diplomatique. ... In Egyptian mythology, Month is an alternate spelling for Menthu. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Newspapers with the Berliner format. ... Ignacio Ramonet is a French journalist, the editor-in-chief of Le Monde diplomatique, a left-wing political magazine. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ... For the school of international relations, see Neoliberalism (international relations). ...


It thus includes articles both of a not so neutral, scholarly nature, and more opinionated pieces which qualify as advocacy journalism. However, its analysis and articles, because of their seriousness and accuracy, are still read by scholars and people across the entire political spectrum. Since the 1970s, its editorial line has become decidedly altermondialist and left-wing. Throughout the Cold War, it had a neutralist viewpoint, often critical of US foreign policy. Advocacy journalism is a genre of journalism which is strongly fact-based, but may seek to support a point-of-view in some public or private sector issue. ... Altermondialization, from French altermondialisme, is a term coined to define the stance of movements opposed to a neoliberal globalization, but favorable to a globalization respectful of the human rights, the environment, national sovereignty, and cultural diversity. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ... For a history, see Timeline of United States diplomatic history For the published diplomatic papers, see The Foreign Relations of the United States For Foreign relations under George W. Bush, see Foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration. ...


Today headed by Ignacio Ramonet, the original French edition has a circulation of about 350,000; sixteen editions in other languages bring the total to about 1.4 million readers worldwide. Jean-Marie Colombani, editor of the daily Le Monde, was attributed by Le Monde diplomatique's director general Bernard Cassen as saying: "Le Monde diplomatique is a journal of opinion; Le Monde is a journal of opinions." [1] Ignacio Ramonet is a French journalist, the editor-in-chief of Le Monde diplomatique, a left-wing political magazine. ... Jean-Marie Colombani (b. ... Bernard Cassen is a founder of ATTAC. References BERNARD CASSEN, ON THE ATTACK, New Left Review 19, January-February 2003 BERNARD CASSEN, ATTAC AGAINST THE TREATY, New Left Review 33, May-June 2005 Categories: ...

Contents

1954 Formation and History

Le Monde diplomatique was founded in 1954 by Hubert Beuve-Méry, founder and director of Le Monde, the French newspaper of record. Subtitled the "organ of diplomatic circles and of large international organisations, [2]" 5,000 copies were distributed, comprising eight pages, dedicated to foreign policy and geopolitics. Le Monde is also the name of a song by the Thievery Corporation. ... // A newspaper of record is a colloquial term that generally refers to a newspaper that meets at least one of two criteria: high standards of journalism, the articles of which establish a definitive record of current events, for use by future scholars, and/or compliance with the legal requirements necessary... A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ... Geopolitics is the study which analyses geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. ...


Its first editor in chief, François Honti, made the newspaper into a scholarly reference journal. Honti attentively followed the birth of the Non-Aligned Movement, created out of the 1955 Bandung Conference, and the issues of the "Third World". The Editor in chief is a publications primary editor. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... The Asian-African Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, organized by Egypt, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


Claude Julien became the newspaper's second editor in January 1973. At that time, the circulation of Le Monde diplomatique had jumped from 5,000 to 50,000 copies, and would reach, with Micheline Paulet, 120,000 in less than twenty years [3]. Without renouncing its "Third-worldism" position, it extended the treatment of its subjects, concentrating on international economic and monetary problems, strategic relations, the Middle-East conflict, etc. Le Monde diplomatique took an independent stance, criticizing the neoliberal ideology and policies of the 1980s, represented by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan. Claude Julien (May 17, 1925, Saint-Rome-de-Cernon (Aveyron, France) — May 5, 2005) was a French journalist, editor of French newspaper of record Le Monde in 1969 and editor-in-chief then director of Le Monde diplomatique. ... Third-worldism is a tendency within (ostensibly) left wing political thought to regard the division between advanced capitalist nations and (so called) third world ones as of primary political importance. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Moneys is an agreement within a community, to use something as a medium of exchange, which acts as an intermediary market good. ... In the last 60 years, there have been a number of conflicts in the Middle East. ... For the school of international relations, see Neoliberalism (international relations). ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... “Reagan” redirects here. ...


After the November, 1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall and the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the newspaper made an important turn, and criticized the "American crusade" [3]. Ignacio Ramonet was elected director in January 1991. Le Monde diplomatique analyzed the post-Cold War world, paying specific attention to "ethnic" conflicts – the wars in former Yugoslavia, the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, the conflicts in the Caucasus, etc. – as well as to the new information technology. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... Jarred rocks!Yoa sucks!Iverson rocks! == Headline text == For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Ignacio Ramonet is a French journalist, the editor-in-chief of Le Monde diplomatique, a left-wing political magazine. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutu sympathizers in Rwanda and was the largest atrocity during the Rwandan Civil War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


After having published a famous editorial in January 1995 where Ramonet coined the term "pensée unique" ("single thought") to describe the supremacy of the neoliberal ideology [4], the newspaper supported the November-December 1995 general strike in France against Prime minister Alain Juppé's (RPR) plan to cut pensions. Three years later, after a proposal in a 1997 editorial by Ignacio Ramonet, Le Monde diplomatique took a founding role in the creation of ATTAC, an alter-globalization NGO, which was originally founded for advocacy of the Tobin tax, and which has since spread throughout the world. The expression pensée unique (French for single thought) describes the claimed supremacy of neoliberalism as an ideology. ... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... 1995 saw a series of general strikes in Frances public sector, which received great popular support and paralyzed the countrys transportation infrastructure. ... Alain Marie Juppé (born 15 August 1945) is Frances Minister of State, Minister of Ecology and Sustainable Development ; among other positions, he was Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997. ... The Rally for the Republic, also known by its French acronym RPR (Rassemblement pour la République), was a French political party. ... A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. ... Association for the Taxation of Financial Transactions for the Aid of Citizens (ATTAC - Association pour la Taxation des Transactions pour lAide aux Citoyens) is an activist organization for the establishment of a tax on exchange transactions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Anti-globalization. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a private institution that is independent of the government although many NGOs, particular in the global South, are funded by Northern governments. ... A Tobin tax is the suggested tax on all trade of currency across borders. ...


It now supports a variety of left-wing causes. The newspaper also takes an important role in the organisation of the 2001 Porto Alegre World Social Forum. After the September 11, 2001 attacks and the Second Gulf War starting in 2003 under the George W. Bush administration, Le Monde diplomatique continues its position of criticizing the US policy of violent intervention in the Middle East and the neoconservative' project to reshape the so-called "Greater Middle East" region. Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... The Bush administration includes President George W. Bush, Vice President Richard Cheney, Bushs Cabinet, and other select officials and advisors. ... Neoconservatism describes several distinct political ideologies which are considered new forms of conservatism. ... The traditional Middle East and the G8s Greater Middle East. ...


The Norwegian version of the July 2006 Le Monde diplomatique sparked interest when the editors ran, on their own initiative, a three page main story on the 9/11 attacks and summarized the various types of 9/11 conspiracy theories (which were not specifically endorsed by the newspaper, only recensed) [5] . The Voltaire Network, which has somehow changed position since the September 11 attacks and whose director, Thierry Meyssan, became a leading proponent of 9/11 conspiracy theory, explained that although the Norwegian version of Le Monde diplomatique had allowed it to translate and publish this article on its website, the mother-house, in France, categorically refused it this right, thus displaying an open debate between various national editions [6]. In December 2006, the French version published an article by Alexander Cockburn, co-editor of CounterPunch, which strongly criticized the endorsement of conspiracy theories by the US left-wing, alleging that it was a sign of "theoretical emptiness." [7] The Norwegian Le Monde diplomatique, did again however mark its difference from the mother edition by allowing David Ray Griffin's response to Cockburn to be published in their March 2007 issue [8]. A variety of conspiracy theories have emerged which contradict the mainstream account of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... The Réseau Voltaire (Voltaire Network) is a international non-profit organisation, based in Paris with offices in London and Lima, which states it aims at promoting liberty and laïcité. Chairman : Thierry Meyssan (France) Deputy chairmen : Sandro Cruz (Peru), Issa El-Ayoubi (Lebanon) The Voltaire Network publishes a daily... Thierry Meyssan Thierry Meyssan is a French journalist and extreme left political activist. ... Alexander Claud Cockburn (pronounced , co-burn), born June 6, 1941, is a self-described radical Irish journalist who has lived and worked in the United States since 1973. ... CounterPunch is a biweekly newsletter published in the United States that covers politics from a left-wing perspective. ...


Le Monde diplomatique SA

The monthly became a subsidiary company of Le Monde SA in 1996, which grants its complete editorial autonomy from Le Monde. André Fontaine, the director of Le Monde, had already signed a 1989 convention with Claude Julien which guaranteed the monthly's autonomy, but it gained complete statutory, economic and financial independence in 1996 with the creation of Le Monde diplomatique SA. With a donation from Günter Holzmann, a German antifascist exiled before World War II to Bolivia, the monthly's employees acquired approximately one-quarter of the capital, while Les Amis du Monde diplomatique, a 1901 Law association of readers, bought another quarter. Thus, since the end of 2000, the newspaper's employees and readers retain 49% of Le Monde diplomatique SA's capital, largely above the control stock [9] necessary to control the direction and editorial line of the Monde diplo. The remaining 51% is owned by Le Monde [3]. A subsidiary is a company controlled by another usually a large corporation. ... S.A. is the abbreviation of Société Anonyme in French, Spółka Akcyjna in Polish, Sociedad Anónima in Spanish, Sociedade Anónima in Portuguese, or Naamloze Venootschap (N.V.) in Dutch, generally designating corporations in various countries. ... André Fontaine is a French historian and journalist (March 30, 1921). ... Anti-fascism is the opposition to fascist ideology, organization, or government, on all levels. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Capital has a number of related meanings in economics, finance and accounting. ...


Today's Distribution and Advertising

The original French edition has a circulation of about 350,000; sixteen editions in other languages bring the total to about 1.4 million readers worldwide.


Although Le Monde diplomatique publishes few advertisements in order to retain its editorial independence, it has sometimes been criticized for the quantity and nature of the published advertisements [citation needed]. In November and December 2003, two-page advertisements by IBM and a car manufacturer were placed. The issues of February and March 2004 contained advertisements by Microsoft in a 'social' atmosphere with a picture of children, which led to agitation from free software activists [citation needed]. Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... IBM redirects here. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project (the GNU head), the Linux kernel mascot Tux the Penguin, and the FreeBSD daemon Free software is a term coined by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation[1] to refer to software that can be used, studied, and modified without...


References

  1. ^ On the Attack, interview with Le Monde diplomatique 's director general Bernard Cassen in The New Left Review n°19, January-February 2003 (English)
  2. ^ « organe des cercles diplomatiques et des grandes organisations internationales »
  3. ^ a b c Numbers given in Le Monde diplomatique depuis 1954..., Les Amis du Monde diplomatique, 1901 law association, September 26, 2006 (French)
  4. ^ La pensée unique, January 1995 editorial by Ignacio Ramonet in Le Monde diplomatique (French)
  5. ^ 11.September - an innsidde jobb?, Norwegian edition of Le Monde diplomatique, July 2006. See also English translation: Kim Bredesen, Was 9/11 an inside job? and other links
  6. ^ * (French) Pour le Monde diplomatique norvégien, le 11 septembre est un complot intérieur US, Voltaire Network * (Spanish) El 11 de septiembre fue un complot interno estadounidense, estima la prensa noruega
  7. ^ *(English) Distractions from awful reality - US: the conspiracy that wasn’t, by Alexander Cockburn in Le Monde diplomatique, December 2006 *(French)Scepticisme ou occultisme? Le complot du 11-Septembre n’aura pas lieu, by Alexander Cockburn in Le Monde diplomatique, December 2006 *Template:Ir icon Iranian translation *(Portuguese) PODERES IMAGINÁRIOS - A "conspiração" das Torres Gêmeas
  8. ^ Konspirasjonsteorien om 11. september
  9. ^ minorité de blocage

Bernard Cassen is a founder of ATTAC. References BERNARD CASSEN, ON THE ATTACK, New Left Review 19, January-February 2003 BERNARD CASSEN, ATTAC AGAINST THE TREATY, New Left Review 33, May-June 2005 Categories: ... The New Left Review was founded in 1960 in the UK after the editors of the New Reasoner and the Universities and Left Review merged their boards. ... A voluntary association (also sometimes called an unincorporated association, or just an association) is a group of individuals who voluntarily enter into an agreement to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose. ... Ignacio Ramonet is a French journalist, the editor-in-chief of Le Monde diplomatique, a left-wing political magazine. ... The Réseau Voltaire (Voltaire Network) is a international non-profit organisation, based in Paris with offices in London and Lima, which states it aims at promoting liberty and laïcité. Chairman : Thierry Meyssan (France) Deputy chairmen : Sandro Cruz (Peru), Issa El-Ayoubi (Lebanon) The Voltaire Network publishes a daily... Alexander Claud Cockburn (pronounced , co-burn), born June 6, 1941, is a self-described radical Irish journalist who has lived and worked in the United States since 1973. ... Alexander Claud Cockburn (pronounced , co-burn), born June 6, 1941, is a self-described radical Irish journalist who has lived and worked in the United States since 1973. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Qui sommes-nous ? (392 words)
Né en 1954 dans le giron du quotidien Le Monde, Le Monde diplomatique a assuré en 1996 son indépendance éditoriale et financière en se constituant en société autonome, filiale du Monde SA (51 %).
Les 49% restants sont aux mains de l’Association des Amis du Monde diplomatique et de l’association Gunter Holzmann, qui regroupe l’ensemble du personnel du mensuel.
Le récit par Ignacio Ramonet, directeur de la rédaction, de l’histoire du Monde diplomatique, « Cinquante ans », paru dans le numéro de Manière de voir édité à l’occasion du cinquantième anniversaire du journal (avril-mai 2004).
Le Monde diplomatique (141 words)
The monthly publication Le Monde Diplomatique (nicknamed "Le Diplo" by its French readers) offers well-documented analysis and opinion on a wide range of subjects.
Le Monde Diplomatique's readers own 49% of the company through L'association des Amis du Monde Diplomatique; the remaining 51% is owned by the French daily newspaper Le Monde.
One editorial written in 1997 by Ignacio Ramonet[?] led to the creation of the ATTAC NGO, which is working towards the creation of a Tobin Tax.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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