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Encyclopedia > Le Monde

Type Daily newspaper
Format Berliner

Owner Groupe Le Monde
Editor Eric Fottorino
Founded 1944
Political allegiance sometimes said to be Centre Left
Language French
Headquarters Bd Auguste-Blanqui 80,
F-75707 Paris Cedex 13

Website: www.lemonde.fr

Le Monde (English: The World) is a French daily evening newspaper with a circulation in 2004 of 371,803. It is considered the French newspaper of record, and is generally well respected, often the only French newspaper easily obtainable in non-Francophone countries. Thievery Corporation is a Washington DC–based production and DJ duo consisting of Rob Garza and Eric Hilton and their supporting artists. ... The Mirror Conspiracy is a 2000 album by the Thievery Corporation. ... Lemon D, (real name Kevin King[1]) is a Jungle and drum and bass DJ and producer from Brixton in South London. ... Lemon D, (real name Kevin King[1]) is a Jungle and drum and bass DJ and producer from Brixton in South London. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 178 pixelsFull resolution (1159 × 258 pixel, file size: 30 KB, MIME type: image/png)From official Le monde PDF This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (559x800, 171 KB) The front page of the French newspaper Le Monde from the 8th November 2005. ... Newspapers with the Berliner format. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... Look up left in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // A newspaper of record is a colloquial term that generally refers to a newspaper that meets at least one of two criteria: high standards of journalism, the articles of which establish a definitive record of current events, for use by future scholars, and/or compliance with the legal requirements necessary...


The newspaper should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but which is editorially independent. This monthly magazine is not to be mistaken for the daily Le Monde. Le Monde diplomatique (nicknamed Le Diplo by its French readers) is a monthly publication offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs. ...


Le Monde was founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of General Charles de Gaulle after the German army was driven from Paris during World War II, and took over the format of Le Temps, whose reputation had suffered during the Occupation. Beuve-Méry reportedly demanded total editorial independence as the condition for his taking on the project. Its first edition appeared on December 19, 1944. Le Monde has been available on the Internet since December 19, 1995. It is the principal publication of Groupe Le Monde. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Le Temps, (The Time) published from April 25, 1861 to November 30, 1942, was one of Pariss most important daily newspapers. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


Its current board chairman and director of publication is Eric Fottorino and the current chief editor (rédacteur en chef) is Gérard Courtois. Plantu is one of several political cartoonists who contribute to the paper, and his work is often featured on the front page above the fold. In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... Look up publication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Editor has four major senses: a person who obtains or improves material for a publication; a film editor, a person responsible for the flow of a motion picture or television program from scene to scene a sound editor, a person responsible for the flow and choice of music, voice, and... Jean Plantureux (Paris, march 23, 1951 - ), who goes by the professional name Plantu, is a cartoonist specializing in political satire. ...

Contents

Presentation

Le Monde was in the past often described as centre-left, but its editorial line may be more appropriately described nowadays as simply moderate. Some critics contend that its current line is, broadly speaking, biased against Jacques Chirac. In 1981 it backed the election of Socialist François Mitterrand on the grounds that alternation of the political party in government would be beneficial to the country. In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) was President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ...


The paper's journalistic side has a collegial form of organization, in which most journalists are not only tenured, but financial stakeholders in the enterprise as well, and participate in the elections of upper management and senior executives. In contrast to other world newspapers such as The New York Times, Le Monde used to be more geared to analysis and opinion, rather than simply being a newspaper of record. Hence, it was considered less important for the paper to cover "all the news that's fit to print" (the motto of The New York Times) than to offer thoughtful interpretation of current events. Writers of lead reporting articles did not hesitate to provide commentary or venture predictions. In recent years, however, greater separation has been established between facts and opinion. The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


Controversies and politics

In their 2003 book entitled La face cachée du Monde ("The hidden face of Le Monde"), authors Pierre Péan and Philippe Cohen alleged that Colombani and the then editor Edwy Plenel had, amongst other things, shown partisan bias and engaged in financial dealings that compromised the paper's independence. It also accused the paper of dangerously damaging the authority of the French state by having revealed various political scandals (notably corruption scandals surrounding Jacques Chirac, and the sinking of a Greenpeace boat, the Rainbow Warrior, by French intelligence under President François Mitterrand). In one chapter, the authors of the book accused Colombani and Plenel of "xenophilia" and of "not liking France". This book remains controversial, but attracted much attention and media coverage in France and around the world at the time of its publication. Following a lawsuit, the authors and the publisher agreed in 2004 not to proceed to any reprinting. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pierre Péan is a controversial French author and journalist. ... Look up Partisan (political) in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In politics, a partisan is a person who supports a cause, party, or goal fervently, usually to the exclusion of all others. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... Rainbow Warrior is the name of a series of ships operated by Greenpeace. ...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) was President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ... A controversy is a contentious dispute, a disagreement over which parties are actively arguing. ...


After the 9/11 attacks, Le Monde published on its front page a famous quote written by Jean-Marie Colombani, entitled "We all are Americans". Jean-Marie Colombani (b. ...


During the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election, The Economist published an article in which John F. Kerry's popularity among Europeans (allegedly based on his cosmopolitanism and leftism) was illustrated by a cartoon showing him holding a copy of Le Monde. Presidential election results map. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ...


Recent circulation history:

Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2004-2005
Circulation 405 983 407 085 389 249 371 803 363 999

Publication schedule

Le Monde is published around midday, and the date on the masthead is the following day's. That is, the issue which is released at midday on 15 March shows 16 March in the masthead. It is available on newsstands in Paris and some other parts of France on the day of release, and received by mail subscribers on the masthead date.


Famous investigations

Among Le Monde famous investigations are the one concerning the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior. In 2005, on the 20th anniversary of this failed secret operation, the newspaper directly implicated François Mitterrand, who was president at the time, in the operation. The sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, codenamed Operation Satanic [1], was a special operation by the action branch of the French foreign intelligence services, the Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE), carried out on July 10, 1985. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Past Directors

  • Hubert Beuve-Méry (1944-1969)
  • Jacques Fauvet (1969-1981)
  • Claude Julien (1981-1982)
  • André Laurens (1982-1985)
  • André Fontaine (1985-1991)
  • Jacques Lesourne (1991-1994)
  • Jean-Marie Colombani (1994-2007)
  • Eric Fottorino (2007-present)

Claude Julien (May 17, 1925, Saint-Rome-de-Cernon (Aveyron, France) — May 5, 2005) was a French journalist, editor of French newspaper of record Le Monde in 1969 and editor-in-chief then director of Le Monde diplomatique. ... André Fontaine is a French historian and journalist (March 30, 1921). ... Jean-Marie Colombani (b. ...

See also

Claude Julien (May 17, 1925, Saint-Rome-de-Cernon (Aveyron, France) — May 5, 2005) was a French journalist, editor of French newspaper of record Le Monde in 1969 and editor-in-chief then director of Le Monde diplomatique. ... This is a list of French newspapers: National Le Canard enchaîné (investigative journalism, particularly on French politics, and satirical commentary) La Croix (Catholic) Les Échos (economics) LÉquipe (sports) Le Figaro (right-wing) LHumanité (French Communist Party) Libération (left-wing) Le Monde Le Parisien La Tribune Regional... Le Figaro (English: ) is one of the leading French morning daily newspapers. ... Libération (affectionately known as Libé) is a French daily newspaper founded in Paris in 1973 by Jean-Paul Sartre, Pierre Victor alias Benny Lévy and Serge July in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968. ... El País (Spanish for The Country) is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Spain. ...

External links

  • Le Monde website
  • OJD

  Results from FactBites:
 
Le Monde - definition of Le Monde in Encyclopedia (273 words)
Le Monde was founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of General Charles de Gaulle after the German army was driven from Paris during World War II.
Le Monde was in the past often described as center-left, but its editorial line may be more appropriately described nowadays as simply moderate.
Le Monde, the newspaper, should not be confused with the periodical publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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