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Encyclopedia > León, Nicaragua

León is a city in Nicaragua, Central America, located at 12.43°North, 86.89°West. In full the legal name of the city, granted in Spanish Colonial times, is Santiago de los Caballeros de León, but this is little used. It is the capital of Nicaragua's León Department. As of 2003 the city had an estimated population of about 198,000 people in which 2% are Americans and Canadians. A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Nicaragua is a republic in Central America. ... Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ... León is a department in Nicaragua. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... Canada is a sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. ...

Image:LeonNicaraguaCathedral1900.jpg


Cathedral of San Pedro, c. 1905 Leon, Nicaragua: Cathedral, from stereopticon card, c. ...

León is situated on the León River, some 50 miles northwest of Managua, and some 11 miles north of the Pacific Ocean coast. Although less populous than Managua, León has long been the intellectual center of the nation, with the University founded here in 1813. León is also an important industrial and commercial center for Nicaragua. Managua, with a population of about 1,617,096 in 2004, is the capital of Nicaragua and largest city of Central America. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The first city of León in Nicaragua was established in 1523 by Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba about 20 miles east of the present site; this old León was severely damaged by an eruption of the volcano Momotombo, and so the city was moved to its present location, which had been a Native American town named Subtiaba'. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...


León has fine examples of Spanish Colonial architecture, including the grand Cathedral of San Pedro, built from 1706 to 1740, with two towers added in 1746 and 1779. Events May 23 - Battle of Ramillies November 5 - Dublin Gazette first edition Births January 17, in Boston, MA - Benjamin Franklin, American politician (died 1790) January 28 - John Baskerville, printer, typefounder (died 1775) March 6 - Sir George Pocock, British admiral (died 1792) April 24 - Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian musician (died 1784... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... Events January 8 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling April 16 - Battle of Culloden brings an end to the Jacobite Risings October 22 - The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896) October 28 - An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru Catharine de Ricci (born 1522... Events The Iron Bridge is completed across the Severn river in Shropshire; the first all cast-iron bridge ever constructed. ...


When Nicaragua withdrew from the United Provinces of Central America in 1839, León became the capital of the new nation of Nicaragua. For some years the capital shifted back and forth between León and Granada, Nicaragua, with Liberal regemes preferring León and Conservative ones Granada, until as a compromise Managua was agreed upon to be the permanent capital in 1858. The United Provinces of Central America (UPCA) was a country that existed in Central America from July 1823 to approximately 1840. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Granada is a city in Nicaragua, Central America, located at 11. ... In politics, the term liberal refers to: an adherent of the ideology of liberalism or a state or quality of this ideology. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


In 1950 the city of León had a population of 31,000 people. Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza García was shot and mortally wounded in the city on September 21, 1956. Events January January 5 - US Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the USA January 6 - The United Kingdom recognizes the Peoples Republic of China. ... Anastasio Somoza García ( 1896– September 29, 1956) was a President of Nicaragua. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1956 is a leap year starting on Sunday. ...


 
 

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