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Encyclopedia > Lazio

Coordinates: 41°58′41″N, 12°45′24″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

For the football club, see S.S. Lazio

Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Lazio is notable for its history, art, architecture, archaeology, religion and culture. S.S. Lazio (Italian: Società Sportiva Lazio) is a sports club based in Rome, Italy and is the biggest sports association in Europe with 37 disciplines ranging from cricket to basketball to parachute jumping[1]. Its mens football team however is by far its most important and prestigious. ... Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. ... Categories: Regions of Italy | Abruzzo ... // The Marche (plural, originally le marche de Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of Central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north, Tuscany to the north-west, Umbria to west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Tyrrhenian Sea. ...

Regione Lazio
Map highlighting the location of Lazio in Italy
Capital Rome
President Piero Marrazzo
(Independent-Union)
Provinces 5
Comuni 378
Area 17,208 km²
 - Ranked 9th (5.7 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total 5,304,778
 - Ranked 3rd (9.0 %)
 - Density 308/km²

Contents

Image File history File links Lazio-Bandiera. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...

Geography

Lazio is divided into five provinces:


Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 28 KB)[edit] Summary Map of the provinces of the Latium region of Italy. ...

Frosinone (in Italian, Provincia di Frosinone) is a province in the Latium region of Italy, with 91 comuni. ... The Province of Latina (Italian: Provincia di Latina) is a province in the Lazio region of Italy. ... The Province of Rieti (Italian: Provincia di Rieti) is a province in the Latium region of Italy. ... Rome (It. ... Viterbo (It. ...

History

Further information: Latium

The name of the region also survives in the tribal designation of the ancient population of Latins, from whom the Romans originated. In Roman mythology, the shadowy king Latinus allegedly gave his name to the region. Modern linguists postulate origins in a Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) root *stela- (to spread, extend), expressing the idea of "flat land" (in contrast to the local Sabine high country) but the name may originate from an earlier, non Indo-European one. Latium, originally inhabited by the Latins, extended its boundaries to the territories of the Sanniti, the Marsi and Campania thanks to the Roman conquests, taking in the lands of the Ernici, the Equi, the Aurunci and Volsci. This territory was called Latium Novi to differentiate it from Latium veteres, which indicated the original boundaries. Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... The Latins were an ancient Italic people who migrated to central Italy, (Latium Vetus - Old Latium), in the 2nd millennium B.C., maybe from the Adriatic East Coast and Balkanic Area, perhaps from pressures by Illyrian peoples. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Latinus or Latinos in Greek mythology, in Hesiods Theogony, was the son of Odysseus and Circe who ruled the Tyrsenoi, that is the Etruscans, with his brothers Agrius and Telegonus. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, spoken by the Proto-Indo-Europeans. ... The Rape of the Sabine Women by Giambologna The tribe of the Sabines (Latin Sabini - singular Sabinus) was an Italic tribe of ancient Italy. ...

A landscape in Lazio: part of Tivoli, near Rome, seen from the upper terraces of the Villa d'Este.
A landscape in Lazio: part of Tivoli, near Rome, seen from the upper terraces of the Villa d'Este.

During the Augustus' administrative system, Latium - together with the present region of Campania- was the first Italian region. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (2127 × 1591 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (2127 × 1591 pixel, file size: 2. ... Tivoli usually refers to: Tivoli, Italy, an ancient Roman (now Italian) town, the first bearer of the name Tivoli Tivoli Systems, Inc. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Park of the Villa dEste, Carl Blechen, 1830 The gardens at the Villa dEste The Villa dEste is a masterpiece of Italian architecture and garden design. ...


After the Gothic war (535-553) and the Byzantine conquest, this region regained its freedom, because the "Roman Duchy" became the property of the Eastern Emperor. However the long wars against the Longobards impaired the region which was seized by the Roman Bishop who already had several properties in those territories.


The strengthening of the religious and ecclesiastical aristocracy led to continuous power struggles between lords and the Roman bishop until the middle of the XVI century. Innocent III tried to strengthen his own territorial power, wishing to assert his authority on the provincial administrations of Tuscia, Campagna and Marittima through the Church's representatives, in order to tear down the Colonna's power. Other popes tried to do the same.


During the Avignon period the feudal lords' power increased thanks to the absence of the Pope from Rome. Small communes, and Rome above all, opposed the lords power raise and with Cola di Rienzo tried to put themselves up as antagonists of the ecclesiastical power. Between 1353 and 1367 the restoration of the pontifical authority brought to a total retrieval of Latium and the rest of the Pontifical States.


From the middle of the XVI century the pontifical power's victory unified Latium's history with that of the Pontifical States becaming the provincial administrations of St. Peter's estate, with a governor in Viterbo and of Marittima and Campagna and one in Frosinone.


After the short Roman Republic and the region's annexation to France, by Napoleon I, Latium became again part of the Pontifical States. In 1870 when the French troops abandoned Rome, General Cadorna entered the pontifical territory, occupying Rome on the 20th of September and Latium was enclosed within the Kingdom of Italy.


Economy

Agriculture, crafts, animal husbandry and fishery are the main traditional sources of income. Agriculture is characterized by the cultivation of wine grapes, fruit, vegetables and olives.


Industrial development in Lazio is limited to the areas south of Rome. Communications have influenced the position of industry, favouring the areas with the best links to Rome and those near the Autostrada del Sole (motorway), especially around Frosinone. Firms are often small to medium in size and operate in the building and building materials (Rome, Civitavecchia), paper (Frosinone), petrochemical (Gaeta, Rome), textile (Frosinone), engineering (Rieti, Anagni), automobile (Cassino), electronic and electrotechnical (Viterbo) sectors. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio, a sea port on the Tyrrhenian sea, 50 miles WNW of Rome, 42°06N 11°47E. According to the 2003 census, its population was 50,100. ... Frosinone is the capital of Frosinone Province in Italy. ... Gaeta (ancient Latin name Caieta) is a city in Province of Latina, in Lazio, Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Frosinone is the capital of Frosinone Province in Italy. ... Rieti is a town in the Latium, Italy. ... Anagni, (Latin Anagnia) is an ancient town in Latium, Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome, famous for its connections with the papacy and for the picturesque monuments of its unspoiled historical center. ... Cassino is a card game for up to four players, which object is to score 21 points. ... Country Italy Region Lazio Province Viterbo (VT) Mayor Giampiero Gabbianelli Elevation 326 m Area 406,28 km² Population  - Total 60,537  - Density 148. ...


Approximately 73% of the working population are employed in the services sector; this is a considerable proportion, but is justified by the presence of Rome, which is the core of public administration, banking, tourism, insurance and other sectors. Many national and multinational corporations, public and private, have their headquarters in Rome (ENI, Enel, Finmeccanica, Alitalia, RAI). Ente nazionale idrocarburi http://fr. ... Enel is a common romanization of the name Eneru, a fictional villain from the manga and anime series known as One Piece. ... Finmeccanica S.p. ... Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (ISE: IT0003331888) is the national airline of Italy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Politics

Rome is center-left politically oriented while the rest of Lazio is center-right oriented. In the April 2006 elections, Lazio gave 50.2% of its votes to Silvio Berlusconi. A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


Demographics

The population distribution is influenced by Rome, where 55% of the population is concentrated. The presence of the capital of Italy gives Lazio the fourth highest density of population in the country. As of 2006, the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 275,065 foreign-born immigrants live in Lazio, equal to 5.2% of the total regional population. 9% of Italy's population is in Lazio, and 55% of Lazio's population is in Rome.


According to last estimates by ISTAT[1] these are the biggest towns of Lazio: ISTAT may refer to: the International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading, an aircraft standards organization. ...

Pos. Comune Prov. Inhabitants
1 Roma RM 2.698.872
2 Latina LT 113.998
3 Guidonia Montecelio RM 76.911
4 Aprilia LT 64.648
5 Fiumicino RM 61.019
6 Viterbo VT 60.516
7 Pomezia RM 52.465
8 Tivoli RM 51.857
9 Civitavecchia RM 51.388
10 Velletri RM 51.042
11 Anzio RM 48.437
12 Frosinone FR 48.197
13 Rieti RI 47.165
14 Terracina LT 42.875
15 Nettuno RM 42.361

Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Latina is the capital of the province of Latina in the region Latium in Italy. ... Guidonia Montecelio is a town in the province of Rome, Lazio, Italy. ... Aprilia is a town and municipality in the province of Latina, in the Lazio region of central Italy. ... Fiumicino is an Italian town, in which Leornardo Da Vinci airport is located. ... Country Italy Region Lazio Province Viterbo (VT) Mayor Giampiero Gabbianelli Elevation 326 m Area 406,28 km² Population  - Total 60,537  - Density 148. ... City tower and town hall Pomezia is a town in the province of Rome, Lazio, Italy. ... Tivoli, the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town in Lazio, about 30 km from Rome, at the falls of the Aniene river, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ... Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio, a sea port on the Tyrrhenian sea, 50 miles WNW of Rome, 42°06N 11°47E. According to the 2003 census, its population was 50,100. ... Velletri is a comune in the province of Rome, on the Alban Hills, in Lazio (Latium) - Italy. ... // Anzio is a city and resort on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about 33 miles south of Rome. ... Frosinone is the capital of Frosinone Province in Italy. ... Rieti is a town in the Latium, Italy. ... Terracina is a town and comune of the province of Latina - (until 1934 of the province of Rome), Italy, 76 km SE of Rome by rail (56 km by the Via Appia). ... Nettuno is a town and comune of Rome province in the Latium region of Italy, 60 kilometers south of Rome. ...

External links

  • Official Site of the Regione Lazio (Italian)
  • Official Site of the Regione Lazio (English)
  • Map of Lazio (Italian)
  • Dialects of southern Lazio Documentation Center
  • Ninfa - Once it was a ruin. Now it's a beautiful garden: [2]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lazio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (882 words)
Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The name of the region also survives in the tribal designation of the ancient population of Latins, from whom the Romans originated.
Lazio Liguria Lombardy Marche Molise Piedmont Sardinia Sicily Trentino-South Tyrol Tuscany Umbria Veneto
S.S. Lazio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1437 words)
Lazio is at present one of the biggest sports clubs in Europe with 37 disciplines ranging from cricket to basketball to parachute jumping.
Lazio joined league competition in 1912 as soon as the Italian F.A. began organizing championships in the center and south of Italy, and reached the final of the national championship playoff three times, but never won, losing in 1913 to Pro Vercelli, in 1914 to Casale and in 1923 to Genoa 1893.
Lazio's ultras, or hardcore fans, have been the object of a certain amount of media scrutiny over the past few years and in particular the right-wing label which is often used to describe them.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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