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Encyclopedia > Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Lawrence Ferlinghetti

Lawrence Ferlinghetti (born Lawrence Ferling[1] on March 24, 1919) is an American poet who is known as the co-owner of the City Lights Bookstore and publishing house, which published early literary works of the Beats, including Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg. Lawrence Ferlinghetti from: http://www. ... Lawrence Ferlinghetti from: http://www. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... A poet is someone who writes poetry. ... City Lights bookstore as it was in July of 2003. ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, artist, and part of the Beat Generation. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American Beat poet. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Ferlinghetti was born in Yonkers, New York. His mother was Jewish,[2] the daughter of a French mother and a Sephardic father who taught at the United States Naval Academy and at a New York City college.[1] Ferlinghetti's Lombardy-born father was Italian and had changed his surname from "Ferlinghetti" to "Ferling", although Lawrence changed the family name back when he was 36.[1] He attended the Mount Hermon School and earned the rank of Eagle Scout. He then attended University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and served as an officer in the United States Navy during World War II. After the war, he got a master's degree from Columbia University and a doctorate from the Sorbonne. While studying in Paris, he met Kenneth Rexroth, who later persuaded him to go to San Francisco to experience the growing literary scene there. Between 1951 and 1953 he taught French, wrote literary criticism, and painted. Location in the State of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Westchester Founded 1646 Incorporated 1872 Mayor Philip A. Amicone Area    - City 52. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland, near Washington D.C. The Academy often is referred to simply as Annapolis although naval officers normally refer to it in conversation... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardia) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Northfield Mount Hermon Northfield Mount Hermon (NMH) is a ninth-twelfth grade private college preparatory high school (secondary school) located in western Massachusetts, U.S.A. Its Northfield campus is located in Northfield, Massachusetts, and its Mount Hermon campus is located in nearby Gill, Massachusetts. ... Eagle Scout is the highest rank attainable by a Scout in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA), and is also used as a title of a Scout who has achieved this honor. ... The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ... USN redirects here. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian... Columbia University is a private university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... Kenneth Rexroth (December 22, 1905 – June 6, 1982) was an American poet, translator and critical essayist. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Career

In 1953, Ferlinghetti and Peter D. Martin started a bookshop, which they named City Lights after a film starring Charlie Chaplin. Two years later, after Martin left for New York, Ferlinghetti started the publishing house, specialising in poetry. The most famous publication was Howl, the poem by Allen Ginsberg, which was initially impounded by the authorities, and subject of a groundbreaking legal case. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American Beat poet. ...


Ferlinghetti had a retreat in a fairly wild area of Coastal California, Big Sur. In Kerouac's novel Big Sur, Ferlinghetti appears as the character Lorenzo Monsanto. He always enjoyed nature, and he espoused a liberal spirituality imbued with kindness. These aspects of his character inclined him toward friendships with American practitioners of Buddhism, including Ginsberg and Gary Snyder. Politically, he has described himself as an anarchist at heart (a community-oriented, ethical anarchist) who has come to accept that common humanity is not yet ready to live well within anarchism; consequently, he has espoused the sort of social democracy modelled in Scandinavian countries. Big Sur is a thinly-settled region of the central California coast where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. ... Big Sur, a 1962 novel by Jack Kerouac. ... Young Gary Snyder, on one of his early book covers Gary Snyder (born May 8, 1930) is an American poet (originally, often associated with the Beat Generation), essayist, lecturer, and environmental activist. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. ...


Ferlinghetti's best-known collection of poetry is A Coney Island of the Mind, which has been translated into nine languages. In 1998 he was named Poet Laureate of San Francisco. In addition to writing and publishing poetry and running the bookstore, Ferlinghetti continues to paint, and his work has been exhibited in galleries and museums.


Ferlinghetti's poetry often reflects his views about politics and social issues of the time, and he challenges the current thoughts about an artist's role in the world.


Ferlinghetti in pop culture

The Italian band Timoria dedicated the song Ferlinghetti Blues (from the album El Topo Grand Hotel) to the poet, where Ferlinghetti himself speaks one of his poems. Recordings of Ferlinghetti reading want ads, as featured on radio station KPFA in 1957, were recorded by Henry Jacobs and are featured on the Meat Beat Manifesto album At the Center, mistakenly credited to Kenneth Rexroth. Philadelphia rock musician, Kenn Kweder, also dedicated a track to the poet entitled, "Ferlinghetti." He also gave Canadian punk band Propagandhi permission to use his painting The Unfinished Flag of the United States, which features a map of the world painted in the stars and stripes, as the cover of their 2001 release Today's Empires, Tomorrow's Ashes. On November 25, 1976 Ferlinghetti recited the poem Loud Prayer at the final concert, called The Last Waltz, of seminal rock group The Band. The Last Waltz was filmed and released as a documentary and included Ferlinghetti's recitation.
Julio Cortázar, in his masterpiece Rayuela (Hopscotch) (1963) references a poem by Ferlinghetti. In Chapter 121 he quotes: KPFA KPFA (94. ... Henry Sandy Jacobs, American sound artist and humorist. ... Meat Beat Manifesto, often shortened to Meat Beat or MBM, is an electronic music outfit originally consisting of Jack Dangers and Jonny Stephens formed in 1987 in Swindon, UK. This was also the hometown of the band XTC, who helped Meat Beat get started. ... Kenneth Rexroth (December 22, 1905 – June 6, 1982) was an American poet, translator and critical essayist. ... Todays Empires, Tomorrows Ashes is the third album by the punk rock band Propagandhi, released on February 6, 2001. ... The Last Waltz is the name of The Bands final concert, the Martin Scorsese concert film, and the album of the concert. ... The Band was an influential Canadian-American rock group of the 1960s and 1970s. ... The Last Waltz is the name of The Bands final concert, the Martin Scorsese concert film, and the album of the concert. ... Rayuela (translated into English as Hopscotch) is the most famous novel by Argentine writer Julio Cortázar. ...

Yet I have slept with beauty
in my own weird way
and I have made a hungry scene or two
with beauty in my bed
and so spilled out another poem or two
and so spilled out another poem or two
upon the Bosch-like world.

It is also said that the rhythmic and musical qualities of Cortazar's writing brings to mind the best of Ferlinghetti's poetry.


Bibliography

  • Pictures of the Gone World (1955)
  • A Coney Island of the Mind (1958)
  • Starting from San Francisco (New Directions 1967)
  • Tyrannus Nix? (New Directions 1969)
  • The Secret Meaning of Things (1970)
  • Landscapes of Living and Dying (1980) ISBN 0-8112-0743-9
  • Over All the Obscene Boundaries (1986)
  • Americus: Part I (2004)
  • Routines (book of short plays)
  • Love in the Days of Rage

"The Mexican Night (Travel Journal)" (New Directions 1970)


Discography

  • Poetry Readings in the Cellar (with the Cellar Jazz Quintet): Kenneth Rexroth & Lawrence Ferlinghetti (1957) Fantasy Records #7002 LP, (Spoken Word)
  • Ferlinghetti: Tyrannus Nix? / Assassination Raga / Big Sur Sun Sutra / Moscow in the Wilderness (1970) Fantasy Records #7014 LP, (Spoken Word)

Further reading

  • Constantly Risking Absurdity: The Writings of Lawrence Ferlinghetti, by Michael Skau (Whitson, 1989)
  • Ferlinghetti: A Biography, by Neeli Cherkovski (Doubleday, 1979)
  • Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Poet-at-Large, by Larry R. Smith (Southern Illinois University Press, 1983)
  • Charters, Ann (ed.). The Portable Beat Reader. Penguin Books. New York. 1992. ISBN 0-670-83885-3 (hc); ISBN 0-14-015102-8 (pbk)

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Academic.Brooklyn. Lawrence Ferlinghetti’s italianita. Retrieved on October 30, 2006.
  2. ^ Guardian Unlimited. Last of the bohemians. Retrieved on October 30, 2006.

October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lawrence Ferlinghetti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (536 words)
Lawrence Ferlinghetti (born March 24, 1919) is a poet who is best known as the co-owner of the City Lights Bookstore and publishing house, which published early literary works of the Beat Generation, including Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg.
Ferlinghetti was born of an Italian-Portuguese-Sephardic immigrant family in Yonkers, New York.
Ferlinghetti's poetry often reflects his views about politics and social issues of the time, and he challenges the current thoughts about an artist's role in the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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