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Encyclopedia > Law report

Law reports or reporters are series of books which contain judicial opinions from a selection of cases that have been decided by the courts. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... In most countries, the decisions of the senior courts are compiled and published in book form. ... Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... The Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R.) is the official reporter of the Supreme Court of Canada. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 178 KB) Several volumes of the United States Reports, the official reporter (law) of the Supreme Court of the United States, at a public law library in San Jose, California. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 178 KB) Several volumes of the United States Reports, the official reporter (law) of the Supreme Court of the United States, at a public law library in San Jose, California. ... Volumes of the United States Reports on the shelf at a law library The United States Reports are the official record of the rulings, orders, case tables, and other proceeding of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the...


The term reporter was originally used to refer to the individual persons who actually compile, edit, and publish such opinions. It still carries that meaning in all English dialects, but in the U.S. today, reporter additionally denotes the books themselves. In the Commonwealth, these are described by the plural term law reports, the title that usually appears on the covers of the periodical parts and the individual volumes. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. ...


In common law countries, court opinions are legally binding under the rule of stare decisis. Thus, the regular publication of such opinions is important so that everyone—lawyers, judges, and laymen can all find out what the law is, as declared by judges. This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Stare decisis (Latin: , Anglicisation: , to stand by things decided) is a Latin legal term, used in common law systems to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

For more information on authorised and unauthorised reports, see Authorised and unauthorised law reports.

Contents

In most countries, the decisions of the senior courts are compiled and published in book form. ...

History (by country)

Canada

See: Supreme Court Reports. The Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R.) is the official reporter of the Supreme Court of Canada. ...


United Kingdom

England and Wales

In England and Wales, beginning with the reports of cases contained in the Year Books (Edward II to Henry VIII) there is a complete series of reports of cases decided in the higher English courts down to the present time. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... La Graunde Abridgement was a collection of cases compiled out of the Year Books by Sir Anthony Fitzherbert; this printed edition appeared in 1577. ... Edward II, (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until deposed in January, 1327. ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ...


In 1865, the nonprofit Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England & Wales was founded, and it has gradually become the dominant publisher of reporters in the UK. It has compiled most of the best available copies of pre-1866 cases into the English Reports. Post-1866 cases are contained in the ICLR's own Law Reports. Even today, the UK government does not publish an official reporter, but its courts have promulgated rules stating that the ICLR reporters should be cited whenever possible. English Reports - a reprint in 178 volumes of the nominate reports of English judgments from various Courts from the middle ages to the 1860s, cited for example as follows: Planche v. ...


Publications
  • W. T. S. Daniel, History of the Origin of the Law Reports (London, 1884)

Scotland

The Session Cases report cases heard in the Court of Session and Scottish cases heard on appeal in the House of Lords. The Justiciary Cases report from the High Court of Justiciary. Those two series are the most authoritative and are cited in court in preference to other report series, such as The Scots Law Times, which reports sheriff court and lands tribunal cases in addition to the higher courts. The law reports service of Scotland is supplemented by other reports such as the Scottish Civil Case Reports and Green's Weekly Digest. This article is about the country. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... Seal of the High Court of Justiciary © Crown Copyright The High Court of Justiciary is Scotlands supreme criminal court. ... The Scots Law Times is the law reports service in Scotland, publishing over 1400 pages of reports each year. ... The Sheriff Courts are the local Court system in Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ...


United States

The Pacific Reporter, a part of West's National Reporter System
The Pacific Reporter, a part of West's National Reporter System

In each state of the United States, there are published reports of all cases decided by the courts having appellate jurisdiction going back to the date of their organization. There are also complete reports of the cases decided in the United States Supreme Court and the inferior federal courts having appellate jurisdiction since their creation under the United States Constitution. The early reporters were unofficial as they were published solely by private entrepreneurs, but in the middle of the 19th century, the U.S. Supreme Court and many state supreme courts began publishing their own official reporters. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1012 pixel, file size: 400 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The 2nd series of the Pacific Reporter, the reporter which covers federal and state cases decided in the western part of the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1012 pixel, file size: 400 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The 2nd series of the Pacific Reporter, the reporter which covers federal and state cases decided in the western part of the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The United States Constitution The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... In the United States, the state supreme court (known by various names in various states) is the highest state court in the state court system. ...


In the 1880s, the West Publishing Company started its National Reporter System, which is a family of regional reporters, each of which covers all federal and state opinions in a specific group of states. The NRS is now the dominant unofficial reporter system in the U.S., and some smaller states have discontinued their own official reporters and certified the appropriate West regional reporter as their official reporter. West and its rival, LexisNexis, both publish unofficial reporters of U.S. Supreme Court opinions. West also publishes the West American Digest System to help lawyers find cases in its reporters. West digests and reporters have always featured a "Key Numbering System" with a unique number for every conceivable legal topic. It is now available online as the KeyCite feature on Westlaw. Thomson West is the largest part of Thomson Legal & Regulatory, which is the largest market group of The Thomson Corporation. ... Nexis redirects here. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... West American Digest System is a system of identifying legal cases and organizing them by topic and key number. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ...


The U.S. federal government does not publish an official reporter for the federal courts at the circuit and district levels. However, just as the UK government uses the ICLR reporters by default, the U.S. courts use the unofficial West federal reporters, which are the Federal Reporter (for courts of appeals) and the Federal Supplement (for district courts). West also publishes several unofficial state-specific reporters for large states like California. This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Federal Reporter is a case law reporter in the United States that is published by West Publishing. ... The Federal Supplement is a case law reporter published by West Publishing in the United States that includes select opinions of the United States district courts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Some government agencies use (and require attorneys and agents practicing before them to cite to) certain unofficial reporters that specialize in the types of cases likely to be material to matters before the agency. For example, for both patent and trademark practice, the United States Patent and Trademark Office requires citation to the United States Patents Quarterly (USPQ).[1][2] PTO headquarters in Alexandria The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides patent and trademark protection to inventors and businesses for their inventions and corporate and product identification. ... The United States Patents Quarterly, USPQ, is a United States legal reporter covering intellectual property cases including patents, copyrights, trade secret, and trademarks from 1913 through the present. ...


Today, both Westlaw and LexisNexis also publish a variety of official and unofficial reporters covering the decisions of many federal and state administrative agencies which possess quasi-judicial powers.


Publications

  • Eugene Wambaugh, Study of Cases (second edition, Boston, 1894)
  • C. C. Soule, Lawyers' Reference Manual of Law Books and Citations (Boston, 1884)
  • Stephen Elias and Susan Levinkind, Legal Research: How To Find And Understand The Law (Berkeley: Nolo Press, 2004)

Eugene Wambaugh (February 29, 1856–August 6, 1940) was an American legal scholar. ...

Australia

The Commonwealth Law Reports are the authorised reports of the High Court of Australia. The Australian Law Reports are the unauthorised reports. Each state has an authorised report, such as the Victorian Reports or the New South Wales Law Reports. There are reports produced by private companies that deal with particular areas of law. For example, the Australian Torts Reports may publish decisions from any state or federal court. The Commonwealth Law Reports are the authorised reports of decisions of the High Court of Australia. ... High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ... The Australian Law Reports are an unauthorised series of law reports which report cases from the High Court of Australia, Federal Court of Australia and the Supreme Courts of the states and territories. ...


New Zealand

The New Zealand Law Reports (NZLR) are the authorised reports of the New Zealand Council for Law Reporting and have been published continuously since 1883. The reports publish cases of significance from the High Court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of New Zealand. The reports, which were initially sorted by volume, are sorted by year. Three volumes per year are now published, with the number of volumes having increased over time from one, to two and now to three. The reports do not focus on any particular area of law, with subject specific reports filling this niche. There are approximately 20 privately published report series focusing on specialist areas of law. Some areas are covered by more than one report series - such as employment, tax and family law. For a full list of current and historical report series, see the directory of decisions on the University of Waikato web site. The High Court of New Zealand was established in 1841 and known as the Supreme Court until 1980. ... The Court of Appeal of New Zealand, located in Wellington, is New Zealand’s principal intermediate appellate court. ... The Supreme Court of New Zealand is the highest court of appeal in New Zealand, having formally come into existence at the beginning of 2004, and sitting for the first time on 1 July 2004. ... The University of Waikato is located in Hamilton and Tauranga, New Zealand, and was established in 1964. ...


Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, the law reports are published according to the provisions of the Law Reports Act, 1875. There are at least six law reports now in Bangladesh, the most popular one is the Dhaka Law Reports (popularly known as DLR)which started its publication from 1948. Bangladesh Legal Decisions (BLD) is published under the authority of the Bangladesh Bar Council. The other law reports are Bangladesh Law Chronicles, Law Guardian, Bangladesh Law Times, Mainstream Law Reports. Even after the establishment of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh after 1972, a law report was published for few years under the supervision of the SC. But that did not continue for long. These Law Reports basically contain the judgements, Order and Decisions of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. The decisions of the lower judiciary are not reported in any law report. Very recently, Chancery Research and Consultant (CRC-Bangladesh)a socio- legal research organisation launched the first ever searchable inter-active Bangladeshi Legal Information Website (www.clcbd.org). This site contains an online law report i.e. Chancery Law Chronicles. [[1]]


India

The Supreme Court Reports (SCR) is the official reporter for Supreme Court decisions. In addition, some private reporters have been authorised to publish the Court's decisions.

An issue of the Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter
An issue of the Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter

These include Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  • Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter (ISCLR)
  • All India Reporter (AIR),
  • Supreme Court Cases (SCC),
  • Indian Law Reports (ILR),
  • Supreme Court Almanac,
  • Judgements Today (JT).

In India, the All India Reporter (AIR) published from Nagpur, Maharashtra has the widest coverage. Along with its sister publication, the Criminal Law Journal (CrLJ), it reports most civil and criminal law judgements of the Supreme Court of India and the High Courts of each of the States. It is published monthly, but reference is typically made to the annual bound volumes. , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. ...


The case of Sebastian Hongray v. Union of India (dated: Nov 24, 1983) can be cited thus:

  • ISCLR/1984/47/01 – which corresponds to the Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter (name of the reporter), Year (of publication), Part (of the reporter) and assigned case number;
  • AIR 1984 SC 571 - where 'AIR' is the All India Reporter, '1984' is the year of judgement (AIR does not use a volume-based classification), 'SC' is the Supreme Court of India and '571' is the page number;
  • (1984) 1 SCC 339 - which corresponds to the Year (of publication), Volume (of the reporter), Supreme Court Cases (name of the reporter) and Page Number (within the volume);
  • 1984 Cri LJ 289 (SC) - which corresponds to Year (of publication), Criminal Law Journal (name of reporter) and Page Number (within the 1984 volumes). The forum is indicated in simple parenthesis.
  • (1984) 2 Scale 1352 - A citation of the 'Supreme Court Almanac' looks like this
  • (1984) 1 SC 374 - Judgements Today' like this

Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter (ISCLR) uses part-based classification and is being published weekly. ISCLR is recognized for its fastest and most accurate judgment reporting. This reporter use unique multi color highlighting feature to make the judgments easy to understand. ISCLR’s electronic version is distributed free of charge and is intended to help broaden public understanding of Law and of Supreme Court Judgments and Rulings.


The 'Supreme Court Cases (SCC)' published supplementary reports for a few years in the early 1990s. Those citations looked like this - Federation of Mining Associations v. State of Rajasthan1992 Supp (2) SCC 239, which points to page 239 of the Second Supplementary Volume of the SCC reports in the year 1992.


The SCC also have a separate series of subject-based reporting of the decisions of the Supreme Court. For instance - Rathinam Nagbhushan Patnaik v. Union of India 1994 SCC (Cri) 740, which refers to the SCC Criminal Reports, and Delhi Transport Corporation v. Mazdoor Congress 1991 SCC (L&S) 1213, which refers to the SCC Labour & Services Reports.


There are other subject-specific reports such as Arbitration Law Reports, Patents & Trademark Cases, consumer forum cases and so on.


Pakistan

Pakistan inherited a common law system upon independence from Great Britain in 1947, and thus its legal system relies heavily on law reports. The most comprehensive law book is the "Pakistan Law Digest" (PLD), which contains judgements from the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the various provincial High Courts, the Service, Professional and Election Tribunals as well as the superior courts of territories such as Azad Kashmir. PLD is augmented by other books, most notably the "Yearly Law Reports" (YLR), and the "Monthly Law Digest", (MLD).


These books are online available through website developed by Oratier Technologies(PVT) Ltd a sister concern of PLD http://www.pakistanlawsite.com.


The Supreme Court also has its own law book, the "Supreme Court Monthly Review" (SCMR), which lists more recent cases that the appex court heard.


In addition, there are books dealing with specific areas of law, such as the "Civil Law Cases" (CLC), which as the name suggests deals with Civil cases, the "Pakistan Criminal Law Journal", (PCrLJ) which reports Criminal Cases, the "Pakistan Tax Decisions", (PTD)on the Income Tax tribunal cases and their appeals,


"CDTL(Computerized Direct Tax Law)" and "CSTL(Computerized Sales Tax Law)" are two computerized versions developed by Rahmat Ullah Malik & Company deals with Supreme Court, High Court and Tribunal reported cases from 1947 to date.


Kenya

Kenya's first output of law reports was in the form of volumes under the citation E.A.L.R (East African Law Reports). They were first published between 1897 and 1905. Seven of these volumes were compiled by the Hon Mr Justice R. W. Hamilton, who was then the Chief Justice of the Protectorate and the reports covered all courts of different jurisdictions.


The 1922-1956 period saw the emergence of some twenty-one volumes of the Kenya Law Reports (under the citation K.L.R). These reports included the decisions of the High Court only and were collated, compiled and edited by different puisne judges and magistrates. The Kenya Law Reports are the official law reports of the Republic of Kenya which may be cited in proceedings in all courts of Kenya (section 21 of the Act). ...


Then came the period covering 1934 to 1956 which saw the birth of the famous Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa Law Reports (E.A.L.R). These reports comprised twenty-three volumes altogether which were also compiled by puisne judges and magistrates, a Registrar of the High Court and a Registrar of the Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa. These volumes reported the decisions of the then Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa and of the Privy Council. They covered only those appeals filed from the territories.


The East Africa Law Reports (cited as E.A.) were introduced in 1957 and were published in nineteen consecutive volumes until 1975. These reports covered decisions of the Court of Appeal for East Africa and the superior courts of the constituent territories, namely, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Aden, Seychelles and Somaliland. They were published under an editorial board consisting of the Chief Justices of the Territories and the presiding judge of the Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa. Following the collapse of the East African Community, under whose auspices the reports were published, the reports went out of publication.


The period before the resumption of the East Africa Law Reports saw sporadic and transitory attempts at law reporting. Firstly, with the authority of the then Attorney-General, six volumes named the New Kenya Law Reports covering the period between and including the years 1976 to 1980 were published by the East African Publishing House Ltd. These reports included the decisions of the High Court and Court of Appeal of Kenya and were compiled by the Late Hon Mr Justice S. K. Sachdeva and were edited by Mr Paul H Niekirk and the Hon Mr Justice Richard Kuloba, a judge of the High Court of Kenya. The publication of these reports ceased when the publishing house folded them up ostensibly on account of lack of funds.


Later, two volumes of what were known as the Kenya Appeal Reports were published for the period 1982-1992 by Butterworths, a private entity, under the editorship of The Hon Chief Justice A.R.W. Hancox (hence the pseudonym “Hancox Reports”) who had the assistance of an editorial board of seven persons. These reports, as their name suggested, included only the decisions of the Court of Appeal of Kenya selected over that period.


Law reports relating to special topics have also been published. Ten volumes of the Court of Review Law Reports covering the period 1953 to 1962 and including the decisions on customary law by the African Court of Review were published by the Government Printer. There was no editorial board and it is not known who the compilers of these reports were. Their apocryphal origin notwithstanding, they were commonly cited by legal practitioners and scholars.


In 1994, the Kenyan Parliament passed the National Council for Law Reporting Act, 1994 and gave the Council the exclusive mandate of: “publication of the reports to be known as the Kenya Law Reports which shall contain judgments, rulings and opinions of the superior courts of record and also undertake such other publications as in the opinion of the Council are reasonably related to or connected with the preparation and publication of the Kenya Law Reports” (section 3 of the Act).


The Kenya Law Reports are the official law reports of the Republic of Kenya which may be cited in proceedings in all courts of Kenya (section 21 of the Act).


Free publication

The development of the internet brought with it the opportunity for courts to publish their decisions on Web sites. The relatively low cost of this publication method, and the importance of making court decisions freely available to the public — particularly in common law countries where much of the law can only be found in the decisions of courts — has resulted in many courts now publishing the majority of their decisions on the Web. Decisions of courts from all over the world can now be found through the Web site of WorldLII and those of its member institutes. These projects have been strongly encouraged by the Free Access to Law Movement. A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... // The Free Access to Law Movement is the umbrella name for the collective of legal projects across several common law countries to provide free online access to legal information such as case law and legislation. ...


Design and cultural references

Reporters usually come in the form of sturdy hardcover books with most of the design elements on the spine (the part that a lawyer would be most interested in when searching for a case). The volume number is usually printed in large type to make it easy to spot. Gold leaf is traditionally used on the spine for the name of the reporter and for some decorative lines and bars. Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of separate sheets of paper or other material. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Metal leaf. ...


In lawyer portraits and advertisements, the rows of books visible behind the lawyer are usually reporters. Roman-Egyptian funeral portrait of a young boy A portrait is a painting (portrait painting), photograph (portrait photography), or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ...


References

  1. ^ Citation of authority, 37 C.F.R. § 42.12(a)(2)
  2. ^ Citation of Decisions and Office Publications, Trademark Manual of Examination Procedures § 705.05

See also

// The United States Reports, the official reporter of the Supreme Court of the United States Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court... The Atlantic Reporter is a regional case law reporter published by West Publishing in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The North Eastern Reporter and North Eastern Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters containing published U.S. state appellate court case decisions for: Illinois Indiana Massachusetts New York Ohio When cited, the North Eastern Reporter and North Eastern Reporter Second are abbreviated N.E. and N.E... The North Western Reporter and North Western Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters containing published appellate court case decisions for: Iowa Michigan Minnesota Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota Wisconsin When cited, the North Western Reporter and North Western Reporter Second are abbreviated N.W. and N.W... The Pacific Reporter, Second Series The Pacific Reporter, Pacific Reporter Second and Pacific Reporter Third are United States regional case law reporters containing published appellate court case decisions for: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Kansas Montana Nevada New Mexico Oklahoma Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming When cited, the Pacific Reporter... The South Eastern Reporter and South Eastern Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters containing published appellate court case decisions for: Georgia North Carolina South Carolina Virginia West Virginia When cited, the South Eastern Reporter and South Eastern Reporter Second are abbreviated S.E. and S.E.2d... The Southern Reporter and Southern Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters containing published appellate court case decisions for: Alabama Florida Louisiana Mississippi When cited, the Southern Reporter and Southern Reporter Second are abbreviated So. ... The South Western Reporter, South Western Reporter Second and South Western Reporter Third are United States regional case law reporters containing published appellate court case decisions for: Arkansas Kentucky Missouri Tennessee Texas When cited, the South Western Reporter, South Western Reporter Second and Atlantic Reporter Third are abbreviated S.W... The United States Patents Quarterly, USPQ, is a United States legal reporter covering intellectual property cases including patents, copyrights, trade secret, and trademarks from 1913 through the present. ... The All England Law Reports (abbreviated in citations to All E.R.) are a long-running series of law reports covering cases from the court system in England and Wales. ... The Kenya Law Reports are the official law reports of the Republic of Kenya which may be cited in proceedings in all courts of Kenya (section 21 of the Act). ...

External Links

Source note

This article incorporates text from an edition of the New International Encyclopedia that is in the public domain. The New International Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia first published in the 1910s. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Indian Supreme Court Law Reporter [ISCLR] - http://isclr.profil.in For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Administrative law in the United States often relates to, or arises from, so-called independent agencies- such as the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Here is FTCs headquarters in Washington D.C. Administrative law (or regulatory law) is the body of law that arises from the activities of administrative agencies... The term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential for unique and often severe impositions as punishment for failure to comply. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... Not to be confused with torte, an iced cake. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This law-related article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Court of Chancery, London, early 19th century This article is about the concept of equity in the jurisprudence of common law countries. ... International law deals with the relationships between states, or between persons or entities in different states. ... Conflict of laws, or private international law, or international private law is that branch of international law and interstate law that regulates all lawsuits involving a foreign law element, where a difference in result will occur depending on which laws are applied as the lex causae. ... Supranational law is a form of international law, based on the limitation of the rights of sovereign nations between one another. ... Image File history File links Scale_of_justice_2. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Labour law (American English: labor) or employment law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which addresses the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. ... Human rights law is a system of laws, both domestic and international which is intended to promote human rights. ... Legal procedure is the body of law and rules used in the administration of justice in the court system, including such areas as civil procedure, criminal procedure, appellate procedure, administrative procedure, labour procedure, and probate. ... The law of evidence governs the use of testimony (e. ... Nationality law is the branch of a countrys legal system wherein legislation, custom and court precendent combine to define the ways in which that countrys nationality and citizenship are transmitted, acquired or lost. ... Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... In the common law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over his property or family after death. ... Commercial law (sometimes known as business law) is the body of law which governs business and commerce. ... Corporations law or corporate law is the law concerning the creation and regulation of corporations. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... The following analysis is based on English law. ... Restitution is the name given to a form of legal relief in which the plaintiff recovers something from the defendant that belongs, or should belong, to the plaintiff. ... Tax law is the codified system of laws that describes government levies on economic transactions, commonly called taxes. ... Bank regulations are a form of government regulation which subject banks to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, aiming to uphold the soundness and integrity of the financial system. ... Antitrust redirects here. ... Consumer protection is a form of government regulation which protects the interests of consumers. ... Environmental law is a body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking statutes, common law, treaties, conventions, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or endangered by human activities. ... International law deals with the relationships between states, or between persons or entities in different states. ... Admiralty law (also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... Military law is a distinct legal system to which members of armed forces are subject. ... Products liability is the area of law in which manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, retailers, and others who make products available to the public are held responsible for the injuries those products cause. ... World distribution of major legal traditions The three major legal systems of the world today consist of civil law, common law and religious law. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... For other uses of civil law, see civil law. ... In the religious sense, law can be thought of as the ordering principle of reality; knowledge as revealed by God defining and governing all human affairs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Socialist Legality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about law in society. ... Legal history is a term that has at least two meanings. ... For the jurisprudence of courts, see Case law. ... Law and economics, or economic analysis of law is an approach to legal theory that applies methods of economics to law. ... An approach to law stressing the actual social effects of legal institutions, doctrines, and practices and vice versa. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about the sociological concept. ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Civil society is composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning society as opposed to the force-backed structures of a state (regardless of that states political system) and commercial institutions. ...


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This Act allows for the reporting and the dissemination of information on family law proceedings subject to very strict conditions to protect the identity of individuals involved in family law litigation.
AGC – Publications – Law Reports (1393 words)
Officers from the Law Reform and Revision Division participated in the work of the Committee and were involved in drafting the report and the proposed draft Bill to implement the recommendations of the Committee.
Officers from the Law Reform and Revision Division and Legislation Division participated in the work of the Committee and were involved in drafting the proposed draft Bills to implement the recommendations of the Committee.
Officers from the Law Reform and Revision Division and the Legislation Division participated in the work of the Committee and were involved in drafting the legislation to implement the recommendations of the Committee.
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