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Encyclopedia > Law enforcement in Turkey

Law Enforcement in Turkey

Law enforcement in Turkey is carried out by several departments and agencies, all acting under the command of the Prime Minister or mostly the Minister of the Interior. Here are some of the organisations.


Turkish Police (Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü)

Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü, is the official name of the high comand of the Turkish Police. Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü (translates to General Directorate of Security), assumes roles in law enforcement and security matters mostly in cities and metros. Their area of jurisdiction is limited to city centres and some exceptional locations. For example, in airports, the police and Gümrük Muhafaza (Customs) work together to ensure the safety of the airport and the customs. Traffic Police, ensures the safety of the transportation and also works with the registrations of vehicles.The Turkish Police also plays big parts in important intelligence and counter-terrorist operations.

The General Directorate is based in Ankara, the capital. Every district also hosts a İl Emiyet Müdürlüğü (District Directorate). The organization is central-based and has a hierarchy similar to that of the military.

In Turkey, Police officers wear navy-blue uniforms and caps. Patrol cars can be identified using the unique blue-white design and the writing “Polis” on the side doors and hood. Lieutenants and captains wear silver stars on their shoulders, highest ranking officers wear golden stars.

Some of the famous police units in Turkey are : Yunuslar (Motorcycle Units, yunuslar translates to Dolphins), the Çevik Kuvvet(the Agile Force) who handle difficult cases like demonstrations with the help of K-9 dogs and the famed “Panzer”s, and lastly the Özel-Tim which is the special response unit of the Department (quite like the American SWAT or the German GSG), using special weapons and rapid deployment tactics for the control of exceptionally harsh circumstances (bank robberies, kidnappings, hostage rescues etc.)

There have been some disputes in the past about the Police Department. One of many is the scandals that have been on the international press about handling demonstrations with excessive use of force. In Turkey the police is regularly criticized with being ill-mannered and bullying. However more importantly, the government is constantly accused for underpaying and understaffing the department, limiting its rights to exercise lethal force (today legally, a Turkish Policeman is not allowed to fire his weapon unless very exceptional circumstances are at hand), and trying to induce political influence in it.

Jandarma (Gendarmarie)

The Jandarma, are military forces of law enforcement. They are trained and supplied by the army but they assume duties under the Minister of Interior. Their organization and duties are quite similar to those of the French Gendarmarie, or Italian Carabinieri.

The Command, is based in Ankara, under the name Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı (Gendarmarie Command General) who is led by a four-star-general. Every predefined region has a “Bölge Komutanı”, every district an “İl Komutanı”.

Their area of jurisdiction is outside city centres, mostly in the country where population and pop. density are low and crime rates are especially high (this is even more true for the Southeastern Region, where terrorist acts are committed every day in and out of towns.). Most touristic sites are also areas of Jandarma’s jurisdiction because their average population throughout the year are not high enough to fall under the police department’s.

The Turkish Jandarma is renowned for its counter-terrorist operations in the southeast. There almost seems to be an ongoing quiet war between terrorist activist groups and the Jandarma. Each week, new martyrs from the Jandarma can be spotted on the news, killed in action while actively engaged in a shootout with the terrorists.

The Jandarma also have an independent organization of Traffic Control (Jandarma Trafik) similar to that of the police, but they take shifts outside the cities; which gives them a similarity to the American Highway Police.

The famous JİTEM (Jandarma İstihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele / Gendarmarie Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism Organization) is also responsible to the Command General.

In Turkey, the Jandarma can generally be spotted wearing dark green trousers and light green shirts, with special red-and-blue markings on their collars. But any army officer with the same markings no matter which uniform they are in is Jandarma.

Village Guard

The village guard are very rare, and are mostly locals in eastern villages. They perform auxiliary and voluntary law enforcement duty. Their initial purpose was to defend villages against terrorist attacks. They were originally called Korucu or Köy Korucusu.

Military Police (Askeri İnzibat)

Askeri inzibat, is a very small force that is under military command that handles cases directly relevant to military security and military crimes. Their area of jurisdiction is generally limited to military bases. But they also track down military criminals (those who have escaped service or broken out of a base). Some of the other duties they perform are, protection and VIP detail provided to important bases or commanders, control of traffic inside the bases and providing security in military courts. They can be identified using the very obvious “AS. İZ.” ,printed in large letters across the front of their helmets.


The Turkish Intelligence and counter-intelligence operations are also conducted by more than one organization also acting with constant coordination. Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ...

Firstly, the Police and the Gendarmarie each have a department that perform duties relevant to the collection and analysis of intelligence and countering criminal acts. Emniyet İstihbarat Daire, is the Police’s branch of intelligence while the famed JİTEM, is the Gendarmarie’s. JİTEM’s name came up recently in the Şemdinli affair, when two JİTEM operatives grenaded a bookstore which sold books including books of seperatist views.

Also, each of the Armed Forces have an intelligence branch within themselves. These are the Naval Intelligence, Army Intelligence and Air Force Intelligence. To supersede all three, the General Staff also has an intelligence branch which ensures the cooperation and coordination of these organizations.

Finally and most importantly is the MIT (pronounced mit) which oversees all and conducts most of the internal or external intelligence operations. The head of MIT, is the MIT Müsteşarı(Undersecretary of the MIT) who reports directly to the Prime Minister himself. MIT abbreviates Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı (National Intelligence Organization). MIT is said to have been founded with the CIA’s cooperation and built after the CIA model. The public sees the MIT as a closed box, because it has no visible acts, operations; neither does it have any communication with the public. Recently there have been scandals inside the MIT, including murders and suicides, all of which remain unexplained. The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ...

See also

Topics in Turkey edit
History Timeline | History of Turks | Oghuz Turks | Gokturks | Sultanate of Rûm | Anatolian Turkish Beyliks | Ottoman Empire | Turkish War of Independence | Atatürk | Republican history | Military history | Constitutional history | Economic history
Politics and Government Republic of Turkey | President of the Republic | Prime Minister | Parliament | Political parties | Elections | Foreign relations | Military
Legal system Constitution | Constitutional Court | Law enforcement
Geography Anatolia | Provinces | Cities | Environment | Mountains | Islands | Rivers
Economy Turkish companies | Stock Exchange | Central Bank | EU Customs Union | Southeastern Anatolia Project | New lira
Demographics Turkish people | Turkic peoples | Language | Turkic languages | Education | Religion | Islam | Turkish diaspora
Culture Art | Literature | Cinema | Theatre | Music | Sport | Architecture | Ottoman architecture | Folklore | Cuisine | Media | Tourism | Holidays | Festivals
Other Flag | Coat of arms | National Anthem

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... This is a list of Turkey-related articles: Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9 2003 Istanbul Bombings A Abbas I of Egypt - Abbas II... Turkey is a successor state of the Ottoman Empire, a multi-ethnic empire consolidated by gradual conquest during medieval and early modern times (1300-1700). ... This page does not include the war of independance. ... Turks and the First Turkish States. ... The Oghuz Turks (also with various alternate spellings, including Oguz, Oğuz, Ouz, Okuz, Oufoi, Guozz and Ghuzz) are regarded as one of the major branches of Turkic peoples. ... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks known as Tujue (突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval Chinese sources, established the first known Turkic state around 552, after the Huns, under the leadership of Bumin/Tuman Khan/Khaghan (d. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Anatolian beyliks (also Turkmen beyliks, Tevâif-i mülûk (in Ottoman Turkish) were small Turkish emirates or muslim principalities (beylik) governed by tribal beys, which were founded in several locations of Anatolia as of the end of the 13th century. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah... Combatants Turkish Revolutionaries Triple Entente, Greece, Armenia Commanders Mustafa Kemal Ismet Inonu Kazim Karabekir Ali Fuat Cebesoy Fevzi Çakmak Papoulas Hatzianestis The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: Kurtuluş Savaşı), or sometimes referred to as birth of a nation was part of the political and military events that began with the... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... One of the new states from the Ottoman Empire was the Republic of Turkey. ... // Overview Over the centuries, Turkey has had many constitutions and can be caracterized by the steady establishment of a nation-state, democratization and internationalisation. ... At the time of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire (see Economy of the Ottoman Empire) during World War I, the Turkish economy was underdeveloped: agriculture depended on outmoded techniques and poor-quality livestock, and the few factories producing basic products such as sugar and flour were under foreign control. ... Turkey is a secular, republican parliamentary democracy. ... There have been ten Presidents of the Republic of Turkey since its inception. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ... Elections in Turkey gives information on election and election results in Turkey. ... Turkeys primary political, economic, and security ties are with the Western world. ... // Overview Part Four, Section Two of the Turkish Constitution has established the Constitutional Court of Turkey that statutes on the conformity of laws and decrees to the Constitution, and it can be seized by the President of the Republic, the government, the members of Parliament or any judge before whom... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... This is a list of cities in Turkey by population (according to the 2000 census). ... This is a list of companies from Turkey. ... On 31 December 1995 the customs union between Turkey and the European Union came into effect. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... TRY banknotes and coins The Turkish new lira is the current currency of Turkey and of the de facto state Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... Modern Turkey spans bustling cosmopolitan centres, pastoral farming villages, barren wastelands, peaceful Aegean and Mediterannean coastlines, and steep mountain regions. ... The Turks, (Turkish: Türkler), or the Turkish people (Türk Halkı), are a nation (millet) in the meaning an ethnos (Halk in Turkish), defined more by a sense of sharing a common Turkish culture and having a Turkish mother tongue, than by citizenship, religion or by being subjects to... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ... Interior of the Hagia Sofia, Istanbul, Turkey, June 1994. ... The Turkish Diaspora is in reference to the Anatolian Turks who dont live in Turkey. ... The culture of Turkey is derived from various elements of the Ottoman Empire, European, and the Islamic traditions. ... A page from the Dîvân-ı Fuzûlî, the collected poems of the 16th-century Ottoman poet Fuzûlî Turkish literature is the collection of written and oral texts composed in the Turkish language, either in its Ottoman form or in less exclusively literary forms, such as that spoken... History (Timeline and Samples) Genres: Alternative - Classical - Dance - Folk - Hip hop - Jazz - Military - Ottoman - Pop - Religious - Rock Music awards Kral - MÜ-YAP - MGD Charts Powerturk 40 - Kral 20 Annual festivals Istanbul International Music Festival - Istanbul International Jazz Festival - Ankara IMF - Izmir European Jazz Festival Media Bant magazine - Mix! - Adante - BlueJean... See these examples of Ottoman Architecture: The Topkapi Palace The Dolmabahçe Palace The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii; also known as the Blue Mosque) The Suleiman Mosque (Süleymaniyye Camii) The Ottoman residential buildings, Yalıs See also: Islamic architecture Mosques. ... Water Fountain in Istanbul, 1878 Ottoman architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire which emerged in Bursa and Edirne in 14th and 15th centuries. ... Ahi Evren Ahriyan Al Basti Alaturbi Ancomah Bardi Cazi Germakoçi Karakoncolos Karakura Kolot Tavara // Breaking vine In Trabzon region folklore (Çarşıbaşi town) For testing whether the new bride is propitious, when she comes to the house, she is asked to break a vine from three points and... Turkish cuisine is well-known, especially in Europe. ... Tourism in Turkey: Over the last two decades Turkey has made considerable investments on infra and super structure. ... More than 100 festivals are held in Turkey every year. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Turkey consists of a white crescent moon and a star on a red background. ... The Coat of Arms of Turkey is a red oval containing a vertically-oriented crescent and star from the Turkish flag surrouned by the official name of the country in Turkish. ... The İstiklâl Marşı (i. ...

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