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Encyclopedia > Law and Justice
Law and Justice
Law and Justice's logo
Leader Jarosław Kaczyński
Founded June 13, 2001
Headquarters ul. Nowogrodzka 84/86 02-018 Warsaw
Official ideology/
political position
Christian democracy,
Nationl conservatism
International affiliation Alliance for Europe of the Nations
Website www.pis.org.pl

Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) is a Polish political party. Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links PiS_logo. ...   IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is a polish politician and was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2002. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Christian democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ... The Alliance for Europe of the Nations is a pan-European political party that gathers nationalist parties from across the continent. ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ...


The party was established in 2001, by the Kaczyński twins: Lech, current President of Poland, and Jarosław, current party president and former Prime Minister of Poland. Most party members were once associated with the now defunct Solidarity Electoral Action coalition or the Movement for Reconstruction of Poland. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ...   IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is a polish politician and was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2002. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service... Solidarity Electoral Action (Akcja Wyborcza Solidarność, AWS) is a political party coalition in Poland. ... Ruch Odbudowy Polski (Movement for the Reconstruction of Poland) is a small eurosceptic political party in Poland. ...

Contents

History

The party was created on a wave of popularity gained by Lech Kaczyński, while heading the Polish Ministry of Justice (June 2000 to July 2001) in the AWS-led government, although local committees began appearing from March 22, 2001). The AWS itself was created from a diverse array of many small right-wing political parties. According to a claim by the US federal government funded International Republican Institute (IRI), the IRI itself played a significant role in uniting these parties to create the AWS, the "parent" party of both PiS and the PO. [1]  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... Ministry of Justice Currently Zbigniew Ziobro (PiS) is Polish Minister of Justice. ... Solidarity Electoral Action (Akcja Wyborcza Solidarność, AWS) is a political party coalition in Poland. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The International Republican Institute (IRI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization. ... Solidarity Electoral Action (Akcja Wyborcza Solidarność, AWS) is a political party coalition in Poland. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ...


In the 2001 general election PiS gained 44 (of 460) seats in the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament (Sejm) with 9.5% of votes. In 2002, Lech Kaczyński was elected mayor of Warsaw. Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ...


In the 2005 general election PiS unexpectedly took first place with 27.0% of votes, which gave it 155 out of 460 seats in the Sejm and 49 out of 100 seats in the Senat. A coalition of PO and PiS was expected to be the most likely government to form after the election. The putative coalition parties had a falling out, however, related to fierce contest for the Polish presidency. In the end, Lech Kaczyński won the second round of the presidential election on 23 October 2005 with 54.0% of the vote, ahead of Donald Tusk, the PO candidate. Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. ...  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Donald Franciszek Tusk (IPA: [], born 22 April 1957, GdaÅ„sk) is a conservative-liberal Polish politician, co-founder and chairman of the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska), and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland. ...


After the 2005 elections, PiS formed a minority government headed by Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as prime minister, an arrangement that eventually turned out to be unworkable. In July 2006 PiS formed a majority government with the populist Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland and nationalist League of Polish Families, headed by the PiS party leader Jarosław Kaczyński. Differences in ideologies meant that the coalition also failed to govern effectively. At the same time, association with these parties, on the margins of Polish politics, was affecting severely the reputation of PiS. When accusations of corruption and sexual harassments against the leader of Self Defense surfaced, PiS chose to end the coalition and called for new elections. Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz ( ) (born December 20, 1959 in Gorzów Wielkopolski) is a Polish politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland from October 2005 to July 2006. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej, SRP)[1] is an agrarian political party and trade union in Poland. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a national conservative political party in Poland. ...   IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is a polish politician and was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2002. ... Andrzej Lepper Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper (IPA: [], born June 13, 1954 in StowiÄ™cino, Poland) is a Polish politician, the leader of Samoobrona RP (Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland) political party. ...


In the 2007 general election PiS managed to secure 32.1% of votes. Although in relative numbers an improvement over the results from two years before, the results were nevertheless a defeat for the party, as Civic Platform gathered 41.5% of support. The party won 166 out of 460 seats in the Sejm and 39 seats in the Senate of Poland. Early parliamentary elections for both houses of parliament (Sejm and Senat) were held in Poland on 21 October 2007 after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September 2007. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ...


Ideology

International comparison

In terms of European politics, the PiS has resemblances to the Christian Social Union of Bavaria or the Austrian People's Party, although there are differences in economic policy and PiS is further to the right on cultural issues than both these parties. In the European parliament it is affiliated with the Union for a Europe of Nations group along with some conservative and/or nationalist parties. From an American perspective, PiS would be more comparable to conservative Democrats rather than Republicans, because it combines social conservatism with a moderate, centrist stance on fiscal issues. The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... The Austrian Peoples Party (de:Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian political party. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Union for a Europe of Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... Blue Dog Democrats are a group of 44 non-centrist, right wing house members who often defy the progressives and centrists within their own party. ... GOP redirects here. ...


Platform

In comparison with the other major party with Solidarity roots, Civic Platform, PiS projects a more traditional image overall. It has been claimed that their social policies are based on the anti-socialist Catholic social teaching [citation needed]. Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ... Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO), is a Christian-democratic Polish political party. ... Catholic social teaching comprises those aspects of Catholic doctrine which relate to matters dealing with the collective aspect of humanity. ...


Economy

The party supports a state-guaranteed minimum social safety net and state intervention in the economy within market economy bounds. During the election campaign it proposed tax decrease to two personal tax rates (18% and 32%) instead of current three (19%, 30% and 40%), and tax rebates related to the number of children in a family, as well as a reduction of the VAT rate (while keeping a variation between individual types of VAT rates). However, this has not been implemented. Also: a continuation of privatisation with the exclusion of several dozen state companies deemed to be of strategic importance for the country. PiS opposes cutting social welfare spending, and also proposed the introduction of a system of state-guaranteed housing loans (also unimplemented). A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets (though completley useless to some dumbasses) guided by a free price system. ... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ...


Decommunization

PiS is a strong supporter of lustration (Polish: lustracja), a verification system created ostensively to combat the influence of the Communist era security apparatus in Polish society. While current lustration laws require the verification of those who serve in public offices, PiS wants to expand the process to include university professors, lawyers, journalists, managers of large companies, and others performing "public functions". Those found to have collaborated with the security service, according to the party, should be forbidden to practice in their professions. Lustration is, literally, a sacrifice, or ceremony, by which cities, fields, armies, or people, defiled by crimes, pestilence, or other cause of uncleanness, were purified. During the period after the fall of the various European Communist states in 1989–1991, the term came to refer to the policy of... SÅ‚użba BezpieczeÅ„stwa (or SB) Ministerstwa Spraw WewnÄ™trznych, of the Ministry of Internal Affairs - was the name of communist internal intelligence agency and secret police, established in the Peoples Republic of Poland in 1956, SB was the main organ in Poland responsible for political repression, until... SÅ‚użba BezpieczeÅ„stwa (or SB) Ministerstwa Spraw WewnÄ™trznych, of the Ministry of Internal Affairs - was the name of communist internal intelligence agency and secret police, established in the Peoples Republic of Poland in 1956, SB was the main organ in Poland responsible for political repression, until...


PiS also supports revealing the names of all secret agents from the time of the Communist regime. The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the Peoples Republic of Poland in the decades following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred by political instability, social unrest, and...


Crime and corruption

PiS advocates increased criminal penalties. It postulates aggressive anti-corruption measures (including creation of an Anti-Corruption Office, open disclosure of the assets of politicians and important public servants), as well as broad and various measures to smooth the working of public institutions.


Constitution, power structures

PiS has presented project for constitutional changes which includes, among others: allowing the president the right to pass laws by decree (when prompted to do so by the Cabinet), a reduction of the number of members of the Sejm and Senat, and removal of constitutional bodies overseeing the media and monetary policy. Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... This article is about the governmental body. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ...


Defence policy

The party is in favor of strengthening the Polish Army through diminishing bureaucracy and raising military expenditures, especially for modernization of army equipment. PiS plans to introduce a fully professional army and end conscription by 2012. It is also in favor of participation of Poland in foreign military missions led by the United Nations, NATO and United States, in countries like Afganistan and Iraq. Following the election, it declared that Polish soldiers will remain in Iraq for another 12 months. Wojsko Polskie (WP, Polish Army) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... Afghanistan (Pashtu/Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the easternmost part of the country. ...


Foreign affairs

The party supports integration with the EU on terms beneficial for Poland. It supports economic integration and tightening the cooperation in areas of energetic security and military, but is skeptical about closer political integration. It is against formation of European superstate or federation. PiS is in favor of strong political and military alliance of Poland with the United States. A superstate is an agglomeration of nations, often linguistically and ethnically diverse, under a single political-administrative structure. ...


Health care

PiS supports free health care, provided by the State.


Social issues

The party's views on social issues are broadly similar to those of conservative parties in other European countries. It favors strengthening restrictions on abortion, which is already illegal except in extraordinary circumstances. It is also against euthanasia. It opposes same-sex marriages or any other form of legal recognition of homosexual couples. The PiS are highly critical of sex and violence in the media. For mercy killings not performed on humans, see Animal euthanasia. ...


PiS promotes itself as a pro-family party. Prior to elections, it promised to build 3 million inexpensive housing units as a way to help young couples get married. Once in government, it pushed through legislations lengthening maternal leaves and offered qualified support to the idea of giving parents a grant for every newly-born child. It favors shutting down large supermarkets on Sundays and holidays, so their workers can spend more time with their families.


While PiS presents itself as a champion of the Catholic Church, its policies do not always align with the Church's teaching. Most notably, the party supports the death penalty. It has also shown some flexibility in such matters as in vitro fertilization and stem cell research, which, like the death penalty, enjoy strong public support. Ever since Poland officially adopted Latin Christianity in 966, the Roman Catholic Church has played a very important religious, cultural, social and political role. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized outside the mothers body in cases where conception is difficult or impossible through normal intercourse. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells. ...


Attitude to homosexuals

As reported by PAP on September 21, 2005, Jarosław Kaczyński said that homosexuals should not be teachers, but that homosexuals would not be persecuted.[2]. He also said: "The affirmation of homosexuality will lead to the downfall of civilization. We can't agree to it"[3]. PAP can mean: // King Pap of Armenia Arthur Pap, philosopher The nickname of Mike Papantonio, a Florida-based trial attorney and co-host of Ring of Fire on Air America Radio Pap Finn, Hucks father in the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, also a general... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 22, 2005, another member of PiS, Adam Bielan, in an interview on TVP, made statements indicating that PiS does not yet have a clear policy on whether or not homosexuals should be accepted in jobs in which there is close contact with children.[4]. Gay sources claim, however, that there is a strong anti-homosexual strand in the party's rhetoric. [5] is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... TVP may stand for: Textured vegetable protein Telewizja Polska - Polish public television Total Valid Poll - Used to calculate votes. ...


In June 2006, while the party was in power, the state prosecutor announced an investigation of all gay groups for illegal financing, criminal connections, and pedophilia. This came in response to a May 12 letter from Wojciech Wierzejski, a front-bench member of Parliament for and a vice-president of the League of Polish Families (Roman Giertych, the chairman of the League has been appointed minister of education). The League at that time made part of the government led by Jarosław Kaczyński. A copy of Wierzejski’s letter was attached to the state prosecutor’s order. In addition, the Ministry of Justice (headed by Zbigniew Ziobro) has ordered local prosecution offices to investigate if ‘any crimes of a pedophile nature have been committed by homosexual persons’ in their respective areas[6]. Wojciech Wierzejski Wojciech Wierzejski (born on 6 September 1976 in Biła Podlaska) is a Polish politician and Member of the European Parliament for Warsaw with the Liga Polskich Rodzin, part of the Independence and Democracy and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Constitutional Affairs. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a national conservative political party in Poland. ... Roman Giertych Roman Giertych, (IPA: [], born 27 February 1971 in Åšrem, Poland) is a Polish politician, Deputy Prime Minister and, since May 5, 2006, Minister of Education. ... Zbigniew Ziobro (IPA: [], born August 18, 1970 in Kraków) is a Polish politician, Minister of Justice and Public Prosecutor General since October 2005. ...


Equal opportunity

On November 4, 2005, the PiS-led government closed down the Office of Government Representative for the Equal Status of Women and Men (Polish: Biuro pełnomocnika rządu ds. równego statusu kobiet i mężczyzn), replacing it with the newly created Department of Women, Family and Counteracting Discrimination of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (Polish: Departament Kobiet, Rodziny i Przeciwdziałania Dyskryminacji MPiPS). is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Leadership

Chairman: Lech Kaczyński (2001–2003), Jarosław Kaczyński (2003–...)  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ...   IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is a polish politician and was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2002. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość

Instruction UOP nr 0015/92 is instruction about invigilation polish political party(especialy PC(Porozumienie Centrum), party JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski) When PiS won presidental and parlamentary electons in Poland Lech KaczyÅ„ski, his brother JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski and Ludwik Dorn start read a dark acts postcomunist sicret service. ... Political campaign Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Kaczism (Polish: kaczyzm, IPA pronunciation: is a pejorative or satirical term to describe the political doctrine of the Polish political party Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) government. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links


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