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Encyclopedia > Laval, Mayenne

Coordinates: 48°04′24″N, 00°46′08″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Ville de Laval
The Château of Laval
Location
Map highlighting the commune of Laval
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Coordinates 48°04′24″N, 00°46′08″W
Administration
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Mayenne (53)
Arrondissement Laval
Canton Chief town of 5 cantons
Intercommunality Laval Agglomération
Mayor François d'Aubert (UMP)
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Elevation 42 m–122 m
(avg. 70 m)
Land area¹ 34.22 km²
Population²
(1999 estimate)
50,947
 - Density 1,489/km² (1999)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 53130/ 53000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Laval is a commune in the Mayenne département of France. It lies on the threshold of Brittany and on the border between Normandy and Anjou. Its citizens are called Lavallois. Image File history File links ChateauFortLavalFrance050105smallGFDLMelusin. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Mayenne is a département in northwest France named after the Mayenne River. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Laval is an arrondissement of France, located in the Mayenne département, in the Pays de la Loire région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... The Communauté dagglomération Laval Agglomération is located in the Mayenne département, in the Pays de la Loire région of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... François dAubert giving a speech as minister of research François d’Aubert (born October 31, 1943 in Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a French politician. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), is the main French centre-right political party. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Mayenne is a département in northwest France named after the Mayenne River. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... Modern département of Maine-et-Loire, which largely corresponds to Anjou Anjou is a former county (c. ...

Contents

Geography

Laval is located on the River Mayenne in the région called the Pays de la Loire in north-west central France (around the Loire Valley). It is the centre of an urban area of about 100,000 inhabitants, who's combined iq is that of 7 Londoners. The Mayenne is a river in western France. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... For the wine region, see Loire Valley (wine). ...


Economy

The town is historically a manufacturer of fine linens. There are foundries. Laval is also home of the Laval and Mayenne Technology Park where firms working in electronics, computing and peripherals, food technology, veterinary pharmaceuticals, virtual reality, audiovisual productions, patents etc, marketing and a resource centre are all to be found in modern buildings. Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... This article is about the manufacturing process. ... A science park is a property development designed for a concentration of high tech or science related businesses. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... For the formal concept of computation, see computation. ... For an account of the words periphery and peripheral as they are used in biology, sociology, politics, computer hardware, and other fields, see the periphery disambiguation page. ... The food technology room at Marling School in Stroud, Gloucestershire. ... Veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmakon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and lego (λέγω) to tell (about)) is the study of how drugs interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... This article is about the simulation technology. ... Audiovisual education is instruction where particular attention is paid to the audio and visual presentation of the material with the goal of improving comprehension and retention. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a government to an inventor or applicant for a limited amount of time (normally maximum 20 years from the filing date, depending on extension). ... Next big thing redirects here. ...


It is also an important center for milk industries (cheeses, UHT milk, yoghurt). Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... A brick of French UHT milk Ultra-high temperature processing (or UHT) is the partial sterilization of food by heating it for a short time, around 1-2 seconds, at a temperature exceeding 135°C, which is the temperature required to kill spores in milk. ... Yoghurt or yogurt, less commonly yoghourt or yogourt (see spelling below), is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. ...


There is a market in the town centre every Tuesday and Saturday, held near the Palais de Justice. Their main export however is a large amount of STI's, which they readily trade indiscriminately Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Administration

Cantons

Laval is the main town of five cantons: The canton is an administrative division of France. ...

  • The canton of Laval-Est is composed of part of Laval plus the commune of Entrammes (11,732 inhabitants);
  • The canton de Laval-Nord-Est is composed of part of Laval and the communes of Changé, Saint-Germain-le-Fouilloux et Saint-Jean-sur-Mayenne (14,687 inhabitants);
  • The canton of Laval-Nord-Ouest is composed of part of Laval (12,022 inhabitants);
  • The canton of Laval-Saint-Nicolas is composed of part of Laval (8,460 inhabitants);
  • The canton of Laval-Sud-Ouest is composed of part of Laval (12,668 inhabitants).

Agglomeration

The Communauté d'agglomération Laval Agglomération covers 20 communes. A communauté dagglomération is a metropolitan government structure in France, created by the Loi Chevénement in 1999. ... The Communauté dagglomération Laval Agglomération is located in the Mayenne département, in the Pays de la Loire région of France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ...


Mayors of Laval

  • See list of mayors

The following are the latest changes.

François dAubert giving a speech as minister of research François d’Aubert (born October 31, 1943 in Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a French politician. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... François dAubert giving a speech as minister of research François d’Aubert (born October 31, 1943 in Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a French politician. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

History

The lords of Laval are of a dynasty which has made a mark in the history of France. The "old street" was for several centuries one of the principal ways into Brittany. Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ...


After the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453), during which the town had been taken and re-taken by one army and another, the fifteenth century marked a new period of expansion. The walls were completed by the addition of a powerful artillery fort in an innovative design, the Tour Renaise. The lords, governors of Brittany, which country's independence was formally ended in 1491, spent a large sum on building a prestigious hall near the keep of their castle. They built a grand vault for the interment of the lordly family in the Minster of St. Tugal. The town of timber framed buildings was partially rebuilt. The urban aristocracy built elegant houses and turrets in the upper town around the Rue des Cheveaux. The Abbots of Clermont preferred to assert their rank with carved decoration on panels (consoles) set between the members of the timber framing of their grand town house and in the manner of a cornice below the eves guttering. Combatants France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Crown of Aragon Brittany England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainaut Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire The Hundred Years War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ... // March 16 - Edward, the Black Prince is created Duke of Cornwall. ... April 2 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Ä°stanbul). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... // Events December 6 - King Charles VIII marries Anne de Bretagne, thus incorporating Brittany into the kingdom of France. ... In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Geison. ...


During the Second Republic, the Second Empire and the early Third Republic the city saw its zenith. During this period a number of linen factories and foundries sprung up in the city and it began to thrive economically. On November 21st, 1871, the Samelaine Monument was inaugurated to remind the Lavallois of their historic feats. The Museum for the Fine Arts and Sciences was completed in 1897 at the Herce Place next to it the Perrines, the terraced gardens and scenic promenade overlooking the city. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Map of the French Second Empire Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1852-1870 Napoleon III Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif History  - French coup of 1851 December 2 1851  - Established 1852  - Disestablished September 4, 1870 Currency French Franc The Second French Empire or... The French Third Republic, (in French, La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) (1870/75-10 July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Vichy Regime. ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... The term foundry originally was a synonym for an ironworks or general metal works where metal casting operations were performed. ...


Between 1914 to 1918, with the Great War, many sons of the city died on the battle fields of Flanders to defend their home country against the onslaught by the Imperial German army, stalling the development of the city. In the period between 1918-1939 a new upper class emerged in the city, until in 1940 when the Democratic France was raided by the forces of Nazi Germany and Laval was occupied by the German Army. During the time of occupation the city suffered severe hardship, with Laval's Jewish inhabitants being deported to Death camps and many Lavallois taken Prisoner of War, having to work partially under slave-like conditions in the War Industries of Nazi Germany. The German occupation forces of Laval proved to be utmost brutal, with arbitrary internments, torture and executions of Laval's citizens being almost a daily occurrence. With its vicinity to the English Channel, however, there was the horizon of Liberty on the other side of the Channel, where the Free French Government under General de Gaulle prepared the liberation of France. With the freedom of their city in mind, the French Resistance Movement of Laval, thus, inflicted on several occasions serious casualties on the German occupiers facilitating the liberation of France by the Allied Forces on D-Day. The German occupation was terminated in the afternoon of August 6th, 1944, when the U.S. Third Army under General Patton liberated Laval for good. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Majdanek - crematorium Extermination camp (German Vernichtungslager) was the term applied to a group of camps set up by Nazi Germany during World War II for the express purpose of killing the Jews of Europe, although members of some other groups whom the Nazis wished to exterminate, such as Roma (Gypsies... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters who decided to go on fighting against Germany after the Fall of France and German occupation and to fight against Vichy France in World War II. General Charles de Gaulle was a member of the French Cabinet in... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (  listen?) (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... The Croix de Lorraine, the symbol of the resistance chosen by de Gaulle French Resistance is the name used for resistance movements during World War II which fought the Nazi German occupation of France and the collaborationist Vichy regime. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of the U.S. Third Army. ... General George Smith Patton Jr. ...


Buildings and tourist sites

Secular

  • Medieval Château de Laval (tower and building)
  • Significant remains of the town walls and of a town gate.
The town came together around the foundation of the castle in 1020 in its position in the march, the border lands between France and Brittany. It was built for Guy I of Dénéré who became a vassal of the Count of Maine. at the end of the twelfth century, local troubles combined with the town's position on the road into Brittany led the lord of Laval to build a great round keep which still has its original hoarding. At first the town was composed of scattered settlements such as the bourg cheverel and the bourg hersent. However, from the time of the new castle, it grew rapidly. It was enclosed in ramparts from the thirteenth century. There were five gates in the walls of which the sole one remaining is the porte Beucheresse or gate of the woodcutters.

Events Hospice built in Jerusalem by Knights Hospitaller City of Saint-Germain-en-Laye founded Third Italian campaign of Henry II of Germany Canute the Great codifies the laws of England Births Harold II of England (approximate) Empress Agnes of Poitou, regent of the Holy Roman Empire (d. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Hoarding is the present participle of to hoard. A Hoarding is a roofed wooden shield placed over the battlements of a castle and projecting from them to protect soldiers from arrows and stones, while enabling them to aim missiles down the face of the wall. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...

Religious

Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque characteristically, have rich wall paintings and figurative stone carving but the general architectural style of the buildings is restrained. In Laval, that architectural sobriety was retained through the early Gothic period. The painting can be seen well in the calendars in Notre-Dame de Pritz, Saint-Martin, and Saint-Pierre-le-Potier. The architecture shows best at Grenoux, and Avesnières; while the stone carving is well displayed in the zoomorphic column capitals at Avesnières. The early Gothic, what in England would be called Early English but in Laval is Angevin Gothic, is to be seen in la Trinité. Here we are close to Anjou, the home of the Angevin kings of England beginning with Henry II.

In the Cathedral, on the effigy tomb of the bishop, Louis Bougaud 1888, the following inscription may be read: For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Salisbury Cathedral, built c. ... Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ... This article is about figure. ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

HEIC IN PACE QVIE SCIT
LUDOVICVS BOVGAVD EPISCOPUS VALLEGVIDONENSIS DECESSIT VII IDVS NOVEMB AN MDCCCLXXXVIII (1888)
ANNOS NATVS LXV.M.V.III.D.VII
VIVAS IN DEO
  • Photographs

Arts

The town has obtained the label Ville d'Art et d'Histoire from the fact of its rich heritage. Since 1985, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication has supervised the putting into effect of a policy of enlivening and drawing value from the countrys heritage. ...


As a response to the Douanier Rousseau's having been born in Laval, there is a biennial festival of naive art, the Biennale Internationale d'Art naïf de Laval. It seeks to explore the course of modern primitivism. Pictures are brought from all round Europe. The Dream, 1910 MoMA. Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner. ... Naïve art is a term that is usually applied to the work of untrained painters; it presumes the existence of an academy and of a generally accepted educated manner of painting. ...


Sport

  • Stade Lavallois, football team, terrible
  • A Famous soggy biscuit team, who have been on the world stage for some 5 years, competing to a very high standard in recent competitions against Japan and Macedonia.

Stade Lavallois Mayenne Football Club, or Stade Lavallois, is a French football club, founded on July 17, 1902, just relegated from Ligue 2, the second highest tier in French football, who will play the 2006-7 season in the Championnat National. ...

Miscellaneous

Notable people

  • Jean Bauer, maker of stringed musical instruments.
  • Francis Bayer du Kern, Breton poet
  • André Bellesort, writer
  • Alain Gerbault, sailor
  • Jean-Marie Guyau, writer and philosopher
  • Géo Ham, illustrator and designer
  • Alfred Jarry (1873-1907), writer (birthplace)
  • Charles Landelle, painter
  • François de Laval (1623-1708), first bishop of Quebec (birthplace)
  • Louis Lemercier de Neuville, dramatic author and puppeteer
  • Prosper Mortou, musician
  • Ambroise Paré, medical doctor
  • François Pédron, writer
  • François Pyrard, sailor
  • Pascal Rannou, writer
  • Jean-Yves Reuzeau, writer
  • Henri Rousseau (1844-1910), known as le Douanier, painter (birthplace)
  • Robert Tatin, artist
  • Augustine Tuillerie, alias G.Bruno, writer
  • Grégory Bourillon, football player

Alain Gerbault (1893-1941) was a French aviator and tennis champion, who made a circumnavigation of the world as a single-handed sailor. ... Jean-Marie Guyau (October 28, 1854 - March 31, 1888) was a French philosopher and poet. ... Alfred Jarry Alfred Jarry (September 8, 1873 – November 1, 1907) was a French writer born in Laval, Mayenne, France, not far from the border of Brittany; he was of Breton descent on his mothers side. ... François-Xavier de Montmorency-Laval (30 April 1623 – 6 May 1708) was the first bishop of New France. ... Ambroise Paré. Ambroise Paré (1510 – December 20, 1590) was a French surgeon, the official royal surgeon for kings Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, is considered by some as one of the Fathers of Surgery. ... François Pyrard de Laval (1570-1621) was a French seaman who is known for a personal written account of the Maldives Islands from 1602-1607. ... The Dream, 1910 MoMA. Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner. ... Grégory Bourillon (born 1 July 1984 in Laval, Mayenne, Pays de la Loire) is a French soccer player, currently playing for Stade Rennais in Ligue 1, the top division of French soccer. ...

Twinned Cities, Towns and Regions

Laval is twinned with: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept where towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, UK, on the east coast of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Jan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Chalkidikí or Chalcidice (in Greek: Χαλκιδική, alternative romanizations Khalkidhikí) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Gandia (Valencian) Spanish name Gandía Administration Country Spain Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Valencia Comarca Safor Geography Land Area 60. ... Valencia province Valencia (Castilian Spanish: Valencia /balenθja/; Valencian Catalan: València /vałεnsia/) is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Garango is a city located in the province of Boulgou in Burkina Faso. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Laval is the name of: A city in Quebec near Montreal: see Laval, Quebec An arciphelago within the limits of the above city: see ÃŽles-Laval A city in Mayenne, France: see Laval, Mayenne A city in Isère, France: see Laval, Isère A university in Quebec City: see... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mettmann is a North-Rhine-Westphalian (Germany) town and the administrative centre of the District of Mettmann, Germanys most densely populated rural district. ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... MureÅŸ (Hungarian: Maros) is a Romanian county (JudeÅ£) in Transylvania, with the capital city at Târgu MureÅŸ, (population: 165,835). ...

Bibliography

  • Michel Dloussky, Invasions allemandes et pénurie de monnaie en Mayenne, in La Mayenne : archéologie, histoire, 1994, N° 17, p. 159-193.
  • Michel Dloussky, L’été 1944 en Mayenne, in L’Oribus, 1994, N° 36, p. 74, and N° 37, p. 38-60.
  • Denis Glemain, Le Cinéma en Mayenne sous l’Occupation (1940-1944), Multigraphié, 1998, p. 166 , Mémoire de Maîtrise, University of Nantes.
  • Jean Grangeot, Laval, Rennes, Ouest-France, 1977.
  • Pierre Le Baud, Histoire de Bretagne avec les Chroniques des maisons de Laval et de Vitré, Paris, 1638.
  • Jules Marcheteau, La libération de Laval par les Américains, in L’Oribus, 1988, N° 26, p. 22-33.
  • Gaston Pavard, Chronique des années sombres (années 1939-1945), in L’Oribus, 1996, N° 40 and 42, p. 49-71.
  • Francis Robin, La Mayenne sous l’Occupation : déportations, internements, fusillades, Laval, Imprimerie Administrative, 1966, p. 32.
  • Malcolm Walsby, The Counts of Laval: Culture, Patronage and Religion in Fifteenth and Sixteenth-Century France Ashgate, Aldershot, 2007

Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The University of Nantes is a well-known French university, located in the city of Nantes. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Vitré (Breton: Gwitreg; Gallo: Vitræ) is a French town and commune, located in the Ille-et-Vilaine département, in Brittany. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Laval (Mayenne)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Laval, Mayenne
  • Site de la Ville de Laval
  • Wikipedia French page
  • Site of Villes et Pays d'Art et d'Histoire

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Laval, Mayenne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (929 words)
Laval is a commune in the Mayenne département of France.
Laval is located on the River Mayenne in the région called the Pays-de-la-Loire in north-west central France (around the Loire Valley).
Laval is also home of the Laval and Mayenne Technology Park where firms working in electronics, computing and peripherals, food technology, veterinary pharmaceuticals, virtual reality, audiovisual productions, patents etc, marketing and a resource centre are all to be found in modern buildings.
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