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Encyclopedia > Laurium
Lavreotiki - Statistics
Prefecture: Attica
Metropolitan area: Athens
Location:
Latitude:
Longitude:

37.03/37°42'58' N lat.
24.105/24°3'59 E long
Population: (1991)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank

 10,293

 -/km²
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:
 -highest:

Aegean Sea (Petalies Gulf)
1 m(centre)
around 400 to 500 m
Postal code: 195 00
Area/distance code: 11-30-22920 (030-22920)-2 thru 4
Municipal code: 03
Car designation: KM
3-letter abbreviation: LAV
Name of inhabitants: Laurian sing., -s pl.
Address of administration: 1 Koutouriotou St.
Lavrio 195 00


Laurium or Laurion (Λαύριον, Thoricum before early 1000s BC, Ergastiri throughout the medieval times and the mid to late 1000s, Ergastiri is Greek for Workplace) is a town in southeastern part of Attica, Greece and is one of the southernmost and the seat of the municipality of Laverotiki, famous in Classical antiquity for the silver mines which were one of the chief sources of revenue of the Athenian state, and were employed for coinage. In modern times, the town is also known as Lavrio or Lavrion. It is a sea port of much less importance than nearby Piraeus. Today it is a suburb of Athens.


Latitude: 37°42’N; Longitude: 024°04’E. The Time Zone is Greenwich Mean Time + 2 hours.


It is located about 60 km SE of Athens, SE of Keratea, S of Porto Rafti and Nea Makri and N of Cape Sounio.


Laurium is situated on a bay overlooking the island of Makronisos (ancient times: Helena) in the east. The port is in the middle and gridded streets cover the residential area of Lavrio. GR-91 runs through Lavrio and ends south in Sounio.

Contents

Communities

  • Kato Sounio (pop. 193, 1991)

Historical population

Year Communal population Change Municipal population
1907 10,007 - -
1981 10,124 - -
1991 8,846 -1,278/-12.623% 10,293
Enlarge
A banner spelling 'LAVRIO' in the Greek alphabet

Lavrio has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, a post office, and squares (plateia).


History

After the battle of Marathon, Themistocles persuaded the Athenians to devote the revenue derived from the mines to shipbuilding, and thus laid the foundation of the Athenian naval power, and made possible the victory of Salamis. The mines, which were the property of the state, were usually farmed out for a certain fixed sum and a percentage on the working; slave labour was exclusively employed. Towards the end of the 5th century the output was diminished, partly owing to the Spartan occupation of Decelea. But the mines continued to be worked, though Strabo records that in his time the tailings were being worked over, and Pausanias speaks of the mines as a thing of the past. The ancient workings, consisting of shafts and galleries for excavating the ore, and pans and other arrangements for extracting the metal, may still be seen.


The mines were still worked in the early 20th century by French and Greek companies, but mainly for lead, manganese and cadmium.


The population of the modern town was 10,007 in 1907.


The city is now a suburb of Athens. It is now connected by the new Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport and Attiki Odos. The nearest cities are Sounion, and Keratea.


It used to have a nearby train station but the line in the mid to the 20th century became abandoned.


The mining town of Laurium, Michigan was named after the famous Greek Laurium.


Reference




Northwest: Kapandriti and Varnavas (both communes) North: Agios Konstantinos (commune) and Keratea Northeast: Petaldies Gulf
West: Keratea
Marathon East: Petalides Gulf
Southwest: Saronic Gulf South: Saronic Gulf
Municipalities of the Attica prefecture
Municipalities of Athens
Agia Varvara | Agia Paraskevi | Agioi Anargyroi | Agios Dimitrios | Athens | Aigaleo | Alimos | Amarousi | Chaidari | Chalandri | Cholargos | Dafni | Ellinikon | Filothei | Galatsi | Glyfada | Heraklio | Ilio | Ilioupoli | Kaisariani | Kallithea | Kamatero | Kifissia | Lykovryssi | Melissia | Metamorfosia | Nea Chalkidona | Nea Erythraia | Nea Ionia | Nea Filadelfeia | Nea Smyrni | Neo Psychiko | Palaio Faliro | Papagou | Pefki | Peristeri | Petroupoli | Psychiko | Tavros | Vrilissia | Vyrona | Ymittos | Zografou
(Non-municipal) Communities of Athens prefectural department
Ekali | Nea Penteli | Penteli
Municipalities of East Attica
Acharnai | Agios Konstantinos | Agios Stefanos | Artemida | Avlona | Gerakas | Glyka Nera | Kalyvia Thorikou | Keratea | Kropia | Lavreotiki | Marathon | Markopoulo Mesogeias | Nea Makri | Paiania | Pallini | Rafina | Spata | Vari | Vouliagmeni | Voula
(Non-municipal)Communities of East Attica
Afidnes | Agios Konstantinos | Anavyssos | Anoixi | Anthousa | Dionysos | Drosia | Grammatiko | Kalamos | Kapandriti | Kouvaras | Kryoneri | Malakasa | Markopoulo Oropou | Nea Palatia | Oropos | Palaia Fokaia | Pikermi | Polydendri | Rodopoli | Saronida | Skala Oropou | Stamata | Sykamino | Thrakomakedones | Varnava
Municipalities of the Piraeus prefectural department
Agios Ioannis Rentis | Aigina | Ampelakia | Hydra | Korydallos | Kythira | Drapetsona | Methana] | Nikaia | Perama | Piraeus | Poros | Salamina | Spetses | Troizina
(Non-municipal) Communities of the Piraeus prefectural department
Angistri | Antikythira
Provinces of the Piraeus prefectural department
Aigina | Kythira
Municipalities of West Attica
Ano Liosio | Aspropyrgos | Eleusis | Erythres | Fyli | Mandra | Megara | Neos Peramos | Vilia | Zefyri
(Non-Municipal) Communities of West Attica
Magoula | Oinoi
Prefectural sects of Attica
Athens | East Attica | Piraeus | West Attica

See also:

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Laurium, Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (495 words)
Laurium is a village in Calumet Township, Houghton County in the U.S. state of Michigan, in the center of the Keweenaw peninsula.
The population in 1890 was 1159 people; In 1900 5,643, of whom 2286 were foreign-born; In 1904 7653; In Laurium is in one of the most productive copper districts in the United States, and copper mining is its chief industry.
The village was formerly named Calumet, and was incorporated under that name in 1889, but in 1895 its name was changed by the legislature to Laurium, in allusion to the mineral wealth of Laurium in Greece.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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