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Encyclopedia > Laurentius Petri
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Laurentius Petri Nericus (Örebro 1499October 27, 1573), originally Lars Persson, was a Swedish clergyman and the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden. He and his brother Olaus Petri are, together with the King Gustav Vasa, regarded as the main protestant reformers of Sweden. Örebro [Å“rÉ™bruː] is a city in Sweden, in central Sweden, with 95,354 inhabitants (2000). ... Events January 8 - Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany due to law set by his predecessor, Louis VIII July 22 - Battle of Dornach - The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I. July 28 - First Battle of Lepanto - The Turkish navy wins a decisive victory over... Jump to: navigation, search October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Uppsala Cathedral seen from the other side of the river. ... Olaus Petri, originally Olof Persson, (January 6, 1493 - April 19, 1552) was a Swedish clergyman and protestant reformer. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search The word Reformation links here. ...

Contents


Early life

His nickname Nericus is derived from the province where he was born, Närke. It is mainly used to distinguish him from his predecessor as archbishop Laurentius Petri Gothus. Närke is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Nericia, or Närke - a historical Province of Sweden Part of Örebro County, or Örebro län - a current County of Sweden Part of Närke and Värmland County, or Närkes och V... Laurentius Petri Gothus (dead February 12, 1579) was the the second Swedish Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, 1575-1579. ...


Laurentius studied in Germany in 1520, possibly together with his brother. Here they took influence from Lutheranism, among other things they met with Martin Luther himself. On returning home to Stockholm, they got stranded and nearly lost their lives as the boat went ashore on the island Gotland. They both survived however, and settled on the island, and Laurentius became headmaster at a school while Olaus became assistant to a priest. Not so long after, Olaus travelled with the priest to Stockholm and the crowning of King Gustav Vasa. Subsequently he managed to get on friendly terms with the King, and soon moved to Stockholm where he worked in the vincinity of the King. Jump to: navigation, search Luther at age 46 (Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1529) The Luther seal Martin Luther (November 10, 1483–February 18, 1546) was a German theologian, an Augustinian monk, and an ecclesiastical reformer whose teachings inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of the Lutheran...   Gotland? is the largest island in the Baltic Sea. ...


Archbishop

At the Uppsala Council 1531, the Swedish King Gustav Vasa took the final step in officially proclaiming Sweden Protestantic. A major reason was the teachings of Olaus Petri. At the Counsil, the King selected Laurentius to be archbishop, without asking the cathedral chapter as required. On September 22 that year, Laurentius was consecrated archbishop by the Bishop of Västerås Petrus Magni. Magni had himself been ordained by the Pope in Rome, the last bishop to have been so, and by consecrating Laurentius the apostolical succession was retained in Sweden, which was held to be of significance. Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ...


After becoming archbishop, Laurentius got married, and thus became the first Swedish archbishop to be married. His brother Olaus, who was a priest, had in 1525 gotten married, and became the first priest in Sweden to be so. Clericals should not marry, according to the Catholic request of Clerical celibacy, issued in 1240. An oath of clerical celibacy is the promise of a religious or clerical official to remain unmarried, or not to remarry. ...


The King made sure that Laurentius did not get too much power. He forbade him to interfere with the King's ideas of the reformation. After being consecrated Archbishop in 1531, Petri promoted a moderate reformation and defended the autonomy of the Church of Sweden against attempts to make it subject to Royal Authority. His main contribution were his abundant writings which lay the foundation for the Swedish Church Statute established at the Uppsala Council 1571. It was on Laurentius's theology that the Swedish Church was built, a theology which in much was influenced by Melanchton. Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... The Church of Sweden, or Svenska kyrkan, is the national church of Sweden. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ...


He was archbishop for 42 years, unparallelled in Sweden, and during his time he was often in conflicts with the royalties. In 1539 his brother Olaus was sentenced to death by the King over some arguments, and Laurentius was among those forced to sign the death sentence. It has been disputed whether Laurentius was doing this because of a weak character or if he thought it better to formally obey so that he could continue to spread the reformation ideas. Olaus did eventually get pardoned in 1542, much due to his influential friends, but he was forced to keep a low profile. In effect, Laurentius solely took the part as main proponent of the Lutheran reformation.


Works

The first complete Swedish translation of the Bible was published in 1541, nicknamed the Vasa Bible after the King. Laurentius was one of the main proponents supervising the project, together with his brother Olaus and Laurentius Andreae, another cleric person in the vicinity of the King. Jump to: navigation, search The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this... Jump to: navigation, search Gustav Vasa Bible is how the Swedish Bible translation published in 1540-41 is referred to. ... Laurentius Andreae (born as Lars Andersson) was a Swedish clergyman and scholar, and one of the main proponents of the Swedish Protestant reformation in the years 1520-1540. ...


In the 1560's, the ideas of Calvin gained in influence, and Laurentius published several texts wherein he defends the Lutheran standpoints, among them Luther's standpoints on free will. It has been suggested that it was the first time the Swedish Church showed itself as truly Lutheran; eventhough the Lutheran revolt occurred in 1531, it did not produce any statute and the issue was left unresolved for 40 years, mainly because of disagreements between the Church and the royalties. Jump to: navigation, search John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a prominent Christian theologian during the Protestant Reformation and is the namesake of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism. ... Jump to: navigation, search Free will is the philosophical doctrine that holds that our choices are ultimately up to ourselves. ...


Ext links

  • Nordisk Familjebok In Swedish

  Results from FactBites:
 
Laurentius Petri - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (697 words)
Laurentius Petri Nericus (Örebro 1499 – October 27, 1573), originally Lars Persson, was a Swedish clergyman and the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden.
He and his brother Olaus Petri are, together with the King Gustav Vasa, regarded as the main protestant reformers of Sweden.
Laurentius was one of the main proponents supervising the project, together with his brother Olaus and Laurentius Andreae, another cleric person in the vicinity of the King.
Laurentius Andreae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (235 words)
Laurentius Andreae (born as Lars Andersson) was a Swedish clergyman and scholar, and one of the main proponents of the Swedish Protestant reformation in the years 1520-1540.
He was together with the brothers Laurentius and Olaus Petri one of the main characters behind the complete Swedish Bible translation of 1541, the so called Gustav Vasa Bible.
He was chancellor of the King Gustav Vasa and cherished by the Archbishop Laurentius Petri because they shared a strong Lutheran faith.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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