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Encyclopedia > Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier

photo by Carl Van Vechten, 1939
Birth name Laurence Kerr Olivier
Born 22 May 1907(1907-05-22)
Dorking, Surrey, England
Died 11 July 1989 (aged 82)
Steyning, West Sussex, England
Spouse(s) Jill Esmond (1930-1940)
Vivien Leigh (1940-1960)
Joan Plowright (1961-1989)

Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM, (IPA: [ˈlɒɹəns əˈlɪvieɪ]; 22 May 190711 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. He is one of the most famous and revered actors of the 20th century, along with his contemporaries John Gielgud, Peggy Ashcroft and Ralph Richardson.[1] Olivier played a wide variety of roles on stage and screen from Greek tragedy, Shakespeare and Restoration comedy to modern American and British drama. He was the first artistic director of the National Theatre of Great Britain and its main stage is named in his honour. He is considered by many to be the greatest actor of the 20th Century, in the same category as David Garrick, Richard Burbage, Edmund Kean and Henry Irving in their own centuries.[2] Olivier's Academy acknowledgments are considerable—fourteen Oscar nominations, with two wins for Best Actor and Best Picture for the 1948 film Hamlet, and two honorary awards including a statuette and certificate. He was also awarded five Emmy awards from the nine nominations he received. BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role it was created only in 1981 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Oh! What a Lovely War is a stage musical and 1969 musical film. ... An Emmy Award. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie winners: 1974: William Holden - The Blue Knight 1975: Peter Falk - Columbo 1976: Hal Holbrook - Sandburgs Lincoln 1977: Christopher Plummer - The Moneychangers 1978: Michael Moriarty - Holocaust 1979: Peter Strauss - The Jericho... The Moon and Sixpence (1919) is a book by William Somerset Maugham based on the life of the painter Paul Gauguin. ... Long Days Journey Into Night is a dramatic play in four acts by Eugene ONeill, widely considered to be his masterwork. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie winners: 1974: William Holden - The Blue Knight 1975: Peter Falk - Columbo 1976: Hal Holbrook - Sandburgs Lincoln 1977: Christopher Plummer - The Moneychangers 1978: Michael Moriarty - Holocaust 1979: Peter Strauss - The Jericho... Love Among the Ruins can be any of the following: an 1852 poem by Robert Browning ( [1]); an 1893-4 oil painting by Edward Burne-Jones, named after Brownings poem ( [2]); a 1904 novel by Warwick Deeping—see Love Among the Ruins (Warwick Deeping); a 1948 novel by... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or Movie winners: 1979: Marlon Brando - Roots: The Next Generations 1980: George Grizzard - The Oldest Living Guard 1981: David Warner - Masada 1982: Laurence Olivier - Brideshead Revisited 1983: Richard Kiley - The Thorn Birds 1984: Art... Brideshead Revisited, The Sacred & Profane Memories of Captain Charles Ryder is a novel by the English writer Evelyn Waugh, first published in 1945. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie winners: 1974: William Holden - The Blue Knight 1975: Peter Falk - Columbo 1976: Hal Holbrook - Sandburgs Lincoln 1977: Christopher Plummer - The Moneychangers 1978: Michael Moriarty - Holocaust 1979: Peter Strauss - The Jericho... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture - Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association in 1944 for a performance in a motion picture released in the previous year. ... Marathon Man is a 1974 paranoid thriller novel by William Goldman that was made into a 1976 film directed by John Schlesinger. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Sleuth is the 1972 film adaptation of the Tony Award-winning play by British playwright Anthony Shaffer, who wrote the screenplay. ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... An Emmy Award. ... This article is about the English as a nation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... A theatrical producer is the person ultimately responsible for overseeing all aspects of mounting a theatrical production. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Dame Peggy Ashcroft DBE (22 December 1907 – 14 June 1991) was an acclaimed Academy Award-winning English actress. ... Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... The National Theatre on the South Bank in the London Borough of Lambeth, England is immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... David Garrick by Thomas Gainsborough. ... Unknown artist: Portrait of Richard Burbage, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London Richard Burbage (July 7, 1568 – March 13, 1619) was an actor and theatre owner. ... Edmund Kean (March 17, 1787 – May 15, 1833) was an English actor, regarded in his time as the greatest ever. ... Sir Henry Irving, as Hamlet, in an 1893 illustration from The Idler magazine John Henry Brodribb (February 6, 1838 – October 13, 1905), knighted in 1895, as Sir Henry Irving, was one of the most famous stage actors of the Victorian era. ... Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... An Emmy Award. ...


Olivier's career as a stage and film actor spanned more than six decades and included a wide variety of roles, from Shakespeare's Othello and Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night to the sadistic Nazi dentist Christian Szell in Marathon Man. A High Church clergyman's son who found fame on the West End stage, Olivier became determined early on to master Shakespeare, and eventually came to be regarded as one of the foremost Shakespeare interpreters of the 20th century. He continued to act until his death in 1989.[3] Olivier played more than 120 stage roles, including: Richard III, Macbeth, Romeo, Hamlet, Othello, Uncle Vanya, and Archie Rice in The Entertainer. He appeared in nearly sixty films, including William Wyler's Wuthering Heights, Alfred Hitchcock's Rebecca, Stanley Kubrick's Spartacus, Otto Preminger's Bunny Lake is Missing, Richard Attenborough's Oh! What a Lovely War, Joseph L. Mankiewicz's Sleuth, John Schlesinger's Marathon Man, Daniel Petrie's The Betsy, Desmond Davis' Clash of the Titans, and his own Henry V, Hamlet, and Richard III. He also preserved his Othello on film, with its stage cast virtually intact. For television, he starred in The Moon and Sixpence, John Gabriel Borkman, Long Day's Journey into Night, The Merchant of Venice, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, and King Lear, among others. Shakespeare redirects here. ... For other uses, see Othello (disambiguation). ... Twelfth Night has at least three meanings: Twelfth Night (holiday), celebrated by some Christians Twelfth Night, or What You Will, a comedic play by William Shakespeare Twelfth Night (band), a progressive rock band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Marathon Man is a 1974 paranoid thriller novel by William Goldman that was made into a 1976 film directed by John Schlesinger. ... High Church relates to ecclesiology and liturgy in Christian theology and practice. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). ... Romeo and Juliet in the famous balcony scene by Ford Madox Brown For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Othello (disambiguation). ... Anton Chekhov (left) and Maxim Gorky in Yalta. ... An entertainer is someone who is hired to entertain people. ... William Wyler (July 1, 1902–July 27, 1981) was a prolific, Oscar-winning motion picture director. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... “Kubrick” redirects here. ... Spartacus is a 1960 film directed by Stanley Kubrick and based on the novel of the same name by Howard Fast about the historical life of Spartacus and the Third Servile War. ... Otto Ludwig Preminger (December 5, 1906 – April 23, 1986) was a film director. ... Bunny Lake is Missing is a film in the psychological thriller genre directed by Otto Preminger. ... Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE, KBE (born August 29, 1923) is an English actor, director, producer, and entrepreneur. ... Oh! What a Lovely War is a stage musical and 1969 musical film. ... Joseph Leo Mankiewicz (February 11, 1909–February 6, 1993) was an American Hollywood screenwriter, director and producer. ... Sleuth is a comedy drama play by Anthony Shaffer. ... John Richard Schlesinger CBE (February 16, 1926 – July 25, 2003) was an English film director. ... Marathon Man is a 1974 paranoid thriller novel by William Goldman that was made into a 1976 film directed by John Schlesinger. ... Daniel M. Petrie (November 26, 1920, Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada - August 22, 2004, Los Angeles, California) was a television and movie director. ... The Betsy is a 1978 film starring Laurence Olivier and Tommy Lee Jones. ... Clash of the Titans is a 1981 fantasy movie based on the myth of the Perseus. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... Othello is a 1965 movie based on the Shakespeare play Othello; starring Laurence Olivier, Maggie Smith, Frank Finlay, and Joyce Redman. ... The Moon and Sixpence (1919) is a book by William Somerset Maugham based on the life of the painter Paul Gauguin. ... John Gabriel Borkman is the penultimate composition of the great Norwegian playwright, Henrik Ibsen, written in 1896. ... Long Days Journey Into Night is a dramatic play in four acts by Eugene ONeill, widely considered to be his masterwork. ... Portia and Shylock (1835) by Thomas Sully The Merchant of Venice is one of William Shakespeares best-known plays, written sometime between 1596 and 1598. ... Cat on a Hot Tin Roof is a Tony-nominated play by Tennessee Williams. ... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ...


In 1999, the American Film Institute named Olivier among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time, at fourteen on the list. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ...

Contents

Early life

Olivier was born in 1907 in Dorking, Surrey, England. He was raised in a severe, strict, and religious household, ruled over by his father, Gerard Kerr Olivier (1869–1939), a High Anglican priest.[4] whose father was Henry Arnold Olivier, a rector. Young Laurence took solace in the care of his mother, Agnes Louise Crookenden (1871–1920), and was grief-stricken when she died (at 48) when he was only 12.[5] Richard and Sybille were his two older siblings. Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... High Church relates to ecclesiology and liturgy in Christian theology and practice. ...


In 1918 his father became the new church minister at St. Mary's Church, Letchworth, Hertfordshire and the family lived at the Old Rectory, now part of St Christopher School. Letchworth Garden City, more commonly Letchworth, is a town in Hertfordshire, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


He performed at the St. Christopher School Theatre, in December 1924 in Through the Crack (unknown author) as understudy and assistant stage manager, and in April 1925 he played Lennox in Shakespeare's Macbeth and was assistant stage manager. Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ...


He was educated at St Edward's School, Oxford, and, at 15, played Katherine in his school's production of The Taming of the Shrew, to rave reviews. After his brother, Richard, left for India, it was his father who decided that Laurence — or "Kim", as the family called him — would become an actor.[6] St Edwards School (also colloquially known as Teddies) is a co-educational independent boarding school (also known as a public school) in North Oxford, England. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Taming of the Shrew by Augustus Egg The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ...


Early career

Olivier then attended the Central School of Dramatic Art at the age of 17.[7] In 1926, he joined The Birmingham Repertory Company.[8] At first he was given only paltry tasks at the theatre, such as being the bell-ringer; however, his roles eventually became more significant, and in 1937 he was playing roles such as Hamlet and Macbeth.[3] Throughout his career he insisted that his acting was pure technique, and he was contemptuous of contemporaries who adopted the 'Method' popularized by Lee Strasberg. Olivier met and married Jill Esmond, a rising young actress, on July 25, 1930 and had one son, Tarquin, born in 1936. The Central School of Speech and Drama is a United Kingdom government funded higher education college in London. ... Birmingham Rep (formerly Birmingham Repertory Theatre) is a theatre in Birmingham, England. ... Lee Strasberg (November 17, 1901 – February 17, 1982) was an American director, actor, producer, and acting teacher. ... Jill Esmond (January 26, 1908 – July 28, 1990) was a British actress. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Olivier was not happy in his first marriage from the beginning, however. Repressed, as he came to see it, by his religious upbringing, Olivier recounted in his autobiography the disappointments of his wedding night, culminating in his failure to perform sexually. He renounced religion forever and soon came to resent his wife, though the marriage would last for ten years.


He made his film debut in The Temporary Widow, and played his first leading role on film in The Yellow Ticket; however, he held film in little regard.[7] His stage breakthroughs were in Noel Coward's Private Lives in 1930, and in Romeo and Juliet in 1935, alternating the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with John Gielgud. Olivier did not agree with Gielgud's style of acting Shakespeare and was irritated by the fact that Gielgud was getting better reviews than he was.[9][10] His tension towards Gielgud came to a head in 1940, when Olivier approached London impresario Binkie Beaumont about financing him in a repertory of the four great Shakespearean tragedies of Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth and King Lear, but Beaumont would only agree to the plan if Olivier and Gielgud alternated in the roles of Hamlet/Laertes, Othello/Iago, Macbeth/Macduff, and Lear/Gloucester and that Gielgud direct at least one of the productions, a proposition Olivier bluntly declined.[11] Sir Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... Private Lives is a play written by Noel Coward in 1930. ... Romeo and Juliet in the famous balcony scene by Ford Madox Brown For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Hugh Binkie Beaumont (1908-1973) was a British theatre manager. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Othello (disambiguation). ... Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... Hugh Binkie Beaumont (1908-1973) was a British theatre manager. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ...


The engagement as Romeo resulted in an invitation by Lilian Baylis to be the star at the Old Vic Theatre in 1937/38. Olivier's tenure had mixed artistic results, with his performances as Hamlet and Iago drawing a negative response from critics and his first attempt at Macbeth receiving mixed reviews. But his appearances as Henry V, Coriolanus, and Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night were triumphs, and his popularity with Old Vic audiences left Olivier as one of the major Shakespearean actors in England by the season's end. The Old Vic Theatre. ... The Old Vic is a theatre in the Waterloo area of London. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Othello and Iago. ... Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ... Title page of the first quarto (1600) Henry V, also known as The Cronicle History of Henry the fift, is a play by William Shakespeare based on the life of King Henry V of England. ... Gaius Marcius Coriolanus was a 5th century BC Roman general. ... Twelfth Night has at least three meanings: Twelfth Night (holiday), celebrated by some Christians Twelfth Night, or What You Will, a comedic play by William Shakespeare Twelfth Night (band), a progressive rock band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... The Old Vic is a theatre in the Waterloo area of London. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Olivier continued to hold his scorn for film, and though he constantly worked for Alexander Korda, he still felt most at home on the stage. He made his first Shakespeare film, As You Like It, with Paul Czinner, however, Olivier disliked it, thinking that Shakespeare did not work well on film. Sir Alexander Korda (September 16, 1893 - January 23, 1956) was a film director and producer, a leading figure in the British film industry and the founder of London Films. ... As You Like It is a 1936 film, directed by Paul Czinner and starring Laurence Olivier as Orlando and Elisabeth Bergner as Rosalind. ... Paul Czinner, born May 30, 1890 in Budapest, Hungary, died June 22, 1972 in London, was a writer, film director and producer. ...


Vivien Leigh

Olivier with his future second wife, Vivien Leigh, in Fire Over England (1937)
Olivier with his future second wife, Vivien Leigh, in Fire Over England (1937)

Laurence Olivier saw Vivien Leigh in The Mask of Virtue in 1936, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance. While playing lovers in the film Fire Over England (1937), Olivier and Leigh developed a strong attraction, and after filming was completed, they began an affair. [12] Image File history File links FireOverEnglandVivienLeighLaurenceOlivier. ... Image File history File links FireOverEnglandVivienLeighLaurenceOlivier. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Fire Over England is a 1937 film drama produced by London Film Productions. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Fire Over England is a 1937 film drama produced by London Film Productions. ...


Leigh played Ophelia to Olivier's Hamlet in an Old Vic Theatre production, and Olivier later recalled an incident during which her mood rapidly changed as she was quietly preparing to go onstage. Without apparent provocation, she began screaming at him, before suddenly becoming silent and staring into space. She was able to perform without mishap, and by the following day, she had returned to normal with no recollection of the event. It was the first time Olivier witnessed such behaviour from her.[13] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... The Old Vic is a theatre in the Waterloo area of London. ...


Olivier travelled to Hollywood to begin filming Wuthering Heights as Heathcliff. Leigh followed soon after, partly to be with him, but also to pursue her dream of playing Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939). Olivier found the filming of Wuthering Heights to be difficult but it proved to be a turning point for him, both in his success in the United States, which had eluded him until then, but also in his attitude to film, which he had regarded as an inferior medium to theatre. The film's producer, Samuel Goldwyn was highly dissatisfied with Olivier's overstated performance after several weeks of filming and threatened to dismiss him. Olivier had grown to regard the film's female lead, Merle Oberon, as an amateur; however, when he stated his opinion to Goldwyn, he was reminded that Oberon was the star of the film and already a well-known name in American cinema. Olivier was told that he was dispensible and that he was required to be more tolerant of Oberon. Olivier recalled that he took Goldwyn's words to heart, but after some consideration realized that he was correct; he began to moderate his performance to fit the more intimate film medium and began to appreciate the possibilities it offered. He later acknowledged that he was influenced by the director William Wyler, with whom he had frequently clashed during the early days of filming. [citation needed] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel, Gone with the Wind, and in the later film of the same name. ... For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... Samuel Goldwyn (July 1882 (some sources say 17 August 1882, others 1879 [1]) – 31 January 1974) was an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning producer, also a well-known Hollywood motion picture producer and founding contributor of several motion picture studios. ... Merle Oberon (February 19, 1911 – November 23, 1979), born Estelle Merle OBrien Thompson, was an Academy Award-nominated Anglo-Indian film actress. ... William Wyler (July 1, 1902–July 27, 1981) was a prolific, Oscar-winning motion picture director. ...


The film was a hit and Olivier was praised for his performance, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor. Leigh won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Gone with the Wind, and the couple suddenly found themselves to be major celebrities throughout the world. They wanted to marry, but both Leigh's husband and Olivier's wife at the time, Jill Esmond, at first, refused to divorce them. Finally divorced, they were married on 31 August 1940. The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Olivier's American film career flourished with highly regarded performances in Rebecca (1940) and Pride and Prejudice (1941). Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... Jane Austens novel Pride and Prejudice (1813) has been the subject of numerous television and film adaptations. ...


Olivier and Leigh starred in a theater production of Romeo and Juliet in New York City. It was an extravagant production, but a commercial failure.[14] Brooks Atkinson for The New York Times wrote, "Although Miss Leigh and Mr Olivier are handsome young people they hardly act their parts at all."[15] The couple had invested almost their entire savings into the project, and its failure was a financial disaster for them.[16] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Brooks Atkinson (November 28, 1894-January 14, 1984) was the theater critic for The New York Times from 1925 to 1960. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


They filmed That Hamilton Woman (1941) with Olivier as Horatio Nelson and Leigh as Emma Hamilton. With Britain engaged in World War II, the Oliviers returned to England, and in 1944 Leigh was diagnosed as having tuberculosis in her left lung, but after spending several weeks in hospital, she appeared to be cured. In spring she was filming Caesar and Cleopatra (1945) when she discovered she was pregnant, but suffered a miscarriage. She fell into a deep depression which reached its nadir when she turned on Olivier, verbally and physically attacking him until she fell to the floor sobbing. This was the first of many major breakdowns related to manic-depression, or bipolar mood disorder. Olivier came to recognise the symptoms of an impending episode – several days of hyperactivity followed by a period of depression and an explosive breakdown, after which Leigh would have no memory of the event, but would be acutely embarrassed and remorseful.[17] That Hamilton Woman is a 1941 historical film drama, directed by Alexander Korda, for Alexander Korda Films. ... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... Emma Hamilton, in one of dozens of portraits by George Romney, at the height of her beauty in the 1780s Emma Hamilton (Lady Hamilton) (April 26, 1765 - January 16, 1815) is best remembered as the mistress of Lord Nelson. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1945 film starring Claude Rains and Vivien Leigh, produced by Gabriel Pascal from the 1901 play by George Bernard Shaw. ... Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression when compared to bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ...


In 1947 Olivier was knighted as a Knight Bachelor and by 1948 he was on the Board of Directors for the Old Vic Theatre, and he and Leigh embarked on a tour of Australia and New Zealand to raise funds for the theatre. During their six-month tour, Olivier performed Richard III and also performed with Leigh in The School for Scandal and The Skin of Our Teeth. The tour was an outstanding success, and although Leigh was plagued with insomnia and allowed her understudy to replace her for a week while she was ill, she generally withstood the demands placed upon her, with Olivier noting her ability to "charm the press". Members of the company later recalled several quarrels between the couple, with the most dramatic of these occurring in Christchurch when Leigh refused to go on stage. Olivier slapped her face, and Leigh slapped him in return and swore at him before she made her way to the stage. By the end of the tour, both were exhausted and ill, and Olivier told a journalist, "You may not know it, but you are talking to a couple of walking corpses." Later he would comment that he "lost Vivien" in Australia.[18] The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... The Old Vic is a theatre in the Waterloo area of London. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... The School for Scandal is a comedy of manners written by R. B. Sheridan. ... This article is about the sleeping disorder. ... Christchurch (Māori: ) is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ...


The success of the tour encouraged the Oliviers to make their first West End appearance together, performing the same works with one addition, Antigone, included at Leigh's insistence because she wished to play a role in a tragedy. The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of central London, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... Antigone by Frederic Leighton, 1882 Antigone (Pronunciation: /æntɪɡəni/ Greek: Αντιγόνη) is the name of two different women in Greek mythology. ...


Leigh next sought the role of Blanche DuBois in the West End stage production of Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, and was cast after Williams and the play's producer Irene Mayer Selznick saw her in the The School for Scandal and Antigone, and Olivier was contracted to direct. [19] Vivien Leigh as Blanche DuBois in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), with Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski Blanche DuBois is the principal character in Tennessee Williams play A Streetcar Named Desire. ... The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of central London, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known by the pseudonym Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright and one of the prominent playwrights of the twentieth century. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Irene Mayer Selznick (April 2, 1907 - October 10, 1990) was an American theatrical producer. ... Antigone by Frederic Leighton, 1882 Antigone (Pronunciation: /æntɪɡəni/ Greek: Αντιγόνη) is the name of two different women in Greek mythology. ...


In 1951, Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, alternating the play each night and winning good reviews. They took the productions to New York, where they performed a season at the Ziegfeld Theatre into 1952. The reviews there were also mostly positive, but the critic Kenneth Tynan angered them when he suggested that Leigh's was a mediocre talent which forced Olivier to compromise his own. Tynan's diatribe almost precipitated another collapse; Leigh, terrified of failure and intent on achieving greatness, dwelt on his comments, while ignoring the positive reviews of other critics.[20] “Cleopatra” redirects here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Anthony and Cleopatra, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, and socialist. ... Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1901 play by George Bernard Shaw. ... The Ziegfeld Theatre was a Broadway theatre formerly located at the intersection of Sixth Avenue and 54th Street in Manhattan, New York City. ... Kenneth Peacock Tynan (April 2, 1927 - July 26, 1980), was an influential and often controversial British theatre critic and writer. ...


In January 1953 Leigh travelled to Ceylon to film Elephant Walk with Peter Finch. Shortly after filming commenced, she suffered a breakdown, and Paramount Studios replaced her with Elizabeth Taylor. Olivier returned her to their home in England, where between periods of incoherence, Leigh told him that she was in love with Finch, and had been having an affair with him. She gradually recovered over a period of several months. As a result of this episode, many of the Oliviers' friends learnt of her problems. David Niven said she had been "quite, quite mad", and in his diary Noël Coward expressed surprise that "things had been bad and getting worse since 1948 or thereabouts."[21] The Glenbrook North High School hazing incident concerned many people worldwide Hazing is often ritualistic harassment, abuse, or humiliation with requirements to perform meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. ... Peter Finch (September 28, 1912 – January 14, 1977) was an English-born actor with strong Australian connections. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1988 to 1989. ... For other persons named Elizabeth Taylor, see Elizabeth Taylor (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Noël Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (spelling his forename Noël with the diaeresis was an affectation of later life, and Peirce is the correct spelling) (December 16, 1899 - March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ...


Leigh recovered sufficiently to play The Sleeping Prince with Olivier in 1953, and in 1955 they performed a season at Stratford-upon-Avon in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, Macbeth and Titus Andronicus. They played to capacity houses and attracted generally good reviews, Leigh's health seemingly stable. Noël Coward was enjoying success with the play South Sea Bubble, with Leigh in the lead role, but she became pregnant and withdrew from the production. Several weeks later, she miscarried and entered a period of depression that lasted for months. She joined Olivier for a European tour with Titus Andronicus, but the tour was marred by Leigh's frequent outbursts against Olivier and other members of the company. After their return to London, her former husband Leigh Holman, who continued to exert a strong influence over her, stayed with the Oliviers and helped calm her. The Sleeping Prince is a 1953 play by Terrence Rattigan. ... Stratford-upon-Avon Stratford-upon-Avon is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... Malvolio and Olivia, in an engraving by R. Staines after a painting by Daniel Maclise. ... Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ... Title page of the first quarto edition (1594) The Tragedy of Titus Andronicus may be Shakespeares earliest tragedy. ... Noël Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (spelling his forename Noël with the diaeresis was an affectation of later life, and Peirce is the correct spelling) (December 16, 1899 - March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... This article is about the Noel Coward play. ...


In 1958, considering her marriage to be over, Leigh began a relationship with the actor Jack Merivale, who knew of Leigh's medical condition and assured Olivier he would care for her. She achieved a success in 1959 with the Noël Coward comedy Look After Lulu, with The Times critic describing her as "beautiful, delectably cool and matter of fact, she is mistress of every situation."[22] John Herman Merivale, often known as Jack Merivale, (December 1, 1917 &ndash February 6, 1990) was an actor. ...


In December 1960 she and Olivier divorced, and Olivier married the actress Joan Plowright. In his autobiography he discussed the years of problems they had experienced because of Leigh's illness, writing, "Throughout her possession by that uncannily evil monster, manic depression, with its deadly ever-tightening spirals, she retained her own individual canniness Рan ability to disguise her true mental condition from almost all except me, for whom she could hardly be expected to take the trouble."[23] Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier DBE, n̩e Plowright (born October 28, 1929), known professionally as Dame Joan Plowright is a British actress and widow of Laurence Olivier. ...


War

When World War II broke out, Olivier intended to join the Royal Air Force, but was still contractually obliged to other parties. He apparently disliked actors such as Charles Laughton and Sir Cedric Hardwicke, who would hold charity cricket matches to help the war effort.[3] Olivier took flying lessons, and racked up over 200 hours. After two years of service, he rose to the rank Lieutenant Olivier RNVR, as a pilot in the Fleet Air Arm but was never called to see action. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “RAF” redirects here. ... Charles Laughton (1 July 1899 – 15 December 1962) was an English stage and film actor. ... Sir Cedric Webster Hardwicke (February 19, 1893 - August 6, 1964) was a British actor. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... “RNR” redirects here. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ...


In 1944 he and fellow actor Ralph Richardson were released from their naval commitments to form a new Old Vic Theatre Company at the New Theatre (later the Albery, now the Noel Coward Theatre) with a nightly repertory of three plays, initially Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt, Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man and Shakespeare's Richard III (which would become Olivier's signature role), rehearsed over 10 weeks to the accompaniment of German V1 ‘doodlebugs’. The enterprise, with John Burrell as manager, eventually extended to five acclaimed seasons ending in 1949, after a prestigious 1948 tour of Australia and New Zealand, which included Vivien Leigh in productions of Richard III, Richard Brinsley Sheridan's School for Scandal, and Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth. Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... The exterior of the Old Vic from the corner of Baylis Road and Waterloo Road. ... New Theatre or New Theater may refer to: The New Theatre (Bromley), England The New Theatre (Cardiff), Wales The New Theatre (Coral Gables), Florida The New Theatre (Fort Smith), Arkansas The New Theatre (Budapest), Hungary The New Theatre (Ireland) The New Theatre (London) The New Theatre (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania The Century... New Theatre, postcard, circa 1905. ... Ibsen redirects here. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... Multiple people share the name Bernard Shaw: George Bernard Shaw, the celebrated Irish playwright (1856 - 1950) Bernard Shaw, a journalist and longtime CNN anchorman (1940 - ) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Arms and the Man is a comedy by G. Bernard Shaw. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... The term V1 can refer to: The V-1 flying bomb, the first modern cruise missile, developed by the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War Decision speed, where an aircraft pilot must opt to abort the take-off or continue the run for lift-off at V2 speed. ... John Buster Burrell (born November 22, 1940 in Fort Worth, Texas) was an American football wide receiver in the NFL for the San Francisco 49ers, Pittsburgh Steelers, and the Washington Redskins. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... Richard Brinsley Sheridan Richard Brinsley Sheridan (October 30, 1751 – July 7, 1816) was an Irish playwright and Whig statesman. ... The School for Scandal, a play by Richard Brinsley Sheridan, is a comedy of manners. ... Image:Thorntonwilderteeth. ... The Skin of Our Teeth is a Pulitzer Prize for Drama-winning play by Thornton Wilder. ...


The second New Theatre season opened with Olivier playing both Harry Hotspur and Justice Shallow to Richardson’s Falstaff in Henry IV, Parts 1 and 2, in what is now seen as a high point of English classical theatre. The magic continued with one of Olivier's most famous endeavours, the double bill of Sophocles' Oedipus and Sheridan's The Critic, with Olivier's transition from Greek tragedy to high comedy in a single evening becoming a thing of legend. He followed this triumph with one of his favorite roles, Astrov in Uncle Vanya. Kenneth Tynan was to write (in He Who Plays the King, 1950): ‘The Old Vic was now at its height: the watershed had been reached and one of those rare moments in the theatre had arrived when drama paused, took stock of all that it had learnt since Irving, and then produced a monument in celebration. It is surprising when one considers it, that English acting should have reached up and seized a laurel crown in the middle of a war.’ Henry Percy was the name of several nobles in the line that produced the earls of Northumberland. ... Adolf Schrödter: Falstaff and his page Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who appears in three plays by William Shakespeare as a companion to Prince Hal, the future King Henry V. A fat, vainglorious, and cowardly knight, Falstaff leads the apparently wayward Prince Hal into trouble, but he... Henry IV can refer to Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV of England Henry IV of France Henry IV of Castile Henry IV, Duke of Breslau or plays by William Shakespeare: Henry IV, part 1 Henry IV, part 2 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Sophocles (ancient Greek: ; 495 BC - 406 BC) was the second of three great ancient Greek tragedians. ... For other uses, see Oedipus (disambiguation). ... Richard Brinsley Sheridan Richard Brinsley Sheridan (October 30, 1751 – July 7, 1816) was an Irish playwright and Whig statesman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anton Chekhov (left) and Maxim Gorky in Yalta. ... Kenneth Peacock Tynan (April 2, 1927 - July 26, 1980), was an influential and often controversial British theatre critic and writer. ... Irving may refer to: // Persons Family name David Irving, a British Holocaust denier Henry Irving, British actor. ...


In 1945 Olivier and Richardson were made honorary Lieutenants with ENSA, and did a six-week tour of Europe for the army, performing Arms and the Man, Peer Gynt and Richard III for the troops, followed by a visit to the Comédie-Française in Paris, the first time a foreign company had been invited to play on its famous stage.[24] When Olivier returned to London the populace noticed a change in him. Olivier's only explanation was: "Maybe it's just that I've got older."[7] ENSA may be: The European Student Nurse Association, (www. ... Arms and the Man is a comedy by G. Bernard Shaw. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... The Comédie-Française or Théâtre français is the only state theater in France. ...


SOE

A new biography of Olivier written by Michael Munn (titled Lord Larry) claims that in 1940, while still in America Olivier was recruited by Special Operations Executive as an agent to build support in the United States (then a neutral country) for Britain's war with Nazi Germany[citation needed]. According to the book Olivier was recruited by film producer and MI5 operative Alexander Korda on the instructions of Winston Churchill. The Special Operations Executive (SOE), sometimes referred to as the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organization initiated by Winston Churchill and Hugh Dalton in July 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... MI5 Logo. ... Sir Alexander Korda (September 16, 1893 - January 23, 1956) was a film director and producer, a leading figure in the British film industry and the founder of London Films. ... “Churchill” redirects here. ...


According to an article in The Telegraph, David Niven, a good friend of Olivier's, is said to have told Michael Munn, "What was dangerous for his country was that (Olivier) could have been accused of being an agent. This sounds ludicrous now in the light of history, but before America was brought into the war it didn't tolerate foreign agents.[citation needed]" This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


"So this was a danger for Larry because he could have been arrested. And what was worse, if German agents had realised what Larry was doing, they would, I am sure, have gone after him."


Prof M R D Foot, a leading authority on the Special Operations Executive and a former World War II intelligence officer, described Mr Munn's claims as "perfectly plausible".[citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Shakespeare trilogy

After gaining widespread popularity in the film medium, Olivier was approached by several investors (namely Filippo Del Giudice, Alexander Korda and J. Arthur Rank), to create several Shakespearean films, based on stage productions of each respective play. Olivier tried his hand at directing, and as a result, created three highly successful films: Henry V, Hamlet and Richard III. Filippo Del Giudice, (26 March 1892- 1 January 1963), born in Trani, Italy, was an Italian film producer. ... Sir Alexander Korda (September 16, 1893 - January 23, 1956) was a film director and producer, a leading figure in the British film industry and the founder of London Films. ... Joseph Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank (December 23, 1888 – March 29, 1972) was a British industrialist and film producer, and founder of the Rank Organisation, now known as The Rank Group Plc. ...


Henry V

Main article: Henry V (1944 film)

Olivier made his directorial debut with a film of Shakespeare's Henry V. At first, he did not believe he was up to the task, instead trying to offer it to William Wyler, Carol Reed, and Terence Young. The film was shot in Ireland (due to the fact that it was neutral), with the Irish plains having to double for the fields of Agincourt. During the shooting of one of the battle scenes, a horse collided with a camera that Olivier was attending. Olivier had had his eye to the viewfinder, and when the horse crashed into his position, the camera smashed into him, cutting his lip, and leaving a scar that would be prominent in later roles. Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Title page of the first quarto (1600) Henry V, also known as The Cronicle History of Henry the fift, is a play by William Shakespeare based on the life of King Henry V of England. ... William Wyler (July 1, 1902–July 27, 1981) was a prolific, Oscar-winning motion picture director. ... Sir Carol Reed (30 December 1906 – 25 April 1976) was an English film director, winner of an Academy Award for his film version of the musical, Oliver! (1968). ... Terence Young in the 1960s Stewart Terence Herbert Young (June 20, 1915 – September 7, 1994) was a British film director, born in Shanghai, China, was public-school educated, and read Oriental History at St Catharines College in the University of Cambridge (like the fictional character James Bond - see below). ...


The film opened to rave reviews, despite Olivier's initial reluctance. It was the first widely successful Shakespeare film, and was considered a work of art by many. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Picture and Best Actor, but the Academy, in Olivier's opinion, did not feel comfortable in giving out all of their major awards to a foreigner, so they gave him a special Honorary Award. Olivier disregarded the award as a "fob-off".[25]


Hamlet

Main article: Hamlet (1948 film)

Olivier followed up on his success with an adaptation of Hamlet. He had played this role more often than he had Henry, and was more familiar with the melancholy Dane. However, Olivier was not particularly comfortable with the introverted role of Hamlet, as opposed to the extroverts that he was famous for portraying. The running time of Hamlet (1948) was not allowed to exceed 153 minutes, and as a result Olivier cut almost half of Shakespeare's text. He was severely criticized for doing so by purists, most notably Ethel Barrymore; Barrymore stated that the adaptation was not nearly as faithful to the original text as her brother John's stage production from 1922. Ironically, Ethel presented the Best Picture Oscar that year--and was visibly shaken when she read,"Hamlet". Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Ethel Barrymore (August 15, 1879 – June 18, 1959) was an Academy Award-winning American actress and a member of the famous Barrymore family. ... John Sidney Blyth Barrymore (February 15, 1882 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – May 29, 1942 in Los Angeles, California), was an American actor. ...


The film became another resounding critical and commercial success in Britain and abroad,[3] winning Olivier Best Picture and Best Actor at the 1948 Academy Awards. It was the first British film to win Best Picture, and Olivier's only Best Actor win, a category he would be nominated for five more times before his death. Olivier also became the first person to direct himself in an Oscar-winning performance, a feat not repeated until Roberto Benigni directed himself to Best Actor in 1999 for Life Is Beautiful. Also, Olivier remains the only actor to receive an Oscar for Shakespeare. Olivier, however, did not win the Best Director Oscar that year, preventing what would have almost been a clean sweep of all the major awards for which the film was nominated. Roberto Remigio Benigni (born October 27, 1952) is an Academy Award-winning Italian film and television actor, writer and director. ... Life Is Beautiful (Italian: La vita è bella) is a 1997 Italian language film which tells the story of a Jewish Italian, Guido Orefice (played by Roberto Benigni, who also directed and co-wrote the film), who lives in his own romantic fairy tale world, but must learn how to use...


Richard III

Olivier's third major Shakespeare project as director and star was Richard III. Alexander Korda initially approached Olivier to reprise on film the role he had played to acclaim at the Old Vic in the 1940s. This role had been lauded as Olivier's greatest (rivaled only by his 1955 stage production of Macbeth and his performance as the broken down Music Hall performer Archie Rice in The Entertainer), and is arguably considered to be his greatest screen performance. During the filming of the battle scenes in Spain, one of the archers actually shot Olivier in the ankle, causing him to limp. Fortunately, the limp was required for the part, so Olivier had already been limping for the parts of the film already shot. Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ... Music Hall is a form of British theatrical entertainment which reached its peak of popularity between 1850 and 1960. ... An entertainer is someone who is hired to entertain people. ...


Although the film was critically well received, it was a financial failure. Korda sold the rights to the American television network NBC, and the film became the first to be aired on television and released in theatres simultaneously. Many deduce that from the enormous ratings that the NBC transmissions received, more people saw Richard III in that single showing than all the people who had seen it on stage in the play's history. The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ...


Macbeth

Macbeth was supposed to have been Olivier's next Shakespeare film. However, due to Richard III's dismal box-office performance, along with the deaths of Alexander Korda and Mike Todd, the film would never be made. Olivier cited[citation needed] this as his biggest disappointment, as his 1955 performance as Macbeth at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre had been praised as one of the all-time great performances. He had originally planned to film it in 1948 instead of Hamlet, but Orson Welles was making his own film of Macbeth at the time which would reach theatres first, so Olivier chose to film Hamlet instead. Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath by Théodore Chassériau. ... The Royal Shakespeare Theatre is a large theatre dedicated to British playwright William Shakespeare in his birthplace of Stratford-upon-Avon. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Macbeth marked Orson Welless return to Shakespearean interpretation, following his departure from Hollywood, with this 1948 version of the Scottish Play. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ...


The Entertainer

Since the end of World War II, apart from his Shakespeare trilogy, Olivier had made only sporadic film appearances.


In the second half of the 1950s, British theatre was changing with the rise of the "Angry Young Men". John Osborne, author of Look Back in Anger wrote a play for Olivier entitled The Entertainer, centred on a washed-up stage comedian called Archie Rice, which opened at the Royal Court on 10 April 1957. As Olivier later stated, "I am Archie Rice. I am not Hamlet." Angry Young Men (or Angries for short) is a journalistic catchphrase applied to a number of British playwrights and novelists from the mid-1950s. ... John James Osborne (December 12, 1929 – December 24, 1994) was an English playwright, screenwriter, and critic of the Establishment. ... Look Back in Anger (1956) is a John Osborne play and 1958 movie about a love triangle involving an intelligent but disaffected young man (Jimmy Porter), his upper-middle-class, impassive wife (Alison), and her snooty best friend (Helena Charles). ... An entertainer is someone who is hired to entertain people. ... Royal court (as distinguished from a court of law) may refer to a number of institutions: A noble court - the household or entourage of a monarch or other ruler The Royal Court of Jersey - the main court of justice of Jersey The Royal Court of Guernsey - the main court of...


During rehearsals of The Entertainer, Olivier met Joan Plowright who took over the role of Jean Rice from Dorothy Tutin when Tony Richardson's Royal Court production transferred to the Palace Theatre in September 1957.[26] Later, in 1960, Tony Richardson also directed the screen version with Olivier and Plowright repeating their stage roles. Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier DBE, née Plowright (born October 28, 1929), known professionally as Dame Joan Plowright is a British actress and widow of Laurence Olivier. ... Tony Richardson (June 5, 1928 - November 14, 1991) was a British theatre and film director and producer. ... Notable theatres called the Palace Theatre include: Palace Theatre, London Palace Theatre, Westcliff-on-Sea, EssexA real play house with Edwardian splendour. ...


He left Vivien Leigh for Plowright, a decision that apparently gave him a sense of guilt for the rest of his life.[3] Olivier married Plowright on St. Patrick's Day, 1961, finally providing him with domestic stability and happiness. Leigh died in 1967. St. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...


National Theatre

Olivier was one of the founders of the National Theatre. He became first NT Director at the Old Vic before the South Bank building was constructed with his opening production of Hamlet in October 1963. The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... The exterior of the Old Vic from the corner of Baylis Road and Waterloo Road. ... The National Theatre is one of the collection of arts buildings that make up the South Bank Centre. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ...


During his directorship he appeared in twelve plays (taking over roles in three) and directed nine. However, his career at the National ended, in his view, in betrayal and tragedy.[3]


Othello

Main article: Othello (1965 film)

For Othello, Olivier underwent a transformation, requiring extensive study and heavy weightlifting, in order to get the physique needed for the Moor of Venice. It is said that he bellowed at a herd of cows for an hour to get the deep voice that was required. John Dexter's 1964 stage production of the play was filmed in 1965, securing Olivier his 6th Oscar Nomination for Best Actor. It was not without criticism as director Jonathan Miller called it "a condescending view of an Afro Caribbean person". Othello is a 1965 movie based on the Shakespeare play Othello; starring Laurence Olivier, Maggie Smith, Frank Finlay, and Joyce Redman. ... John Dexter (born 2 August 1925 in Derby, England - died 23 March 1990 in London) was an English theatre, opera and film director. ... Othello is a 1965 movie based on the Shakespeare play Othello; starring Laurence Olivier, Maggie Smith, Frank Finlay, and Joyce Redman. ... Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is a British neurologist, theatre and opera director, television presenter, humourist and sculptor. ...


Three Sisters

Main article: Three Sisters (film)

Olivier's final film as director was the 1970 film Three Sisters, based on the Chekhov play of the same name, and his 1967 National Theatre production. It was, in Olivier's opinion, his best work as director.[6] The film was co-directed by John Sichel. Three Sisters is a 1970 film starring Alan Bates, Laurence Olivier and Joan Plowright, based on the play by Anton Chekhov. ... Three Sisters is a 1970 film starring Alan Bates, Laurence Olivier and Joan Plowright, based on the play by Anton Chekhov. ... Chekhov in a 1905 illustration. ... John Sichel (died 2005-04-05) was a British director of film, stage and television, and, later in life, a television and theatre trainer. ...


In addition his most fondly remembered National Theatre performances at the Old Vic were as Astrov in his own production of Chekhov's Uncle Vanya, seen first in 1962 at the Chichester Festival Theatre; his Captain Brazen in William Gaskill's December 1963 staging of George Farquhar's The Recruiting Officer; Shylock in Jonathan Miller's 1970 revival of The Merchant of Venice; and his definitive portrayal of James Tyrone in Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night, produced in December 1971 by Michael Blakemore. These last two were later restaged for television, and telecast both in England and in the United States. Anton Chekhov (left) and Maxim Gorky in Yalta. ... Chichester Festival Theatre is one of the UKs flagship theatres with an international reputation for creating magical live performances. ... William Bill Gaskill (born 24 June 1930, Shipley, West Yorkshire) is a British theatre director. ... George Farquhar. ... The Recruiting Officer is a 1706 play by the Irish writer George Farquhar, which follows the social and sexual exploits of two recruiting officers, Plume and Brazen, as they return to their home town of Shrewsbury. ... Shylock After the Trial by John Gilbert (late 19th century) Shylock is a central character in Shakespeares The Merchant of Venice who famously demanded a pound of flesh from the title character. ... Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is a British neurologist, theatre and opera director, television presenter, humourist and sculptor. ... Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... Michael Blakemore on the cover of his memoir, Arguments with England Michael Howell Blakemore, OBE, (b. ...


He played an unforgettably droll supporting role as the ancient Antonio in Franco Zeffirelli's 1973 production of Eduardo de Filippo's Saturday, Sunday, Monday, with his wife Joan Plowright in the starring role of Rosa. His final stage appearance, on 21 March, 1974, was as the fiery Glaswegian, John Tagg, in John Dexter's production of Trevor Griffiths' The Party. Franco Zeffirelli (born Gianfranco Corsi on February 12, 1923), is an Italian film director. ... Eduardo De Filippo was an actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet born May 24, 1900 in Naples, Italy and passed away on October 31, 1984 in Rome. ... Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier DBE, née Plowright (born October 28, 1929), known professionally as Dame Joan Plowright is a British actress and widow of Laurence Olivier. ... Trevor Griffiths (born 4 April 1935 in Manchester) is an English dramatist. ...


The only appearance he made on the stage of the new Olivier Theatre, was at the royal opening of the new National Theatre building on 25 October, 1976. The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a theatre company which operates from a building of the same name on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ...


Later career

Famous throughout his career for his commitment to his art, Olivier immersed himself even more completely in his work during his later years, reportedly as a way of distracting himself from the guilt he felt at having left his second wife Vivien Leigh.[3] He began appearing more frequently in films, usually in character parts rather than the leading romantic roles of his early career, and received Academy Award nominations for Sleuth (1972), Marathon Man (1976) and The Boys from Brazil (1978). Having been recently forced out of his role as director of the Royal National Theatre, he worried that his family would not be sufficiently provided for in the event of his death, and consequently chose to do many of his later TV special and film appearances on a "pay cheque" basis. He later freely admitted that he was not proud of most of these credits, and noted that he particularly despised the 1982 film Inchon, in which he played the role of General Douglas McArthur.[26] Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Sleuth is the 1972 film adaptation of the Tony Award-winning play by British playwright Anthony Shaffer, who wrote the screenplay. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marathon Man is a 1976 film based on the novel of the same name by William Goldman. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boys from Brazil is a 1978 thriller made by Incorporated Television Company (ITC) and Lew Grade and distributed by 20th Century Fox. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... Inchon is a 1982 film directed by Terence Young about the Battle of Inchon during the Korean War. ... MacArthur landing at Leyte Beach in 1944. ...


In 1967 Olivier underwent radiation treatment for prostate cancer, and was also hospitalised with pneumonia. For the remainder of his life, he would suffer from many different health problems, including bronchitis, amnesia and pleurisy. In 1974 he was diagnosed with a degenerative muscle disorder, and nearly died the following year, but he battled through the next decade, earning money in case of financial disaster. This explains why Olivier took all the work he could get, so his family would be financially secure after his death. It also explains his appearance in the 1982 film Inchon, widely considered to be one of the worst movies ever made. Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs. ... For other uses, see Amnesia (disambiguation). ... Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs, which can cause painful respiration and other symptoms. ... Inchon is a 1982 film directed by Terence Young about the Battle of Inchon during the Korean War. ...


One of Olivier's enduring achievements involved neither stage nor screentime. In 1974, UK Thames Television released The World at War, an exhaustive 26-part documentary on the Second World War to which Olivier, with some reluctance, lent his voice. His narration serves as the so-called "voice of God", surveying with deep lament the devastation as it unfolds. Olivier does however make an appearance just before the episode "Genocide" to warn the viewer of the episode contains disturbing scenes and warns that this must not happen again. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The World at War was a 26-episode television documentary series on World War II, as well as the the events leading up to it and following in its wake. ...


When presenting the Best Picture Oscar in 1985, he absent-mindedly presented it by simply stepping up to the microphone and saying "Amadeus". He had grown forgetful, and had forgotten to read out the nominees first.[27]


In 1986, Olivier appeared as the pre-filmed holographic narrator of the West End production of the multi-media Dave Clark rock musical Time. This article is about the photographic technique. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Multimedia is the use of several different media to convey information (text, audio, graphics, animation, video, and interactivity). ... Dave Clark (born 1942) is a British musician, best known as the drummer and leader of the 1960s group, The Dave Clark Five. ... A rock opera or rock musical is a musical production in the form of an opera or a musical in a modern rock and roll style rather than more traditional forms. ... Time is a musical with a book and lyrics by Dave Clark and David Soames, music by Jeff Daniels, and additional songs by David Pomeranz. ...


He died of cancer in Steyning, West Sussex, England, in 1989 at the age of 82. He left his son from his first marriage, as well as his wife and their three children. Lord Olivier's body was cremated, his ashes interred in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey, London. Only two actors have been accorded this honour, with David Garrick being the first in 1779. Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Map sources for Steyning at grid reference TQ1711 The Clock Tower in Steyning High Street Steyning is a small town and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... Poets corner Poets Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey due to the number of poets, playwrights and writers now buried and commemorated there. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... David Garrick by Thomas Gainsborough. ...


Fifteen years after his death, Olivier once again received star billing in a movie. Through the use of computer graphics, footage of him as a young man was integrated into the 2004 film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow in which Olivier "played" the villain. Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow is a film released on September 17, 2004 in the United States. ...


Sexual orientation

Since Olivier's death, multiple biographers have produced books about him, several of which include the claim that Olivier was bisexual.


Joan Plowright has said, "I have always resented the comments that it was I who was the homewrecker of Larry's marriage to Vivien Leigh. Danny Kaye was attached to Larry far earlier than I.,"[28] in reference to biographer Donald Spoto's claim that Kaye and Olivier were lovers.[29] According to Sir Noel Coward, sexually speaking, Olivier had "a puppy-like acquiescence to all experiences", as quoted by friend the late Michael Thornton.[30] Terry Coleman's authorised biography of Olivier suggests a relationship between Olivier and an older actor, Henry Ainley, based on correspondence from Ainley to Olivier although the book disputes that there is any evidence linking Olivier sexually to Kaye.[3] Olivier's son Tarquin disputed this as 'unforgivable garbage'.[31] and sought to suppress them, leading Dame Joan Plowright to privately state that "a man who had been to Eton and in the Guards might be expected to be a little more broad-minded".[30] Also, during the filming of A Streetcar Named Desire, which featured Olivier's wife, Vivien Leigh, David Niven discovered Leigh's co-star Marlon Brando and Olivier kissing in the swimming pool. "I turned my back to them and went back inside to join Vivien. I'm sure she knew what was going on, but she made no mention of it. Nor did I. One must be sophisticated about such matters in life."[32] In August 2006, on the radio program Desert Island Discs, Plowright responded to the question of Olivier's alleged bisexuality by stating: "If a man is touched by genius, he is not an ordinary person. He doesn't lead an ordinary life. He has extremes of behaviour which you understand and you just find a way not to be swept overboard by his demons. You kind of stand apart. You continue your own work and your absorption in the family. And those other things finally don't matter."[30] Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier DBE, née Plowright (born October 28, 1929), known professionally as Dame Joan Plowright is a British actress and widow of Laurence Olivier. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Kaye entertaining U.S. troops at Sasebo, Japan, 25 Oct 1945 David Daniel Kaminsky, known as Danny Kaye (January 18, 1913 – March 3, 1987) was an American actor, singer and comedian. ... Sir Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... Henry Hinchliffe Ainley (21 August 1879 - 31 Oct 1945) was an English Shakespearean stage and screen actor, and father of actors Richard Ainley and Anthony Ainley. ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Desert Island Discs is a long-running BBC Radio 4 programme. ...


Honours

Olivier was the founding director of the Chichester Festival Theatre (1962–1966) and of the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain (1962–1973) for which he received his life peerage. He was created a Knight Bachelor on 12 June 1947,[33] and created a life peer on 13 June 1970 as Baron Olivier, of Brighton in the County of Sussex, the first actor to be accorded this distinction.[34][35] He was admitted to the Order of Merit in 1981. The Laurence Olivier Awards, organised by The Society of London Theatre, were renamed in his honour in 1984. Though he was a Life Peer and one of the most respected personalities in the industry, Olivier insisted that one should address him as "Larry", and he simply would not listen to anyone addressing him with honorifics such as "Lord", and "Sir".[3] Chichester Festival Theatre is one of the UKs flagship theatres with an international reputation for creating magical live performances. ... The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... The Society of London Theatre (previously The Society of West End Theatre) is an umbrella organization for West End theatre in London. ...


Centenary

22 May 2007 saw the centenary of Olivier's birth. To mark this Network Media released The Laurence Olivier Centenary Collection on DVD, as a 10 disk set. This included:- is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

In addition ITV DVD released two DVD sets the Laurence Olivier Shakespeare Collection, a 7 disk set including:- Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... Portia and Shylock (1835) by Thomas Sully The Merchant of Venice is one of William Shakespeares best-known plays, written sometime between 1596 and 1598. ... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... The Ebony Tower (1974) by John Fowles consists of 5 short novels with interlacing themes, built around a medieval myth: The Ebony Tower, Eliduc, Poor Koko, The Enigma and The Cloud. ... Long Days Journey Into Night is a dramatic play in four acts by Eugene ONeill, widely considered to be his masterwork. ... Laurence Olivier Presents was a British Television series made by Granada Television which ran from 1976 to 1978. ... The South Bank Show is a British television arts magazine show, presented by Melvyn Bragg and seen in over 60 countries — including Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. Its stated aim is to bring both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ...

and also The Laurence Olivier 'Icon' Collection, a 10 disk set including:- King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... As You Like It is a 1936 film, directed by Paul Czinner and starring Laurence Olivier as Orlando and Elisabeth Bergner as Rosalind. ... Portia and Shylock (1835) by Thomas Sully The Merchant of Venice is one of William Shakespeares best-known plays, written sometime between 1596 and 1598. ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ...

Both DVD sets include a Michael Parkinson interview with Olivier from the 1970's. Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... That Hamilton Woman is a 1941 historical film drama, directed by Alexander Korda, for Alexander Korda Films. ... Forty-Ninth Parallel (1941) is the third collaboration by the British-based filmmakers Powell & Pressburger. ... The Demi-Paradise (also known as Adventure for Two) is a 1943 comedy film made by Two Cities Films and distributed by Universal Pictures. ... The Boys from Brazil is a 1978 thriller made by Incorporated Television Company (ITC) and Lew Grade and distributed by 20th Century Fox. ... The Jazz Singer was a 1980 musical remake of the 1927 classic, The Jazz Singer. ... Michael Parkinson CBE (born 28 March 1935) is an English journalist and television presenter. ...


In September 2007 the National Theatre will mark the cententary of his birth with a Centenary Celebration. Several countries have a National Theatre. ...


This will tell the story of Olivier’s working life through film and stage extracts, letters, reminiscence and readings, the participants will include (subject to availability) Eileen Atkins, Claire Bloom, Anna Carteret, Derek Jacobi, Charles Kay, Clive Merrison, Edward Petherbridge, Joan Plowright, Ronald Pickup and Billie Whitelaw. Dame Eileen June Atkins, DBE (born June 16, 1934 in London, England) is a British writer and an award-winning film and theatre actress. ... Claire Bloom (born Patricia Claire Blume on February 15, 1931) is a British film and stage actress. ... Anna Carteret (born 11 December 1942) is a British actress. ... Sir Derek George Jacobi, CBE (IPA: ) (born 22 October 1938) is an English actor and director, knighted in 1994 for his services to the theatre. ... Charles Kay, born Charles Piff (31 August 1930 - ) in Coventry, West Midlands, is an English actor. ... Clive Merrison (born 15 September 1945) is an English actor of film, television, stage, and radio. ... Edward Petherbridge (born on August 3, 1936 in Bradford) is a British actor. ... Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier DBE, née Plowright (born October 28, 1929), known professionally as Dame Joan Plowright is a British actress and widow of Laurence Olivier. ... Sir Ronald Pickup (born 7 June 1940) is a well-established English actor. ... Billie Whitelaw, CBE (born June 6, 1932) is a distinguished English actress for both stage and film. ...


Prior to the evening celebration, a new statue of Olivier as Hamlet, created by the sculptor Angela Conner and funded by private subscription, will be unveiled on the South Bank, next to the National’s Theatre Square. Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ...


Awards

Further information: Laurence Olivier list of awards & nominations

This is a list of awards won by Lord Laurence Olivier. ...

Filmography

Further information: Laurence Olivier chronology of stage and film performances

The following provides a chronological list of the stage and film performances given by the British actor Lord Laurence Olivier. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Hodgdon, Barbara. Shakespeare Quarterly, "From the Editor," Fall, 2002
  2. ^ Walker, Andrew. BBC News, 22 May 2007
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Coleman, Terry (2005). Olivier. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-7536-4. 
  4. ^ Olivier, Laurence (1985). Confessions of an Actor: An Autobiography. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-671-41701-0. 
  5. ^ Coleman, Olivier, 13
  6. ^ a b Coleman, Olivier, 21.
  7. ^ a b c Agee, James, "Masterpiece"; James Agee: Film Writing and Selected Journalism (New York: Library of America, 2005; ISBN 1-931082-82-0), pp. 412–20. A review of Henry V, first published in Time (8 April 1946) and from there reprinted within Agee on Film, which is reprinted in toto within the newer book. The second part of this article is reproduced as Laurence Olivier Biography.
  8. ^ A short summary of Olivier's life, found on his official site, laurenceolivier.com
  9. ^ Coleman, Olivier, 64, 65
  10. ^ Olivier, Laurence (1986). On Acting. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0671558692. 
  11. ^ Jonathan Croall, Gielgud: A Theatrical Life 1904-2000,Continuum, 2001
  12. ^ Coleman, pp 76-77, 90, 94-95
  13. ^ Coleman, pp 97-98
  14. ^ Coleman, Olivier, 133
  15. ^ Edwards, p 127
  16. ^ Holden, Anthony, Olivier, Sphere Books Limited, 1989, ISBN 0-7221-4857-7, pp 189-190
  17. ^ Holden, pp 221-222
  18. ^ Holden, pp 295
  19. ^ Coleman, pp 227-231
  20. ^ Edwards, pp 196-197
  21. ^ Coleman, pp 254-263
  22. ^ Edwards, 219-234 and 239
  23. ^ Olivier, Laurence (1982). Confessions Of an Acto. Simon and Schuster, p. 174. ISBN 0-14-006888-0. 
  24. ^ St Denis, Michel; Olivier, Laurence (1949). Five seasons of the Old Vic theatre company. London: Saturn Press. 
  25. ^ Coleman, Olivier, 169
  26. ^ a b Laurence Olivier @ Classic Movie Favourites
  27. ^ Coleman, Olivier, 482
  28. ^ Filmbug Laurence Olivier Page
  29. ^ Spoto, Donald (1992). Laurence Olivier. Scranton, PA: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-018315-2. 
  30. ^ a b c Thornton, Michael. "Larry gay? Of course he was Of course, as with his other "tall tales", Thornton", Daily Mail, 1 September 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-30. 
  31. ^ amazon.com review of Tarquin Olivier's book, My Father Laurence Olivier
  32. ^ Thornton, Michael. TV & showbiz, Daily Mail, 1 September 2006. Retrieved on 2006 December 30.
  33. ^ London Gazette, Issue 37977, 6 June 1947, p2572, accessed 1 September 2007
  34. ^ London Gazette, Issue 45117, 5 June 1970, p6365, accessed 31 August 2007
  35. ^ London Gazette, Issue 45319, 9 March 1971, p2001, accessed 31 August 2007

James Rufus Agee (November 27, 1909 – May 16, 1955) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, screenwriter, journalist, poet, and film critic. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Michel Saint-Denis (1897 – 1971), dit Jacques Duchesne, was a French actor, theater director, and drama theorist whose ideas on actor training have had a profound influence on the development of European theater from the 1930s on. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Further reading

  • Coleman, Terry (2005). Olivier: The authorised biography. Bloomsbury. ISBN 0-7475-7798-6
  • Plowright, Joan (2001). And That's Not All: The Memoirs of Joan Plowright. Weidenfeld. ISBN 0-29764594-3
  • Hall, Lyn, editor (1989). Olivier at Work: The National Years. Nick Hern Books/National Theatre. ISBN 1-85459-037-5
  • Holden, Anthony (1998). Olivier. Weidenfeld. ISBN 0-297-79089-7
  • Olivier, Laurence (1987). Confessions of an Actor. Sceptre. ISBN 0-340-40758-1
  • Olivier, Laurence (1986). On Acting. Weidenfeld. ISBN 0-297-78864-7
  • Olivier, Laurence (1982). Confessions of an Actor. Weidenfeld. ISBN 0-297-78106-5

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Laurence Olivier
Awards
Preceded by
Daniel J. Bloomberg, Walter Wanger, Frank Ross, Mervyn LeRoy
Academy Honorary Award
1947
for Henry V
with Ernst Lubitsch, Harold Russell
Succeeded by
William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, Thomas Armat George K. Spoor
Preceded by
Ronald Colman
for A Double Life
Academy Award for Best Actor
1948
for Hamlet
Succeeded by
Broderick Crawford
for All the King's Men
Preceded by
Ronald Colman
for A Double Life
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
1949
for Hamlet
Succeeded by
Broderick Crawford
for All the King's Men
Preceded by
Kenneth More
for Doctor in the House
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
(British Actor)

1955
for Richard III
Succeeded by
Peter Finch
for A Town Like Alice
Preceded by
Ian Holm
for The Bofors Gun
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
1970
for Oh! What A Lovely War
Succeeded by
Colin Welland
for Kes
Preceded by
Richard Benjamin
for The Sunshine Boys
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
1977
for Marathon Man
Succeeded by
Peter Firth
for Equus
Preceded by
Ray Milland
for The Lost Weekend
NYFCC Award for Best Actor
1946
for Henry V
Succeeded by
William Powell
for Life with Father
Preceded by
William Powell
for Life with Father
NYFCC Award for Best Actor
1948
for Hamlet
Succeeded by
Broderick Crawford
for All the King's Men
Preceded by
Ben Burtt, Margaret Booth
Academy Honorary Award
1979
with Walter Lantz, King Vidor
Succeeded by
Hal Elias, Alec Guinness
Preceded by
Sidney Poitier
Cecil B. DeMille Award
1983
Succeeded by
Paul Newman
Preceded by
Bob Hope, Jack Lemmon, David Niven, Rosalind Russell, and James Stewart
30th Academy Awards
Oscars host
31st Academy Awards (with Bob Hope, Jerry Lewis, David Niven, Tony Randall, and Mort Sahl)
Succeeded by
Bob Hope
32nd Academy Awards
Laurence Olivier
Shakespeare Trilogy Henry V (1944) | Hamlet (1948) | Richard III (1955)
Other Films as Director The Prince and the Showgirl (1957) | Three Sisters (1970)
Productions The Beggar's Opera (1953) | "Laurence Olivier Presents" (1976-78) (TV)
Books Confessions of an Actor: An Autobiography (1985) | On Acting (1986)
See Also Laurence Olivier Productions (L.O.P.) | Filmography and list of stage appearances | List of awards & nominations
Persondata
NAME Olivier, Laurence
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Olivier, Laurence Kerr; Olivier, Sir Laurence
SHORT DESCRIPTION Actor, producer, director, peer, knight
DATE OF BIRTH May 22, 1907
PLACE OF BIRTH Dorking, Surrey, England
DATE OF DEATH July 11, 1989
PLACE OF DEATH Steyning, West Sussex, England

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Internet Broadway Database The Internet Broadway Database (IBDb) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Find A Grave is an online database of seventeen million cemeteries and burial records. ... The University of Bristol is a university in Bristol, England. ... Sound recordist Dan Bloomberg’s first Hollywood credit was in 1934, his last his Oscar-nominated work on John Ford’s “The Quiet Man” 18 years later. ... Walter Wanger (July 11, 1894 - November 18, 1968) was an important American film producer. ... ... Mervyn LeRoy (October 15, 1900 - September 13, 1987) was an American film director, producer and sometime actor. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Ernst Lubitsch (January 28, 1892 – November 30, 1947), was a German-born Jewish film director. ... Harold John Russell (b. ... Rev. ... Thomas J. Armat (1866 - September 30, 1948) was an American mechanic and inventor, a pioneer of cinema best known through the co-invention of the Edison Vitascope. ... George K. Spoor (1872, Highland Park, Illinois – 24 November 1953, Chicago) was an early film pioneer who, with Broncho Billy Anderson, founded the historic Essanay Studios in Chicago in 1907. ... Ronald Colman (February 9, 1891 – May 19, 1958) was an Oscar-winning British actor. ... A Double Life is a 1947 film noir film which tells the story of an actor whose personal life takes on the characters that he is portraying. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Crawford in Black Angel William Broderick Crawford (born December 9, 1911; died April 26, 1986) was an American actor. ... This article is about the book. ... Ronald Colman (February 9, 1891 – May 19, 1958) was an Oscar-winning British actor. ... A Double Life is a 1947 film noir film which tells the story of an actor whose personal life takes on the characters that he is portraying. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture - Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Crawford in Black Angel William Broderick Crawford (born December 9, 1911; died April 26, 1986) was an American actor. ... This article is about the book. ... Kenneth Gilbert More CBE, (20 September 1914 - 12 July 1982) was a successful British cinema, television and theatre actor. ... Doctor in the House is a 1954 British comedy film, directed by Ralph Thomas and produced by Betty Box. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... Peter Finch (September 28, 1912 – January 14, 1977) was an English-born actor with strong Australian connections. ... A Town Like Alice (U.S. title: The Legacy) is a novel by the English author Nevil Shute. ... Sir Ian Holm Sir Ian Holm CBE (born 12 September 1931), born as Ian Holm Cuthbert, is an English actor. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role it was created only in 1981 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Oh! What a Lovely War is a stage musical and 1969 musical film. ... Colin Welland (born 4 July 1934 in Newton-le-Willows, St Helens, Lancashire) is an English actor and screenwriter, writer. ... // Kes is a British film from 1969 by director Ken Loach and producer Tony Garnett. ... Richard Benjamin in July 1986. ... The Sunshine Boys is a comic play by Neil Simon. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association in 1944 for a performance in a motion picture released in the previous year. ... Marathon Man is a 1974 paranoid thriller novel by William Goldman that was made into a 1976 film directed by John Schlesinger. ... Peter Firth Peter Firth (born October 27, 1953 in Bradford, Yorkshire, England, UK) is a British actor, well known for a variety of starring roles in film and on television from the 1970s to the 2000s. ... Equus is a 1977 film by Sidney Lumet. ... Ray Milland (January 3, 1905 – March 10, 1986) was a successful Welsh actor and director who worked primarily in the United States. ... For The Cosby Show episode, see The Lost Weekend (The Cosby Show). ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 - March 5, 1984) was an American actor, noted for his sophisticated, cynical roles. ... Life with Father is the title of a humorous autobiographical book of stories written in 1936 by Clarence Day, Jr. ... William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 - March 5, 1984) was an American actor, noted for his sophisticated, cynical roles. ... Life with Father is the title of a humorous autobiographical book of stories written in 1936 by Clarence Day, Jr. ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Crawford in Black Angel William Broderick Crawford (born December 9, 1911; died April 26, 1986) was an American actor. ... All the Kings Men is a 1949 film based on the Robert Penn Warren novel of the same name. ... Ben Burtt (born July 12, 1948 in Syracuse, New York) is the archetypal sound designer (a term he invented) and sound editor for many famous and noteworthy films, as well as directing an Oscar-nominated documentary. ... Margaret Booth (January 16, 1898 - October 28, 2002) was a film editor. ... Walter Lantz in 1983, with painting of Woody Woodpecker Walter Lantz (April 27, 1900 – March 22, 1994) was an American cartoonist and animator, best known for founding the Walter Lantz Studio and creating Woody Woodpecker. ... King Vidor King Wallis Vidor (February 8, 1894 – November 1, 1982) was an American film director. ... Sir Alec Guinness CH, CBE (April 2, 1914 – August 5, 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor who became one of the most versatile and best-loved performers of his generation. ... Sir Sidney Poitier KBE, (IPA pronunciation: ) (born February 20, 1927), is an Academy Award-winning Bahamian American actor, film director, and activist. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... Paul Leonard Newman (born January 26, 1925) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Cannes Award, and Emmy Award-winning American actor and film director. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001), better known as Jack Lemmon, was a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rosalind Russell (June 4, 1907 - November 28, 1976) was a four-time Academy Award nominated and Tony Award winning American film, stage actress. ... Jimmy Stewart, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908 – July 2, 1997) was an American film actor beloved for his persona as an average guy who faces adversity and tries to do the right thing, an image which was largely reflected in his own... The 30th Academy Awards was the first time the entire ceremony was broadcast live. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The telecast of the 31st Academy Awards is among the most infamous. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... For other persons named Jerry Lewis, see Jerry Lewis (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Tony Randall (February 26, 1920 – May 17, 2004) was an American comic actor. ... Time Magazine, August 15, 1960 Morton Lyon Sahl (born May 11, 1927) is a Montreal-born actor/comedian/humorist credited with pioneering a style of stand-up comedy that paved the way for Lenny Bruce, Nichols & May, Dick Gregory, and others less famous. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... Date: 4 April Host: Bob Hope Location: RKO Pantages Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA MGMs (producer Sam Zimbalist) and director William Wylers three and a half-hour long epic drama Ben-Hur (with a spectacular sea battle and eleven minute chariot race choreographed by Yakima Canutt) broke the... Henry V is a 1944 film adaptation of William Shakespeares play Henry V. The on-screen title is The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (the title of the 1600 quarto edition of the play). ... Hamlet is a 1948 film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play Hamlet. ... Richard III is a 1955 British film adaptation of William Shakespeares historical play Richard III, including elements of Henry VI, part 3. ... The Prince and the Showgirl is a 1957 Hollywood film starring Marilyn Monroe and co-starring Laurence Olivier who also directed and produced it. ... Three Sisters is a 1970 film starring Alan Bates, Laurence Olivier and Joan Plowright, based on the play by Anton Chekhov. ... Peter Brooks film version of The Beggars Opera was made in 1953 starring Laurence Olivier, Dorothy Tutin, Stanley Holloway and others. ... Laurence Olivier Presents was a British Television series made by Granada Television which ran from 1976 to 1978. ... On Acting is a book by Laurence Olivier. ... Laurence Olivier Productions was a stage production company in the 1950s that also helped finance two films: Richard III (1955) and The Prince and the Showgirl Category: ... The following provides a chronological list of the stage and film performances given by the British actor Lord Laurence Olivier. ... This is a list of awards won by Lord Laurence Olivier. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Map sources for Steyning at grid reference TQ1711 The Clock Tower in Steyning High Street Steyning is a small town and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Laurence Olivier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2311 words)
Olivier was born in 1907 in Dorking, Surrey.
Olivier later admitted that this was for the better, and his performance in the film earned him his first Oscar nomination.
Olivier was the founding director of the Chichester Festival Theatre (1962–1966) and of the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain (1962–1973) for which he received his life peerage.
Sir Laurence Olivier - Biography - Moviefone (1206 words)
Laurence Olivier -- Sir Laurence after 1947, Lord Laurence after 1970 -- has been variously lauded as the greatest Shakespearean interpreter of the 20th century, the greatest classical actor of the era, and the greatest actor of his generation.
Olivier was the son of an Anglican minister, who, despite his well-documented severity, was an unabashed theater lover, enthusiastically encouraging young Olivier to give acting a try.
Olivier made his professional London debut the same year in The Suliot Officer, and joined the Birmingham Repertory in 1926; by the time Olivier was 20, he was playing leads.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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