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Encyclopedia > Lauder

Lauder is a Royal Burgh in the Scottish Borders. It lies on the edge of the Lammermuir Hills, on the Southern Upland Way. Notable buildings in the town include the Tollbooth or Town Hall, which predates 1600. Thirlestane Castle is just outside the burgh. The town recently celebrated 500 years of their official Royal Burgh charter, but references suggest that it was made a Royal Burgh much earlier, by King William I of Scotland,'The Lion'. English Regis Bere Regis Bognor Regis Grafton Regis Houghton Regis Lyme Regis Melcombe Regis Rowley Regis Wyke Regis Royal Royal Berkshire Royal Leamington Spa Royal Tunbridge Wells Royal Borough Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Former Royal Borough... Scottish Borders (Crìochan na h-Alba in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. ... The Lammermuir Hills or Lammermuirs, in southern Scotland, form a natural boundary between Lothian and the Scottish Borders. ... Opened in 1984, the Southern Upland Way is a 212 mile (340 km) coast to coast walk in Scotland between Portpatrick in the west and Cockburnspath in the east. ... English Regis Bere Regis Bognor Regis Grafton Regis Houghton Regis Lyme Regis Melcombe Regis Rowley Regis Wyke Regis Royal Royal Berkshire Royal Leamington Spa Royal Tunbridge Wells Royal Borough Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Former Royal Borough... William I (William the Lion, William Leo, William Dunkeld or William Canmore), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214. ...


The ancient settlement was further up the hills on the edge of the Moor. Its name is unknown, but it was tiny. Upon the defeat of Macbeth by Malcolm Canmore Sir Robert de Lawdre [Lauder] was granted extensive lands in and around the existing town, which included the ancient Forest of Lauder. (He received at the same time The Bass Rock) This family erected a Norman keep, or Scottish Pele Tower (taken down in 1700) around which the present town grew. With the introduction of the feudal system to Scotland by David I, a barony of Lauderdale was chartered for the King's favourtie, de Morville, which covered an extensive amount of territory, but did not affect, as such, the Lauder family's properties as they were already held 'of the King'. Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer This article is on the play Macbeth by Shakespeare. ... King Malcolm III of Scotland, (1031? - November 13, 1093) also known as Malcolm Canmore (Malcolm with the large head), was the eldest son of King Duncan I of Scotland and first king of the House of Dunkeld. ... Bass Rock (56° 4′ 31″ N, 2° 38′ 21″ W) is an island in the outer part of the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, approx. ... Norman may refer to: the Normans, the Norman people. ... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ... David I, known as the Saint, (1084 - May 24, 1153), king of Scotland, the youngest son of Malcolm Canmore and of Saint Margaret (sister of Edgar Ætheling), was born in 1084. ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ... Lauderdale is the name of the district enclosing the town of Lauder, and the valley of the Leader Water in Scotland: Lauderdale, Scotland Lauderdale is the name of several places in the United States of America: Lauderdale, Louisiana (two places): in Allen Parish in St. ...


Below the town stood the Crown Fort, a scene of many skirmishes over the years. The Crown abandoned this in the 16th century and it was given to Robert Lauder of that Ilk, who gave it to his daughter Alison as dowry when she married. Eventually it was sold to a Cranstoun relation who sold it on to Chancellor John Maitland about 1589. He commenced the building of the magnificent Thirlestane Castle upon that site, parts of the original walls of the ancient fort being included in the walls of the new ediface.


Near to the old Crown Fort stood the ancient parish church of St.Mary (a dependency of Dryburgh Abbey), in which many of the old Lauder family were interred, including two bishops. The Maitlands decided they would demolish this kirk as Thirlestane became even grander, and the Earl of Lauderdale had a new church erected circa 1688 in the centre of the Burgh. Dryburgh Abbey was founded in 1152 by Premonstratensian monks, on a site perhaps made sacred by Saint Modan around 600. ... The title Earl of Lauderdale was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1624. ...


By the 18th century the Maitlands had managed to acquire most of the properties which had belonged to the ancient Lauder family, although Windpark/Wyndepark and its Pele Tower remained in the hands of John Lauder of Winepark & Carolside, until about 1750.


The current population of the Burgh is around 1500 although it is rapidly expanding as 100+ new homes are being built on the southern boundary. This means that, at the beginning of the 21st century, the population is approaching what it was at the beginning of the 20th century before the period of depopulation over the last 100 years.


Lauder is today strongly influenced by its proximity to Edinburgh as it is now considered to be close enough for people to commute into the capital for work. The bus service to Edinburgh is good - but infrequent. Edinburghs location in Scotland Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ...


Current issues for debate in Lauder are the town's expansion - whether it is needed or desireable - the location of a new primary school (and how soon one will be built), and the location and extent of wind farms on the surrounding hills.


References

  • "The Grange of St.Giles" vy J.Stewart-Smith, Edinburgh, 1898.
  • "Lauder and Lauderdale" by Thomson, 1900.
  • "Papers on Lauder" by G.Romanes, Galashiels, 1903.

  Results from FactBites:
 
A Celebration of Sir Harry Lauder (1543 words)
Henry MacLennan Lauder called Harry was the first of eight children born to John and Isabella McLennan Lauder a couple of little financial means.
Harry Lauder singer, song writer, comedian (wearing a kilt and carrying a crooked, knobby stick) was on his way up the ladder to international fame.
Sir Harry, Lady Lauder love of your husband's life, John the joy of your parents and Greta devoted niece and guardian angel, this website is for you.
Boycott Israel Campaign (913 words)
Lauder has been extremely courageous and public in his support for the Jewish State and has taken great personal and financial risks to inform the world of the war that the Palestinian Authority has declared on Israel and Jews worldwide.
Lauder supports some legitimate charitable causes in the US, he shows his true colors when abroad by supporting fanatic causes that seek to uproot an entire population from its native land.
Lauder met with Prime Minister-elect Ariel Sharon and told him that American Jews, from the far left and the far left, are firmly behind him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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