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Encyclopedia > Latium
Regione Lazio
Capital Rome
President Piero Marrazzo
(The Union)
Provinces Frosinone
Latina
Rieti
Rome
Viterbo
Municipalities 377
Area 17,208 km²
 - Ranked 9th (5.7 %)
Population (2003 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x914, 1553 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... LUnione (The Union in English) is an Italian left-wing coalition of parties. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Frosinone (in Italian, Provincia di Frosinone) is a province in the Latium region of Italy, with 91 comuni. ... Latina (It. ... Rieti (It. ... Rome (It. ... Viterbo (It. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


5,145,805
3rd (9.0 %)
299/km²
Image:Italy Regions Latium 220px.png
Map highlighting the location of Lazio in Italy

Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. It comprises 5 provinces: Rome, Viterbo, Latina, Frosinone, and Rieti. The regional capital is Rome; the current President of the Region is Piero Marrazzo (center-left, elected 2005). Credit: Ahoerstemeier (outline), Sascha Noyes (other stuff), 2004 Info: Map of the regions of Italy with the individual region highlighted. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in North-West Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria and Marche to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. ... Abruzzo is a region of central Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... This article is about the Italian region. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... Campania is a region of Southern Italy, bordering on Lazio to the north-west, Molise to the north, Puglia to the north-east, Basilicata to the east, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Tyrrhenian Sea. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Viterbo is an ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of Viterbo province. ... Latina (It. ... Frosinone (in Italian, Provincia di Frosinone) is a province in the Latium region of Italy, with 91 comuni. ... Rieti is a town in the Latium, Italy. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ...

Contents


Etymology

The name of the region also survives in the tribal designation of the ancient population of Latins, from whom the Romans originated. In Roman mythology, the shadowy king Latinus allegedly gave his name to the region. Modern linguists postulate origins in a Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) root *stela- (to spread, extend), expressing the idea of "flat land" (in contrast to the local Sabine high country). But the name may originate from an earlier, non Indo-European one. See the Online Etymological Dictionary. Since Latium is respected more as a designation for ancient Rome, it is not used as a label on maps or globes. The word Latin has more than one meaning. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Latinus or Latinos in Greek mythology, in Hesiods Theogony, was the son of Odysseus and Circe who ruled the Tyrsenoi, that is the Etruscans, with his brothers Agrius and Telegonus. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ... The tribe of the Sabines (Latin Sabini) was an Italic tribe of ancient Italy. ...


History

The Latins founded a group of small settlements that united against the Etruscans and Samnites, and which came under Roman dominance in 338 BC. Rome granted all Latins Roman citizenship after the Social War in 90 BC The Etruscan civilization existed in Etruria and the Po valley in the northern part of what is now Italy, prior to the formation of the Roman Republic. ... Samnite warriors Samnium (Oscan Safinim) was a region of the southern Apennines in Italy that was home to the Samnites, a group of Sabellic tribes that controlled the area from about 600 BC to about 290 BC. Samnium was delimited by Latium in the north, by Lucania in the south... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 343 BC 342 BC 341 BC 340 BC 339 BC - 338 BC - 337 BC 336 BC 335... Template:Campaignbox Social War This article is about the conflict between Rome and her allies between 91 and 88 BC The Social War (also called the Italian War or the Marsic War, Social come from Socii meaning ¨Allies¨) was a war from 91 – 88 BC between the Roman Republic and... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 95 BC 94 BC 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC - 90 BC - 89 BC 88 BC 87...


Latium has great importance for history, art, architecture, archaeology, religion, and culture in general. The immense patrimony of the city of Rome forms only a part of the treasures spread over the hundreds of towns, villages, abbeys, churches, monuments, and other sites of the region. For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... Venus de Milo exhibited in the Louvre museum, France. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ...


Notable cities

  • Rome (Roma) (pop. 2,546,807), capital city of the region, and of the country
  • Anzio, birthplace of Nero, site of Allied landings in World War II
  • Cassino, site of famous monastery and fierce World War II battle
  • Castel Gandolfo, summer residence of the Pope
  • Cerveteri, site of one of the two best preserved Etruscan necropoli in Italy
  • Civitavecchia, the region's principal port
  • Frascati city of the wine, well known in central-western Europe
  • Frosinone (pop. 45,128), capital city of the Frosinone province (pop. 477,950)
  • Latina (pop. 108,711), capital city of the Latina province (pop. 489,599)
  • Nettuno, site of Allied landings in the Second World War, site of the American Cemetery and Memorial, site of Saint Maria Goretti's Shrine
  • Ostia, the ancient Roman port of Rome
  • Rieti (pop. 41,394), capital city of the Rieti province (pop. 151,000)
  • Tarquinia, site of the other of the two best preserved Etruscan necropoli in Italy
  • Tivoli, site of Hadrian's Villa
  • Viterbo (pop. 60,387), capital city of the Viterbo province (pop. 285,254)

City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Anzio (2003 pop. ... Cassino is a small town in Central Italy, south of Rome, at the feet of Monte Cassino and located at the shores of Liri and Rapido rivers. ... Castel Gandolfo and the Lake of Albano. ... A small town located approximately 60 miles N of Rome. ... Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio, a sea port on the Tyrrhenian sea, 50 miles WNW of Rome, 42°06N 11°47E. According to the 2003 census, its population was 50,100. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Frosinone is the capital of Frosinone Province in Italy. ... Latina may refer to one of the following: The female gender of the noun Latino in reference to Latin-American immigrants and their descendants. ... Nettuno is a town and comune of Rome province in the Latium region of Italy, 60 kilometers south of Rome. ... Scale model of Portus, near Ostia The Temple of the goddess Roma on the Forum of Ostia. ... Rieti is a town in the Latium, Italy. ... Tarquinia, formerly Corneto and in Antiquity Tarquinii, is an ancient city in the province of Viterbo, Lazio, Italy. ... Tivoli, the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town some 20 km from Rome (Latium), at the falls of the Aniene river, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ... Viterbo is an ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of Viterbo province. ...

External links

  • Official Site of the Regione Lazio (in Italian)
  • Map of Lazio


Regions of Italy Flag of Italy
Abruzzo | Basilicata | Calabria | Campania | Emilia-Romagna | Latium | Liguria | Lombardy | Marche | Molise | Piedmont | Apulia | Tuscany | Umbria | Veneto
Aosta Valley | Friuli-Venezia Giulia | Sardinia | Sicily | Trentino-South Tyrol

  Results from FactBites:
 
Latium. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (382 words)
In ancient times, Latium comprised a limited area E and S of the Tiber River that extended to the Alban Hills; only after it became part of Italy in 1870 did it approximately reach its present limits.
After the fall of Rome, Latium was invaded in turn by the Visigoths, the Vandals, and the Lombards.
In World War II, S Latium was the scene of bloody battles during the Allied drive on Rome (see Cassino; Anzio).
Latium - LoveToKnow 1911 (5890 words)
LATIUM,' in ancient geography, the name given to the portion of central Italy which was bounded on the N.W. by Etruria, on the S.W. by the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the S.E. by Campania, on the E. by Samnium and on the N.E. by the mountainous district inhabited by the Sabini, Aequi and Marsi.
The donation made by Constantine to various churches of Rome of numerous estates belonging to the patrimonium Caesaris in the neighbourhood of Rome was of great historical importance, as being the origin of the territorial dominion of the papacy.
Though the Apennines comprised within the boundaries of Latium do not rise to a height approaching that of the loftiest summits of the central range, they attain to a considerable altitude, and form steep and rugged mountain masses from 4000 to 5000 ft. high.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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