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Encyclopedia > Latitudinarianism

Latitudinarian was initially a pejorative term applied to a group of 17th century British theologians who believed in conforming to official Church of England practices but who felt that matters of doctrine, liturgical practice, and ecclesiastical organization were of relatively little importance. In this, they built on Richard Hooker's position, in Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity, that God cares about the moral state of the individual soul and that such things as church leadership are "things indifferent." However, they took the position far beyond Hooker's own and extended it to doctrinal matters. At the time, their position was referred to as low church (in contrast to the High church position). Later, the latitudinarian position was called Broad church. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Richard Hooker (March 1554 - November 3, 1600) was an influential Anglican theologian. ... Low church is a term of distinction in the Church of England, initially designed to be pejorative. ... High church is a term used in Protestant Christianity in general, and churches associated with the Anglican tradition in particular, in relation to those congregations that continue, with modifications, much of the ritual associated with the Roman Catholic Mass. ... Broad church is a term referring to latitudinarian churches in the Church of England. ...


The best example of the latitudinarian philosophy is the Cambridge Platonists. The Cambridge Platonists were a group of divines at Cambridge University in England in the middle of the 17th century (between 1633 and 1688). ...


While always officially opposed, the latitudinarian philosophy was, nevertheless, dominant in the 18th century in England. Because of the Hanoverian reluctance to act in church affairs (see, for example, George I's actions in the Bangorian Controversy) and all sides of the religious debates being balanced against one another, the dioceses became tolerant of variation in local practice. Furthermore, after George I dismissed the Convocation, there was very little internal Church power to sanction or approve. Thus, with no Archbishop of Canterbury officially announcing it, nor Lords adopting it, latitudinarianism was the operative philosophy of the English church in the 18th century. For the 18th century English church in the United States (which would become the Episcopal Church after the American Revolution), latitudinarianism was the only practical course since it was a nation with official pluralism and diversity of opinion and diffusion of clerical power. Today, latitudinarianism must not be confused with ecumenical movements, which seek to draw in all religions, rather than to de-emphasize practical doctrine. George I King of Great Britain and Ireland George I (George Ludwig von Guelph-dEste) (28 May 1660–11 June 1727) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) from 23 January 1698, and King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 1 August 1714, until his death. ... The Bangorian Controversy was a theological argument within the Church of England in the 18th century. ... A Convocation is a group of people formally assembled for a special purpose. ... Arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the nations capital is the national cathedral of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... The word ecumenical comes from a Greek word that means pertaining to the whole world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
latitudinarian - definition of latitudinarian in Encyclopedia (324 words)
Latitudinarian was initially a pejorative term applied to a group of 17th century British theologians who believed in conforming to official Church of England practices but who felt that matters of doctrine, liturgical practice, and ecclesiastical organization were of relatively little importance.
Thus, with no Archbishop of Canterbury officially announcing it, nor Lords adopting it, latitudinarianism was the operative philosophy of the English church in the 18th century.
Today, latitudinarianism must not be confused with ecumenical movements, which seek to draw in all religions, rather than to de-emphasize practical doctrine.
Low church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (255 words)
When the term was first used, it referred to the latitudinarians.
However, this usage went dormant by the middle of the 18th century, when latitudinarians began to be called "Broad church".
When it was revived in the middle of the 19th century, it was used to refer to the Evangelical movement in England.
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