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Encyclopedia > Late Quaternary prehistoric birds

Prehistoric birds are various taxa of birds that became extinct before recorded history, or more precisely, before they could be studied alive by bird scientists. They are known from subfossil remains and sometimes folk memory, as in the case of Haast's Eagle from New Zealand. A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a grouping of organisms (named or unnamed). ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... This article is about the study of the past in human terms. ... This article is about the field of zoology. ... Subfossil is attributed to bones or whole skeletons (and, in general all materials having living parts that can become fossil) whose fossilization process is not complete, either for lack of time or because the condition in which bones were buried were non optimal for fossilization. ... Folk memory is a term often used to describe stories, folklore or myths about past events that are passed orally from generation to generation. ... Binomial name Harpagornis moorei Haast, 1872 Haasts Eagle (Harpagornis moorei), was a massive, extinct eagle that once lived on the South Island of New Zealand. ...

Artist's rendition of a giant Haast's eagle attacking New Zealand moa.

Birds (Aves) are generally believed to have evolved from feathered dinosaurs, and there is no real dividing line between birds and dinosaurs except of course that the former survived the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event and the latter did not. For the purposes of this article, a "bird" is considered to be any member of the clade Neornithes, that is the bird lineage as exists today. The other lineages of the Aves also became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous. Download high resolution version (1375x1101, 329 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1375x1101, 329 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Binomial name Harpagornis moorei Haast, 1872 The Harpagornis or Haasts eagle was a massive New Zealand eagle and the largest bird of prey known to have lived. ... Genera Anomalopteryx (bush moa) Euryapteryx Megalapteryx (upland moa) Dinornis (giant moa) Emeus Pachyornis Moa were giant flightless birds native to New Zealand. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... Sinornithosaurus by Jim Robins Feathered dinosaurs are regarded by many paleontologists as transitional fossils between birds and dinosaurs (see Dinosaur-bird connection). ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... Badlands near Drumheller, Alberta where erosion has exposed the KT boundary. ... A clade is a term belonging to the discipline of cladistics. ... Orders Many - see section below. ...


Taxon extinctions taking place before the Late Quaternary happened in the absence of significant human interference. Rather, reasons for extinction are stochastic abiotic events such as bolide impacts, climate changes, mass volcanic eruptions etc. Alternatively, species may have gone extinct due to evolutionary displacement by successor or competitor taxa - it is notable for example that in the early Neogene, seabird biodiversity was much higher than today; this is probably due to competition by the radiation of marine mammals after that time. The relationships of these ancient birds are often hard to determine, as many are known only from very fragmentary remains and due to the complete fossilization precludes analysis of information from DNA, RNA or protein sequencing. The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... The term bolide (from the Greek βολις, bolis, missile) can refer to either an extraterrestrial body that collides with the Earth, or to an exceptionally bright, fireball-like meteor regardless of whether it ultimately impacts the surface. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... Neogene Period is a unit of geologic time consisting of the Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene epochs. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... A Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), a member of Order Cetacea A Leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), a member of infrafamily Pinnipedia A West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus), a member of Order Sirenia A pair of Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris), a member of family Mustelidae A Polar bear (Ursus maritimus), a member... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... For other uses, see RNA (disambiguation). ...

For further discussion, see main article Fossil birds

Contents

For a list of birds extinct in Late Quaternary prehistoric times and (usually) known from specimens not completely fossilized, see Later Quaternary Prehistoric Birds. ...

Late Quaternary avian extinctions

This page lists bird taxa that have been become extinct before they could be researched by science, but nonetheless survived into (geologically) recent times. Their remains are not or not completely fossilized and therefore may yield organic material for molecular analyses to provide additional clues for resolving their taxonomic affiliations. As these species' extinction coincided with the expansion of Homo sapiens across the globe, in most (but not necessary all) cases, anthropogenic factors have played a crucial part in their extinction, be it through hunting, introduced predators or habitat alteration. It is notable that a large proportion of the species are from oceanic islands, especially in Polynesia. Bird taxa that evolved on oceanic islands are usually very vulnerable to hunting or predation by rats, cats, dogs or pigs - animals commonly introduced by humans -, as there evolved in the absence of mammalian predators and therefore only have rudimentary predator avoidance behavior. Many, especially rails, have additionally become flightless for the same reason and thus presented even easier prey. This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ... Habitat (which is Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species live and grow. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Genera Sarothrura Himantornis Canirallus Coturnicops Micropygia Rallina Anurolimnas Laterallus Nesoclopeus Gallirallus Rallus Lewinia Dryolimnas Crex Rougetius Aramidopsis Atlantisia Aramides Amaurolimnas Gymnocrex Amaurornis Porzana Aenigmatolimnas Cyanolimnas Neocrex Pardirallus Eulabeornis Habroptila Megacrex Gallicrex Porphyrio Gallinula Fulica The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the...


The taxa in this list became extinct during the Late Quaternary - the Holocene or Late Pleistocene -, but before the period of global scientific exploration that started in the late 15th century. More precisely, their extinction was coincident with the expansion of Homo sapiens beyond Africa and Eurasia, i.e. this list basically deals with extinctions between 40000 BC and 1500 AD. They should be classified with the Wikipedia conservation status category "Prehistoric" in their individual accounts. The Holocene epoch is a geological period, which began approximately 11,550 calendar years BP (about 9600 BC) and continues to the present. ... Late Pleistocene (also known as Upper Pleistocene or the Tarantian) is a stage of the Pleistocene Epoch. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man) is the scientific name for the human species. ... The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Taxonomic list of Late Quaternary prehistoric birds

All of these are Neornithes. Orders Many - see section below. ...


Struthioniformes

The Ostrich and related ratites. Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of Ostriches. ... Families Struthionidae (ostriches) Rheidae (rheas) Casuariidae (emus etc. ...

  • Aepyornithidae - Elephant Birds
    • Aepyornis
      • Aepyornis hildebrandti (Madagascar)
      • Aepyornis maximus (Madagascar)
      • Aepyornis medius (Madagascar)
      • Aepyornis gracilis (Madagascar)

Up to 4 more undescribed species are known, but taxonomy is not fully resolved. A. maximus and/or A. medius probably survived until historic times. Genera Aepyornis Mullerornis Elephant birds are an extinct family of flightless birds made up of the genera Aepyornis and Mullerornis. ... Species Aepyornis hildebrandti Aepyornis medius Aepyornis maximus Aepyornis is an extinct genus of flightless bird. ...

  • Dinornithidae - Moa
    • Anomalopteryx
      • Bush Moa, Anomalopteryx didiformis (South Island, New Zealand)
    • Euryapteryx
      • North Island Broad-billed Moa, Euryapteryx curtus (North Island, New Zealand)
      • South Island Broad-billed Moa, Euryapteryx geranoides (South Island, New Zealand)
    • Pachyornis
      • Crested Moa, Pachyornis australis (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Heavy-footed Moa, Pachyornis elephantopus (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Pachyornis cf. elephantopus (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Mappin's Moa, Pachyornis mappini (North Island, New Zealand)
      • Pachyornis cf. mappini (North Island, New Zealand)
    • Dinornis
      • North Island Giant Moa, Dinornis novaezealandiae (North Island, New Zealand)
      • Dinornis robustus (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Dinornis cf. robustus (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Dinornis cf. robustus (South Island, New Zealand)
    • Emeus
      • Eastern Moa, Emeus crassus (South Island, New Zealand)
    • Megalapteryx
      • Benham's Megalapteryx, Megalapteryx benhami (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Lesser Megalapteryx, Megalapteryx didinus (South Island, New Zealand) - may have survived until historic times
  • Struthionidae - Ostriches
    • Extinct species of extant genera
  • Apterygidae - Kiwi
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Eastern Tokoeka, Apteryx sp. (South Island, New Zealand) - possibly the same as the Okarito, Haast or South Island tokoeka.

Genera Anomalopteryx Dinornis Emeus Euryapteryx Megalapteryx Pachyornis The moa were giant flightless birds of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Anomalopteryx didiformis (Owen, 1844) Synonyms Dinornis didiformis Owen, 1844 Dinornis parvus Owen, 1883 Dinornis oweni Haast, 1886 Anomalopteryx antiquus Hutton, 1892 (may be a valid predecessor species) Anomalopteryx parvus Oliver, 1949 Anomalopteryx oweni Oliver, 1949 Anomalopteryx didiformis is an extinct bird species known colloquially as the (Lesser) Bush... Binomial name Anomalopteryx didiformis (Owen, 1844) Synonyms Dinornis didiformis Owen, 1844 Dinornis parvus Owen, 1883 Dinornis oweni Haast, 1886 Anomalopteryx antiquus Hutton, 1892 (may be a valid precedessor species) Anomalopteryx parvus Oliver, 1949 Anomalopteryx oweni Oliver, 1949 Anomalopteryx didiformis is an extinct bird species known colloquially as the (Lesser) Bush... Binomial name Euryapteryx curtus The North Island Broad-billed Moa, also called Coastal Moa is an extinct species of ratite bird belonging to the Euryapteryx turkey moa genus. ... Species Heavy-footed Moa, Pachyornis elephantopus (type) Crested Moa, Pachyornis australis Mappins Moa, Pachyornis mappini Pachyornis new lineage A (undescribed taxon) Pachyornis new lineage B (undescribed taxon) Synonyms Cela Oliver, 1949 The genus Pachyornis is an extinct genus of ratites from New Zealand which belonged to the moa family. ... Species North Island Giant Moa, (type) Slender Moa, Dinornis new lineage A (undescribed taxon) Dinornis new lineage B (undescribed taxon) Synonyms Palapteryx Owen, 1851 The giant moa (Dinornis) is an extinct genus of ratite birds belonging to the moa family. ... Binomial name Emeus crassus (Owen, 1846) Synonyms Dinornis crassus Owen, 1846 Dinornis casuarinus Owen, 1846 Dinornis huttonii Owen, 1846 (male) Emeus casuarinus Oliver, 1930 Emeus huttonii Oliver, 1930 (male) The Eastern Moa, Emeus crassus, is an extinct species of ratite bird belonging to the moa family. ... Binomial name (Owen, 1846) Synonyms Dinornis crassus Owen, 1846 Dinornis casuarinus Owen, 1846 Dinornis huttonii Owen, 1846 (male) Emeus casuarinus Oliver, 1930 Emeus huttonii Oliver, 1930 (male) The Eastern Moa, Emeus crassus, is an extinct species of ratite bird belonging to the moa family. ... Binomial name Megalapteryx didinus (Owen, 1883) Synonyms Megaladapteryx hectori Haast, 1886 Megalapteryx didinus is dubbed the Upland Moa and was endemic to New Zealand. ... Binomial name Struthio camelus Linnaeus, 1758 The Ostrich (Struthio camelus, Greek sparrow camel) is the largest living bird, reaching a height of up to 2. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative meanings at Kiwi (disambiguation) Apterygidae Apteryx Species A kiwi is any of the species of small flightless birds native to New Zealand of the genus Apteryx (the only genus in family Apterygidae). ...

Anseriformes

The group that includes modern ducks and geese. Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... Other uses: Goose (disambiguation) Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ...

  • Dromornithidae - The Australian mihirungs or "demon ducks"
  • Anatidae - Ducks, geese and swans
    • Geochen
      • Wetmore's Goose, Geochen rhuax (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Cnemiornis
      • South Island Goose, Cnemiornis calcitrans (South Island, New Zealand)
      • North Island Goose, Cnemiornis gracilis (North Island, New Zealand)
    • Pachyanas
      • Chatham Island Duck, Pachyanas chathamica (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
    • Centrornis
      • Malagasy Sheldgoose, Centrornis majori (Madagascar)
    • Chelychelynechen
      • Turtle-jawed Moa-nalo, Chelychelynechen quassus (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Ptaiochen
      • Small-billed Moa-nalo, Ptaiochen pau (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Thambetochen
      • Maui Nui Large-billed Moa-nalo, Thambetochen chauliodous (Maui and Moloka‘i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • O'ahu Large-billed Moa-nalo, Thambetochen xanion (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Chendytes
      • Law's Diving-goose, Chendytes lawi (California and Southern Oregon Coasts and Channel Islands, E Pacific)
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Aitutaki Whistling-duck, Dendrocygna sp. (Aitutaki, Cook Islands)
      • Nēnē-nui, Branta hylobadistes (Maui, possibly Kaua‘i and O‘ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Chatham Islands Shelduck, Tadorna cf. variegata (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
      • Malagasy Shelduck, Alopochen sirabensis (Madagascar; may be subspecies of the Mauritian Shelduck)
      • Scarlett's Duck, Malacorhynchus scarletti (New Zealand)
      • Finsch's Duck, Chenonetta finschi (New Zealand; possibly survived to 1870)
      • Bermuda Flightless Duck, Anas pachyscelus (Bermuda, W Atlantic)[1]
      • Macquarie Islands Teal, Anas cf. chlorotis (Macquarie Islands, SW Pacific)
      • Chatham Islands Merganser, Mergus cf. australis (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
      • New Zealand Stiff-tailed Duck, Oxyura vantetsi (North Island, New Zealand)
      • De Lautour's Duck, Biziura delautouri (New Zealand)
      • Extinct subspecies of extant species
        • New Zealand Swan, Cygnus atratus sumnerensis (New Zealand, possibly Chatham Islands)
        • Chatham Islands Teal, Anas chlorotis ssp. nov. (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Giant Hawai'i Goose, ?Branta sp. (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Giant O'ahu Goose, Anatidae sp. et gen. indet. (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Long-legged "Shelduck", Anatidae sp. et gen. indet. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Rota Flightless Duck, Anatidae sp. et gen. indet. (Rota, Marianas)
      • Small-eyed Duck, Anatidae sp. et gen. indet. (Kaua‘i, Hawaiian Islands)

Genera Dromornis Barawertornis Bullockornis Ilbandornis Genyornis Dromornithidae were a family of large, flightless birds that lived in Australia until the end of the Pleistocene, but are now extinct. ... Binomial name Genyornis newtoni Stirling & Zietz, 1896 Genyornis (Genyornis newtoni) was a genus of large, flightless bird that lived in Australia until about 50,000 years ago. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Thalassorninae Anserinae Stictonettinae Plectropterinae Tadorninae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Oxyurinae and see text Anatidae is the biological family that includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. ... Binomial name Chendytes lawi Miller, 1925 The Laws Diving-goose Chendytes lawi was a goose-sized flightless sea duck, once common on the California coast, California Channel Islands, and possibly southern Oregon. ... Binomial name Branta hylobadistes Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James, 1991 The Nēnē-nui (Hawaiʻian: Great Nēnē) or Woodwalking Goose (translation of Branta hylobadistes) is an extinct species of goose that once inhabited Maui and possibly (or closely related species) Kauaʻi, Oʻahu and perhaps Moloka... Binomial name Alopochen mauritianus (Newton & Gadow, 1893) Synonyms Sarcidiornis mauritiana Newton & Gadow, 1893 The Mauritian Shelduck (Alopochen mauritianus) is an extinct species of goose from Mauritius. ... Binomial name (Oliver, 1930) Synonyms Euryanas finschi Finschs Duck (Chenonetta finschi) was a large terrestrial species of duck formerly endemic to New Zealand. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Binomial name Cygnus sumnerensis (Forbes, 1890) The New Zealand Swan (Cygnus sumnerensis) is an extinct bird from the Chatham Islands and the South Island of New Zealand. ...

Galliformes

The group that includes modern chickens and quails. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Genera Coturnix Anurophasis Perdicula Ophrysia † See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. ...

  • Sylviornithidae - The Sylviornis or New Caledonian Giant Megapode
    • Sylviornis
      • Sylviornis, Sylviornis neocaledoniae (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
  • Megapodidae - Megapodes
    • Megavitiornis
      • Noble Megapode, Megavitiornis altirostris (Viti Levu, Fiji)
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Consumed Scrubfowl, Megapodius alimentum (Tonga and Fiji)
      • Viti Levu Scrubfowl, Megapodius amissus (Viti Levu and possibly Kadavu, Fiji) - may have survived to the early 19th or the 20th century.
      • Pile-builder Megapode, Megapodus molistructor (New Caledonia and Tonga) - may have survived to the late 18th century
      • 'Eua Scrubfowl, Megapodius sp. ('Eua, Tonga)
      • Lifuka Scrubfowl, Megapodius sp. (Lifuka, Tonga)[verification needed]
      • New Ireland Scrubfowl, Megapodius sp. (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Leipoa gallinacea (Progura gallinacea and Progura naracoortensis are synonyms) (Australia)
  • Phasianidae - Pheasants and allies
    • Extinct species of extant genera

Binomial name Poplin, 1980 Sylviornis is an extinct genus of galliform bird containing a single species, , the Sylviornis or erroneously, New Caledonian Giant Megapode. Technically, the latter is incorrrect because it has recently been found not to be a megapode, but the sole known member of its own family, the... Binomial name Sylviornis neocaledoniae Poplin, 1980 Sylviornis is an extinct genus of galliform bird containing a single species, , the Sylviornis or erroneously, New Caledonian Giant Megapode. Technically, the latter is incorrrect because it has recently been found not to be a megapode, but the sole known member of its own... This article is about mound-building birds. ... The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. ... Binomial name Coturnix gomerae Jaume, McMinn & Alcover, 1993 The Canary Islands Quail (Coturnix gomerae) once occurred on the islands of El Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife and Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain). ...

Charadriiformes

Gulls, auks, shorebirds “Seagull” redirects here. ... Genera Uria Alle Alca Pinguinus Synthliboramphus Cepphus Brachyramphus Ptychoramphus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula Extinct genera, see Systematics Auks are birds of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ...

  • Laridae - Gulls
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Huahine Gull, Larus utunui (Huahine, Society Islands)
      • Kaua'i Gull, Larus sp. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Larus sp. (Saint Helena, Atlantic) - may be extant form
  • Charadriidae - Lapwings and plovers
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Malagasy Lapwing, Vanellus madagascariensis (Madagascar)
  • Alcidae - Auks
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Dow's Puffin, Fratercula dowi (Channel Islands, E Pacific)
  • Scolopacidae - Waders and snipes
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Henderson Island Sandpiper, Prosobonia sp. (Henderson Island, S Pacific)
      • Mangaian Sandpiper, Prosobonia sp. (Mangaia, Cook Islands)
      • Ua Huka Sandpiper, Prosobonia sp. (Ua Huka, Marquesas)
      • Forbes' Snipe, Coenocorypha chathamensis (Chatham Islands, Southwest Pacific)
      • Viti Levu Snipe, Coenocorypha miratropica (Viti Levu, Fiji)
      • New Caledonia Snipe, Coenocorypha sp. (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
      • Norfolk Island Snipe, Coenocorypha sp. (Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific)
      • Gallinago sp. (Cayman Brac, Cayman Islands) - may be the same as
      • Gallinago sp. (Cuba, West Indies) - may be the same as
      • Gallinago sp. (Bahamas, West Indies)
      • Puerto Rican Woodcock, Scolopax anthonyi

Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ... Genera Vanellinae Erythrogonys Vanellus Charadriinae Pluvialis Charadrius Thinornis Elseyornis Peltohyas Anarhynchus Phegornis Oreopholus The bird family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings, about 64 to 66 species in all. ... Genera Alle Uria Alca Pinguinus Cepphus Brachyramphus Synthliboramphus Ptychoramphus Cyclorrhynchus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula Auks are birds of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes. ... Genera Actitis Aphriza Arenaria Bartramia Calidris Catoptrophorus Coenocorypha Eurynorhynchus Gallinago Heterosceles Limicola Limnodromus Limosa Limnocryptes Numenius Steganopus Phalaropus Philomachus Prosobonia Scolopax Tringa Tryngites Xenus The Scolopacidae are a large family of waders, (known as shorebirds in North America). ...

Gruiformes

The group that includes modern rails and cranes. Genera Sarothrura Himantornis Canirallus Coturnicops Micropygia Rallina Anurolimnas Laterallus Nesoclopeus Gallirallus Rallus Lewinia Dryolimnas Crex Rougetius Aramidopsis Atlantisia Aramides Amaurolimnas Gymnocrex Amaurornis Porzana Aenigmatolimnas Cyanolimnas Neocrex Pardirallus Eulabeornis Habroptila Megacrex Gallicrex Porphyrio Gallinula Fulica The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ...

  • Rallidae - Rails
    • Capellirallus
      • Snipe-rail, Capellirallus karamu (North Island, New Zealand)
    • Vitirallus
      • Viti Levu Rail, Vitirallus watlingi (Viti Levu, Fiji)
    • Hovacrex
    • Nesotrochis
      • Antillean Cave-Rail, Nesotrochis debooyi (Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, West Indies) - may have survived until historic times
      • Haitian Cave-Rail, Nesotrochis steganinos (Haiti, West Indies)
      • Cuban Cave-Rail, Nesotrochis picapicensis (Cuba, West Indies)
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • New Caledonian Swamphen, Porphyrio kukwiedei (New Caledonia, Melanesia) - may have survived into historic times
      • North Island Takahē, Porphyrio mantelli (North Island, New Zealand)
      • Huahine Swamphen, Porphyrio mcnabi (Huahine, Society Islands)
      • Marquesas Swamphen, Porphyrio paepae (Hiva Oa and Tahuata, Marquesas) - may have survived to the late 19th century
      • Buka Swamphen, Porphyrio sp. (Buka, Solomon Islands)
      • Giant Swamphen, Porphyrio sp. (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Mangaia Swamphen/Woodhen, ?Porphyrio sp. (Mangaia, Cook Islands) - if genus Pareudiastes is accepted this species probably belongs there
      • New Ireland Swamphen, Porphyrio sp. (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Norfolk Island Swamphen, Porphyrio sp. (Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific)
      • Rota Swamphen, Porphyrio sp. (Rota, Marianas)
      • Ibiza Rail, Rallus eivissensis (Ibiza, Mediterranean)
      • Lifuka Rail, Nesoclopeus sp. (Lifuka, Tonga)
      • Nuku Hiva Rail, Gallirallus epulare (Nuku Hiva, Marquesas)
      • Ua Huka Rail, Gallirallus gracilitibia (Ua Huka, Marquesas)
      • Niue Rail, Gallirallus huiatua (Niue, Cook Islands)
      • Mangaia Rail, Gallirallus ripleyi (Mangaia, Cook Islands)
      • Tahuata Rail, Gallirallus roletti (Tahuata, Marquesas)
      • Huahine Rail, Gallirallus storrsolsoni (Huahine, Society Islands)
      • 'Eua Rail, Gallirallus vekamatolu ('Eua, Tonga)
      • Marianas Rail, Gallirallus cf. owstoni (Marianas, West Pacific)
      • New Ireland Rail, Gallirallus sp. (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Norfolk Island Rail, Gallirallus sp. (Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific) - may have survived to the 19th century
      • Hiva Oa Rail, ?Gallirallus sp. (Marquesas, Pacific)
      • Great O'ahu Crake, Porzana ralphorum (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Great Maui Crake, Porzana severnsi (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Mangaia Crake, Porzana rua (Mangaia, Cook Islands)
      • Liliput Crake, Porzana menehune (Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Small O'ahu Crake, Porzana ziegleri (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Small Maui Crake, Porzana keplerorum (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Easter Island Crake, Porzana sp. (Easter Island, Southeast Pacific)
      • Great Big Island Crake, Porzana sp. (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Great Kaua'i Crake, Porzana sp. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Huahine Crake, Porzana sp. (Huahine, Society Islands)
      • Mangaia Crake #2, Porzana sp. (Mangaia, Cook Islands)
      • Marquesas Crake, Porzana sp. (Ua Huka, Marquesas)
      • Marianas Crake, Porzana sp. (Marianas, West Pacific) - possibly 2 species
      • Medium Kaua'i Crake, Porzana sp. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Medium Maui Crake, Porzana sp. (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Small Big Island Crake, Porzana sp. (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Hodgen's Waterhen, Gallinula hodgenorum (New Zealand)
      • Viti Levu Gallinule, ?Gallinula sp. (Viti Levu, Fiji) - would also be separated in Pareudiastes if that genus is considered valid, or may be new genus.
      • Chatham Island Coot, Fulica chathamensis (Chatham Islands, Southwest Pacific)
      • New Zealand Coot, Fulica prisca (New Zealand)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Barbados Rail, Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Barbados, West Indies) - formerly Fulica podagrica (partim)
      • Easter Island Rail, Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Easter Island)
      • Fernando de Noronha Rail, Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Fernando de Noronha, Atlantic) - may have survived until historic times
  • Gruidae - Cranes
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Cuban Flightless Crane, Grus cubensis (Cuba, West Indies)
  • Aptornithidae - Adzebills (probably belongs in distinct order)
  • Rhynochetidae - Kagus (probably belongs in distinct oder)
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Lowland Kagu, Rhynochetos orarius (New Caledonia, Melanesia)

Genera Sarothrura Himantornis Canirallus Coturnicops Micropygia Rallina Anurolimnas Laterallus Nesoclopeus Gallirallus Rallus Lewinia Dryolimnas Crex Rougetius Aramidopsis Atlantisia Aramides Amaurolimnas Gymnocrex Amaurornis Porzana Aenigmatolimnas Cyanolimnas Neocrex Pardirallus Eulabeornis Habroptila Megacrex Gallicrex Porphyrio Gallinula Fulica The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the... Binomial name New Caledonian Swamphen (Porphyrio paepae) is extinct species of swamphen. ... Binomial name Porphyrio mantelli (Owen, 1848) The North Island TakahÄ“ or mōho, Porphyrio mantelli, is an extinct rail that was found in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Marquesas Swamphen (Porphyrio paepae) is extinct species of swamphen. ... Binomial name Rallus eivissensis McMinn, Palmer & Alcover, 2005 The Ibiza Rail (Rallus eivissensis) is new species of rail, described from a Late Pleistocene to Holocene cave deposit at Es Pouàs, on the island of Ibiza (Eivissa). ... The Marquesas Islands is a group of islands in French Polynesia. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ... Species Aptornis otidiformis Owen, 1844 Aptornis defossor Owen, 1871 The adzebills (genus Aptornis) were two closely related bird species, the North Island Adzebill (Aptornis otidiformis) and the South Island Adzebill (Aptornis defossor) of the extinct family Aptornithidae. ... Species Aptornis otidiformis Owen, 1844 Aptornis defossor Owen, 1871 Synonyms Genus-level: Apterornis A. otidiformis: Aptornis otidiformes The adzebills (genus Aptornis) were two closely related bird species, the North Island Adzebill (Aptornis otidiformis) and the South Island Adzebill (Aptornis defossor) of the extinct family Aptornithidae. ... Species Aptornis otidiformis Owen, 1844 Aptornis defossor Owen, 1871 Synonyms Genus-level: Apterornis A. otidiformis: Aptornis otidiformes The adzebills (genus Aptornis) were two closely related bird species, the North Island Adzebill (Aptornis otidiformis) and the South Island Adzebill (Aptornis defossor) of the extinct family Aptornithidae. ... Species Aptornis otidiformis Owen, 1844 Aptornis defossor Owen, 1871 Synonyms Genus-level: Apterornis A. otidiformis: Aptornis otidiformes The adzebills (genus Aptornis) were two closely related bird species, the North Island Adzebill (Aptornis otidiformis) and the South Island Adzebill (Aptornis defossor) of the extinct family Aptornithidae. ... Binomial name Rhynochetos jubatus Verreaux & DesMurs, 1860 The Kagu (Rhynochetos jubatus) is a long-legged greyish bird found in the dense mountain forests of New Caledonia. ...

Ciconiiformes

The diverse group that includes storks, herons and New World vultures. For other uses, see Stork (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Heron (disambiguation). ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus Vultur The New World vultures family Cathartidae contains seven species found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas. ...

  • Ardeidae - Herons
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Bennu Heron, Ardea bennuides (United Arab Emirates)
      • 'Eua Night Heron, Nycticorax sp. ('Eua, Tonga)
      • Lifuka Night Heron, Nycticorax sp. (Lifuka, Tonga) - may be same as ‘Eua species
      • Niue Night Heron, Nycticorax kalavikai (Niue, Cook Islands)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Ardeidae gen. et sp. indet. (Easter Island, E Pacific)
  • Threskiornithidae - Ibises
    • Apteribis
      • Maui Upland Apteribis, Apteribis brevis (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Moloka'i Apteribis, Apteribis glenos (Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Maui Lowland Apteribis, Apteribis sp. (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Xenicibis
      • Club-winged Ibis, Xenicibis xympithecus (Jamaica, West Indies)
  • Teratornithidae - Teratorns
  • Cathartidae - New World Vultures
    • Extinct species of extant genera
    • Placement unresolved
      • ?Cathartes sp. (Cuba, West Indies)

Genera See text The Ardeidae family of birds is the heron, egret and bittern family of wading birds. ... The Bennu bird serves as the Egyptian correspondence to the phoenix, and is said to be the soul of the Sun-God Ra. ... Subfamilies Threskionithinae Plateinae The family Threskiornithidae includes about 30 species of large terrestrial and wading birds, falling into two subfamilies, the ibises and the spoonbills. ... Teratorns were very large birds of prey who lived in North and South America from Miocene to Pleistocene. ... Binomial name Teratornis merriami L. H. Miller, 1909 Synonyms Pleistogyps rex L. H. Miller, 1910 Teratornis merriami, Merriams Teratorn, was a huge North American bird, with a wingspan of around 3. ... Binomial name Teratornis merriami L. H. Miller, 1909 Synonyms Pleistogyps rex L. H. Miller, 1910 Teratornis merriami, Merriams Teratorn, was a huge North American bird, with a wingspan of around 3. ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus The New World vulture family Cathartidae contains seven species found in North and South America. ... Binomial name Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793) A common New World vulture, the American Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus, tends to have a more southerly distribution than its compatriot, the Turkey Vulture, which breeds well into Canada. ...

Pelecaniformes

The group that includes modern pelicans and cormorants. For other uses, see Pelican (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cormorant (disambiguation). ...

  • Sulidae - Gannets and boobies
    • Extinct subspecies of extant species
      • Ua Huka Booby, Papasula abbotti costelloi (Ua Huka, Marquesas)

Genera Morus Sula Papasula The bird family Sulidae comprises the gannets and boobies. ...

Procellariiformes

The group that includes modern albatrosses, petrels and storm-petrels. This article is about the bird family. ... A Southern Giant Petrel petrel chick Petrels are tube-nosed seabirds in the bird order Procellariiformes. ... Genera Subfamily Oceanitinadae Oceanites Pelagodroma Fregatta Neofregatta Subfamily Hydrobatinae Garrodia Hydrobates Oceanodroma Halocyptena The storm-petrels are seabirds in the family Hydrobatidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. ...

  • Procellariidae - Petrels
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Hole's Shearwater, Puffinus holeae (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, and Atlantic coast of Iberian peninsula)
      • Lava Shearwater or Olson's Shearwater, Puffinus olsoni (Canary Islands, E Atlantic)
      • Scarlett's Shearwater, Puffinus spelaeus (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Menorcan Shearwater, Puffinus sp. (Menorca, Balearic Islands) - possibly extirpated population of extant species
      • O'ahu Petrel, Pterodroma jugabilis (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Canary Islands Petrel, Pterodroma sp. (El Hierro, Canary Islands) - possibly extirpated population of extant species
      • Chatham Extinct Petrel, Pterodroma sp. (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
      • Henderson Island Petrel, Pterodroma sp. (Henderson Island, S Pacific)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Procellariidae sp. (Easter Island, East Pacific) - possibly extirpated population of extant species

Genera Several, List of Procellariidae. ...

Sphenisciformes

This article is about penguin birds. ... Binomial name The Chatham Islands Penguin () was a species of penguin. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Columbiformes

  • Columbidae - Doves and pigeons
    • Dysmoropelia
      • St Helena Dove, Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos (Saint Helena, Atlantic) - may have survived to the 16th century
    • Natunaornis
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Society Islands Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia arevarevauupa (Huahine, Society Islands)
      • Marquesan Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia heana (Marquesas, Pacific)
      • Puerto Rican Quail-dove, Geotrygon larva (Puerto Rico, West Indies)
      • Great Ground-dove, Gallicolumba nui (Marquesas and Cook Islands)
      • Henderson Island Ground-dove, Gallicolumba leonpascoi (Henderson Island, S Pacific)
      • New Caledonian Ground-dove, Gallicolumba longitarsus (New Caledonia)
      • Huahine Ground-dove, Gallicolumba sp. (Huahine, Society Islands) - G. nui?
      • Mangaia Ground-dove, Gallicolumba sp. (Mangaia, Cook Islands) - G. nui?
      • Rota Ground Dove, Gallicolumba sp. (Rota, Marianas)
      • Tongan Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus placopedetes (Tonga, Pacific)
      • Greater Maned Pigeon, Caloenas canacorum (New Caledonia, Tonga)
      • Henderson Island Imperial-pigeon, Ducula harrisoni (Henderson Island, S Pacific)
      • Lakeba Imperial-pigeon, Ducula lakeba (Lakeba, Fiji)
      • Steadman's Imperial-pigeon, Ducula david ('Eua, Tonga, and Wallis Island)
      • Tongan Imperial-pigeon, Ducula sp. ('Eua, Foa and Lifuka, Tonga) - may be D. david, D. lakeba or new species
      • Ducula cf. galeata (Cook Islands) - possibly new species
      • Ducula cf. galeata (Society Islands) - possibly new species
      • Ducula sp. (Viti Levu, Fiji) - may be D. lakeba
      • Tubuai Fruit-dove, Ptilinopus sp. (Tubuai, Austral Islands)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Henderson Island Archaic Pigeon, Columbidae gen. et sp. indet. (Henderson Island, S Pacific)

Dove and Pigeon redirect here. ... Binomial name Olson, 1975 The St Helena Dove (Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos) was a species of flightless bird in the Columbidae family. ... Binomial name Natunaornis gigoura Worthy, 2001 Former range (in red) The Viti Levu Giant Pigeon (Natunaornis gigoura) was a flightless pigeon, only slightly smaller than the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and Rodrigues solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria). ... Binomial name Natunaornis gigoura Worthy, 2001 Former range (in red) The Viti Levu Giant Pigeon was a flightless pigeon, only slightly smaller than the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and Rodrigues solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria). ...

Psittaciformes

  • Cacatuidae - Cockatoos
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • New Caledonian Cockatoo, Cacatua sp. (New Caledonia)
      • New Ireland Cockatoo, Cacatua sp. (New Ireland)
  • Psittacidae - Parrots, parakeets and lorikeets
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Sinoto's Lorikeet, Vini sinotoi (Marquesas, Pacific)
      • Conquered Lorikeet, Vini vidivici (Mangaia, Cook Islands, and Marqesas)
      • Chatham Islands Kaka, Nestor sp. (Chatham Islands, Southwest Pacific)
      • Oceanic Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus infectus (Tonga, Vanuatu, possibly Fiji) - may have survived to the 18th century or even longer.
      • Saint Croix Macaw, Ara autocthones (Saint Croix, West Indies) [2]
    • Extinct subspecies of an extant species
      • Virgin Islands Parrot (Amazona vittata subsp. indet.)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Psittacidae gen. et sp. indet. 1 (Easter Island)
      • Psittacidae gen. et sp. indet. 2 (Easter Island)
      • Psittacidae gen. et sp. indet. (Rota, Marianas)

Genera Probosciger Calyptorhynchus Callocephalon Eolophus Cacatua Nymphicus A cockatoo is any of about 20 species of bird belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... For the runtime engine for Perl 6, see Parrot virtual machine. ... Binomial name Ara autocthones Wetmore, 1907 The Saint Croix Macaw (Ara autocthones) belongs to the parrots and was found on the island of Saint Croix, in the Virgin Islands. ...

Cuculiformes

  • Cuculidae - Cuckoos
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Henderson Island Koel, Eudynamis cf. taitensis
      • Ancient Coua, Coua primaeva (Madagascar)
      • Bertha's Coua, Coua berthae (Madagascar)
      • Extinct subspecies of extant species
        • Conkling's Roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus conklingi (Inland SW North America)

Genera See text. ...

Falconiformes

Birds of prey

  • Accipitridae - Hawks and eagles
    • Bermuteo
      • Bermuda Hawk, Bermuteo avivorus (Bermuda, W Atlantic)
    • Gigantohierax
      • Cuban Giant-hawk, Gigantohierax suarezi (Cuba, West Indies)
    • Titanohierax
      • Bahaman Titan-hawk, Titanohierax gloveralleni (Bahamas, West Indies)
      • Hispaniolan Titan-hawk, Titanohierax sp. (Hispaniola, West Indies)
    • Harpagornis
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Powerful Goshawk, Accipiter efficax (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
      • Gracile Goshawk, Accipiter quartus (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
      • Accipiter sp. 1 (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Accipiter sp. 2 (New Ireland, Melanesia) - one of the two New Ireland species may be Meyer's Goshawk
      • Malagasy Eagle, Aquila sp. (Madagascar)
      • Borras' Eagle-hawk, Buteogallus borrasi (Cuba, West Indies) - formerly in Aquila/Titanohierax
      • Mime Harrier, Circus dossenus (Moloka‘i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Eyles' Harrier, Circus eylesi (New Zealand)
      • A subfossil sea eagle (Haliaeetus) from Maui may be a valid species or subspecies; another one listed from the Chatham Islands is in error.
      • Malagasy Crowned Hawk-eagle, Stephanoaetus mahery (Madagascar)
  • Falconidae - Falcons
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Bahaman Caracara, Caracara creightoni (Bahamas and Cuba, West Indies) - may be same as C. latebrosus
      • Puerto Rican Caracara, Caracara latebrosus (Puerto Rico, West Indies)
      • Cuban Caracara, Milvago carbo (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Jamaican Caracara, ?Milvago sp. (Jamaica, West Indies)
      • Cuban Kestrel, Falco kurochkini (Cuba, West Indies)

Subfamilies Elaninae Perninae Milvinae Accipitrinae Buteoninae Aegypiinae Circinae Circaetinae The Accipitridae is one of the two main families within the order Falconiformes (the diurnal birds of prey). ... Binomial name Harpagornis moorei Haast, 1872 The Harpagornis or Haasts eagle was a massive New Zealand eagle and the largest bird of prey known to have lived. ... Binomial name Harpagornis moorei Haast, 1872 Haasts Eagle (Harpagornis moorei), was a massive, extinct eagle that once lived on the South Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Circus eylesi The Eyles Harrier is an extinct bird of prey which lived in New Zealand. ... Subfossil is attributed to bones or whole skeletons (and, in general all materials having living parts that can become fossil) whose fossilization process is not complete, either for lack of time or because the condition in which bones were buried were non optimal for fossilization. ... Species Haliaeetus albicilla Haliaeetus leucocephalus Haliaeetus pelagicus Haliaeetus vocifer Haliaeetus leucogaster Haliaeetus sanfordi Haliaeetus vociferoides Haliaeetus leucoryphus Haliaeetus is the scientific name of the genus of birds of prey commonly known as the sea eagles. ... For other uses, see Maui (disambiguation). ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... Genera Daptrius Phalcoboenus Polyborus Milvago Herpetotheres Micrastur Spiziapteryx Polihierax Microhierax Falco The family Falconidae includes about 60 species of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. ...

Caprimulgiformes

Nightjars and potoos Species See text. ...

  • Caprimulgidae - Nightjars
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Cuban Poorwill, Siphonorhis daiquiri (Cuba, West Indies) - possibly extant

Genera Nyctiprogne Podager Lurocalis Chordeiles Nyctidromus Phalaenoptilus Siphonorhis Nyctiphrynus Caprimulgus Macrodipteryx Hydropsalis Uropsalis Macropsalis Eleothreptus Eurostopodus Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. ...

Aegotheliformes

Owlet-nightjars

  • Aegothelidae
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • New Zealand Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles novaezealandiae (New Zealand) - formerly Megaegotheles

Owlet-nightjars are small nocturnal birds related to the nightjars and New Guinea, but some species extend to Australia, the Moluccas, and New Caledonia. ... Binomial name (Scarlett 1968) Synonyms Megaegotheles novazelandiae The New Zealand Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles novazelandiae, was a large species of owlet-nightjar (family Aegothelidae) formerly endemic to the islands of New Zealand. ...

Apodiformes

Swifts and hummingbirds. For other uses, see Hummingbird (disambiguation). ...

  • Apodidae - Swifts
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Mangaia Swiftlet, Aerodramus manuoi (Mangaia, Cook Islands) - formerly Collocalia

For other meanings of the word Swift see Swift (disambiguation). ...

Coraciiformes

Kingfishers and related birds. Families Alcedinidae Halcyonidae Cerylidae Kingfishers are birds of the three families Alcedinidae (river kingfishers), Halcyonidae (tree kingfishers), and Cerylidae (water kingfishers). ...

  • Bucerotidae - Hornbills
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Lifou Hornbill, Aceros sp. (Lifou, Loyalty Islands)

Genera Aceros Anorrhinus Anthracoceros Buceros Bucorvus Ceratogymna (=Bycanistes) Ocyceros Penelopides Tockus Hornbills (Family Bucerotidae) are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cows horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. ...

Strigiformes

Owls and barn owls.

  • Strigidae - Typical owls
    • Grallistrix
      • Kaua'i Stilt-owl, Grallistrix auceps (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Maui Stilt-owl, Grallistrix erdmani (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Moloka'i Stilt-owl, Grallistrix geleches (Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • O'ahu Stilt-owl, Grallistrix orion (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Ornimegalonyx
      • Cuban Giant Owl, Ornimegalonxy oteroi (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Ornimegalonyx sp. - probably subspecies of O. oteroi
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Cretan Little Owl, Athene cretensis (Crete, Mediterranean)
      • New Caledonia Boobook, Ninox cf. novaeseelandiae (New Caledonia, Melanesia) - possibly extant
    • Placement unresolved
      • Ibiza Owl, Strigidae gen. et sp. indet. (Ibiza, Mediterranean)
  • Tytonidae - Barn-owls
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Puerto Rican Barn-owl, Tyto cavatica (Puerto Rico, West Indies) - may still have existed in 1912
      • New Caledonian Barn-owl, ?Tyto letocarti (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
      • Maltese Barn-owl, Tyto melitensis (Malta, Mediterranean) - possibly paleosubspecies of Tyto alba
      • Noel's Barn-owl, Tyto noeli (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Hispaniolan Barn-owl, Tyto ostologa (Hispaniola, West Indies)
      • Bahaman Barn-owl, Tyto pollens (Andros, Bahamas)
      • Rivero's Barn-owl, Tyto riveroi (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Barbudan Barn-owl, Tyto neddi (Barbuda , West Indies)
      • Antiguan Barn-owl Tyto sp. (Antigua, West Indies)
      • Mussau Barn-owl, Tyto cf. novaehollandiae (Mussau, Melanesia)
      • New Ireland Greater Barn-owl, Tyto cf. novaehollandiae (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • New Ireland Lesser Barn-owl, Tyto cf. alba/aurantiaca (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Cuban Barn-owl, Tyto sp. (Cuba, West Indies)

Genera Aegolius: saw-whet owls Asio: eared owls Athene Bubo: horned owls Ciccaba Glaucidium: pygmy owls Jubula Ketupa Lophostrix Micrathene: elf owls Mimizuku Nesasio Ninox Otus: scops owls Pseudoscops Pulsatrix Pyrroglaux: palau owls Sceloglaux Scotopelia Speotyto Strix: earless owls Surnia: hawk owls Uroglaux Xenoglaux Typical owls (family Strigidae) are one... Grallistrix is an order of extinct owls. ... Binomial name Ornimegalonyx oteroi Arredondo, 1954 The Cuban Giant Owl or Giant Cursorial Owl (Ornimegalonyx oteroi) is a giant, extinct species of owl, their closest extant cousins being the wood owls[[cn}}. It is believed to be the largest owl that ever existed. ... Binomial name Arredondo, 1954 The Cuban Giant Owl or Giant Cursorial Owl (Ornimegalonyx oteroi) is a giant, extinct species of owl, whose closest extant relative is the wood owl. ... Genera Tyto Phodilus Barn owls (family Tytonidae) are one of the two generally accepted families of owls, the other being the typical owls, Strigidae. ... A chronospecies is a species which changes physically, morphologically, genetically, and/or behaviorally over time on an evolutionary scale such that the originating species and the species it becomes could not be classified as the same species had they existed at the same point in time. ... Binomial name Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769) The Barn Owl (Tyto alba) is an owl in the barn owl family Tytonidae. ...

Passeriformes

  • Placement unresolved
    • Slender-billed Kaua'i Passerine, Passeriformes gen. et sp. indet. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Tiny Kaua'i Passerine, Passeriformes gen. et sp. indet. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
  • Acanthisittidae - New Zealand "Wrens"
    • Pachyplichas
      • Yaldwyn's Wren, Pachyplichas yaldwyni (North Island, New Zealand)
      • Grant-Mackie's Wren, Pachyplichas jagmi (South Island, New Zealand) - may be subspecies of P. yaldwyni
    • Dendroscansor
      • Long-billed Wren, Dendroscansor decurvirostris (South Island, New Zealand)
      • Extinct subspecies of extant species
        • North Island Piwauwau, Xenicus gilviventris ssp. nov. (North Island, New Zealand)
  • Meliphagidae - Honeyeaters
    • Prehistorically extinct species of Recently extinct genera
      • O'ahu Kioea, Chaetoptila cf. angustipluma (O'ahu and Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Narrow-billed Kioea, ?Chaetoptila sp. (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
  • Corvidae - Crows, Ravens, Jays and Magpies
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Chatham Islands Raven, Corvus moriorum (Chatham Islands, Southwest Pacific)
      • High-billed Crow, Corvus impluviatus (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • New Zealand Raven, Corvus antipodum (New Zealand)
      • Robust Crow, Corvus viriosus (O'ahu and Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • New Ireland Crow, Corvus sp. (New Ireland, Melanesia)
      • Puerto Rican Crow, Corvus pumilis (Puerto Rico and St Croix, West Indies) - probably a subspecies of C. nasicus or C. palmarum
  • Sturnidae - Starlings
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Huahine Starling, Aplonis diluvialis (Huahine, Society Islands)
  • Sylviidae - Old World warblers
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • 'Eua Bush Warbler, Cettia sp. ('Eua, Tonga)
  • Zosteropidae - White-eyes
    • Placement unresolved
      • Tongan White-Eye, Zosteropidae gen. et sp. indet. ('Eua, Tonga)
  • Turdidae - Thrushes
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Maui Oloma'o, Myadestes cf. lanaiensis (Maui, Hawaiian Islands) - may have survived until the 19th century
  • Fringillidae - Finches
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Trías Greenfinch, Carduelis triasi (La Palma, Canary Islands)
  • Drepanididae - Hawaiian Honeycreepers
    • Orthiospiza
      • Highland Finch, Orthiospiza howarthi (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Xestospiza
      • Cone-billed Finch, Xestospiza conica (Kaua'i and O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Ridge-billed Finch, Xestospiza fastigialis (O'ahu, Maui and Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Vangulifer
      • Strange-billed Finch, Vangulifer mirandus (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Thin-billed Finch, Vangulifer neophasis (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Aidemedia
      • O'ahu Icterid-like Gaper, Aidemedia chascax (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Sickle-billed Gaper, Aidemedia zanclops (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Maui Nui Icterid-like Gaper, Aidemedia lutetiae (Maui and Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Prehistorically extinct species of extant and Recently extinct genera
      • Kaua'i Finch, Telespiza persecutrix (Kaua'i and O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Maui Nui Finch, Telespiza ypsilon (Maui and Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Maui Finch, Telespiza cf. ypsilon (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Pila's Palila, Loxioides kikuichi (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands) - possibly survived until early 18th century
      • Scissor-billed Koa-Finch, Rhodacanthis forfex (Kaua'i and Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Primitive Koa-Finch, Rhodacanthis litotes (O'ahu and Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • O'ahu Grosbeak Finch, Chloridops wahi (O'ahu and Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Giant Grosbeak Finch|Giant ("King Kong") Grosbeak Finch]], Chloridops regiskongi (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Kaua'i Grosbeak Finch, Chloridops sp. (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands) - may be same as Chloridops wahi
      • Maui Grosbeak Finch, Chloridops sp. (Maui, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Giant Amakihi, Hemignathus vorpalis (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Hoopoe-billed 'Akialoa, Hemignathus upupirostris - sometimes in genus Akialoa (Kaua'i and O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Stout-legged Finch, Ciridops tenax (Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • Moloka'i Ula-ai-Hawane, Ciridops cf. anna (Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands)
      • O'ahu Ula-ai-Hawane, Ciridops sp. (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Drepanididae gen. et sp. indet. (Maui, Hawaiian Islands) - at least 3 species
      • Drepanididae gen. et sp. indet. (O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands)
  • Emberizidae - Buntings
    • Pedinornis
      • Puerto Rican Obscure Bunting, Pedinornis stirpsarcana (Puerto Rico, West Indies)
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Long-legged Bunting, Emberiza alcoveri (Tenerife, Canary Islands)
  • Hirundinidae - Swallows and martins
      • Extinct subspecies of extant species
        • Henderson Island Pacific Swallow, Hirundo tahitensis ssp. nov. (Henderson Island, S Pacific)
  • Estrildidae - Waxbills
    • Extinct species of extant genera
      • Rota Parrotfinch, Erythrura sp. (Rota, Marianas)

Genera Acanthisitta Rifleman Xenicus Traversia (extinct) Pachyplichas (extinct) The New Zealand wrens, family Acanthisittidae, are tiny passerines restricted to New Zealand. ... Genera  Anthochaera  Acanthagenys  Plectorhyncha  Philemon  Xanthornyzma  Entomyzon  Manorina  Xanthotis  Meliphaga  Lichenostomus  Melithreptus  Notiomystis  Glycichaera  Lichmera  Trichodere  Grantiella  Phylidonyris  Ramsayornis  Conopophila  Acanthorhynchus  Certhionyx  Myzomela  Anthornis  Prosthemadera  Epthianura  Ashbyia The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family of small to medium sized birds most common in Australia and New Guinea, but also... Genera many, see article text Corvidae is a family of oscine passerine birds that contains the crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays, magpies, treepies and nutcrackers (Clayton and Emery 2005, [1]). Collectively its members are called corvids and there are over 120 species. ... Binomial name Corvus moriorum (Forbes, 1892) The Chatham Islands Raven was native to the Chatham Islands (New Zealand). ... Binomial name Corvus antipodum (Forbes, 1893) The New Zealand Raven (Covus antipodum Forbes, 1893) was native to the North Island and South Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Corvus antipodum (Forbes, 1893) The New Zealand Raven (Covus antipodum Forbes, 1893) was native to the North Island and South Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Corvus antipodum (Forbes, 1893) The New Zealand Raven (Covus antipodum Forbes, 1893) was native to the North Island and South Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Corvus nasicus Temminck,, 1826 The Cuban Crow, Corvus nasicus, is one of four fascinating species of crow that occur on a few key islands in the West Indies. ... Binomial name Corvus palmarum Württemberg, 1835 The Palm Crow (Corvus palmarum) is a relatively small black bird in the crow family that occurs mostly on the large Caribbean island of Hispaniola, itself divided into the two countries of Dominican Republic and Haiti. ... This article is about the bird family. ... Genus Many: see text The Old World Warblers, family Sylviidae, are a group of more than 280 small insectivorous passerine bird species. ... Genera Cleptornis Heleia Hypocryptadius Lophozosterops Madanga Megazosterops Oculocincta Rukia Speirops Tephrozosterops Woodfordia Zosterops Apalopteron The white-eyes are small passerine birds native to tropical and sub-tropical Africa, southern Asia and Australasia. ... Genera 22 genera, see text The Thrushes, family Turdidae, are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Genera Many, see text Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, the many species of which are found chiefly in the northern hemisphere, but also to a limited extent in Africa and South America. ... Genera Telespiza Psittirostra Dysmorodrepanis Loxioides Rhodacanthis Chloridops Pseudonestor Hemignathus Oreomystis Paroreomyza Loxops Ciridops Vestiaria Drepanis Palmeria Himatione Melamprosops Hawaiian honeycreepers are small passerine birds endemic to Hawaii. ... Binomial name (Helen James and Storrs Olson, 2006) // The Kauai Palila (Loxioides kikuichi) was a species of Hawaiian finch that was much larger than the Palila (Loxioides bailleui). ... The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. ... Genera Many, see text. ... Genera Many:see text The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. ...

References

  • Steadman, David William (2006): Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-77142-3
  • Balouet, Jean Christophe ; Olson, Storrs L. (1989) Fossil birds from late Quaternary deposits in New Caledonia. Washington, D.C. Smithsonian contributions to zoology ; Nr. 469. Smithsonian Institution Press
  • Goodman, S.M. and Patterson, B.D. (1997) Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 432 S. ISBN 978-1560986836
  • del Hoyo, J. , Andrew Elliott, David Christie (2007) Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 12 Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees, Lynx Edicions, 2007. ISBN 84-96553-42-6

Footnotes

  1. ^ Ausgerottete Arten
  2. ^ Wetmore, A. (1937). "Ancient records of birds from the island of St. Croix with observations on extinct and living of Puerto Rico". J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 21: 5–16. 

External links

  • The GREAT New Zealand Eagle: The World's Biggest Eagle By Neville Guthrie

See also

Since 1500, over 100 species of birds have become extinct, and this rate of extinction seems to be increasing. ... // Extinct Animals redirects here. ... Prehistoric life is a term used to refer to diverse organisms that inhabited Earth from the origin of life about 3. ... Flightless birds evolved from flying ancestors; there are about forty species in existence today. ... The Dodo, a bird of Mauritius, became extinct during the mid-late 17th century after humans destroyed the forests where the birds made their homes and introduced animals that ate their eggs. ...

 
 

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