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Encyclopedia > Las Vegas, New Mexico
The Plaza Hotel, built in 1881, on the Plaza of West Las Vegas.

Las Vegas is a city in San Miguel County, New Mexico, United States. Once two separate towns, West Las Vegas ("Old Town") and East Las Vegas ("New Town"), divided by the Gallinas River, retain distinct characters and separate, rival, school districts. The population was 14,565 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of San Miguel CountyGR6. ImageMetadata File history File links Plaza_Hotel_Las_Vegas_NM.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Plaza_Hotel_Las_Vegas_NM.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... San Miguel County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... San Miguel County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ...


Las Vegas is the home of New Mexico Highlands University. It is also a venue used by the IBNA for teacher training, perhaps due to the proximity of the Armand Hammer United World College of the American West. New Mexico Highlands University (NMHU) is a university located in Las Vegas, New Mexico. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Students from many nations gathered for graduation in May 2003 The Armand Hammer United World College of the American West is a United World College founded in 1982 by industrialist and philanthropist Armand Hammer. ...

Contents

History

Las Vegas was established in 1835 after a group of settlers received a land grant from the Mexican government. The town was laid out in the traditional Spanish Colonial style, with a central plaza surrounded by buildings which could serve as fortifications in case of attack. Las Vegas soon prospered as a stop on the Santa Fe Trail. During the Mexican-American War in 1846, Stephen W. Kearny delivered an address at the Plaza of Las Vegas claiming New Mexico for the United States. Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was a historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government... Portrait of Stephen W. Kearny Stephen Watts Kearny (August 30, 1794–October 31, 1848) was a United States Army officer, noted for action in the southwest during the Mexican-American War, in particular in the conquest of California. ...


When the railroad arrived in 1880 it set up shop one mile east of the Plaza, creating a separate, rival New Town (as in Albuquerque). During the railroad era Las Vegas boomed, quickly becoming one of the largest cities in the American southwest. Turn-of-the-century Las Vegas featured all the modern amenities, including an electric street railway, the "Duncan Opera House" at the NE corner of 6th Street and Douglas Avenue, a Carnegie library, a major Harvey House hotel, and the New Mexico Normal School (now NMHU). Since the decline of the railroad began in the 1950s the city's population has remained relatively constant. This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ... A Carnegie library, opened in 1913 in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, designed in Spanish Colonial style Carnegie libraries for both public use and academic institutions were built with money donated by Scottish-American businessman Andrew Carnegie, earning him the nickname, the Patron Saint of Libraries. ... Fred Harvey (1835-1901) is the entrepreneur who developed the Harvey House lunch rooms, restaurants, and hotels, serving rail passengers on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. ...


Geography

Las Vegas is located at 35°35′49″N, 105°13′21″W (35.597031, -105.222589)GR1. Image File history File links NMMap-doton-LasVegas. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.5 km² (7.5 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 14,565 people, 5,588 households, and 3,559 families residing in the city. The population density was 748.8/km² (1,938.2/mi²). There were 6,366 housing units at an average density of 327.3/km² (847.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.21% White, 0.99% African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 37.19% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 82.94% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 5,588 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08. “Matrimony” redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $24,214, and the median income for a family was $29,797. Males had a median income of $26,319 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,619 as compared to $21,587 nationally as noted in the 2000 Census. About 24.3% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.7% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Architecture

Las Vegas is home to a very large number of historic structures (mostly railroad-era houses and commercial buildings), with over 900 listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Although many buildings are in varying states of deterioration, others have been restored or are awaiting restoration. Some of the city's notable buildings include: A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

  • Dr. H.J. Mueller House, 1881 example of Victorian eclecticism with unusual octagonal tower
  • Plaza Hotel, 1881, site of the first reunion of Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders in 1899
  • Old City Hall, New Mexico's first municipal building, completed in 1892
  • Louis Fort House, Queen Anne house on Carnegie Park, built in 1895
  • Masonic Temple, Richardsonian Romanesque building erected in 1895
  • La Castaneda Hotel, mission-style Harvey House built in 1898
  • Carnegie Library, built in 1903 at the center of Carnegie Park and modeled after Monticello

Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858–January 6, 1919) was the twenty-fifth (1901) Vice President and the twenty-sixth (1901-1909) President of the United States, succeeding to the office upon the assassination of William McKinley. ... Roosevelt and the Rough Riders atop San Juan Heights, 1898 The Rough Riders was the name bestowed by the American press on the 1st U.S. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Richardsonian Romanesque has both French and Spanish Romanesque characteristics, like the First Presbyterian Church in Detroit, Michigan by architechs George D. Mason and Zachariah Rice in 1891 Richardsonian Romanesque is a style of American architecture named after architect Henry Hobson Richardson, whose masterpiece is Trinity Church, Boston in Massachusetts. ... Monticello, located near Charlottesville, Virginia, was the estate of Thomas Jefferson, the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence, the third President of the United States, and founder of the University of Virginia. ...

Transportation

Railway

Airport The Las Vegaas (Amtrak station) is located at Railroad & Lincoln Streets in Las Vegas, New Mexico. ... The Southwest Chief snaking through Apache Canyon, NM The Southwest Chief (formerly the Southwest Limited) is a passenger train operated by Amtrak along a 2256-mile (3631-km) route through the Midwestern and Southwestern United States. ...

  • Las Vegas Municipal Airport. Single engine, small commercial jets, and helicopters.

Major Highways

Interstate 25 (abbreviated I-25) is an interstate highway in the western United States. ... Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ...

Movies filmed in Las Vegas

Many silent Western films were made in and around Las Vegas, especially in the years 1913-1915, including a number that starred Tom Mix. Broncho Billy Anderson, from The Great Train Robbery The Western movie is one of the classic American film genres. ... Thomas Edwin Mix (born Thomas Hezikiah Mix) (January 6, 1880 – October 12, 1940) was an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies. ...


In the 1969 movie Easy Rider, Las Vegas, NM is the town where the two bikers ride behind a parade, are arrested for "parading without a permit," and meet Jack Nicholson's character in jail. The town name can be seen in the background in one scene during this part of the movie. Wyatt, Mary (Toni Basil), Billy and Karen wandering the streets of a parade filled New Orleans. ... This article refers to the actor. ...


The town was the filming location for parts of the 1978 movie Convoy, a film about truck drivers inspired by the 1975 song of the same name. Convoy was a movie released in 1978, directed by Sam Peckinpah, and starring Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw, Ernest Borgnine, and Burt Young. ...


Parts of The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez (1983) were filmed in and around Las Vegas.


Las Vegas was the real-world town used to represent the fictional setting of Calumet, Colorado in John Milius' 1984 film Red Dawn. As of 2005, many of the buildings and structures seen in the film remain. Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... John Milius (born April 11, 1944 in St. ... Approximate map of the events described in the movie Red Dawn is a 1984 film by John Milius about an invasion of the United States by the Soviet Union and Cuba, and the resulting guerrilla actions of a group of American high school students in the town of Calumet, Colorado. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Several scenes in the 1998 John Carpenter's Vampires were filmed in the plaza. Vampires (also known as John Carpenters Vampires) is an action/horror film directed by John Carpenter in 1998. ...


In the 2001 documentary Freedom Downtime, a cross-country road trip to Las Vegas, Nevada ends up in Las Vegas, New Mexico by mistake. Left to right: Deth Vegetable, Eric Emmanuel Golstein Corley, Joe630 on the supplementary DVD of Freedom Downtime Freedom Downtime is a 2001 documentary film sympathetic to hacker Kevin Mitnick, directed by Emmanuel Goldstein and produced by 2600 Films. ... For other uses around the city, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...


Las Vegas is also the hometown of producer Darren Martinez.


In 2006, the film Fanboys used Las Vegas as one of its film locations. The film is about a dying Star Wars fan and will be released in 2007. The movie The Astronaut Farmer was also filmed here. Fanboys is a 2007 film directed by Kyle Newman and starring Sam Huntington, Chris Marquette, Dan Fogler, Jay Baruchel, and Kristen Bell. ... The Astronaut Farmer is a 2007 film directed by Michael Polish and starring Billy Bob Thornton. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Las Vegas, New Mexico - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1215 words)
Las Vegas is a city in San Miguel County, New Mexico, United States.
Las Vegas is sometimes mistaken for Las Vegas, Nevada.
Las Vegas was established in 1835 after a group of settlers received a land grant from the Mexican government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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