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Encyclopedia > Lartigue

Lartigue is the name of a monorail system invented by the French engineer Charles Lartigue (1834-1907). The most famous Lartigue railway was the Listowel and Ballybunion Railway, which opened on 1 March 1888. The Walt Disney World Monorail A monorail is a metro or railroad with a track consisting of a single rail (actually a beam), as opposed to the traditional track with two parallel rails. ... Look up engineer on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Listowel and Ballybunion Railway was a 9 mile monorail built on the Lartigue principle in County Kerry in Ireland. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...

Lartigue had seen camels in Algeria carrying heavy loads balanced in panniers on their backs. This inspired him to design a new type of railway. Instead of two parallel tracks on the ground, it had a single rail sitting above the sand and held at waist height on A-shaped trestles. The carriages would sit astride the trestles like panniers. Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius A camel is either of the two species of large even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus, the Dromedary (Single hump) and the Bactrian Camel (Double hump). ... For the locomotive, see Pannier tank locomotive A pannier is a basket, bag, or similar container, possibly large, and carried either in pairs slung over the back of a beast of burden, or attached to a bicycle or motorcycle. ... Patterns in the sand Sand is an example of a class of materials called granular matter. ...

By 1881 Lartigue had built a 90km monorail to transport esparto grass across the Algerian desert, with mules pulling trains of panniers that straddled the elevated rail. A dune in the Egyptian desert In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation - less than 250 mm per year. ... For other uses of the word mule, see mule (disambiguation). ...

Another problem with using the Lartigue system in populated areas was that due to the track's design it was not possible to build level crossings. In order for a road to cross the track, a kind of double-sided drawbridge had to be constructed, which required an attendant to operate it. A level crossing at Chertsey, England, as the barriers rise The term level crossing (also called: railroad crossing or grade crossing) is a crossing on one level (or at grade) - without recourse to a bridge or tunnel - used to describe the crossing of a railway line by a road, path... A typical rural county road in Indiana, USA, where traffic drives on the right. ... Drawbridge crossing fortification ditches at Fort Ticonderoga. ...

Another example

Another inventor in the 1970s built a forestry railway system using A-frame rails laid directly on the ground. The locomotive incorporated a crane which could move the track panels around as required. Since the line only carry one product, it is relatively easy, like the grass hauled by the Lartigue system, to balance the loads.

External links

  • The Rebuilt Lartigue Monorailway website
  • Modern day Lartigue railway photos
  • Original Lartigue Goods Store Restoration project

  Results from FactBites:
Jacques Henri Lartigue - definition of Jacques Henri Lartigue in Encyclopedia (614 words)
Although best known as a photographer, Lartigue was a capable if not especially gifted painter and showed in the official salons in Paris and in the south of France from 1922 on.
Lartigue, however, photographed everyone he came in contact with, his most frequent muses being his three wives, and his mistress of the early 1930s, the Romanian model Renée Perle.
His son, Dani Lartigue, as well as being a painter, is a noted entomologist specialising in butterflies, and is patron of a museum in St Tropez which, alongside paintings and souvenirs of his father, contains an example of every French diurnal butterfly.
  More results at FactBites »



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