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Encyclopedia > Largest urban areas of the European Union

This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have more than 750,000 inhabitants in 2005. The city of San Luis Obispo, an example of an urban area. ...


This list is an attempt to present a consistent list of population figures for urban areas in the European Union. Most of the figures here have been compiled by a research group at the University of Avignon, France, using a uniform definition but a considerable part of the figures have different sources, therefore one has to be careful when using this list to make comparisons between urban areas. The city of San Luis Obispo, an example of an urban area. ...

Contents

Important notes

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are not more than 200 metres apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.). A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between. Yet, sometimes the metropolitan area of a city may also be smaller than the urban area. The list below contains for instance the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Geographically it may be a continuously built-up area, however both cities speak a different language, belong to different countries and have a different culture and hence there is only limited interaction between both cities. Therefore the metropolitan area of Lille will be smaller than the Lille - Kortrijk urban area. For a ranking of the European metropolitan areas, see Largest European metropolitan areas.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of cities. The list below contains for instance the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits.
  • This is not a harmonized list, as the University of Avignon, France, has not calculated each of the urban areas on the list. Unfortunately Eurostat does not calculate the urban areas of the European Union. Yet Eurostat and the European Commission - for the purposes of their urban audits [1] - use the definition of Larger Urban Zone, which defines the area that constitutes the functional city. In addition, Eurostat and the European Commission have defined two further spatial levels, being the City Level and Sub-City District. All National Statistics Offices in the European Union have agreed on these new definitions since 2003. See "Largest cities and metropolitan areas in the European Union (Eurostat)" for a harmonized ranking of cities and metropolitan areas in the European Union using the definitions of Eurostat and the European Commission.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyze how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analyzis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have introduced green belts which impacts the urban area but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city. Furthermore the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • Please do not be surprised if you are used to higher figures for the cities listed below. London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc. This is because figures here are only for urban areas, which can be smaller than metropolitan areas. Also do not be surprised if you are used to lower figures for some of the cities listed below as the metropolitan area can be smaller than the urban area. Urban areas can be computed by private people or institutions using maps and looking where the built-up area stops. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Mountain road with hairpin turns in the French Alps For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas of Europe. ... This list includes the most up-to-date official census figures or census estimates with regards to the population of the largest cities in the European Union. ... // The list below provides the most accurate comparison of urban demographics in the European Union as it benefits from the harmonized Eurostat definitions[1]. These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the occasion of the European Commission... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ...

Urban areas of the European Union above 750,000 inhabitants

Amount of Urban Areas (over 750,000) by Country
Flag of France France 8 (Inc. Lille-Kortrijk)
Flag of Germany Germany 7
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 6 (7 if Manchester and Liverpool were separate)
Flag of Italy Italy 4
Flag of Spain Spain 4
Flag of Poland Poland 4
Flag of Belgium Belgium 2 (Inc. Lille-Kortrijk)
Flag of Portugal Portugal 2
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 2
Flag of Greece Greece 2
Flag of Hungary Hungary 1
Flag of Romania Romania 1
Flag of Austria Austria 1
Flag of Denmark Denmark 1
Flag of Sweden Sweden 1
Flag of Finland Finland 1
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic 1
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 1
Flag of Ireland Republic of Ireland 1
Rank Urban Area Population
(2005 est.)
Change p.a.
(1990s avg.)
1 Ruhr area-Wuppertal-Cologne, Germany 10 069 000 – 0.14%
2 Paris, France 9 928 000 0.21%
3 London, United Kingdom 9 332 000 0.68%
4 Madrid, Spain 4 858 000 0.32%
5 Brussels-Antwerp, Belgium 4 477 000 0.52%
6 Barcelona, Spain 4 062 000 0.95%
7 Greater Manchester-Liverpool, United Kingdom 3 851 000 – 0.09%
8 Milan, Italy 3 798 000 0.00%
9 Berlin, Germany 3 761 000
10 Athens, Greece 3 368 000 0.37%
11 Rotterdam-The Hague, Netherlands 3 340 000 0.50%
12 Naples, Italy 2 949 000 0.00%
13 Rome, Italy 2 867 000 – 0.85%
14 Lisbon, Portugal 2 398 000 0.27%
15 Birmingham-Wolverhampton (West Midlands), United Kingdom 2 371 000 – 0.10%
16 Hamburg, Germany 2 290 000 0.54%
17 Upper Silesian Metropolitan Area, Poland 2 248 000 – 0.95%
18 Budapest, Hungary 2 231 000 – 0.60%
19 Warsaw, Poland 2 135 000 0.01%
20 Bucharest, Romania 1 934 000[2] 0.16%
21 Vienna, Austria 1 892 000 0.25%
22 Lille-Kortrijk, France & Belgium 1 714 000 [1] 0.19%
23 Munich, Germany 1 656 000 0.20%
24 Leeds-Bradford (West Yorkshire), United Kingdom 1 641 000 0.35%
25 Frankfurt, Germany 1 489 000 0.29%
26 Lyon, France 1 449 000 0.46%
27 Copenhagen, Denmark 1 426 000 0.39%
28 Stockholm, Sweden 1 417 000 1.08%
29 Marseille, France 1 373 000 0.29%
30 Valencia, Spain 1 361 000 0.10%
31 Turin, Italy 1 321 000 – 0.95%
32 Porto, Portugal 1 300 000
33 Stuttgart, Germany 1 238 000 0.30%
34 Glasgow, United Kingdom 1 228 000 – 0.26%
35 Douai, France 1 197 000 0.19%
36 Amsterdam, Netherlands 1 193 000 0.64%
37 Bielefeld, Germany 1 181 000 0.65%
38 Helsinki, Finland 1 151 000 1.46%
39 Prague, Czech Republic 1 141 000 – 0.36%
40 Newcastle (Tyneside), United Kingdom 1 134 000
41 Sofia, Bulgaria 1 093 000[2]
42 Seville, Spain 1 067 000 0.56%
43 Dublin, Republic of Ireland 1 037 000[2] 0.89%
44 Nice, France 914 000[2] 0.42%
45 Toulouse, France 830 000[2] 1.47%
46 Thessaloniki, Greece 820 000[2] 0.67%
47 Bordeaux, France 790 000[2] 0.63%
48 Łódź, Poland 776 000[2] – 0.59%
49 Kraków, Poland 763 000[2] 0.37%

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Kortrijk Coordinates , , Area 80. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England which has a population of 2. ... The Liverpool Urban Area is a name given by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to the urban area of Liverpool and the built-up areas immediately adjacent to it. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Kortrijk Coordinates , , Area 80. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A NASA satellite image of Greater Manchester. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Naples (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... // Wolverhampton is a City in the historical county of Staffordshire and metropolian county of the West Midlands. ... The West Midlands conurbation is the name given to the large conurbation that includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, in the English West Midlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Historical region Silesia Voivodship Silesian Status Agglomeration Area ca. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official mentioned) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km²  (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Kortrijk Coordinates , , Area 80. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation). ... The West Yorkshire Urban Area is a term used by the Office for National Statistics to refer to a conurbation in West Yorkshire, England, based mainly on Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield, Wakefield, but excluding Halifax which though part of the county of West Yorkshire is considered independently. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... The Stockholm urban area stretches over 11 municipalities in Stockholm County. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : 39°29′ N 0°22′ W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Catalan) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bell tower of Douai, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, 1871. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Bielefeld is a district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Tyneside is a conurbation in northern England, covering part of the area of Tyne and Wear. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé  (UMP) (since... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Łódź Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^  75% of these on French territory, 25% on Belgian territory

EFTA countries

Two European Free Trade Association countries have urban areas that would be included in the list if they were EU member states. The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ...

Rank Urban Area Population Annual change
(1990s)
1 (39) Zürich, Switzerland 1 144 000[2] 0.19%
2 (58) Oslo, Norway 802 000[2] 1.09%

Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ...

Five fastest growing urban areas of the European Union

Rank Urban Area Annual change
(1990s)
1 Toulouse, France 1.47%
2 Helsinki, Finland 1.46%
3 Braga, Portugal 1.28%
4 Stockholm, Sweden 1.08%
5 Dublin, Republic of Ireland 0.89%

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Cávado  - District or A.R. Braga Mayor Mesquita Machado  - Party PS Area 183. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ...

Five fastest declining urban areas of the European Union

Rank Urban Area Annual change
(1990s)
1 Riga, Latvia – 1.36%
2 Genoa, Italy – 1.01%
3 Katowice, Poland – 0.95%
3 Turin, Italy – 0.95%
5 Rome, Italy – 0.85%

Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Osiedle TysiÄ…clecia at night Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Katowice Established 16th century City Rights 1865 Government  - Mayor Piotr Uszok Area  - City 164. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...

References

Figures without citations were taken from the Geopolis list of urban areas (as tabulated by INSEE).

  1. ^ "Urban Audit", European Commission, 2006. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Data from United Nations World Urbanization Prospects (2005 revision)

See also

This list includes the most up-to-date official census figures or census estimates with regards to the population of the largest cities in the European Union. ... // The list below provides the most accurate comparison of urban demographics in the European Union as it benefits from the harmonized Eurostat definitions[1]. These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the occasion of the European Commission... This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas of Europe. ... This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2005). ...

External links

  • Population of urban areas provided by UK National Statistics for UK urban areas
  • World Urban Areas All urbanized areas 500,000+ and others: Population & Density

  Results from FactBites:
 
Largest European metropolitan areas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (376 words)
Where the population figure is for a metropolitan area, the population of the city proper is given in the brackets.
In many cases, the list of Largest urban areas of the European Union would give figures that better reflects common understanding of the different cities' sizes as the metropolitan areas include also non-urban and suburban areas and administrative borders for cities often cut across the most urban areas.
The metropolitan area itself is often taken to be the Dublin Region with a population of 1,187,000.
Largest urban areas of the European Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (728 words)
Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are not more than 200 metres apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.).
A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between.
If one city listed with an urban area population of 1 million has many substantial towns in close proximity, while another is set in a sparsely inhabited region, it may well be the case that the first city is more important in many fields of activity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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