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Encyclopedia > Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) in the European Union

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Eurostat's urban population statistics

Eurostat, the European Union's statistical agency, has created the concept of Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) in an effort to harmonize definitions[1] of urbanization in the European Union. These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the occasion of the European Commission's urban audit of 2004[2]. LUZs have been criticized for their insufficient harmonization of datas, which are still collected by national governments within local administrative units, making it sometimes difficult to compare LUZs from different countries. The Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) is the statistical arm of the European Commission, producing data for the European Union and promoting harmonisation of statistical methods across the member states. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ...


Eurostat's urban definitions

The below list shows the population sizes by two spatial definitions: Larger Urban Zone and City. Eurostat typically defines the City Level by using political boundaries in order to make this definition directly relevant to policy makers and politicians. In many countries these boundaries are clearly established and well-known. As a result, for most cities the boundary used in the Urban Audit corresponds to the general perception of that city. However, for some cities such as for instance Paris it was necessary to develop another definition (see below). The Larger Urban Zone represents a harmonized definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the “functional urban region”. To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat works with administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region. Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or...


Ranking methodology

The list below contains all cities in the European Union of which the population is one million or more for Eurostat's spatial definition of City. For those cities selected, the population for Eurostat's spatial definitions of City and Larger Urban Zone is shown. This approach avoids the list containing Larger Urban Zones that are commonly not regarded as true cities, eg Randstad. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. Obviously, other lists can be created by using different selection criteria and by ranking on a different value. Yet whatever the selection or ranking methodology, the figures in the Eurostat database are harmonized for all of the European Union, making comparisons accurate. The data used is from the 2004 urban audit, which uses information collected for 2001, without any grossing up, in order to maintain full accuracy. Schematic map of the Randstad. ...


European Union cities by LUZ and City Level population, in millions

Rank City name Country Larger Urban Zone City Level Definition
1 London Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 11.6 7.2
2 Paris Flag of France France 11.0 6.2
3 Madrid Flag of Spain Spain 5.4 3.0
4 Berlin Flag of Germany Germany 4.9 3.4
5 Barcelona Flag of Spain Spain 4.8 1.5
6 Milan Flag of Italy Italy 3.9 1.3
7 Athens Flag of Greece Greece 3.9 0.9
8 Rome Flag of Italy Italy 3.7 2.5
9 Hamburg Flag of Germany Germany 3.1 1.7
10 Naples Flag of Italy Italy 3.1 1.0
11 Warsaw  Poland 2.6 1.6
12 Budapest Flag of Hungary Hungary 2.5 1.8
13 Frankfurt Flag of Germany Germany 2.5 0.6
14 Munich Flag of Germany Germany 2.4 1.2
15 Birmingham Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 2.3 1.0
16 Turin Flag of Italy Italy 2.2 0.9
17 Vienna Flag of Austria Austria 2.1 1.6
18 Bucharest Flag of Romania Romania 2.1 1.9
19 Prague  Czech Republic 1.9 1.3
20 Cologne Flag of Germany Germany 1.9 1.0
21 Brussels  Belgium 1.8 1.0
22 Lyon Flag of France France 1.6 1.2
23 Dublin  Ireland 1.5 0.5
24 Sofia  Bulgaria 1.3 1.1
25 Amsterdam Flag of Netherlands Netherlands 1.3 0.7
26 Rotterdam Flag of Netherlands Netherlands 1.3 0.6
27 Lille Flag of France France 1.1 1.1
28 Bielefeld Flag of Germany Germany 1.3 0.3
29 Toulouse Flag of France France 1.0 0.6

This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 86. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Location Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Villa de Madrid) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Lombard: Milán (listen)) is the main city of northern Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Nickname: City of Athena or Cradle of Democracy Location of the city of Athens (red dot) within the Prefecture of Athens and Periphery of Attica Coordinates: Country Greece Peripheries Attica Prefecture Athens Founded 2000 BC Mayor Nikitas Kaklamanis as of 2007 Area    - City 39 km²  - Urban 427 km²  - Metro 3... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,500 km²  (580 sq mi... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Bay of Naples Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Nickname: Paris of the East, Pearl of the Danubeor Queen of the Danube Location of Budapest in Hungary Country Hungary County Pest Mayor Gábor Demszky (SZDSZ) Area    - City 525,16 km²  - Land n/a km²  - Water n/a km² Population    - City (2006) 1,695,000  - Density 3570/km... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich: St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Turin) is a major industrial city as well as a business and cultural center in northwest Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 Vienna (German: Wien ) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 228 km² Population (2003) 1,929,615[1] Density 9131. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Arpitan: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_(bordered). ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population    - City (15 September 2006) 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Website... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Rotterdam Location Coat of arms The coat of arms reads Sterker door strijd, i. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Nord-Pas de Calais Département Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ...

Urban Audit

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains[3]:

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation

References

  1. ^ "Urban Audit Methodological Handbook", Eurostat, 2004.
  2. ^ "The shift of Eurostat to Urban Statistics", Berthold Feldman, Eurostat, 2006-03-14.
  3. ^ "Urban Audit", European Commission, 2006.

 
 

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