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Encyclopedia > Largemouth bass
Largemouth Bass

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
Genus: Micropterus
Species: M. salmoides
Binomial name
Micropterus salmoides

The largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is a species of fish in the sunfish family. It is also known as the bigmouth, black bass, bucketmouth, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green bass, green trout, linesides, Oswego bass, and southern largemouth.[1] The largemouth bass is the state fish of Alabama[2](official freshwater fish), Georgia[3], Mississippi[4], Florida[5](state freshwater fish), and Tennessee[6](official sport fish). Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Orders See text The Actinopterygii are the ray-finned fish. ... Families many, see text The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, include about 40% of all fish and are the largest order of vertebrates. ... Genera  Acantharchus  Ambloplites  Archoplites  Centrarchus  Enneacanthus  Lepomis  Micropterus  Pomoxis Sunfish range The sunfishes are a family (Centrarchidae) of freshwater ray-finned fish belonging to the order Perciformes. ... Species  M. cataractae - shoal bass  M. coosae - redeye bass  M. dolomieu - smallmouth bass  M. notius - Suwannee bass  M. punctulatus - spotted bass  M. salmoides - largemouth bass  M. treculii - Guadalupe bass Micropterus Lacépède, 1802, is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Latin name redirects here. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Genera  Acantharchus  Ambloplites  Archoplites  Centrarchus  Enneacanthus  Lepomis  Micropterus  Pomoxis Sunfish range The sunfishes are a family (Centrarchidae) of freshwater ray-finned fish belonging to the order Perciformes. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Species  M. cataractae - shoal bass  M. coosae - redeye bass  M. dolomieu - smallmouth bass  M. notius - Suwannee bass  M. punctulatus - spotted bass  M. salmoides - largemouth bass  M. treculii - Guadalupe bass Micropterus (Lacépède, 1802), is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...

Contents

Physical description

Largemouth from Lake Columbia, Michigan.

The largemouth is marked by a series of dark, sometimes black, blotches forming a jagged horizontal stripe along each flank. The upper jaw (maxilla) of a largemouth bass extends beyond the rear margin of the orbit. The largemouth is the largest of the black basses, reaching a maximum recorded overall length of (38 in), and a maximum recorded weight of 22¼ lb. The fish can live as long as 23 years. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (849 × 574 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Largemouth by catch-and-release at Lake Columbia, Michigan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (849 × 574 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Largemouth by catch-and-release at Lake Columbia, Michigan. ... Located in southern Jackson County, Michigan, Lake Columbia is 840 acres of a man-made lake. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The maxilla (plural: maxillae) is a fusion of two bones along the palatal fissure that form the upper jaw. ... In anatomy, the orbit is the cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are situated. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Forage

The juvenile largemouth bass consumes mostly small bait-fish, scuds, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, crawdads, frogs, snakes, salamanders, and even small water birds, mammals and baby alligators[7]. In larger lakes and reservoirs, adult bass occupy deeper water than younger fish, and shift to a diet consisting almost entirely of smaller fish like shad, trout, ciscoes, shiners, and sunfish. Prey items can be as large as 25 to 35% of the bass's body length. Studies of prey utilization by largemouths show that in weedy waters, bass grow more slowly due to difficulty in acquiring prey. Less weed cover allows bass to more easily find and catch prey, but this consists of more open-water baitfish. Paradoxically, with little or no cover, bass can decimate the prey population and starve or get stunted. Fisheries managers need to take all these factors into consideration when designing regulations for specific bodies of water. Under overhead cover such as overhanging banks, brush, or submerged structure such as weedbeds, points, humps, ridges, and drop-offs, the largemouth bass will use its senses of hearing, sight, vibration, and smell to attack and seize its prey. It can sometimes hold up to 5 sunfish in its mouth. Adult largemouth generally are apex predators within their habitat, but they are preyed upon by many animals while young. PENDING LARGEMOUTH BASS RECORD 25.1 Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets... Distribution of frogs (in black) Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia - List of Anuran families The frogness babe is an amphibian in the order Anura (meaning tail-less from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin saltare, to jump). ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Families Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibian vertebrates with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails (order Caudata or Urodela). ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Thalassorninae Anserinae Stictonettinae Plectropterinae Tadorninae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Oxyurinae and see text Anatidae is the biological family that includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... This article refers to the large reptile. ... Apex predators (also alpha predators, superpredators, or top-level predators) are predators that, as adults, are not normally preyed upon in the wild in significant parts of their ranges. ...


Angling

Main article: Bass fishing
A smaller specimen of largemouth bass caught and released in Forest Lake, Minnesota.
A smaller specimen of largemouth bass caught and released in Forest Lake, Minnesota.
A large specimen of M. salmoides caught by an angler in Connecticut.
A large specimen of M. salmoides caught by an angler in Connecticut.

Largemouth are keenly sought after by anglers and are noted for the excitement of their fight. The fish will often become airborne in their effort to throw the hook, but many say that their cousin species, the smallmouth bass, can beat them pound for pound. Anglers most often fish for largemouth bass with lures such as plastic worms (and other plastic baits), jigs, crankbaits and spinnerbaits. A recent trend is the use of swimbaits to target trophy bass that are used to hunting larger bass in Florida and California. Live bait, such as nightcrawlers, minnows, frogs or crawfish,and earthworms, can also be productive. In fact, large golden shiners are one of the best things to use to catch trophy bass, especially when they are sluggish in the heat of summer time or in the cold of winter. Spotted Bass from the Coosa River near Wetumpka, Alabama (Released) Bass fishing is the sport of angling for the North American gamefish known colloquially as the black bass. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 2142 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 2142 pixel, file size: 1. ... Forest Lake is a city located in Washington County, Minnesota. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 758 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 758 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The Angler (Lophius piscatorius) The angler, also sometimes called fishing-frog, frog-fish, or sea-devil (Lophius piscatorius), is a fish well known off the coasts of Great Britain and much of Europe. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Angling. ... Binomial name Micropterus dolomieu Lacépède, 1802 The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... In-line spinner lure with ring, dish, body/weight and hook In terms of sport fishing, a lure is an object attached to the end of the fishing line and designed to resemble and move like an item of fish prey. ... Orange plastic worm. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A Crankbait is a type of fishing lure that dives under the surface and wiggles from side to side when pulled through the water. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For the house music project, see Nightcrawlers (band). ... Genera (many, see text) The family Cyprinidae, named after the Greek word for goldfish, consists of the carps and minnows. ... Genera See text. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Earthworm is the common reference for the larger members of the Oligochaeta (which is either a class or subclass depending on the author) in the phylum Annelida. ... Binomial name Notemigonus crysoleucas (Mitchill, 1814) The golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas, is a cyprinid fish native to eastern North America and introduced throughout the continent. ...


There is a strong cultural pressure among largemouth bass anglers which encourages the fish's live release, especially the larger specimens. Largemouth bass, if handled with care, respond well to catch and release; many studies have shown specimens which have survived being hooked and released multiple times. Catch and release is a term given to the recreational fishing where releasing the fish (catch) is believed to be a technique of conservation. ...


The International Game Fish Association (IGFA) officially recognizes the heaviest largemouth bass on record as having been caught by George Perry at Montgomery Lake in Telfair County, Georgia, on June 2, 1932. The fish weighed 10 kg (22¼ lb). A largemouth bass weighing 25 pounds was caught by Mac Weakley in Escondido, California's Dixon Lake on March 20, 2006, but Weakley inadvertently foul-hooked the fish and released it.[8] The International Game Fish Association (IGFA) is the leading authority on angling pursuits and the keeper of the most current World Record fishing catches by fish categories. ... Telfair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Escondido is a city located in San Diego County, California just north of San Diego, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The largemouth bass is the state fish of Alabama[2](freshwater fish), Georgia[3], Mississippi[4], Florida[5](freshwater fish), and Tennessee[6](sport fish). This is a list of official U.S. state fish: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...


References

  1. ^ Black Bass. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission: Division of Freshwater Fisheries. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  2. ^ a b Official Alabama Freshwater Fish. Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History (2008-02-13). Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  3. ^ a b Georgia State Symbols. State of Georgia.
  4. ^ a b State Symbols. State of Mississippi.
  5. ^ a b State Freshwater Fish. State of Florida.
  6. ^ a b State Symbols. State of Tennessee.
  7. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=_6K0m_6fAt0
  8. ^ Escondido's world-famous bass found dead. San Diego Union-Tribune.
Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Largemouth Bass / Bass - Fish Encyclopedia, Champion Pro Guide Services (512 words)
Often confused with small mouth and spotted bass, it is easily distinguishable because the upper jaw extends beyond the rear edge of the eye.
The oldest bass from Florida whose age has been determined by fisheries biologists was 16 year of age.
The strong weedy taste of bass caught in some waters may be eliminated by skinning the fish and salting and peppering the fillets before battering.
Largemouth Bass (851 words)
Largemouth bass are nest builders, a trait of members of the sunfish family, to which they belong.
Largemouth bass normally are found in the upper levels of warm water in small lakes, shallow bays of large lakes, and in large, slow rivers.
Largemouth bass have become a favorite for stocking in warm water farm ponds because of their fast growth and tolerance for high temperatures and moderate turbidity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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