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Encyclopedia > Larcum Kendall

Larcum Kendall (21 September 1719 in Charlesbury, Oxfordshire to 22 November 1790 in London) was a British Clockmaker. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Commission

The Board of Longitude, assigned to Kendall to copy and develop John Harrison's ingenious fourth model of an useful clockfor navigation. The original had an astronomical price, approximately 30% of the value of a ship. John Harrison John Harrison (March 24, 1693–March 24, 1776) was an English clockmaker, who designed and built the worlds first successful chronometer (maritime clock), one whose accuracy was great enough to allow the determination of longitude over long distances. ... A clock (from the Latin cloca, bell) is an instrument for measuring time. ...


K1

The first model finished by Kendall in the context of this order 1769 was an accurate copy of the Harrison Model 4 (H4), cost 500 £, and is known today as K1. James Cook tested the clock on its second South Seas journey and was full of praise after initial skepticism. "Kendalls watch exceeded all expectations" he report in 1775 to the admiralty. Three other clocks, constructed by John Arnolds, had not withstood the loads of the same journey. To call it a "watch" is misleading using today's yardsticks. The clock had a diameter of 13 cm and weighed 1.45 kg. K1 accompanied English ships more than thirty years. 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


K2

Kendall assured that he would be able to build by simplifications a similar clock for around 200 £. He received the order and presented the K2 in 1771. It was given in 1773 to John Phipps for its expedition for the search of a Northwest passage, then it was assigned in North America. It worked by far less exactly than the original. William Bligh 1787 in the log of the HMS Bounty a daily inaccuracy, which between 1.1 and three seconds and that it had varied irregularly. Fame attained the clock because of the mutiny on the Bounty. It returned to England many years later after an odyssey. The American sealing ship's captain Mayhew Folger redisovered Pitcarin Island in 1808 and was given the chronometer by the one remaining mutineer there. The Spanish governor of Juan Fernandez Island confiscated the watch. The chronometer was later purchased by a Spaniard named Castillo. When he died, his family conveyed it to Captain Herbert of the HMS Calliope, who had it conveyed to the British Museum around 1840. The chronometer is now in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, England. 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... William Bligh in 1814 Vice-Admiral William Bligh FRS RN (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... for other meaning see Mutiny on the Bounty (disambiguation) The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789 The Mutiny on the Bounty was a historical event in the late 18th century, most widely known through fiction, of an officer... Mayhew Folger was the Captain of the sealing ship Topaz that rediscovered the Pitcairn Islands in 1808. ... Town San Juan Bautista, Robinson Crusoe, Cumberland Bay A fisherman with 2 Lobsters Robinson Crusoe Island, located in the Juan Fernández archipelago, which is situated in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean, 674 kilometres from the South American continent. ... Five ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Calliope after the muse Calliope in Greek mythology. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, surrounding the original Reading Room. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... This page is about Greenwich in England. ...


K3

Kendall's third and last attempt, the K3 in 1774, cost around 100 £ finished and did not have the demanded accuracy. Cook carried her additionally to K1 on its last journey. Nevertheless it was inserted still on Matthew Flinders journey to Australia, 1801. Kendall was a first-class craftsman, but was not a technical designer. After K3 Kendall built stop watches after the model John Arnolds model. Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Captain Matthew Flinders. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... London watchmaker John Arnold (1736–99), was one of the true master clockmakers from what was unarguably England’s golden age of horology. ...


The three watches now

K1, K2 and K3 are kept in the The old Royal Observatory, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England. The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... This page is about Greenwich in England. ...


External References

  • Mayhew Folger's account of meeting the Bounty descendants
  • Book by Nordoff and Hall which includes Folger's account of the rediscovery
  • Another link to Nordoff and Hall's book
  • The Larcum Kendall Bounty Watch in the National Maritime Museum
  • The story of the Bounty Chronometer

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lexikonia.de - Informationen zu Larcum Kendall (181 words)
Larcum Kendall war ein Mitarbeiter von John Harrison.
Kendalls Uhr verhalfen den englischen Chronometern zum Durchbruch.
Ein späteres Modell von Kendall, bekannt als K3, begleitete Leutnant Latthew Flinders auf der HMS Investigator 1801 nach Australien.
✓ Larcum_Kendall - ShoppingGui.de - ShoppingGui (554 words)
Kendall sicherte zu, durch Vereinfachungen eine ähnliche Uhr um 200 £ bauen zu können, erhielt den Auftrag und präsentierte 1771 die K2.
Auch Kendalls dritter und letzter Versuch einer Eigenkonstruktion, K3, 1774 um 100 £ fertiggestellt, hatte nicht die geforderte Genauigkeit, wie Cook feststellen musste, der sie zusätzlich zu K1 auf seiner letzten Reise mitführte.
Kendall war, wie K1 bezeugt, ein erstklassiger Handwerker, aber kein guter Konstrukteur.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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