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Encyclopedia > Larch
Larch
Larix decidua in autumn
Larix decidua in autumn
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Larix
Miller
Species

About 12; see text Larch can refer to: Larch trees, a genus of coniferous trees, and the wood from these trees The larch family of computer specification languages The Larch is also the title of a Monty Python sketch (external link: montypython/larch) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 1056 KB) Summary Larix decidua de fr:Image:Mélèze en Automne. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the... Families Pinaceae, pine family Araucariaceae, araucaria family Podocarpaceae, yellow-wood family Phyllocladaceae Sciadopityaceae, umbrella-pine family Cupressaceae, cypress family Cephalotaxaceae, plum-yew family Taxaceae, yew family The Order Pinales in the Division Pinophyta, Class Pinopsida comprises all the extant conifers. ... Genera Subfamily Pinoideae     Pinus - pines (about 115 species) Subfamily Piceoideae     Picea - spruces (about 35 species) Subfamily Laricoideae     Cathaya (one species)     Larix - larches (about 14 species)     Pseudotsuga - douglas-firs (five species) Subfamily Abietoideae     Abies - firs (about 50 species)     Cedrus - cedars (two to four species)     Pseudolarix - golden larch (one species)     Keteleeria (three... Philip Miller (1691 - December 18, 1771) was a botanist of Scottish descent. ...

Siberian larch
Male (above) and female (below right) cones of Japanese Larch emerging in spring
Male (above) and female (below right) cones of Japanese Larch emerging in spring
European Larch foliage and cones
European Larch foliage and cones

Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, in the family Pinaceae. They are native to much of the cooler temperate northern hemisphere, on lowlands in the far north, and high on mountains further south. Larches are among the dominant plants in the immense boreal forests of Russia and Canada. Download high resolution version (545x605, 110 KB)Siberian larch, Larix sibirica, at the Jardin botanique de Montréal. ... Download high resolution version (545x605, 110 KB)Siberian larch, Larix sibirica, at the Jardin botanique de Montréal. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x1296, 249 KB) Male and female flowers of Japanese larch opening in spring. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x1296, 249 KB) Male and female flowers of Japanese larch opening in spring. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (688x918, 174 KB) Larix decidua foliage and cones File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Larch European Larch ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (688x918, 174 KB) Larix decidua foliage and cones File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Larch European Larch ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... Genera Subfamily Pinoideae     Pinus - pines (about 115 species) Subfamily Piceoideae     Picea - spruces (about 35 species) Subfamily Laricoideae     Cathaya (one species)     Larix - larches (about 14 species)     Pseudotsuga - douglas-firs (five species) Subfamily Abietoideae     Abies - firs (about 50 species)     Cedrus - cedars (two to four species)     Pseudolarix - golden larch (one species)     Keteleeria (three... For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


They are deciduous trees, growing from 15-50 m tall. The shoots are dimorphic, with growth divided into long shoots typically 10-50 cm long and bearing several buds, and short shoots only 1-2 mm long with only a single bud. The leaves are needle-like, 2-5 cm long, slender (under 1 mm wide). They are borne singly, spirally arranged on the long shoots, and in dense clusters of 20-50 needles on the short shoots. The needles turn yellow and fall in the late autumn, leaving the trees leafless through the winter. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off) and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Flower buds have not yet bloomed into a full-size flower. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Larch cones are erect, small, 1-9 cm long, green or purple, ripening brown 5-8 months after pollination; in about half the species the bract scales are long and visible, and in the others, short and hidden between the seed scales. Those native to northern regions have small cones (1-3 cm) with short bracts, with more southerly species tending to have longer cones (3-9 cm), often with exserted bracts, with the longest cones and bracts produced by the southernmost species, in the Himalaya. Mature female European Black Pine cone Male cones of a pine A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...


Species and classification

There are 10-14 species; those marked '*' in the list below are not accepted as distinct species by all authorities. In the past, the cone bract length was often used to divide the larches into two sections (sect. Larix with short bracts, and sect. Multiserialis with long bracts), but genetic evidence (Gernandt & Liston 1999) does not support this division, pointing instead to a genetic divide between Old World and New World species, with the cone and bract size being merely adaptations to climatic conditions. More recent genetic studies have proposed three clades within the genus, roughly corresponding to North American, Eurasian short-bracted, and Eurasian long-bracted (Wei and Wang 2003, 2004), with the notable exception of Larix sibirica, which is a short-bracted species belonging to the long-bracted clade. BUT SHAN LOVES LAUREN AND SHE NEEDS TO NO THAT :D LUV U XXXXXXXXXXXXXX The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... The Siberian Larch, or Russian larch, (Larix sibirica) is a frost-hardy tree which occurs naturally in northeastern Russia and western Siberia. ...

Eurasian short-bracted
Eurasian long-bracted
  • Larix potaninii Chinese Larch. Mountains of southwestern China (Sichuan, northern Yunnan).
  • Larix himalaica Langtang Larch *. Mountains of central Himalaya.
  • Larix mastersiana Masters' Larch. Mountains of western China.
  • Larix speciosa Yunnan Larch *. Mountains of southwesternmost China (southwest Yunnan), northeast Myanmar.
  • Larix griffithii (syn. L. griffithiana) Himalayan Larch. Mountains of eastern Himalaya
  • Larix sibirica Siberian Larch. Plains of western Siberia.
North American

Most if not all of the species can be hybridised in cultivation; the best known hybrid is Larix × marschlinsii (syn. L. × eurolepis, an illegitimate name), the Dunkeld Larch, which arose more or less simultaneously in Switzerland and Scotland when L. decidua and L. kaempferi hybridised when planted together. Binomial name Larix decidua Mill. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Larix gmelinii (Rupr. ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... Binomial name Larix kaempferi (Lamb. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Yunan redirects here. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Yunan redirects here. ... Binomial name Larix griffithii Hook. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Siberian Larch, or Russian larch, (Larix sibirica) is a frost-hardy tree which occurs naturally in northeastern Russia and western Siberia. ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... Binomial name Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch Uses Young tree with fall colors The wood is tough and durable, but also flexible in thin strips, and was used by the Algonquian people for making snowshoes and other products where toughness was required. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Binomial name Larix lyallii Parlatore Subalpine Larch (Larix lyallii), or simply Alpine Larch, is a coniferous tree native to northwestern North America. ... Binomial name Larix occidentalis Nutt. ... // This article is about a biological term. ...


Uses

Larch is a wood valued in for its tough, waterproof and durable qualities; top quality knot-free timber is in great demand for building yachts and other small boats. Larch has also been used in herbal medicine; see Bach flower remedies for details. For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Waterproof fabrics are usually natural or synthetic fabrics that are laminated to or coated in some sort of permanently waterproofing material, such as rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PU), silicone elastomer, and wax. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... For other uses, see Boat (disambiguation). ... The term Herbalism refers to folk and traditional medicinal practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts. ... Bach flower remedies are dilutions of flower essences developed by Dr.Edward Bach. ...


In central Europe larch is viewed as one of the best wood materials for the building of residences. Planted on borders with birch, both tree species were used in pagan "sagged" cremations. One "sąg" (pron song) of wood was required for a cremation stack. Sąg is used today as a Polish forestry unit measuring approximately 3x1x1m. The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ...


In Siberia young larch leaves are harvested in spring, preserved by lactobacillus fermentation, and used for salads during winter.


Larch is used as a food plant by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera which feed on Larches. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Larches (Larix spp) are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species including: Monophagous species which feed exclusively on Larix Coleophora case-bearers: (feeds on ) Polyphagous species which feed on Larix among other plants Autumnal Moth (Epirrita autumnata) Bordered White (Bupalis piniaria) Common Emerald (Hemithea...


The tree was a running gag in Monty Python sketches. Also Magnets. The running gag is a popular hallmark of comic and serious forms of entertainment. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons, is the collective name of the creators of Monty Pythons Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... Magnetic lines of force of a bar magnet shown by iron filings on paper A magnet is an object that has a magnetic field. ...


Larches are often utilized in bonsai culture, where their knobby bark, small needles, fresh spring foliage and especially autumn colors are appreciated. Larix decidua, Larix kaempferi and Larix laricina are the species most commonly trained as bonsai. A bonsai trident maple growing in the root over rock style. ... Binomial name Larix decidua Mill. ... Binomial name Larix kaempferi (Lamb. ...

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

External links and references

  • Gymnosperm Database - Larix
  • D. S. Gernandt & A. Liston (1999). Internal transcribed spacer region evolution in Larix and Pseudotsgua (Pinaceae). American Journal of Botany 86: 711–723. 
  • X.-X. Wei & X.-Q. Wang (2003). Phylogenetic split of Larix: evidence from paternally inherited cpDNA trnT-trnF region. Plant Systematics and Evolution 239: 67–77. 
  • X.-X. Wei & X.-Q. Wang (2004). Recolonization and radiation in Larix (Pinaceae): evidence from nuclear ribosomal DNA paralogues. Molecular Ecology 13: 3115–3123. 
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Larix

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