FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Lanzhou" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Lanzhou
兰州市
Lánzhōu Shì
Lanzhou is highlighted on this map
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
City Seat Changguan District
Area 13,100 km²
Population 3,200,000 (2004)
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥
¥15,051
Major Nationalities Han, Hui, Tibetan, Bonan
County-level divisions 8
Township-level divisions
CPC Committee Secretary
Mayor Zhang Jinliang (张津梁)
City flower Rugosa Rose
Area code 931
Postal Code 730000
License Plate Prefix 甘A

Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: 兰州; Traditional Chinese: 蘭州; Pinyin: Lánzhōu; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1417, 502 KB) Description: Maps of Gansu Province of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... ISO 4217 Code CNY User(s) Mainland of the Peoples Republic of China Inflation 1. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Hui people (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Xiaoerjing: حُوِ Ø°ÙŽÙˆ ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Bonan (also Baoan) people (保安族; pinyin: bÇŽoān zú) are an ethnic group living in Gansu and Qinghai provinces in northwestern China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Binomial name Rosa rugosa Thunb. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... The Postal code for the Peoples Republic of China is under a numeric 6-digit system for the whole country. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Chinese Postal Map Romanization (Traditional Chinese: 郵政式拼音; Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) refers to the system of romanization for Chinese place names which came into use in the late Qing dynasty and was officially sanctioned by the Imperial Postal Joint-Session Conference (帝國郵電聯席會議), which was held in Shanghai in the... Not to be confused with capitol. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ...

Contents

History

Early settlement in this region could be dated to the Han Dynasty and has a history of over 2,000 years. The city used to be called the Golden City, when it was a major stop on the ancient Silk Road. To protect the city, the Great Wall of China was extended as far as Yumen. Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... “Great Wall” redirects here. ... Yumen (Simplified Chinese: 玉门; Traditional Chinese: 玉門; pinyin: Yùmén, situated in western Gansu province in China, is a county-level city of over 100,000 famous for oil production and located on the Silk Road, at . ...


After the fall of the Han Dynasty, Lanzhou became the capital of a succession of tribal states. Mixed with different cultural heritages, the area at present-day Gansu province, from the 5th to the 11th century, became a center for Buddhist study. Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... A silhouette of a Buddha statue at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ...


The city acquired its current name in 1656, during the Qing Dynasty. // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Territory of Qing China in 1892 Capital Shengjing (1636-1644) Beijing (1644-1912) Language(s) Chinese Manchu Mongolian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1636-1643 Huang Taiji  - 1908-1912 Xuantong Emperor Prime Minister  - 1911 Yikuang  - 1911-1912 Yuan Shikai History  - Establishment of the Late...

Location within China

The city is the seat of a currently vacant Roman Catholic diocese[1] and was previously the center of a vicariate apostolic (Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Kan-Su).[2] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Apostolic vicariate is a type of Roman Catholic diocese for non-Catholic or missionary regions and countries. ...

City of Lanzhou
City of Lanzhou
The Yellow River seen from the park of the White Pagoda.
The Yellow River seen from the park of the White Pagoda.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 133 KB) Summary Description: The City of Lanzhou, seen from the Baita Shan Garden on the other side of the Huang He. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 133 KB) Summary Description: The City of Lanzhou, seen from the Baita Shan Garden on the other side of the Huang He. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 232 KB) 29/09/2005 en: en:Lanzhou is the capital of Gansu province, China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 232 KB) 29/09/2005 en: en:Lanzhou is the capital of Gansu province, China. ...

Geography

Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Look up Corridor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other Yellow Rivers, see Yellow River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... The Qilian mountain range (祁连山) is located in the south of the Gansu province of northern China. ... Mount Kongdong (Chinese: 空洞山; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is one of the sacred mountains of Taoism. ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other Yellow Rivers, see Yellow River (disambiguation). ...

Climate and Pollution

The semi-dry climate is in the temperate zone. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ...


Lanzhou is said to be one of the most polluted cities in China. According to the Blacksmith Institute, Lanzhou is one of the 30 most polluted cities in the world. The air quality is so poor that at times one can not see Lanshan, the mountain rising straight up along the south side of the city. The city is located in a narrow river valley with an unfortunate curve causing it to be hemmed in with no free air flow. Lanzhou is also the home of many factories including petroleum processing, and suffers from large dust storms kicked up from the Gobi Desert, especially in the winter and spring.


Economy

Photo taken from Gansu Museum window
Photo taken from Gansu Museum window

The GDP per capita was 15051 yuan (RMB) (ca. US$1820) in 2003, ranked no. 134 among 659 Chinese cities. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Natural resources

Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... Dolomite crystals from Touissite, Morocco Dolomite is the name of both a carbonate rock and a mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate (formula: CaMg(CO3)2) found in crystals. ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ...

Industry

Gansu has one of the largest oil refineries in the country and is the center of China's atomic energy industry. View of the Shell/Valero Martinez oil refinery An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum products. ... Atomic energy is an outdated phrase which can mean a number of things related to energy produced by atoms: In the late- 19th century through the early- 20th century, it was often used to describe the particles ejected by radioactive elements (especially radium). ...

For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that fertilization (soil) be merged into this article or section. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Georg Agricola, author of De re metallica, an important early book on metal extraction Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ...

Agriculture

A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... For other uses, see Bean (disambiguation). ... Melon is a term used for various members of the Cucurbitaceae family with fleshy fruits, or may specify the typically sweet-fruiting members, muskmelon and watermelon. ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ... Roses (Spanish: Rosas in Spanish) is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt Empordà in Catalonia, Spain. ... lily is the best name in the whole wide world. ...

Transportation

Lanzhou is a rail, highway, and air hub and the junction point to Xinjiang in NW China. In computing, a NTFS junction point (JP) is a type of NTFS reparse point in the NTFS file system. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... Northwestern China (西北,xīběi) includes Xinjiang, Xizang(Tibet), Ningxia, and Gansu. ...

See also: Trolleybus. The airways are those parts of the respiratory system through which air flows, to get from the external environment to the alveoli. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... “Peking” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Ürümqi Ürümqi (Uyghur: ئۈرۈمچی; Uyghur Latin script: Ürümqi; Simplified Chinese: 乌鲁木齐; Traditional Chinese: 烏魯木齊; pinyin: ), with a population about 1. ... Baotou (Chinese: 包头; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city and the largest city in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway (兰州新疆铁路线) is a railway in the Peoples Republic of China. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ...

Satellite image of Lanzhou
Satellite image of Lanzhou

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x958, 239 KB) Lanzhou, China This is a NASA World Wind screenshot. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x958, 239 KB) Lanzhou, China This is a NASA World Wind screenshot. ...

Places of interest

  • Bingling Temple, Yongjing
  • Gansu Provincial Museum
  • Wuquan Mountain
  • Baita Mountain
  • Xinglong Mountain
  • Lutusi ancient government

Smaller relief images The Great Maitreya Buddha The Bingling Temple (Chinese: 炳灵寺; Pinyin: Bǐnglíng Sì) is a series of grottoes filled with Buddhist sculpture carved into natural caves and caverns in a canyon along the Yellow River. ... Yongjing (永靖) is a county in Chinas Gansu Province about 80km from the capital city, Lanzhou. ...

Media

Lanzhou Radio serves the Lhasa and Lanzhou province regions with music, and news. Lanzhou Radio consists of four radio stations serving Lhasa and the greater Lanzhou Province area. ... Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Culture

Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... Due to the majority Muslim population in western China, many Chinese restaurants cater to Muslims or cater to the general public but are run by Muslims. ... Lanzhou-style Beef Lamian Lamian (SC: 拉面, TC: 拉麵, PY: lāmiàn) is a Chinese dish of hand-made noodles, usually served in a beef or mutton-flavored soup (湯麵 tāngmiàn), but sometimes stir-fried (炒麵 chǎomiàn) and served with a tomato-based sauce. ...

Sister cities

Lanzhou is a sister city of: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Christchurch (Māori: ) is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ...

Colleges and universities

National level

Lanzhou University, founded in 1908, (SC: 兰州大学, TC: 蘭州大學, PY: Lánzhōu Dàxué) is a famousuniversity located in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Other public institutions

  • Northwest Normal University (西北师范大学), founded 1902
  • Lanzhou University of Technology (兰州理工大学), founded 1919
  • Lanzhou Jiaotong University (兰州交通大学), founded 1958
  • Gansu Agricultural University (甘肃农业大学), founded 1958
  • Lanzhou Medical College (兰州医学院)
  • Gansu College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (甘肃中医学院)
  • Lanzhou Commercial College (兰州商学院)
  • Gansu Political Science and Law Institute (甘肃政法学院)

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor's degree programs are not listed. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Lanzhou University of Technology is located in Lanzhou,the provincial capital of Gansu Province, China. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lanzhou University, founded in 1908, (SC: 兰州大学, TC: 蘭州大學, PY: Lánzhōu Dàxué) is a famous university located in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ...


References

  1. ^ Archdiocese of Lanchow Lanzhou from [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/ catholic-hierarchy.org
  2. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08602c.htm - Catholic Encyclopedia article

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

See also

Location of Dunhuang Dunhuang (Chinese: , also written as 燉煌 till early Qing Dynasty; Pinyin: ) is a city in Jiuquan, Gansu province, China. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Google search for Lanzhou
  • Photos of the city
  • Official site, in simplified Chinese
  • Satellite picture by Google Maps
  • "Noodle Prices Rise, Along With Chinese Tempers"


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Gansu
Prefecture-level cities: Baiyin | Dingxi | Jiayuguan | Jinchang | Jiuquan | Lanzhou
Longnan | Pingliang | Qingyang | Tianshui | Wuwei | Zhangye
Autonomous prefectures: Gannan | Linxia
List of Gansu County-level divisions

Coordinates: 36°03′N, 103°48′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lanzhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (477 words)
Lanzhou is also the home of many factories including petroleum processing, and suffers from large dust storms kicked up from the Gobi Desert, especially in the winter and spring.
Lanzhou is a sister city of Albuquerque, New Mexico, in the United States.
Lanzhou is a rail, highway, and air hub and the junction point to Xinjiang in NW China.
Lanzhou - definition of Lanzhou in Encyclopedia (463 words)
Lanzhou (Traditional Chinese: 蘭州, Simplified Chinese: 兰州;, Hanyu Pinyin: Lánzhōu, Wade-Giles: Lan-chou, sometimes seen transliterated as Lanchow) is the capital of the Gansu province in China.
Lanzhou also is the home of far too many factories including petroleum processing, and suffers from storms of dust kicked up from the Gobi Desert, especially in the winter and spring.
Lanzhou is a rail, highway, and air hub and the junction point to remote Xinjiang in extreme NW China.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m