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Encyclopedia > Lantian Man
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Lantian Man
Fossil range: Pleistocene
Lantian Man, Reconstruction in the Shaanxi History Museum, Xian (taken in March 2006)
Lantian Man, Reconstruction in the Shaanxi History Museum, Xian (taken in March 2006)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Homo
Species: H. erectus
Subspecies: H. e. lantianensis
Homo erectus lantianensis
(J.K.Woo, 1964)

The Lantian Man, Homo erectus lantianensis, initially Sinanthropus lantianensis, (and sometimes Lantien Man) refers to an ancestral human whose discovery in 1963 was first described by J.K.Woo in 1964. Remnants of the Lantian Man were found in the Lantian section of the Shaanxi province in China. Shortly after the discovery of the mandible (jaw bone) of the first Lantian Man at Chenjiawo, a cranium (skull) with nasal bones, right maxilla, and three teeth were found at Gongwangling. The Pleistocene Epoch is part of the geologic timescale. ... The Shaanxi History Museum The Shaanxi History Museum is a museum located in Xian, China, housing over 300,000 items (murals, paintings, pottery, coins; bronze, gold, and silver objects). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Binomial name Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, 1844 For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Typical classes Petromyzontidae (lampreys) Placodermi - extinct Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish) Acanthodii - extinct Actinopterygii (ray-finned fish) Actinistia (coelacanths) Dipnoi (lungfish) Amphibia (amphibians) Reptilia (reptiles) Aves (birds) Mammalia (mammals) Vertebrata is a subphylum of chordates, specifically, those with backbones or spinal columns. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... For the ecclesiastical use of this term, see primate (religion) Families 13, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all lemurs, monkeys, and apes, including humans. ... Genera Subfamily Ponginae Pongo - orangutans Gigantopithecus (extinct) Sivapithecus (extinct) Lufengpithecus (extinct) Ankarapithecus (extinct) Subfamily Homininae Gorilla - gorillas Pan - chimpanzees Homo - Humans and their immediate ancestors Ouranopithecus (extinct) Paranthropus (extinct) Australopithecus (extinct) Sahelanthropus (extinct) Orrorin (extinct) Ardipithecus (extinct) Kenyanthropus (extinct) The hominids are the members of the biological family Hominidae (the... Species Homo sapiens See text for extinct species. ... Binomial name Homo erectus (Dubois, 1892) Subspecies Homo erectus palaeojavanicus Homo erectus soloensis Homo erectus (upright man) is a hominin species that is believed to be an ancestor of modern humans (with Homo heidelbergensis usually treated as an intermediary step). ... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Shaanxi (Simplified Chinese: 陕西; Traditional Chinese: 陝西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like Shahn-shee) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the... The mandible (inferior maxillary bone) (together with the maxilla) is the largest and strongest bone of the face. ... Cranium can mean: The brain and surrounding skull, a part of the body. ...

Skull of Lantian Man
Enlarge
Skull of Lantian Man

These fossils are believed to come from two females who lived about 530,000 to 1 million years ago, the second being the older one by about 400,000 years. The Gongwangling Man represents the oldest erect human fossil ever found in the north of Asia. Scientists classify the Lantian Man to belong to the homo erectus species. The fossils are displayed at the Shaanxi History Museum, Xian, China. Binomial name Homo erectus (Dubois, 1892) Subspecies Homo erectus palaeojavanicus Homo erectus soloensis Homo erectus (upright man) is a hominin species that is believed to be an ancestor of modern humans (with Homo heidelbergensis usually treated as an intermediary step). ... In biology, a species is the basic unit of biodiversity. ... The Shaanxi History Museum The Shaanxi History Museum is a museum located in Xian, China, housing over 300,000 items (murals, paintings, pottery, coins; bronze, gold, and silver objects). ... 1) The city of Xian in China 2) An alternative spelling of Christian, by analogy with Xmas as an alternative spelling of Christmas. ...


The cranial capacity is estimated to be 780 cubic cm (48 cubic inches), somewhat similar to that of the contemporary Java Man. The Lantian Man is older than the better-known Peking Man(240,000-400,000 BCE), but younger than the Yuanmou Man who lived about 1.7 million years ago in China. Pithecanthropus erectus was the name first given to the Homo erectus specimen, also known as Java Man, by its discoverer Eugene Dubois. ... Trinomial name Homo erectus pekinensis Peking Man (sometimes now called Beijing Man), also called Sinanthropus pekinensis (currently Homo erectus pekinensis), is an example of Homo erectus. ...

Mandible of Lantian Man
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Mandible of Lantian Man

In the same strata and close by stone artifacts were found, such as treated pebbles and flakes. The presence of these stone artifacts and of ashes suggests the use of tools and fire. An artifact (also artefact) refers to any object or process resulting from human activity which represents things from the past. ...


References

  • Woo JK. A newly discovered mandible of the Sinanthropus type – Sinanthropus lantianensis. Sci. Sin. 13:801-11,1964.
  • Aigner JS, Laughlin WS. The Dating of Lantian Man and His Significance for Analyzing trends in Human Evolution. Am J Phys Anthrop 39:97-110, 1973. PMID 4351579

See also

  • ChinaCulture
  • Shaanxi History Museum

 
 

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