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Encyclopedia > Lankaran
Lankaran City
Map of Azerbaijan showing Lankaran sahar

Lankaran, or Lenkoran, (Azeri: Lənkəran) is a small city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 48,400 (2002), at least half of which are Talysh. It is next to the rayon of the same name. Image File history File links Map of Azerbaijan showing Lankaran sahari. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Talysh (also Talishi, Taleshi or Talyshi) are an Iranian people who speak one of the Northwestern Iranian languages. ... Lankaran (LÉ™nkÉ™ran) is a rayon of Azerbaijan, not to be confused with the city of LÉ™nkÉ™ran, which is a separate administrative region. ...


The Talysh have preserved their old traditions and customs. They number about 30,000 in an area of about 600 km², sometimes referred as Talyshtan. The name Lankaran is said to come from the Talish words for 'Cane house', that is 'Lan Karan'. The city was built on a swamp along the northern bank of the river bearing the city's name. There are remains of human settlements in the area dating back to the Neolithic period as well as ruins of fortified villages from the bronze and iron ages. The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ...


The city is rather recent, dating from the 16th century. Lankaran was for a long time the capital of the Talysh Khanate, which enjoyed variable degrees of independence throughout history. It was first held by Russia from 1728 to 1735, but only fell definitively to Russia's General Kotlyarevsky in 1813, status confirmed by the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Talysh khanate was an independent principality that existed on the territory of modern Azerbaijan Republic between 1747 and 1813. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky (1782-1852) was a Ukrainian military hero in the Russian imperial service. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Russia-Persia borders before and after the treaty The Treaty of Turkmenchay (Russian: Туркманчайский договор; Persian: عهدنامه ترکمنچای) was a treaty negotiated in Turkmenchay by which the Persian Empire, more commonly known today as Iran, recognized Russian suzerainty over the Erivan khanate, Nakhchivan khanate and the remainder of the Talysh khanate, establishing the Aras... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The Lankaran region is an important producer of spring and winter vegetables. Rice, grapes, tobacco, citrus trees and oak woods thrive in the warm climate. However the main and most famous crop is tea, which is processed at a local tea factories. Other industries are centred around food processing, furniture, silk, wood and fine carpets. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... For other uses, see Citrus (disambiguation). ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ...


The city has a historic museum built on the site of the Khan's palace (S.Akhundov street, near the military hospital). The main mosque is located near the bazaar, and there are several other smaller mosques. This article is about the title. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Grand Timcheh of Qoms Bazaar. ...


There are lots of tanks in Lankaran. One sits in the main square: it is made of white stone and is a memorial to Hazi Aslanov - a tank commander - another is a real tank placed on a podium in the Caspian sea. Besides the memorials Lankaran houses a tank brigade(it used to house the 60th Motor Rifle Division of the Soviet Fourth Army). The local military have had their moments of fame: twice this century Lankaran was the capital of self declared entities. The first time was in 1919 in the confusion after the end of World War I and the initial stages of the Russian civil war, the Bolshevik Mughan Soviet Republic was declared, it rejoined Azerbaijan a few months later. More recently, in the summer of 1993, a new Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic was declared by Alikram Humbetov, with the support of the local tank regiment. However, soon after the revolt leader was arrested and the revolt collapsed. Azi Akhad oglu Aslanov (Azeri: HÉ™zi ƏhÉ™d oÄŸlu Aslanov, Azeri Cyrillic: Һəзи Aслaнoв, Russian: Ази Асланов; January 22, 1910, Lankaran—January 24, 1945, Latvia) was an Azerbaijani Major-General of the Soviet armoured troops during the Soviet-German war, who participated in the liberation of Ukraine, Belorus and... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... The Soviet Fourth Army was a Soviet field army of World War II that served on the Eastern Front. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Chinese mercenaries White Movement Central Powers (1917-1918): Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire German Empire Allied Intervention: (1918-1922) Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist... For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). ... The Mughan Soviet Republic was a short-lived pro-Bolshevik state that existed in present-day southeastern Azerbaijan from March-June 1919. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The flag of the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic Map of Azerbaijan showing the six districts that were declared as the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic The Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic (also known as Talyshstan) was a short-lived self-proclaimed autonomous republic in Azerbaijan that lasted from from June to August...


The local soccer field is home to Football Club Khazar. FK Khazar Lankaran (Azeri: Xəzər Lənkəran) is an Azerbaijani football club based in Lankaran, who play in the AFFA Supreme League, Azerbaijans top division. ...


There are sandy beaches near Lankaran. Thermal sulphide, chloride, sodium-calcium waters of Andjin (Upper and Lower) mineral springs are situated 12 km to the West from the town. To the west are the ruins of Ballabur castle, near the village with the same name. In chemistry, a sulfide (sulphide in British and Canadian English) is a combination of sulfur with an oxidation number of -2, with another chemical element or a radical thereof. ... The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion (negatively-charged ion) Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid HCl contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. ... For sodium in the diet, see Edible salt. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ...


The region has a vast area of national parks, where a varied fauna and flora is preserved. Kizilagach national park hosts over 250 kinds of plants, 30 species of fish and more than 220 kinds of birds. Gircan national park is famous for iron-trees, "Demir-agach".


There is a nightly train from Baku, going as far as Astara. The airport is in the western side of the city. Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ... Astara is also the name of a rayon in Azerbaijan, see Astara, Azerbaijan Astara is a city in the Iranian province of Gilan. ...


Demographics

Azerbaijanis or Azerbaijani Turks, are a Muslim people who number more than 25 million worldwide. ... Talysh (also Talishi, Taleshi or Talyshi) are an Iranian people who speak one of the Northwestern Iranian languages. ...

See also

  • Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic

Lankaran is also known for Parrotia persica ironwood. It is naturally grown in the region. Local myth is that this is the only wood that sinks in water, hence the name (ironwood). Historically it has been used for heating, since it burns for a long time and coals don't go out easily. The flag of the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic Map of Azerbaijan showing the six districts that were declared as the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic The Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic (also known as Talyshstan) was a short-lived self-proclaimed autonomous republic in Azerbaijan that lasted from from June to August... Binomial name Parrotia persica (DC.) C.A.Mey. ...


External links

Coordinates: 38°45′N, 48°51′E This article is about the autonomous region. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (625 words)
Lankaran, or Lenkoran, (Azeri: Lənkəran) is a small city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 48,400 (2002), at least half of which are Talysh.
Lankaran was for a long time the capital of the Talysh Khanate, which enjoyed variable degrees of independence throughout history.
Besides the memorials Lankaran houses a tank brigade(it used to house the 60th Motor Rifle Division of the Soviet Fourth Army).
Lankaran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (654 words)
Lankaran, or Lenkoran, (Azeri: Lənkəran) is a small city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 48,400 (2002), at least half of which are Talysh.
Lankaran was for a long time the capital of the Talysh Khanate, which enjoyed variable degrees of independence throughout history.
Thermal sulphide, chloride, sodium-calcium waters of Andjin (Upper and Lower) mineral springs are situated 12 km to the West from the town.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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