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Encyclopedia > Languedoc
Coat of arms of the province of Languedoc, now being used as an official flag by the Midi-Pyrénees region as well as by the city of Toulouse
Coat of arms of the province of Languedoc, now being used as an official flag by the Midi-Pyrénees region as well as by the city of Toulouse

Languedoc (pronounced /lɑ̃gdɔk/) (Lengadòc (pronounced /lengadɔ/) in Occitan) is a former province of France, now continued in the modern-day régions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées in the south of France, and whose capital city was Toulouse, now in Midi-Pyrénées. It had an area of approximately 42,700 km² (16,490 sq. miles). Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Midi-Pyrénées. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Midi-Pyrénées. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... The kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


Languedoc should not be confused with the linguistic and cultural area of Occitania, to which it belongs, but which is larger than Languedoc. Occitania refers to the lands where the Occitan language is spoken. ...

Contents

The question of the limits of Languedoc

The gouvernement of Languedoc (including Gévaudan, Velay, and Vivarais) among the former gouvernements of France.
The gouvernement of Languedoc (including Gévaudan, Velay, and Vivarais) among the former gouvernements of France.

The traditional provinces of the kingdom of France had no official existence. A province was a territory set up by tradition and customs, and which people regarded as a unit, but provinces had no political organization. Therefore their territory had no strict limits as we think today of administrative units, and their number varied depending on the point of view of the geographers. Today, when people refer to the old provinces of France, they actually refer to the gouvernements as they existed in 1789. Gouvernements were military regions established in the middle of the 16th century and whose territories matched those of the traditional provinces. However, in some cases, small provinces had been merged with a large one into a single gouvernement, so gouvernements are not exactly the same as the traditional provinces. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 596 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (894 × 899 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/png) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 596 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (894 × 899 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/png) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


The limits of Languedoc vary depending on what is considered. Historically, the region was called the county of Toulouse, a county independent from the kings of France. The county of Toulouse was made up of what would later be called Languedoc, but it also included the province of Quercy (now département of Lot and northern half of the département of Tarn-et-Garonne) and the province of Rouergue (now département of Aveyron), both to the northwest of Languedoc. At some times it even included the province of Agenais (now eastern half of the département of Lot-et-Garonne) to the west of Languedoc, the province of Gévaudan (now département of Lozère), the province of Velay (now the central and eastern part of the département of Haute-Loire), the southern part of the province of Vivarais (now the southern part of the département of Ardèche), and even all the northern half of Provence. After the French conquest the entire county was dismantled, the central part of it being now called Languedoc. Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ... Coat of arms of the lordship of Quercy Quercy (pronounced in French;  ) (Occitan: Carcin, pronounced , locally ) is a former province of France located in the southwest of France, bounded on the north by Limousin, on the west by Périgord and Agenais, on the south by Gascony and Languedoc, and... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Lot is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot River. ... Tarn-et-Garonne is a French département in the southwest of France. ... Rouergue is an old province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gevaudan and on the west by Quercy. ... Aveyron (Occitan: Avairon) is a department in southern France named after the Aveyron River. ... Agenais, or Agenois, was a former province of France located in southwest France south of Périgord. ... Lot-et-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. ... Gévaudan is a city in France, in Lozère department. ... Lozère (in Occitan Losera), is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central. ... Saint Michel dAiguilhe Chapel Le Puy-en-Velay (Lo Puèi de Velai in the Auvergnat dialect of the Occitan language, pronounced [lu/lÉ™ ˈpÅ“j dÉ™ ˈvÉ™laj]) is a commune of south-central France, préfecture (capital) of the Haute-Loire département. ... Haute-Loire is a département in south-central France named after the Loire River. ... Vivarais (Occitan: Vivarés) refers to a part of France: a traditional region in the south-est of the country, covering the département of Ardèche, named after its capital Viviers on the river Rhône. ... Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ...


The gouvernement of Languedoc which was created in the middle of the 16th century was made up of Languedoc proper, but also included the three small provinces of Gévaudan, Velay, and Vivarais (in its entirety), these three provinces being to the northeast of Languedoc. Some people also consider that the region around Albi was a traditional province, called Albigeois (now département of Tarn), although it is most often considered as being part of Languedoc proper. The provinces of Quercy and Rouergue, despite their old ties with Toulouse, were not incorporated into the gouvernement of Languedoc, instead being attached to the gouvernement of Guienne and its far-away capital Bordeaux. Probably this was made consciously to avoid reviving the independently-spirited county of Toulouse, potentially dangerous to France's unity. In the rest of the article, what is called Languedoc refers to the territory of the gouvernement of Languedoc, as described here, which is what most people refer to when they talk about the province of Languedoc, even though it is actually larger than strictly-speaking Languedoc proper. Gévaudan is a city in France, in Lozère department. ... Saint Michel dAiguilhe Chapel Le Puy-en-Velay (Lo Puèi de Velai in the Auvergnat dialect of the Occitan language, pronounced [lu/lÉ™ ˈpÅ“j dÉ™ ˈvÉ™laj]) is a commune of south-central France, préfecture (capital) of the Haute-Loire département. ... Vivarais (Occitan: Vivarés) refers to a part of France: a traditional region in the south-est of the country, covering the département of Ardèche, named after its capital Viviers on the river Rhône. ... Albi is a town and commune in southern France. ... Albigensians ( French: Albigeois) are the inhabitants of Albi, France. ... For other uses, see Tarn (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms of the lordship of Quercy Quercy (pronounced in French;  ) (Occitan: Carcin, pronounced , locally ) is a former province of France located in the southwest of France, bounded on the north by Limousin, on the west by Périgord and Agenais, on the south by Gascony and Languedoc, and... Rouergue is an old province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gevaudan and on the west by Quercy. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Aquitaine (or Guyenne or Guienne) now forms a région in south-western France along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ...


Area and location of Languedoc

The province of Languedoc covered an area of approximately 42,700 km² (16,490 sq. miles) in the central part of southern France, roughly the region between the Rhône River (border with Provence) and the Garonne River (border with Gascony), extending northwards to the Cévennes and the Massif Central (border with Auvergne). To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Length 800 km Elevation of the source 1753 m Average discharge 1800 m³/ s Area watershed 100,200 km² Origin Rhône glacier Mouth Mediterranean Sea Basin countries Switzerland, France The River Rhône ( Latin Rhodanus, French Rhône, Occitan Rose, German Rotten) is one of the major rivers (ca. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... The Garonne (Latin: Garumna, Occitan: Garona) is a river in southwest France, with a length of 575 km (357 miles). ... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... Fields in the Causse Mejean upland. ... France, viewed from the NASA Shuttle Topography Radar Mission. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ...


Old administrative structures and the question of the capital city of Languedoc

The governors of Languedoc resided in Pézenas, on the Mediterranean coast, away from Toulouse but close to Montpellier. In time they had increased their power well beyond military matters, and had become the real administrators and executive power of the province, a trend seen in the other gouvernements of France, but particularly acute in Languedoc, where the duke of Montmorency, governor of Languedoc, even openly rebelled against the king, then was defeated and beheaded in Toulouse in 1632 by the order of Richelieu. The kings of France became fearful of the power of the governors, so after King Louis XIV (the Sun King) they had to reside in Versailles and were forbidden to enter the territory of their gouvernement. Thus the gouvernements became hollow structures, but they still carried a sense of the old provinces, and so their names and limits have remained popular until today. Pézenas is a commune of the Hérault département, in France. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Henri II de Montmorency (1595 - October 30, 1632), son of duke Henry I, succeeded to the title in 1614, having previously been made grand admiral. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Cardinal Richelieu was the French chief minister from 1624 until his death. ... “Sun King” redirects here. ... Versailles (pronounced in French), formerly de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ...

Saint-Sernin Basilica in Toulouse, displaying the typical pink brick architecture of Upper Languedoc.
Saint-Sernin Basilica in Toulouse, displaying the typical pink brick architecture of Upper Languedoc.

For administrative purposes, Languedoc was divided in two généralités, the généralité of Toulouse and the généralité of Montpellier, the combined territory of the two generalities exactly matching that of the gouvernement of Languedoc. At the head of a generality was an intendant, but in the case of Languedoc there was only one intendant responsible for both generalities, and he was often referred to as the intendant of Languedoc, even though technically speaking he was in fact the intendant of the generality of Toulouse and intendant of the generality of Montpellier. The generality of Toulouse is also referred to as Upper Languedoc (Haut-Languedoc), while the generality of Montpellier, down to the level of the sea, is referred to as Lower Languedoc (Bas-Languedoc). The intendants of Languedoc resided in Montpellier, and they had a sub-delegate in Toulouse. Montpellier was chosen on purpose to diminish the power of Toulouse, whose parlement was very influential, and which symbolized the old spirit of independence of the county of Toulouse. The intendants replaced the governors as administrators of Languedoc, but appointed and dismissed at will by the king, they were no threat to the central state in Versailles. By 1789 they were the most important element of the local administration of the kingdom. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (576 × 768 pixel, file size: 386 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Languedoc Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (576 × 768 pixel, file size: 386 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Languedoc Metadata This file contains additional... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Généralités were the administrative divisions of France under the Ancien Régime and are often considered to prefigure the current préfectures. ... New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ... This article is for the Ancien Régime institution. ... Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ... Versailles (pronounced in French), formerly de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ...


For judicial and legislative matters, Languedoc was overseen by the Parlement of Toulouse, founded in the middle of the 15th century. It was the first parlement created outside of Paris by the kings of France in order to be the equivalent of the Parlement of Paris in the far-away southern territories of the kingdom. The jurisdiction of the Parlement of Toulouse included the whole of the territory of the gouvernement of Languedoc, but it also included the province of Rouergue, most of the province of Quercy, and a part of Gascony. The Parlement of Toulouse was the supreme court of justice for this vast area of France, the court of last resort whose rulings could not be appealed, not even to the Parlement of Paris. The Parlement of Toulouse could also create case law through its decisions, as well as interpret the law. It was also in charge of registering new royal edicts and laws, and could decide to block them if it found them to be in contravention with the liberties and laws of Languedoc. This article is for the Ancien Régime institution. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Rouergue is an old province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gevaudan and on the west by Quercy. ... Coat of arms of the lordship of Quercy Quercy (pronounced in French;  ) (Occitan: Carcin, pronounced , locally ) is a former province of France located in the southwest of France, bounded on the north by Limousin, on the west by Périgord and Agenais, on the south by Gascony and Languedoc, and... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ...


Finally, for tax purposes, Languedoc was ruled by the States of Languedoc, whose jurisdiction included only Languedoc proper (and Albigeois), but not Gévaudan, Velay, and Vivarais, which kept each their own provincial states until 1789. Languedoc proper was one of the very few provinces of France which had the privilege to decide over tax maters, the kings of France having suppressed the provincial states in most other provinces of the kingdom. This was a special favor from the kings to ensure that an independently-spirited region far-away from Versailles would remain faithful to the central state. The States of Languedoc met in many different cities, and for some time they established themselves in Pézenas, but in the 18th century they were relocated definitively to Montpellier, where they met once a year, until 1789. Albigensians ( French: Albigeois) are the inhabitants of Albi, France. ... Gévaudan is a city in France, in Lozère department. ... Saint Michel dAiguilhe Chapel Le Puy-en-Velay (Lo Puèi de Velai in the Auvergnat dialect of the Occitan language, pronounced [lu/lÉ™ ˈpÅ“j dÉ™ ˈvÉ™laj]) is a commune of south-central France, préfecture (capital) of the Haute-Loire département. ... Vivarais (Occitan: Vivarés) refers to a part of France: a traditional region in the south-est of the country, covering the département of Ardèche, named after its capital Viviers on the river Rhône. ... Versailles (pronounced in French), formerly de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... Pézenas is a commune of the Hérault département, in France. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ...


For religious purposes, Languedoc was also divided into a certain number of ecclesiastical provinces, which had great importance at the time, but are less relevant to this article.


Resulting from this intricate entanglement of administrations and jurisdictions so typical of France before the French Revolution, it is hard to say which city was the capital city of Languedoc. Toulouse and Montpellier both often claim to be the capital of Languedoc. As a matter of fact, in the 18th century the monarchy clearly favored Montpellier, a city much smaller than Toulouse, and with less history and memories attached to it than the ancient metropolis of Toulouse, of which the kings of France were always fearful. However, most people consider that Toulouse is the real capital city of the province of Languedoc, due to its old status as center of the county of Toulouse, and due to the mighty power of its parlement. On maps (both ancient and modern) showing the provinces of France in 1789 (in fact the gouvernements as was explained above), Toulouse is always marked as the capital city of Languedoc. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ...


Modern administrative divisions

The province of Languedoc has been divided between 4 modern-day régions: is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ...

  • 55.5% of its former territory lies in the Languedoc-Roussillon région, capital city Montpellier, covering the départements of Gard, Hérault, Aude, Lozère, and the extreme-north of Pyrénées-Orientales, which account for 86.5% of the territory of Languedoc-Roussillon. The remaining 13.5% is Roussillon (Pyrénées-Orientales), a province which was never part of Languedoc historically.
  • 24.8% of its former territory lies in the Midi-Pyrénées région, capital city Toulouse, covering the département of Tarn, as well as the eastern half of Haute-Garonne, the southeast of Tarn-et-Garonne, and the northwest and northheast of Ariège, which account for 23.4% of the territory of Midi-Pyrénées. The remaining 76.6% is made of Quercy and Rouergue (of which was talked above), as well as the province of County of Foix (which had been a vassal of the county of Toulouse in the Middle Ages), several small provinces of the Pyrénées mountains, and a large part of Gascony.
  • 13% lies in the Rhône-Alpes région, covering the département of Ardèche, which accounts for 12.7% of the territory of Rhône-Alpes
  • 6.7% lies in the Auvergne région,, covering the central and eastern part of the département of Haute-Loire, which account for 11% of the territory of modern-day Auvergne région

(Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Gard (Occitan: Gard) is a department located in southern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. ... This article is about the French department. ... Aude (Occitan: Aude) is a department in south-central France named after the Aude River. ... Lozère (in Occitan Losera), is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central. ... Pyrénées-Orientales (English: , Catalan: , Occitan: ) is a department of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera Flag of Roussillon Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced ; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced ) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrén... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... For other uses, see Tarn (disambiguation). ... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... Tarn-et-Garonne is a French département in the southwest of France. ... Ariège is a département in southwestern France named after the Ariège River. ... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Coat of arms of the lordship of Quercy Quercy (pronounced in French;  ) (Occitan: Carcin, pronounced , locally ) is a former province of France located in the southwest of France, bounded on the north by Limousin, on the west by Périgord and Agenais, on the south by Gascony and Languedoc, and... Rouergue is an old province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gevaudan and on the west by Quercy. ... County of Foix in 1328 (Béarn is outside of the map) The independent counts of Foix, with their castle overlooking the town of Foix, now in southernmost France, governed their county of Foix, which corresponded roughly to the eastern part of the modern département of Ariège (the... Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ... Central Pyrenees The Pyrenees (French: Pyrénées; Spanish: Pirineos; Occitan: Pirenèus or Pirenèas; Catalan Pirineus; Aragonese: Perinés; Basque: Pirinioak) are a range of mountains in southwest Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. ... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Haute-Loire is a département in south-central France named after the Loire River. ... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme...

Population and cities

New development in the fast-growing city of Montpellier.
Typical view of the mountainous Cévennes area in the low-density interior of Languedoc: plateaus (the Causses) with deep river canyons
Typical view of the mountainous Cévennes area in the low-density interior of Languedoc: plateaus (the Causses) with deep river canyons

On the traditional territory of the province of Languedoc there live approximately 3,650,000 people (as of 1999 census), 52% of these in the Languedoc-Roussillon région, 35% in the Midi-Pyrénées région, 8% in the Rhône-Alpes région, and 5% in the Auvergne région. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x1923, 633 KB) Summary Montpellier (France), Hôtel de région, by Ricardo Bofill. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x1923, 633 KB) Summary Montpellier (France), Hôtel de région, by Ricardo Bofill. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Picture taken by Napa user of Wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Picture taken by Napa user of Wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Fields in the Causse Mejean upland. ... The Causses are a group of chalk plateaus (700-1,200 m) in the Massif Central. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme...


The territory of the former province shows a stark contrast between some densely populated areas (coastal plains as well as metropolitan area of Toulouse in the interior) where density is between 150 inhabitants per km²/390 inh. per sq. mile (coastal plains) and 300 inh. per km²/780 inh. per sq. mile (plain of Toulouse), and the hilly and mountainous interior where density is extremely low, the Cévennes area in the south of Lozère having one of the lowest densities of Europe with only 7.4 inhabitants per km² (19 inh. per sq. mile). Fields in the Causse Mejean upland. ... Lozère (in Occitan Losera), is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


The five largest metropolitan areas on the territory of the former province of Languedoc are (as of 1999 census): Toulouse (964,797 inhabitants), Montpellier (459,916 inh.), Nîmes (221,455 inh.), Béziers (124,967 inh.), and Alès (89,390 inh.). New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes in both classical and Mistralian norms) is a city and commune of southern France. ... Béziers (Besièrs in Occitan, and Besiers in Catalan) is a town in Languedoc, in the southwest of France. ... Not to be confused with Alias. ...


The area of the old province of Languedoc is currently the fastest growing in France, and certainly among the fastest growing in Europe, with an increasing flow of people from northern France and the north of Europe relocating to the sunbelt of Europe, in which Languedoc is located. Growth is particularly strong in the metropolitan areas of Toulouse and Montpellier, which are the two fastest growing metropolitan areas in Europe at the moment. However, the interior of Languedoc is still losing inhabitants, which increases the difference of density that was mentioned. World map showing the location of Europe. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ...


Population of the coast of Languedoc as well as the region of Toulouse is rather young, educated, and affluent, whereas in the interior the population tends to be much older, with significantly lower incomes, and with a lower percentage of high school and especially college graduates.


Economy

Agriculture

Languedoc is a significant producer of wine, historically of indifferent quality, and a major contributor to the surplus known as the "wine lake". Today it produces more than a third of the grapes in France, and is a focus for outside investors. Wines from the Mediterranean coast of Languedoc are labeled as Languedoc, those from the interior have other labels such as Fronton, Gaillac, or Limoux to the west - and Côtes du Rhône towards east. A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... The wine lake refers to the continuing surplus of wine over demand (glut) produced in the European Union. ... It has been suggested that Veraison be merged into this article or section. ... Gaillac AOC is an appellation of French wine in the département of Tarn, just north of Toulouse. ... Côtes du Rhône is a wine-growing AOC for the Rhône wine region of France, covering areas outside the other named appellations both in the north and south. ...


Other crops include wheat (the traditional crop which made the fortune of the landlords and parliamentarians based in Toulouse, and for whose trade the famous Canal du Midi was built), maize (the new and nowadays most popular crop in the region), olives (only on the Mediterranean coast of Languedoc), fruit, and rice (in some coastal areas). In the hilly and mountainous areas of the interior, sheep and goat are raised for meat and cheese. The coastal area is, naturally, a source of fish and shellfish. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... The Canal du Midi or Canal des Deux Mers (Occitan: Canal de las Doas Mars / Canal del Miègjorn) is a 240 km long canal in the south (le Midi) of France. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ...


Industry

Aerospace (Airbus, EADS, CNES, etc.), electronics (Motorola, etc.), and bio-tech industries in Toulouse; high-tech, electronics, and computer (IBM) industries in Montpellier; pharmaceutical industry (Pierre Fabre Group) in Castres. Airbus S.A.S. is the aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS N.V., a pan-European aerospace concern. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... The Centre National dÉtudes Spatiales is the French government space agency (administratively, a public establishment of industrial and commercial character). Its headquarters are located in central Paris. ... Motorola Inc. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... IBM redirects here. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Pierre Fabre Group is a multinational pharmaceutical and cosmetics company based in Castres, France, near Toulouse. ... Castres (Castras in the Languedocian dialect of Occitan language) is a town and commune of Languedoc in south-western France. ...

The first completed Airbus A380 at the "A380 Reveal" event on January 18, 2005 in Toulouse, home base of the European aerospace industry.
The first completed Airbus A380 at the "A380 Reveal" event on January 18, 2005 in Toulouse, home base of the European aerospace industry.

There is also a significant chemical sector in Toulouse, which has been quite battered since the terrible explosion of AZF on September 21, 2001. It has been decided that chemical industries would be moved out of Toulouse, and a large campus devoted to cancer research and bio-tech R&D will be opened on the site. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2114x758, 581 KB) Ravi kumar A380 @ A380 Reveal Ceremony English: Description: The first complete A380 (MSN2) at the A380 Reveal Ceremony in Toulouse Source: Taken by (Toulouse 2005-01-19) Deutsch: Beschreibung: Die erste komplette A380 (MSN2) bei der A380 Reveal... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2114x758, 581 KB) Ravi kumar A380 @ A380 Reveal Ceremony English: Description: The first complete A380 (MSN2) at the A380 Reveal Ceremony in Toulouse Source: Taken by (Toulouse 2005-01-19) Deutsch: Beschreibung: Die erste komplette A380 (MSN2) bei der A380 Reveal... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engined airliner manufactured by EADS (Airbus S.A.S.). As the largest passenger airliner in the world, the A380 made its maiden flight on 27 April 2005 from Toulouse, France,[2] and is scheduled to begin commercial flights late in 2007. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... AZF from city center, 4 or 5 km (through tourist public telescope) AZF (french initialism for AZote Fertilisant, i. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Cancer research is research into cancer in order to identify causes and develop strategies for prevention, diagnosis, treatments and cure. ...


Elsewhere in the region industries are small and in decline, in particular around the formerly mining areas of Alès and Carmaux in the interior of the region. Not to be confused with Alias. ... Carmaux is a commune of the Tarn département, in France. ...


Services and Tourism

Services are the largest sector of the economy in the region. In particular, government services employ a significant part of the workforce, especially in small towns. Key administrations have been relocated to the region, such as France's National Meteorology Office (Météo-France) relocated from Paris to Toulouse in 1982. Météo-France is a French public establishment, tasked with the forecasting and study of weather in France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land...


The area is also a major tourist destination. There exists three types of tourism. First, a massive summer tourism industry on the coast, with huge sea resorts such as Cap d'Agde, Palavas-les-Flots, or Grau-du-Roi, built in the 1970s. Cap dAgde is the seaside resort of Agde, France, at the north-west of the Mediterranean sea in the département of Hérault in the région of Languedoc-Roussillon. ... Palavas-les-Flots is a commune of the Hérault département, in the Languedoc-Roussillon region in southern France. ...


Then history and art tourism, with Carcassonne, Toulouse, Montpellier, countless Roman monuments (such as the Roman arenas in Nîmes), medieval abbeys, Romanesque churches, and old castles (such as the ruined Cathar castles in the mountains of Corbières, testimony of the bloody Albigensian Crusade). Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes in both classical and Mistralian norms) is a city and commune of southern France. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209 - 1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate the heresy of the Cathars of Languedoc. ...


More recently, "green" and sports tourism is on the rise, with the gorges of the Tarn River (the most impressive canyon in Europe), the Ardèche Gorges, as well as the vast preserved expanses of Cévennes, Ardèche, Lauragais, etc. The Tarn River (from the Latin tarnis meaning rapid or walled in) is a 375 kilometre (235 miles) long tributary river of the Garonne, and flows through the départements of Lozère (Languedoc-Roussillon région), Aveyron, and then the eponymous Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne départements, the... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Ardèche River near Aubenas Ardèche River Panorama The Ardèche (Occitan: Ardecha) is a 1120 km long river in south-central France, right tributary of the Rhône River. ... Fields in the Causse Mejean upland. ... Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ...


Toulouse and Montpellier are also popular places for business congresses and conventions. New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ...


History

The walled city of Carcassonne, a major tourist attraction of Languedoc.
The walled city of Carcassonne, a major tourist attraction of Languedoc.

The Mediterranean coast of Languedoc has been settled by the Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans, and invaded by the Alamanni, Vandals, Visigoths, and Saracens. Languedoc was known in the Middle Ages as the county of Toulouse, an independent county which was in theory part of the kingdom of France. In the 12th century, Languedoc was the center of the Cathar religious movement. The Roman Catholic Church declared them heretics, and the Albigensian Crusade wiped them out. As a consequence, the county of Toulouse was taken by the crown of France in 1271, (the county of Toulouse was a vassal of the crown of France, but had many connections with the Crown of Aragon, which included Catalonia) and has been part of France ever since. Later the name given to the area was Languedoc, literally meaning "language of oc", from the word "yes" in the local Occitan language ("oc", as opposed to "oïl", later "oui", in the north of France). The kings of France made Languedoc one of the provinces of the kingdom, and established the parlement of Languedoc in Toulouse. The parlement and the province were abolished at the time of the French Revolution, like all the other parlements and provinces of France. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (903x516, 150 KB) Carcassonne, France, view of the medieval town, vineyards. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (903x516, 150 KB) Carcassonne, France, view of the medieval town, vineyards. ... Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon & Syria [2] Phoenician civilization was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean during the first millennium BC, between... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Area settled by the Alamanni, and sites of Roman-Alamannic battles, 3rd to 6th century The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were originally an alliance of west Germanic tribes located around the upper Main, a river that is one of the largest tributaries of the Rhine, on land that is today... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe which entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... For the rugby club Saracens see Saracens (rugby club) The term Saracen comes from Greek sarakenoi. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Before 118 BC: pre-Roman times The history of Toulouse can be traced as far back as the 8th century BC, according to the oldest archeological evidence of human settlement. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Look up Heresy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209 - 1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate the heresy of the Cathars of Languedoc. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Coat of arms of the King of Aragon, 15th century. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ... This article is for the Ancien Régime institution. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on...


Sports

Rugby (Rugby union) is the "national" sport in Languedoc, unlike most other parts of France where soccer is the most popular sport. The Toulouse rugby club (Stade Toulousain) is one of the best rugby clubs in Europe, regularly winning the French championship, and having already been thrice European champion (1996, 2003, and 2005) in the ten years of existence of the European clubs rugby championship. AS Béziers Hérault won eleven times the French rugby championship. A rugby union scrum. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Stade Toulousain usually known as Toulouse is a French rugby union club from the countrys rugby capital, Toulouse in Midi-Pyrénées. ... AS Béziers Hérault is a French rugby union club currently competing in the second level of the French league system. ...


Bullfighting and other bull related events are common in the Eastern part of Languedoc. Sea jousts (Joutes nautiques) are held on the coast. Dating from the 11th century, this sport has local leagues and attracts large crowds. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Property

Property in the Languedoc is quite varied and ranges from beautiful newly built villas with swimming pools and tennis courts, to rambling old village houses set into the old ramparts of ancient fortified towns. Some of these village houses date back a very long time. A small house in the village of Magalas, Hérault département, has a date of 13th century carved into its stonework. Being a large area, the type of property available in Languedoc varies a lot, from apartments in beach resorts such as Cap D'Agde to isolated bastides in the rural interior. This article is about the French department. ... Cap dAgde is the seaside resort of Agde, France, at the north-west of the Mediterranean sea in the département of Hérault in the région of Languedoc-Roussillon. ...


See also

French gastronomy France is one of the oldest wine producing regions of Europe. ... Languedoc wine (typically labeled vin de pays dOc) is produced in the Languedoc region of south-west France bordering Spain to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. ...

References

  • (French) The Languedoc-Rousillon Official Site of the Région.
  • The Hérault tourist board website Department of Hérault in Languedoc Région. All informations to discover Hérault and to book your holidays in Languedoc. Free brochures and lodging.
  • lesjouteurs.com : Le Site du Pavois d'Or et des Joutes Languedociennes

  Results from FactBites:
 
New energy infuses ancient Languedoc (1259 words)
In truth, the Languedoc was historically an ocean of insipid wine, sold cheaply all over France.
But the Languedoc has undergone a remarkable transformation in the last 25 years, as the market for mediocre wine has dried up and, simultaneously, the market for fine wine has expanded.
One of the joys of Languedoc wines is that you often don't know what it is you are drinking, which liberates you from preconceptions.
The Languedoc Page, a comprehensive guide to Languedoc, France (111 words)
Languedoc covers roughly the region between the Rhône and the Aude River, extending northwards to the Cévennes and the Massif Central.
Languedoc has been settled by the Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans, and invaded by the Alamanni, Vandals, Visigoths, and Saracens.
Some parts of Languedoc have been part of the dominions of the kings of Aragon and the kings of Majorca; it did not come under French control until the 16th century.
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