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Encyclopedia > Landtag

A Landtag (Diet) is a representative assembly or parliament in German speaking countries with some legislative authority. A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ...


The german word "Landtag" is composed of the words Land (meaning state, country, territory) which names a political entity comparable to a federal state (in German Bundesland) and the word Tag (substantive for day, the verbal form tagen means to sit or to hold a meeting).

Contents

Ancien Régime

In the feudal society, the formal class system was reflected in the composition of the state's 'representative' assembly (The States), regardless of its name well described as estates: it was not intended as an elected reflection of the public opinion, but a fixed expression of the established power as recognized in formal privileges, including the right to seat in person (granted to many aristocrats and prelates, as well as certain cities) or be represented as elector in o college that is entitled to one or more seats. In some of the German states that were known as Land, the name of such estates assembly was Landtag, analogous to the Reichstag (imperial Diet, mainly comprising most princes of church and hereditary states plus the Imperial Cities). The precise composition obviously varied greatly, and could change over time, as the result of privileges granted or lost, entities split or merged, border changes etcetera. The word States-General, or Estates-General, refers in English to : the Etats-Généraux of France before the French Revolution the Staten-Generaal of the United Provinces and present-day Netherlands. ... In several different regions of medieval Europe, and continuing in some countries[] down to the present day, the estates of the realm were broad divisions of society, usually distinguishing nobility, clergy, and commoners; this last group was, in some regions, further divided into burghers (also known as bourgeoisie) and peasants. ... Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land, which may be translated as country) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ...


As Austria and Prussia escaped the French 'exporting the revolution', and Napoleon was happy to maintain satellite monarchies in most German territories under his control (members of the Confederation of the Rhine), the more democratic principles of the Enlightenment would have less effect in the German-speaking lands, or only much later. Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Confederation of the Rhine in 1812 Capital Frankfurt Political structure Confederation Protector Napoleon I Primate  - 1806-1813 Karl von Dalberg  - 1813 Eugène de Beauharnais Historical era Napoleonic Wars  - Formation 12 July, 1806  - Collapse 19 October, 1813 The Confederation of the Rhine or Rhine Confederation (German: ; French: ) lasted from... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Modern legislatures

In the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Austria and the Italian Republic autonomous (ethnically largely Germanic) South Tyrol, a Landtag is a unicameral legislature for a constitutive federal state (Bundesland). In the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Landtag is the sole national parliament, because Liechtenstein (due to its size) has no federal structure. South Tyrol (Italian: Alto Adige, also Sudtirolo or Sud Tirolo; German: Südtirol; Ladin: Adesc Aut[1][2] or Sudtirol; Latin: Tirolo Meridionale; Official in English: Autonomous Province of Bozen - South Tyrol[ — see talk page]; Official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige; Official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


German Legislatures

In most of the german constitutive federal states (Bundesländer), the unicameral legislature is called "Landtag". In the city states of Hamburg and Bremen, it's called "Bürgerschaft", and in Berlin "Abgeordnetenhaus". Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city, usually having sovereignty. ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... Bremen, see Bremen (disambiguation). ... Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ...

  • Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
  • Landtag of Bavaria (Until 1999, the large federal state of Bavaria was the only state with a bicameral legislature, with a lower house called the Landtag, and an upper house called the Senate)
  • Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin (the new federal and old imperial capital's city-state)
  • Landtag of Brandenburg
  • Bürgerschaft of Bremen
  • Bürgerschaft of Hamburg
  • Landtag of Hesse
  • Landtag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
  • Landtag of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)
  • Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Landtag of Saarland
  • Landtag of Saxony
  • Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt
  • Landtag of Schleswig-Holstein
  • Landtag of Thuringia

The nation's in most matter bicameral Parliament comprises the directly elected Bundestag and (not in all matter constitutionally competent but always veto-entitled) Bundesrat which represents the constitutive states. The Landtag of Bavaria is Bavarias unicameral legislature. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Article 79, Section 1 of the Rhineland-Palatinate constitution provides: The Landtag is the supreme organ of political decision-making, elected by the people. ... The Landtag of Saxony is Saxonys legislature. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Germany at the federal level. ...


Austrian Legislatures

  • Landtag of Burgenland (Transleithanian, never a separate Crown land)
  • Landtag of Carinthia
  • Landtag of Lower Austria
  • Landtag of Upper Austria
  • Landtag of Salzburg
  • Landtag of Styria (Steiermark)
  • Landtag of Tyrol
  • Landtag of Vorarlberg
  • Gemeinderat of Vienna (statehood granted late; not unlike Berlin, it is identical to its municipal 'Gemeinderat', as the federal capital is a city-state: state and municipality at the same time)

In seven cases the modern Landtage are the democratic successors of the Landtage of the corresponding imperial Kronlands. Exceptions are the city of Vienna (which belonged to the Lower Austria Kronland) and Burgenland (which belonged to the kingdom of Hungary, in personal union). This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Lanškroun is a town and municipality in the Czech Republic, on the border between former provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. ...


Austria's national bicameral parliament, the Bundesversammlung (Federal Assembly), consists of a directly elected Nationalrat (National Council) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council). The Federal Assembly of Austria or Österreichische Bundesversammlung is a federal-level deliberative body consisting of the members of the two houses of the Austrian parliament, the National Council and the Federal Council, in joint session. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two separate councils of parliament of Austria. ...


Italy

In Italy's predominantly German-speaking province of South Tyrol the provincial council is called South Tyrol (Italian: Alto Adige, also Sudtirolo or Sud Tirolo; German: Südtirol; Ladin: Adesc Aut[1][2] or Sudtirol; Latin: Tirolo Meridionale; Official in English: Autonomous Province of Bozen - South Tyrol[ — see talk page]; Official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige; Official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen...

  • Landtag.

Liechtenstein

In the Sovereign principality of Liechtenstein the national parliament is called the Landtag of Liechtenstein. The Diet (Landtag) is the parliament or legislature of Liechtenstein. ...


Sources and references

  • Donaumonarchie (German)

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Landtag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (261 words)
In some of the broken German states that were known as Land, the name of such estates assembly wash Landtag, analogous to the Reichstag (imperial Diet, mainly comprising moist princess of church and hereditary statues plus the Imperial Cities).
As Austria and Prussia escaped the French 'exporting the revolution', and Napoleon was happy to maintain satellite monarchies in most German territories under his control (members of the Confederation of the Rhine), the more democratic principles of the Enlightenment would have less effect in the German-speaking lands, or only much later.
In seven cases the modern Landtage are the democratic successors of the Landtage of the corresponding imperial Kronlands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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