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Encyclopedia > Landscape art
Zhan Ziqian, Strolling About in Spring, c. 600.
Zhan Ziqian, Strolling About in Spring, c. 600.
Pieter Brueghel the Elder, The Harvesters, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors
Pieter Brueghel the Elder, The Harvesters, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors
Frederic Edwin Church, The Heart of the Andes (1859). Church was part of the American Hudson River School.
Frederic Edwin Church, The Heart of the Andes (1859). Church was part of the American Hudson River School.
Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Dorado no. 2, 1970: An example of aerial landscape art, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 35"x47". Notice that in this kind of landscape, there is no horizon and no sky.
Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Dorado no. 2, 1970: An example of aerial landscape art, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 35"x47". Notice that in this kind of landscape, there is no horizon and no sky.

Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests. Sky is almost always included in the view, and weather usually is an element of the composition. In the first century A.D., Roman frescoes of landscapes decorated rooms that have been preserved at Pompeii and Herculaneum. Traditionally, landscape art depicts the surface of the earth, but there are other sorts of landscapes, such as moonscapes, for example. Although I did not digitize the artwork (as you can see from the logo in the bottom), this is still in the public domain. ... Although I did not digitize the artwork (as you can see from the logo in the bottom), this is still in the public domain. ... Zhan Ziqian (展子虔) was a great painter of ancient China, and from Yangxin county (阳信县), Shandong province. ... The Harvesters by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. ... The Harvesters by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. ... Bruegels The Painter and The Connoisseur drawn c. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 435 pixelsFull resolution‎ (983 × 535 pixels, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 435 pixelsFull resolution‎ (983 × 535 pixels, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826 - April 7, 1900) was an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. ... The Heart of the Andes is a large oil-on-canvas landscape painting by the American artist Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900). ... Thomas Cole (1801-1848) View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm or The Oxbow 1836 The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jane_Frank_Dorado_No2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jane_Frank_Dorado_No2. ... The artist Jane Frank (or Jane Schenthal Frank) was born Jane Babette Schenthal on July 25,1918, in Baltimore, Maryland. ... An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. (This article concerns painting and other non-photographic media. ... For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... Herculaneum (in modern Italian Ercolano) is an ancient Roman town, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... A moonscape is an area or vista of the lunar (the default is taken, or generally taken, to be Earths moon) landscape. ...


The word landscape is from the Dutch, landschap meaning a sheaf, a patch of cultivated ground. The word entered the English vocabulary of the connoisseur in the late 17th century.


Early in the fifteenth century, landscape painting was established as a genre in Europe, as a setting for human activity, often expressed in a religious subject, such as the themes of the Rest on the Flight into Egypt, the Journey of the Magi, or Saint Jerome in the Desert. For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ...


The Chinese tradition of "pure" landscape, in which the minute human figure simply gives scale and invites the viewer to participate in the experience, was well established by the time the oldest surviving ink paintings were executed.


In Europe, as John Ruskin realized,[1] and Sir Kenneth Clark brought to view, landscape painting was the "chief artistic creation of the nineteenth century", with the result that in the following period people were "apt to assume that the appreciation of natural beauty and the painting of landscape is a normal and enduring part of our spiritual activity"[2] In Clark's analysis, underlying European ways to convert the complexity of landscape to an idea were four fundamental approaches: by the acceptance of descriptive symbols, by curiosity about the facts of nature, by the creation of fantasy to allay deep-rooted fears of nature and by the belief in a Golden Age of harmony and order, which might be retrieved. Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Kenneth McKenzie Clark, Baron Clark of Saltwood, OM CH KCB, (July 13, 1903 – May 21, 1983) was an English author, museum director, broadcaster, and the most famous art historian of his generation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the United States, the Hudson River School, prominent in the middle to late nineteenth century, is probably the best known native development in landscape art. These painters created works of mammoth scale in attempting to capture the epic scope of the landscapes that inspired them. The work of Thomas Cole, the school's generally acknowledged founder, has much in common with the philosophical ideals of European landscape paintings — a kind of secular faith in the spiritual benefits to be gained from the contemplation of natural beauty. Some of the later Hudson River School artists, such as Albert Bierstadt, created less comforting works which placed a greater emphasis (with a great deal of romantic exaggeration, to be sure) on the raw, even terrifying power of nature. Thomas Cole (1801-1848) View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm or The Oxbow 1836 The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. ... Thomas Cole, ca. ... Albert Bierstadt, by Napoleon Sarony. ...


As explorers, naturalists, mariners, merchants and settlers arrived on the shores of Atlantic Canada in the early centuries of its exploration, they were confronted by what they saw as a hostile and dangerous environment and an unforgiving sea. These Europeans tried to cope with the daunting new land by mapping, recording and claiming it as their own. Their understanding of the specific nature of this land and its inhabitants varied greatly, with observations ranging from highly accurate and scientific to outlandish or fantastic. These observations are documented in the landscape artworks they produced. The best examples of Canadian landscape art can be found in the works of the Group of Seven, prominent in the 1920s.[3] HI Eric u suck!!!!!!!!!!!!! from,Trevor and Dalton ... The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. ...


Related -scapes

  • Vedute is the Italian term for view, and generally used for the painted landscape, often cityscapes which were a common 18th century painting thematic.
  • Skyscapes or Cloudscapes are depictions of clouds, weatherforms, and atmospheric conditions.
  • Moonscapes show the landscape of a moon.
  • Seascapes depict oceans or beaches.
  • Riverscapes depict rivers or creeks.
  • Cityscapes or townscapes depict cities (urban landscapes).
  • Hardscapes are paved over areas like streets and sidewalks, large business complexes and housing developments, and industrial areas.
  • Aerial landscapes depict a surface or ground from above, especially as seen from an airplane or spacecraft. (When the viewpoint is directly overhead, looking down, there is of course no depiction of a horizon or sky.) This genre can be combined with others, as in the aerial cloudscapes of Georgia O'Keeffe, the aerial moonscapes of Nancy Graves, or the aerial cityscapes of Yvonne Jacquette.
  • Inscapes are landscape-like (usually surrealist or abstract) artworks which seek to convey the psychoanalytic view of the mind as a three-dimensional space. [For sources on this statement, see the Inscape (visual art) article.]

Vedute (italian: view) ist a specific style painting objects. ... A cloudscape by Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael. ... A cloudscape by Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael. ... A moonscape is an area or vista of the lunar (the default is taken, or generally taken, to be Earths moon) landscape. ... Seascape may refer to: A photograph, painting, or other work of art which depicts the sea. ... A riverscape or river landscape comprises the features of the landscape which can be found along a river. ... Seattle, Washington cityscape Houses of Parliament, Sunset, 1902, by Claude Monet View of Delft (1660-1661) by Jan Vermeer A cityscape is the urban equivalent of a landscape. ... Hardscape, in the practice of landscaping, refers to the paved areas like streets & sidewalks, large business complexes & housing developments, and other industrial areas where the upper-soil-profile is no longer exposed to the actual surface of the Earth. ... An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. Aerial landscape art is painting or other visual art which depicts or evokes the appearance of a landscape... A cloudscape by Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael. ... Georgia Tottoeanocomita OKeeffe (November 15, 1887—March 6, 1986) was an American artist. ... A moonscape is an area or vista of the lunar (the default is taken, or generally taken, to be Earths moon) landscape. ... Nancy Graves (1940-1995) was an American sculptor, painter, printmaker, and sometimes filmmaker known for her focus on natural phenomena like camels or maps of the moon. ... Seattle, Washington cityscape Houses of Parliament, Sunset, 1902, by Claude Monet View of Delft (1660-1661) by Jan Vermeer A cityscape is the urban equivalent of a landscape. ... Yvonne Jacquette (born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1934), is an American painter and printmaker known in particular for her depictions of aerial landscapes, especially aerial views of cities. ... Roberto Mattas Psychological Morphology, (painted in about 1938), with its landscape-like blue sky and horizon, combined with biomorphically suggestive and fluidly interacting figures, is a good example of what Prof. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... Roberto Mattas Psychological Morphology, (painted in about 1938), with its landscape-like blue sky and horizon, combined with biomorphically suggestive and fluidly interacting figures, is a good example of what Prof. ...

See also

The American Barbizon school was a group of painters and style partly influenced by the French Barbizon school. ... The Gleaners. ... The Heidelberg School was an Australian art movement of the late 19th century. ... Luminism is an American landscape painting style of the 1850s – 1870s, characterized by effects of light in landscapes, through the use of aerial perspective, and the hiding of visible brushstrokes. ... Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood. ... Shanshui (Chinese: 山水, lit. ... Thomas Hill (1829-1908) Mount Lafayette in Winter 1870 In the early part of the 19th century, artists ventured to the White Mountains of New Hampshire to sketch and paint. ... The Hoosier Group was a group of Indiana Impressionist painters working in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Modern Painters, volume three, contains the relevant section, "Of the novelty of landscape".
  2. ^ Clark, Landscape into Art, preface.
  3. ^ "Landscapes" in Virtual Vault, an online exhibition of Canadian historical art at Library and Archives Canada

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Landscape paintings
  • Büttner, Nils. "Landscape Painting. A History", New/York/London 2006
  • Clark, Sir Kenneth, Landscape into Art, 1949 : the Slade Lectures.
  • Dreikausen, Margret, "Aerial Perception: The Earth as Seen from Aircraft and Spacecraft and Its Influence on Contemporary Art" (Associated University Presses: Cranbury, NJ; London,  ; Mississauga, Ontario: 1985) ISBN 0-87982-040-3
  • Hirsch, Sharon L., "Landscape: the Grand tradition"] (Exhibition catalogue text) Dickinson University (on-line text)
  • Pavel Machotka, Cezanne : Landscape into Art
  • Wilton, Andrew; T J Barringer; Tate Britain (Gallery); Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.; Minneapolis Institute of Arts. American sublime : landscape painting in the United States, 1820-1880 (Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2002)
  • Virtual Vault, an online exhibition of Canadian historical art at Library and Archives Canada
Kenneth Clark presenting the BBC TV series Civilisation. ... Categories: 1839 births | 1906 deaths | French painters | Post-impressionism | Artist stubs ... The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor William Rush, and other artists and business leaders. ... See also: Princeton Township, New Jersey Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Landscape - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (308 words)
Landscape art is the depiction of a landscape in a painting, photograph or other work of art.
Landscape gardening is the practice of designing large scale estate gardens, and is usually applied to the 18th and 19th centuries, and seen as a precursor to landscape architecture.
Landscape ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology that investigates the ecological causes and consequences of spatial pattern, process and change in landscapes.
Landscape art - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests.
Early in the 15th century landscape painting was established as an art genre in Europe, as a setting for human activity, often a religious subject, such as the themes of the Rest on the Flight into Egypt, the Journey of the Magi, or Saint Jerome in the Desert.
The Chinese tradition of "pure" landscape, in which the minute human figure simply gives scale and invites the viewer to participate in the experience, was well established by the time the oldest surviving ink paintings were executed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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