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Encyclopedia > Landscape architecture
Central Park, like most city parks, is an example of landscape architecture.
Central Park, like most city parks, is an example of landscape architecture.

Landscape architecture is the art, planning, design, management , preservation and rehabilitation of the land and the design of human-made constructs. The scope of the profession includes architectural design, site planning, housing estate development, environmental restoration, town or urban planning, urban design, parks and recreation planning, regional planning, landscape urbanism, and historic preservation. A practitioner in the field of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x531, 951 KB)Central Park (New York City, New York, USA). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x531, 951 KB)Central Park (New York City, New York, USA). ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Planning in organizations and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan; and the psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired future on some scale. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... For other uses, see Management (disambiguation). ... Demolition of the former Penn Station concourse raised public awareness about preservation Historic preservation is the act of maintaining and repairing existing historic materials and the retention of a propertys form as it has evolved over time. ... Land rehabilitation is the process of returning the land in a given area to some degree of its former self, after some process (business, industry, natural disaster etc. ... Site planning in landscape architecture site planning refers to the organisational stage of the landscape design process. ... A housing estate is a medium-to-low density residential area, usually part of a suburb of a town or city in a developed country. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... Restoration ecology is the scientific discipline of environmental restoration, or returning degraded ecosystems and landscapes to a reference state where ecological communities and processes are re-established. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Regional planning is a branch of land use planning and deals with the efficient placement of land use activities, infrastructure and settlement growth across a significantly larger area of land than an individual city or town. ... Landscape Urbanism is a theory of urbanism arguing that landscape, rather than architecture, is more capable of organizing the city and enhancing the urban experience. ... Demolition of the former Penn Station concourse raised public awareness about preservation Historic preservation is the act of maintaining and repairing existing historic materials and the retention of a propertys form as it has evolved over time. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Landscape architecture. ...

Contents

History

The Muskauer Park on the German-Polish border is HI inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of its importance for "the development of landscape architecture as a discipline".
The Muskauer Park on the German-Polish border is HI inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of its importance for "the development of landscape architecture as a discipline".

The history of landscape architecture is related to the history of gardening but is not coextensive. Both arts are concerned with the composition of planting, landform, water, paving and other structures but: ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 915 KB) Fürst-Pückler-Park (Park Mużakowski) Author: Adam Kumiszcza File links The following pages link to this file: User:Akumiszcza Park von Muskau ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 915 KB) Fürst-Pückler-Park (Park Mużakowski) Author: Adam Kumiszcza File links The following pages link to this file: User:Akumiszcza Park von Muskau ... Fürst-Pückler-Park, Bad Muskau The Fürst-Pückler-Park, Muskauer Park, Park von Muskau, or Park Mużakowski is the biggest English-style park of Germany and Poland. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Central Edinburgh, well known to Gilbert Laing Meason is a fine example of the approach to landscape and architectural composition developed during the Scottish Enlightenment period. ... See also subsistence gardening, the art and craft of growing plants, considered as a circumscribed form of individual agriculture. ...

The Romans undertook landscape architecture on an extensive scale, and Vitruvius wrote on many topics (eg the layout of towns) which still concern landscape architects. As with the other arts, it was not until the Renaissance that garden design was revived, with outstanding examples including the pleasure grounds at the Villa d'Este, Tivoli. The renaissance garden developed through the 16th and 17th centuries, reaching an ultimate grandeur in the work of André le Nôtre at Vaux-le-Vicomte and Versailles. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see Garden (disambiguation). ... A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. ... A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... The Country of London Park System, planned by Patrick Abercrombie in 1943-4 A park system, also known as an open space system, is a network of open spaces which are connected by public walkways, bridleways or cycleways. ... The word greenway can refer to a fictional road in J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle-earth - see Greenway (Middle-earth) the former home of author Agatha Christie in Devon, England, now known for its exotic gardens - see Greenway Estate a green corridor of undeveloped land running through an urban... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Park of the Villa dEste, Carl Blechen, 1830 The gardens at the Villa dEste The Villa dEste is a masterpiece of Italian architecture and garden design. ... Tivoli, the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town in Lazio, about 30 km from Rome, at the falls of the Aniene river, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ... Painting of André Le Nôtre by Carlo Maratti André Le Nôtre (March 12, 1613 - September 15, 1700) was a landscape architect and the gardener of King Louis XIV of France from 1645 to 1700. ... Vaux-le-vicomte was in many ways the most important work built before Louis XIV came to power. ... This article is about the city of Versailles. ...


In the 18th century, England became the focus of a new style of landscape design. Figures such as William Kent, Humphry Repton, and most famously Lancelot 'Capability' Brown remodelled the great estate parks of the English gentry to resemble a neat and tidy version of nature. Many of these parks remain today. The term 'landscape architecture' was first used by the Scotsman Gilbert Laing Meason in the title of his book on The Landscape Architecture of the Great Painters of Italy (London, 1828). It was about the type of architecture found in landscape paintings. The term "landscape architecture" was then taken up by JC Loudon and AJ Downing. William Kent William Kent (born in Bridlington, Yorkshire, c. ... Notable gardeners Luis Barragán Geoffrey Bawa Lancelot Capability Brown Charles de lÉcluse Esther Dean Charlie Dimmock A. J. Downing Ian Hamilton Finlay Bob Flowerdew Pippa Greenwood C. Z. Guest Robert Hart Michael Heseltine Hotsukimaru Derek Jarman Thomas Jefferson Gertrude Jekyll William Kent André Le Nôtre Peter Joseph... Lancelot Brown (1716 - 6 February 1783), more commonly known as Capability Brown, was an English landscape gardener, now remembered as the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due, and Englands greatest gardener. He designed over 200 parks, many of which still endure. ...


Through the 19th century, urban planning became more important, and it was the combination of modern planning with the tradition of landscape gardening that gave Landscape Architecture its unique focus. In the second half of the century, Frederick Law Olmsted completed a series of parks which continue to have a huge influence on the practices of Landscape Architecture today. Among these were Central Park in New York, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, and Boston's so called Emerald Necklace park system. Frederick Law Olmsted (April 25, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was an American landscape designer and father of American landscape architecture, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... This article is about the state. ... Prospect Park is a 585[1] acre (2. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Boston Public Garden, the second link of the Emerald Necklace The Emerald Necklace consists of an 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. ...


Landscape architecture continues to develop as a design discipline, and has responded to many of the movements of design and architecture through the 20th century. Today, a healthy level of innovation continues to provide challenging design solutions for streetscapes, parks and gardens. The work of Martha Schwartz in the US, and in Europe designs such as Schouwburgplein in Rotterdam by the Dutch design group West 8 are just two examples. // Biography Martha Schwartz is a landscape architect that through her designs has almost single handedly redefined the notion of landscape design. ... Schouwburgplein is situated in the heart of the city of Rotterdam, and is flanked by the municipal theatre, concert hall, central station, restaurants, and shopping malls. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ...


Ian McHarg is considered an important influence on the modern Landscape Architecture profession and land planning in particular. With his book "Design with Nature", he popularized a system of analyzing the layers of a site in order to compile a complete understanding of the qualitative attributes of a place. This system became the foundation of todays Geographic Information Systems (GIS). McHarg would give every qualitative aspect of the site a layer, such as the history, hydrology, topography, vegetation, etc. GIS software is ubiquitously used in the landscape architecture profession today to analyze materials in and on the earth's surface and is similarly used by Urban Planners, Geographers, Forestry and Natural Resources professionals, etc. Ian McHarg Ian L. McHarg (1920-2001) was a landscape architect and the founder of the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. ...


Duties

Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, which includes: geography, mathematics, science, engineering, art, horticulture, technology, social sciences, politics, history, philosophy and more recently, ecology. The activities of a landscape architect can range from the creation of public parks and parkways to site planning for corporate office buildings, from the design of residential estates to the design of civil infrastructure and the management of large wilderness areas or reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills. Landscape architects work on all types of structures and external space - large or small, urban or rural, and with "hard"/"soft" materials, hydrology and ecological issues. For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Horticulture (pronounced or US [1]) is the art and science of the cultivation of plants. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see History (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... For the journal, see Ecology (journal). ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ...


The breadth of the professional task that landscape architects collaborate on is very broad, but some examples of project types include:

The most valuable contribution is often made at the earliest stage of a project in generating ideas and bringing flair and creativity to the use of space. The landscape architect can contribute to the overall concept and prepare an initial master plan, from which detailed designs can subsequently be prepared. He or she can also let and supervise contracts for construction work, prepare design impact assessments, conduct environmental assessments or audits and act as an expert witness at inquiries on land use. He or she can also support or prepare applications for capital or revenue funding grants. A rain garden is a planted depression that is designed to absorb rainwater runoff from water impervious urban areas like roofs, driveways, walkways, and compacted lawn areas. ... Re-creation of Viking houses in Labrador Several grass roofs can be seen in the village of Bøur in the Faroe Islands. ... A treatment wetland is an engineered sequence of water bodies designed to filter and treat pollutants found in storm water runoff or effluent. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Washington, D.C. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes. ... This article is about a type of botanical garden. ... The word greenway can refer to a fictional road in J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle-earth - see Greenway (Middle-earth) the former home of author Agatha Christie in Devon, England, now known for its exotic gardens - see Greenway Estate a green corridor of undeveloped land running through an urban... A nature reserve is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. ... This article is about the game. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... This article is about the structure. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Urban Renewal redirects here. ... Historic garden restoration is the professional task of restoring historic gardens to the character they had at a previous point in history. ... The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It is one of 19 that supplies New York City with drinking water. ... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an assessment of the likely human environmental health impact, risk to ecological health, and changes to natures services that a project may have. ... Landscape assessment is a sub-category of environmental assessment (or EIA) concerned with quality assessment of the landscape. ... Ecological Design is any form of design that minimizes environmentally destructive impacts by integrating itself with living processes. ...


For the period before 1800 (see section on History, below), the history of landscape architecture is largely that of master planning. The first person to write of "making" a landscape was Joseph Addison in 1712. The term "landscape gardener" was invented by William Shenstone in 1754 but the first professional designer to use this term was Humphry Repton in 1794. The term "landscape architecture" was invented by Gilbert Laing Meason in 1828 and was first used as a professional title by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1863. Lancelot Brown, (also known as "Capability" Brown), who remains one of the best known "landscape gardeners" actually called himself a "place maker". During the nineteenth century, the term "landscape gardener" became applied to people who build (and sometimes design) landscapes and the term "landscape architect" became reserved for people who design (and sometimes build) landscapes. This use of "landscape architect" became established after the American Society of Landscape Architects was founded in 1899 and the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) in 1948. Joseph Addison, the Kit-cat portrait, circa 1703–1712, by Godfrey Kneller. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... William Shenstone William Shenstone (November 13, 1714 – February 11, 1763) was an English poet and one of the earliest practitioners of landscape gardening through the development of his estate, The Leasowes. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Notable gardeners Luis Barragán Geoffrey Bawa Lancelot Capability Brown Charles de lÉcluse Esther Dean Charlie Dimmock A. J. Downing Ian Hamilton Finlay Bob Flowerdew Pippa Greenwood C. Z. Guest Robert Hart Michael Heseltine Hotsukimaru Derek Jarman Thomas Jefferson Gertrude Jekyll William Kent André Le Nôtre Peter Joseph... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Gilbert Laing Meason Gilbert Laing Meason, a Scotsman from Forfar, invented the term landscape architecture. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Frederick Law Olmsted (April 25, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was an American landscape designer and father of American landscape architecture, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Lancelot Brown (1715/1716 - February 6, 1783), more commonly known as Capability Brown, was an English landscape gardener, now remembered as the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due, and Englands greatest gardener. Born in Northumberland, he was employed by various landed families... The American Society of Landscape Architects is the national professional association representing landscape architects, with more than 15,000 members and 48 chapters, representing all 50 American states, US territories, and 42 countries around the world. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... International Federation of Landscape Architects The International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) represents the landscape architectural profession globally, providing leadership and networks to support the development of the profession and its effective participation in the realization of attractive, equitable and sustainable environments. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Specializations

Landscape designers and Landscape technicians or engineers are employed with landscape construction and service companies or may be independent professionals. Landscape designers, like garden designers, design all types of planting and green spaces - and are not registered. Many landscape engineers work in public offices in central and local government while others work for landscape architecture firms. Garden designer The term garden designer can refer either to an amateur or a professional. ... Landscape engineering is the application of mathematics and science to create useful land- and waterscapes. ...


Landscape managers use their knowledge of plants and the natural environment to advise on the long-term care and development of the landscape. Landscape managers work in horticulture, estate management, forestry, nature conservation and agriculture. Landscape managers are professionally qualified experts in the management of landscapes for conservation and recreation. ... Horticulture (pronounced or US [1]) is the art and science of the cultivation of plants. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ...


Landscape scientists have specialist skills such as soil science, hydrology, geomorphology or botany that they relate to the practical problems of landscape work. Their projects can range from site surveys to the ecological assessment of broad areas for planning or management purposes. They may also report on the impact of development or the importance of particular species in a given area. Soil science deals with soil as a natural resource on the surface of the earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils per se; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... Pinguicula grandiflora commonly known as a Butterwort Example of a cross section of a stem [1] Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ...


Landscape planners are concerned with landscape planning for the location, scenic, ecological and recreational aspects of urban, rural and coastal land use. Their work is embodied in written statements of policy and strategy, and their remit includes masterplanning for new developments, landscape evaluations and assessments, and preparing countryside management or policy plans. Some may also apply an additional specialism such as landscape archaeology or law to the process of landscape planning. Planning in organizations and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan; and the psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired future on some scale. ...


Garden designers are concerned with the design of small gardens and outdoor spaces and also with historic garden conservation. Historic garden conservation is a specialised type of historic preservation concerned with gardens. ...


Green roof designers design extensive and intensive roof gardens for storm water management, sustainable architecture, aesthetics, and habitat creation. Re-creation of Viking houses in Labrador Several grass roofs can be seen in the village of Bøur in the Faroe Islands. ... A roof garden is any garden on the roof of a building. ... Storm water is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation events. ... Sustainable architecture applies techniques of sustainable design to architecture. ...


Profession

In many countries, a professional institute, comprised of members of the professional community, exists in order to protect the standing of the profession and promote its interests, and sometimes also regulate the practice of landscape architecture. The standard and strength of legal regulations governing HI landscape architecture practice varies from nation to nation, with some requiring licensure in order to practice; and some having little or no regulation. An institute is a permanent organizational body created for a certain purpose. ...


United States

In the United States, Landscape Architecture is regulated by individual state governments, with only 1 requiring no regulation at all (Vermont). For a landscape architect, obtaining licensure or membership of a professional institute requires advanced education and/or continuing training and work experience. Full membership or licensure often depends on the outcome of examinations in professional practice matters, and/or an interview with senior members of the profession. In the U.S. licensing is overseen both at the state level, and nationally by the Council of Landscape Architectural Registation Boards (CLARB). Landscape architecture has been identified as an above average growth profession by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics and was listed in US News and World Report's list of Best Jobs to Have in 2006. Landscape architects are considered professionals because they are often required to obtain specialized education and professional licensure. To examine somebody or something is to inspect it closely, hence an examination is a detailed inspection or analysis of an object or person. ...


Canada

In Canada, Landscape architecture is regulated by provincial or territorial components. These components are then governed by a national organization, the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects / L'Association des Architectes Paysagistes du Canada. Membership in the CSLA/AAPC [1] is obtained through joining one of the provincial or territorial components. Two provinces, British Columbia and Ontario, require successful completion of the L.A.R.E (Landscape Architecture Registration Examination), a series of exams that aims to determine whether potential landscape architects have sufficient knowledge to practice the profession without endangering the public, in order to acquire full membership in the CSLA/AAPC. Quebec has an innovative mentor system HI in which experienced landscape architects mentor new intern members toward gaining full membership after at least two years of practice, of which six months should be under the direct supervision of the mentor.


Known as Canada's Premier Landscape Architect, Cornelia Hahn Oberlander [2], works on many significant sites, such as the Vancouver Public Library Central Branch including rooftop garden, the National Gallery, the NY Times Building, and the Law Courts at Robson Square in Vancouver. She was raised in connection with Rudolf_Steiner, and has crossed paths with John_Todd_(biologist). Her work on the C.K Choi [3] Building at UBC includes similar designs. He is a biologist working with functional landscape architecture, such as cleaning water using plants. Wastewater treatment [4]. Rudolf Steiner. ... Dr. John Todd (1939- ) is an important biologist working in the field of ecological design. ...


Australia

The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) provides professional recognition for landscape architects. Once recognised, landscape architects use the title ‘Registered Landscape Architect’.


Across the eight states and territories within Australia, there is a mix of requirements for landscape architects to be ‘Registered’. Generally there is no clear legislative registration requirement in place. Any regulations or requirements are state based, not national.


The AILA’s system of professional recognition is a national system overseen by AILA’s National Office in Canberra.


Most agencies require AILA professional recognition or registration as part of the pre-requisite for contracts. Landscape architects within Australia find that many contracts and competitions require the AILA recognition or ‘registration’ as the basis of demonstrating a professional status.


To apply for AILA Registration, an applicant usually needs to satisfy the following pre-requisites:


1. A university qualification from an AILA accredited program.


2. At least two years of practice.


3. A record of Continuing Professional Practice (CPD).


The application is in two stages:


1. First Stage: A minimum 6 months (12 months preferred) period of mentoring and assessment.


2. Second Stage: Oral assessment/interview.


Professional recognition includes a commitment to continue professional development. AILA Registered Landscape Architects are required to report annually on their Continuing Professional Development.


The AILA has in place processes to recognise equivalent qualifications and experience, which when combined with a number of years of recognised practice as a landscape architect, may provide the basis of recognition as a Registered Landscape Architect.


http://www.aila.org.au


See also

Gardening portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... This article is about building architecture. ... Energy-efficient landscaping is a type of landscaping designed for the purpose of conserving energy. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Re-creation of Viking houses in Labrador Several grass roofs can be seen in the village of Bøur in the Faroe Islands. ... The term hard landscape is used by practitioners of landscape architecture and garden design to describe the construction materials which are used to improve a landscape by design. ... Central Edinburgh, well known to Gilbert Laing Meason is a fine example of the approach to landscape and architectural composition developed during the Scottish Enlightenment period. ... Landscape engineering is the application of mathematics and science to create useful land- and waterscapes. ... Landscape products refers to a group of building industry products used by garden designers and landscape architects and exhibited at trade fairs devoted to these industries. ... Landscape detailing describes the process of integrating soft landscape materials and hard landscape materials to create a landscape design. ... Landscape planning is a branch of landscape architecture. ... A landscape architect is educated, to a high standard whether academic or practical, in landscape architecture and whose professional work conforms to the practice of the same name. ... The John T. Lyle Center for Regenerative Studies, informally called CRS, is a small residential, classroom, research, and dining facility at the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. ... Planting design The art of design with plant material is related to the art of garden design but has a different emphasis and a different approach. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The following colleges and universities have landscape architecture programs: // University of British Columbia (masters program only) University of Guelph University of Manitoba (masters program only) Université de Montréal (bachelors program only) University of Toronto (masters program only) Auburn University (masters program only) Arizona State... The term soft landscape is used by practitioners of landscape architecture and garden design to describe the vegetative materials which are used to improve a landscape by design. ... Sustainable landscape architecture is a category of sustainable design concerned with the planning and design of outdoor space. ...

References

  • Kerb 15. Landscape Urbanism. Launched by Charles Waldheim, April 2007. Content includes articles and interviews from Charles Waldheim, Mohsen Mostafavi, Alejandro Zaera-Polo (FOA), Kathryn Gustafson, Bart Brands and Richard Weller.
  • Professional network for Landscape Urbansim

External links

International organizations

  • ATPS International Watershape Design
  • IFLA International Federation of Landscape Architects
  • CELA Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture
  • EFLA European Foundation for Landscape Architecture
  • ELAN European Landscape Architecture Network
  • ELASA European Landscape Architecture Students Association
  • ECLAS European Conference of Landscape Architecture Schools
  • IDAD Institute of Destination Architects and Designers
  • SWD Society of WaterShape Designers (USA

International Federation of Landscape Architects The International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) represents the landscape architectural profession globally, providing leadership and networks to support the development of the profession and its effective participation in the realization of attractive, equitable and sustainable environments. ...

Social Networks

  • Land8Lounge- the premier social networking site providing the most comfortable place for landscape architects to share work and ideas - "The Lounge for Landscape Architects"
  • LarcExchange- Currently under development, LarcExchange, (or 'Landscape Architecture Exchange') will become the ultimate resource for Landscape architects, designers, and Planters. Set to go public on August 30th, 2008, with a completely redesigned layout, complete with a wide array of tutorials, databases, SketchUp and auto CAD models, etc. For development updates and sneak previews, visit LarcExchange.com

Professional bodies

  • [6] Gregory Lombardi Design, Inc. - National Landscape Architecture based in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • [7]- Nelumbo Garden Design
  • [8] Paolo Benedetti - International Watershape Designer
  • [9] Suzman & Cole Design Associates, San Francisco, California

Americas

  • [10] International Watershape Design Firm
  • [11] California Landscape - Reeves Esplanade Design
  • [12] (USA)
  • CAAP Argentine Centre for Landscape Architects
  • ABAP Brazilian Association of Landscape Architects
  • CSLA Canadian Society of Landscape Architects
  • APAP Peruvian Association of Landscape Architects
  • ASLA American Society of Landscape Architects
  • CLARB Council of Landscape Architecture Registration Boards (US/Canada)
  • SWD Society of WaterShape Designers (USA)

Europe

  • ATPS Piscines International Watershape Design
  • ÖGLA Österreichische Gesellschaft für Landschafts-Architekten (Austria)
  • BVTL-ABAJP Belgian Association of Landscape Architects
  • MARK Finnish Association of Landscape Architects
  • FFP Fédération Française du Paysage (France)
  • BDLA Bund Deutscher Landschafts-Architekten (Germany)
  • FILA Association of Icelandic Landscape Architects
  • ILI The Irish Landscape Institute
  • AIAPP Associazione Italiana di Architettura del Paesaggio (Italy)
  • NVTL Netherlands Association for Landscape Architecture
  • NLA Norske Landskapsarkitekters forening (Norway)
  • APAP Portuguese Association of Landscape Architects
  • ALA-UPA Serbian Association of Landscape Architects - Udruženje pejzažnih arhitekata Srbije
  • BSLA Bund Schweizer Landschafts-Architekten (Switzerland)
  • LI Landscape Institute the UK Chartered Institute for Landscape Architects
  • PMO Peyzaj Mimarları Odası Turkish Chamber of Landscape Architects
  • AEP Asociacion Española de Paisajistas Spanish Association of Landscape Architects

Landscape Institute The UK professional body for landscape architects. ...

Asia Pacific

  • AILA Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
  • ISALA Israeli Association of Landscape Architects
  • LA-CYCU Department of Landscape Architecture, Chung Yuen Christian University
  • ISOLA Indian Society of Landscape Architects
  • KILA Korea Institute of Landscape Architecture
  • NZILA New Zealand Institute of Landscape Architects
  • SILA Singapore Institute of Landscape Architects
  • TALA Thai Association of Landscape Architects
  • PALA Philippine Association of Landscape Architects
  • HKILA Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects
  • CHSLA Chinese Society of Landscape Architecture
  • ILAM Institute of Landscape Architects Malaysia

The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects is a non-profit professional institute formed to serve the mutual interests of its members and the wider profession throughout Australia. ...

Africa

  • ILASA Institute of Landscape Architects in South Africa
  • AAK Architectural Association of Kenya

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Landscape architects (2658 words)
Landscape architect jobs are expected to increase due to a growing demand for incorporating natural elements into man-made environments, along with the need to meet a wide array of environmental restrictions.
Landscape architects then mainly monitor the implementation of their design, with general contractors or landscape contractors usually directing the actual construction of the site and installation of plantings.
Landscape architects spend most of their time in offices creating plans and designs, preparing models and cost estimates, doing research, or attending meetings with clients and other professionals involved in a design or planning project.
Landscape Architecture (1650 words)
Landscape architecture is a professional design discipline that addresses both the built and natural environments.
The goals of the program are to provide students with a broad academic and professional exposure to landscape architecture and design so that their creative potential and professional growth are realized, and so that they may become leaders in the field.
Landscape architecture studios are led by departmental faculty or members of the professional community.
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